Questions tagged [science]

The use of English in science.

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25 views

“-Based” vs. “ Based”

I am in the process of finalizing an academic research paper and I am struggling to identify the correct hyphenation for the title: Option 1: Adaptive Chirplet Transform-Based Machine Learning for ...
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2answers
59 views

Is it redundant to say “global pandemic”? [duplicate]

It seems that the word pandemic is generally understood to refer to a large or global geographic area. Is it therefore redundant to say "global pandemic" in a sentence such as, "The ...
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2answers
75 views

Is there any single word in English to represent domain of “logic and science” together?

Is there any single word in English to represent domain of "logic and science" together? Background Some of my friends are going to start an online movement whose main purpose would be ...
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1answer
51 views

Is there a word in logic, or science, that means getting the right conclusion from the wrong set of presumptions?

Is there a word in logic, or science, that means getting the right conclusion from the wrong set of presumptions? Or alternatively, something is correct, but the explanation of why is incorrect. Is ...
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0answers
34 views

Is “get stuck” a proper term in academic writing?

I am writing to inquire the usage of "get stuck" in academic writing. Here is my draft: this design could get stuck in a bad local minima and therefore is not desired. I use Google Scholar to ...
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1answer
49 views

Is there a word to describe a plausible but incorrect explanation? [duplicate]

I'm thinking of something where somebody (with no malicious intention) offers a very plausible and scientific-sounding explanation (not a theory but something presented as a series of facts) such that ...
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1answer
25 views

Phrases for qualitative comparison

Suppose we have find a relation between two quantities X and Y. When we say "The more Y, the more X" is it implied that the relation between Y and X is linear?
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27 views

Why does the term Petri Dishes appear so regularly in political discourse nowadays?

On three occasions on Twitter and other social media platforms, the term "Petri Dishes" appears in a non-scientific context. Is this just a recent fad? It appears to be in the lexicon of many of our ...
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1answer
112 views

Word for falsely declaring something an anomaly, when it is actually typical?

Is there a term for incorrectly distinguishing something to be not part of a common category of items, saying a sub-group is too unique to be considered to be part of the larger category, even though ...
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2answers
51 views

A better word/phrase to describe “a more…” in a scientific paper

I am writing a scientific paper on how a cancer staging system may be improved. However, I am a non-native English speaker, and I am concerned that my current title reflects that too much. Please, ...
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71 views

Word for meaning across the solar system

Is there a single term in english that means "to cross or to traverse a solar system"? For crossing the Atlantic we have transatlantic, to cross the continent we have transcontinental and even to ...
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2answers
91 views

Does “corroborate” in a scientific context imply confirmation rather “either confirmation or rejection” of findings from previous studies?

I am a non-native English speaker writing a scientific paper. I have question concerning the word corroborate. In my native language, one might say that a research project aim to corroborate ...
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1answer
30 views

Should I use a hyphen in “patient tailored” vs “patient-tailored”?

Being a non-native English speaker, I was wondering which is most correct? (1) Patient-tailored staging of xx carcinoma, or (2) Patient tailored staging of xx carcinoma? It is for a scientific ...
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1answer
83 views

Mathematical Jargon when choosing for determinacy

What is the usual expression a mathematician uses when he has to make a choice in order limit an over-determined structure, in order to continue his argument? For instance, when a structure is over-...
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45 views

Are the words bathymetry and bathymetric interchangable?

In my mind these both work... 1) I performed a bathymetry survey. I gave the client the bathymetry data. 2) I performed a bathymetric survey. I gave the client the bathymetric data. A web search ...
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1answer
58 views

How to describe factors leading to a negative event?

Being a non-native English speaker, I am looking for an appropriate verb/phrase to describe the negative event as consequence of two health factors. My best shot is "precipitate"; however, I am ...
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2answers
70 views

Can a model or hypothesis “assume?”

The model assumes such and such. The hypothesis assumes such and such. In scientific writing, I commonly see similar phrases indicating the construction or use of a model with an assumption. It is so ...
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1answer
204 views

What does “has been described in other work” mean in this sentence? [closed]

I'm currently reading a book about chemistry. Here is a sentence that I faced and didn't understand: This procedure has been described in other work from our laboratory I don't get what it ...
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3answers
2k views

Did the meaning of “significant” change in the 20th century?

In Do We Really Need the S-word? in 'American Scientist', the author Megan D. Higgs writes Did the people who introduced the word’s use in statistics intend for it to be interpreted according to ...
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1answer
50 views

How to avoid overusing 'the' in objective writing

I'm writing an experimental process description and I feel like i'm overusing 'the'. The plastic tube leading out the bottom of the Vayyar equipment (again the tube on the left) is fed through ...
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1answer
36 views

Word for an object involved in a collision?

I want a word that is used to mean an object involved in a collision, for example, say two tennis balls collide - ball 1 and ball 2 - what would be a word that could describe either ball, only in the ...
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1answer
33 views

Should I use the formula or the name of the chemical in a sentence?

In a scientific paper, when quoting a chemical, is it more appropriate to write its formula or its name? For example: Ion exchange removed nitrate ions from solution. Or: Ion exchange removed ...
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2answers
128 views

When should antibody/antigen be pluralised?

I am doing my thesis corrections, and my examiner (an engineer) has different ideas about whether the word should be pluralised than those I am used to, as I am a non-biochemist, I wanted advice on ...
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1answer
61 views

“This/That is, ” used at the beginning of a sentence to clarify a concept from the previous sentence

According to an English native speaker who works with me, the "This is" bit in the following sentence should be replaced by "That is": In fact, the feature space need not be unique. This is, for a ...
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1answer
41 views

What is the meaning of the following sentence: [closed]

But why would a strong, inheritable trait that cuts fitness by half not be selected against?
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1answer
34 views

An alternative for genetive case with of in scientific writing

I am writing a scientific paper and have a following dillema between two sentences: Therefore, it is reasonable to analyze the effect of the mutual coupling in the proposed application. vs. ...
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2answers
191 views

Electricity withdrawal

We commonly say "electricity consumption" for both : the electric energy actually consumed by appliances the electric energy drawn from the grid by a house, measured by a meter (what appears on your ...
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1answer
6k views

How to abbreviate “section” and “sections” in scientific writing

What are the correct abbreviation of words "section" and "sections" in a scientific writing? Sec. and Secs. or Sect. and Sects. ?
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1answer
41 views

Scientific way to describe “over linear growth”

I am aware that typically we use "linear" growth or "exponential" growth to describe certain trending, which seems very standard and scientific. But on the other hand, what is a proper and scientific ...
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10answers
6k views

Single word to replace “allowed to be missing”

I want to express my knowledge about the presence of absence of something. My knowledge is divided into three different cases: I know that the thing doesn't exist. I don't know whether the thing ...
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1answer
74 views

“The number of steps is infinite” or “The number of steps is infinity”? [closed]

In a mathematical paper about random-walks. Which is more correct: "The number of steps in the random-walk is infinite" or "The number of steps in the random-walk is infinity"?
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136 views

Temperatures, plural, range

I'd like to describe measured temperature readings from a list, say 184, 185, 181, 187, as "Oil sump temperatures measured in the 180s°F during the start of the test." but I'm not sure if this is ...
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1answer
350 views

When was “off-world” / “offworld” coined?

"Offworld" meaning "not on the main, current planet" is a term in some sci-fi works, and several works have been named using it, like "Offworld Trading Company" (a video game). The word definitely ...
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2answers
121 views

Translating a scientific paper from American to British

Over the last few years I have translated into English a fair amount of scientific papers for a Mexican scientist. Throughout this time, I noticed that by far the most common style requirement was ...
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1answer
210 views

What is the correct usage of the tilde symbol with negative numbers? [closed]

The tilde symbol (~) is used in academic texts in place of about or approximately. Generally, it is placed immediately before the number (eg. AUD ~2.4 million), which works for positive numbers, ...
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2answers
802 views

What do humanitarian sciences refer to?

When to use humanitarian sciences and human sciences in contrast? According to my uni materials, humanitarian sciences should have something to do with scientific function style of texts.
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2answers
40 views

Term for “extent/proportion [into some population] of the condition”?

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
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1answer
34 views

Term for “extent/proportion of a population [that meet some condition]”

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
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2answers
192 views

Is there a word referring to a given animal species' fear or lack thereof of humans? [closed]

Some animal species are very unafraid of humans, willing to be approached or even picked up. Dodos, famously, and I've noticed with insects as well that some want nothing to do with you whereas other ...
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1answer
40 views

Proper term for “converting” time domain data to frequency domain

I had difficulty deciding if this should go in stack overflow, electrical engineering or here, English language. Forgive me if it's in the wrong place. I am looking for a word that describes the ...
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3answers
1k views

Word for: A river than splits into two, later rejoining into one? (fluvial terminology)

A tributary is river or stream that flows into a larger river. A distributary a stream branching off a river. Is there a word that combines both structures, the idea of a river that splits in two ...
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2answers
97 views

Capitalization of “String”

I am writing a scientific text in the area of computer science. Often, I need to refer to a certain data structure named String which refers to a sequence of characters. In most programming languages, ...
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1answer
56 views

How does one qualitatively describe the cubic increase of experimental data [duplicate]

I have generated some data Y and would like to describe its variation as a function of some variable X. Using MS Excel, I obtained the trendline shown in the figure below which suggests that Y varies ...
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5answers
148 views

Is there a single word for inference of a past state?

In many fields of science, such as population genetics or climatology, we are uncertain of past conditions but have knowledge that makes some scenarios more likely than others. We can estimate the ...
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2answers
72 views

Is it acceptable to call teachings such as “How to behave as a Muslim” a science? If not, what should we call them in English?

In the Muslim world, it is very popular to call the teachings of the religion a science. As we all know, the God and resurrection cannot be proven or rejected in a lab or through scientific methods. ...
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126 views

“Second-order approaches”. What does this mean?

I'm currently reading a scientific paper, in which the words "second-order approaches" are supposed to inform me about a certain solution to a problem. However, I don't have the slightest clue on what ...
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1answer
23 views

What is the correct way to write out species names in a scientific paper?

For example, in the phrase "The study organisms were adult rove beetle Atheta coriaria and adult ladybird Adalia bipunctata" Would it be correct to write "The study organisms were the adult rove ...
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1answer
71 views

What is a “launder stub”?

What is the meaning here of 'launder stub' in this summary from an abstract: The container is connected in parallel with a metal supply launder via transversal metal launder stubs respectively ...
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2answers
124 views

Word for common knowledge in a scientific setting?

I remember there being a single word to represent currently accepted facts in a scientific discipline. Common knowledge, but in a scientific setting. It is a jargon-y sounding word. You'd use it when ...
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2answers
12k views

Alternatives for “For the sake of completeness”?

I'd like to include in a paper on mathematics the phrase: "for the sake of completeness, we first show..." or words to that effect. However, the word "completeness" has a precise technical ...

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