Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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What does the "which" refer to in this sentence? [migrated]

I'm an English learner struggling to decipher the following sentence: To a medical student the final examinations are something like death: an unpleasant inevitability to be faced sooner or later, one'...
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Martha has two sons, who are still at school, and two, who are at university

Here's a quote from A Student's Introduction to English Grammar: [11]   i  Martha has [two sons who are still at school] and [two who are at university].   In [i] the relative clauses certainly are ...
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Proper formulation of "contribute to" in subordinate sentence

I am writing a text about our project (say Project A), and I want to say that something which I am talking about (the three dots below), was motivated by requirements of project X, which I didn't talk ...
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The use of What as a relative pronoun

I was doing a TOEFL exercise and I stumbled on this particular error-analysis question: In the Indus Valley, what is now Pakistan and western India, most dwellings had drains for waste disposal. The ...
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Can wh- pronouns function as objects in a wh- clause? [closed]

I've recently become interested in relative pronouns and wh- clauses. During my research, I found out about using relative pronouns as objects. For example ('that' is an object of 'my father'): 'This ...
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Shall I put that/when in this sentence? [closed]

For your safety, you will only be given access to lifts and runs that/when your instructor determines you are capable of skiing safely. I was wondering if we put "that", which is a relative ...
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"whose" vs "who/that + possessive" [closed]

A man that his kids want to call 'daddy.' Apparently this sequence is correct. Would it remain so adding on object pronoun, ...call him 'daddy'? However, substituting whose for that + possessive ...
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Present perfect vs simple past in main and relative clause [duplicate]

I would like to ask if the following sentences have different meanings. lately I've been overthinking about tenses which I've been using fluently my whole life. Specifically present perfect Context: ...
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Relative pronoun "whose"

Tait's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 3, page 637 reads If he start game on one man's lands, and pursue it to those of another, ...it is neither the property of the man on whose lands it started, nor of ...
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The/My father who

Here's a quote from A Student's Introduction to English Grammar: On the basis of this kind of contrast, the two types of relative clause are traditionally called ‘restrictive’ (or sometimes ‘defining’...
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The definition of 'clause' in modern grammar: construction vs function

Most modern grammars recognize verbless clauses such as the boy on the roof in (1) and on the roof in (2): (1) With the boy on the roof, they feared he might jump off it. (2) When on the roof, he ...
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"Some day/time" if "some" modifies and specifies a more particular day/time

The adverbs someday and sometime express future time indefinitely: Let's meet sometime when your schedule permits. The two-word forms are always used when some is an adjective modifying and specifying ...
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How does "that" work in this sentence by Ken Follett?

At the beginning of Ken Follett's book The Pillars of the Earth, he wrote: "It is in this rich tapestry, where kings and queens are corrupt, that the common man shows eternal promise -- and one ...
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"Both of them" // "Both of whom"

I'm trying to understand and explain to my students why 'both of whom' is the correct answer in the following sentence: "Credit must also be given to Katheryn and Aiden, both of whom I am ...
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I can't tell the difference between the area of where and the area where [closed]

Conservation: a People Centred Approach By Francis Gilbert, Hilary Gilbert The impact of climate change on animals and plants interacts with habitat loss and fragmentation. This is because the main ...
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'Who' and 'That' are not always interchangeable

When using relative clauses, we encounter two types: defining and non-defining. We use commas with the former and not with the latter. We know a lot of people who live in London. John, who speaks ...
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A simple question about relative clauses

I just don't have a good reserve of names of parts of speech, so the question may be quite soft-ball. I mean to say, "I am the only idiot in this world." Now I want to convey the same ...
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'the one you said you liked best' - Analysis of a relative clause using CGEL

I'm currently reading "A Student's Introduction to English Grammar" by Geoffrey K. Pullum and Rodney Huddleston. I'm bewildered by the following exercise, which asks us to identify the ...
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Is this a correct usage of "what is"?

A philologist I know constructed a sentence like this: The choice of language was determined by the need of integration of the module in the system, and by the fact that [language] has a large number ...
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With "being" vs without "being"

Here are two sentences: The training examples get labels 1 or 0 based on the tactics being useful or not for the proof state. We take the inspiration from the paper and implement an online version ...
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Clause between comma [duplicate]

When the number of observations is even, say 2n, it is customary to define the median as the average of the nth and (n +1)st rank-ordered values. The clause 'say 2n' between two comma appears to be ...
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Is "where" the only relative pronoun that cannot be omitted from an adjective clause?

When using adjective clauses, the relative pronoun can be omitted when it is not the subject of the sentence. For example: "She is the person I ran into." In the above example, being the ...
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Is this the correct way to form this sentence?

I'm not sure how to construct this sentence: "Imagine buying a house, information about which has been withheld." or "Imagine buying a house about which information has been been ...
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Struggling to look at grammatical modifiers

I have a passion for English, and I am trying to improve my fluency day by day. Today, I am quite confused when my teacher, a non-native speaker of English, tells me that a sentence in my essay is ...
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How do 'within' and 'which' form a relative pronoun clause?

Routines offer a structure within which to prepare for performance. I'm having trouble untangling the relative pronoun clause into a sentence of its own. At first glance, the two sentences combined ...
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"We've determined that you have" or "We've determined you have" - and why?

Apologies if this is an existing question. I am not familiar with the terminology required to tag this appropriately or come up with keywords for the search. Something along the lines of accusative ...
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Relative pronoun "in which" vs. relative adverb "where" II

I am confused by why the following sentence is connected with "in which". The term "applied mathematics" also describes the professional specialty in which mathematicians work on ...
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Verb followed by relative clause

The boy who ate fruit came. The boy came who ate fruit. Here both sentences have relative clause "who ate fruit" and a principal clause "the boy came". Here is my question: Both ...
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How can I divide this clause? [closed]

How can I divide this clause from spoken text, in order to analyse the theme and type of the clauses? Announcer: Welcome back everyone, so doctors are warning people to not take pain relievers like ...
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in a way that everyone will understand

There are a few general principles that apply to all the kinds of teaching. The first principle is that the teacher should be clear. Whatever you are teaching, teach clearly. Discover what your ...
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usage of relative clauses

Are these both correct? Tom was wearing a hat that was too big for him. The hat Tom was wearing was too big for him. Thanks in advance.
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Is there a term for the grammatical/rhetorical construction of "He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named"?

Is there a term for the construction of specifying someone or something solely via a relative clause without explicitly naming it, as in the example in the title - either at the level of grammar or of ...
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A relative clause with multiple prepositions

Is it correct to say: Microbial biology is a field in which I am interested and for which I have passion." What about: Microbial biology is a field which I am interested in and I have passion ...
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Separated (nonrestrictive) relative clauses

This question concerns relative clauses describing the subject noun phrase but separated from it by the predicate. I first took notice of this phenomenon with Javert's Suicide song in Les Misérables: ...
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'Oil produced' vs 'produced oil', take 2

Recently a question was asked here on EL&U: This is the sentence I’m confused about: After eight years, the amount of oil produced rose significantly. Why is it oil produced and not produced oil? ...
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"As such,he helped saved 6 lives..." What grammar category

I need help in identifying the grammar category. Why is Past Participle used after the word "helped" and what grammar category to refer to understand? "In August 2017, Elijah Mayhew, 15,...
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Inversion in relative clause

The gardens stretched back to some reasonable-looking pasture land on which grazed a few cattle and sheep. Why is this inversion valid here? I would expect maybe "on which there grazed" (as ...
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Meaning of the sentence "the body was found murdered by John"

Which of the two versions Mr.S. was found murdered, by John Mr.S. was found, murdered by John means that John found the body and which one means that John was the murderer?
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Use the object pronoun or the subject pronoun as the relative pronoun heading a restrictive clause that employs a transitive verb and a linking verb?

EXAMPLE: James is the man who/whom we know is who won it. I've been trying to work this out, but for the life of me, I can't work out in such a scenario as shown above if the restrictive relative ...
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why is an infinitive used in "copies of his own previous writings, **to include** Summary View, "? [duplicate]

From American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson by Joseph J. Ellis: Even if we take Jefferson at his word, that he did not copy sections of the Declaration from any particular books, he ...
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Comma before nonessential clause ending a sentence

Is it correct to place a comma before a nonessential relative clause ending a sentence? For example I met Katherine Jankowski, who is a world-renowned engineer. Is the comma here correct? I have ...
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as/the way that [closed]

In the context of plants, to sprout is to begin to develop leaves and other parts, as we can see here happening with this plant. Can we paraphrase it like this: In the context of plants, to sprout is ...
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'that make me' or 'which make me' and when to omit 'that'

Should I use 'that' or 'which' in the following sentence? My teaching experience and technical background are not the only factors which/that make me a suitable applicant. Additionally, how do I ...
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Where does the comma go when you have a prepositional phrase and a relative clause modifying the same noun?

I created a handout for clients that explains our policy. "for clients" is a prepositional phrase, and "that explains our policy" is a relative clause. Both modify "handout&...
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How to understand the ingredient of this sentence?

I saw this sentence from the internet, The input to this transformer should be an array-like of integers or strings, denoting the values taken on by categorical (discrete) features I can not ...
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What it the right choice?

Which of the following statements is correct and why? In other words, is it OK if we bring "it" or if used, it would be redundant and grammatically wrong? It is used for an action that we ...
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What are the rules regarding one antecedent followed by many relative pronouns? [closed]

Are any of these correct? What rules are at play here? I saw the car which has five wheels and which we passed by earlier. I saw the car which has five wheels which we passed by earlier. I saw the ...
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What is the grammatical construction of the clause "Emotions that Maria had thought were buried deep enough ..."

Something in that should have upset Maria, but all she could concentrate on was the pain and anguish that ravished her body. It was like a silent demon had lay dormant inside of her and fed on all the ...
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What were/are the rules regarding relative pronouns from c. 1800?

I've been reading some rather old literature, often ranging from the 18th Century through to the late 19th Century, and I'm trying to increase my comprehension of the material, at least to the extent ...
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using which in relative cause as an object

For example, is this sentence correct? “If your friend isn’t reliable, he/she can use the things which your friend knows about you against you.”

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