Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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Nature of object in this sentence-- Relative pronoun or adjective clause or something else?

In the sentence: I found a car covered in snow. "Car" is obviously the object of the sentence. But what kind of object is it? The term "covered in snow" modifies the object "car". But it can also ...
0 votes
1 answer
328 views

Implicit "that/which is/are" in nonrestrictive relative clause

Is it grammatically correct to leave off "that is" or "which is" in a nonrestrictive relative clause? Is there a term for this? Is this actually a different phenomenon? It (sometimes?) seems to apply ...
0 votes
1 answer
285 views

Repeating relative pronouns

Is it generally permissible to repeat relative pronouns regardless of the type of pronoun and regardless of the relative clause being restrictive or not? What I mean by that can be seen in the ...
7 votes
6 answers
2k views

Is this natural? "There's somebody wants to see you." [duplicate]

I have learned the following sentence is grammatically correct because it is possible to omit the nominative relative pronoun in a sentence like "there is ...". I'm not sure if it is natural ...
28 votes
2 answers
5k views

Shakespearean relative clause: "I have a brother is condemned to die"

In Measure for Measure 2.2.785, Shakespeare wrote the following sentence: I have a brother is condemned to die. I am wondering why he omitted the relative pronoun and left the helping verb. Isn't ...
0 votes
0 answers
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How to use relative pronoun correctly? [migrated]

This is the example sentence: I take the bus regularly passing by my office, which is fully packed with commuters. In this sentence, I'd like to say that the bus "is fully packed with the ...
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

A Question about using pronouns in a sentence(Which/that) [migrated]

We often find words that can be spelled in more than one way. Couldn't I use switch that to which, and could you teach me why?
3 votes
1 answer
37 views

Nonstandard agreement in relative clauses (usage)

Kimball and Aissen (1971) describe a dialect of English in which the matrix verb may agree with the embedded subject when it is relativized. That is, this dialect admits both (1a), with thinks ...
1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Do reduced relative clauses stack? [closed]

I was wondering if you can always get (3-4) from (1-2) or if there is some kind of restriction on this sort of stacking (1) The door closed by the janitor (2) The door expected to be opened by the ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Which relative pronoun should I use to describe objects which use the pronoun them? [closed]

There are many active political parties here. Many of them hold great influence. If I were to join both sentences with a preposition and a relative pronoun, would 'which' or 'whom' to describe '...
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0 answers
8 views

When is a defining relative clause used and not used? [migrated]

I read that defining relative clauses are used to give essential information about someone or something, information that is needed in order to understand what or who is being referred to. Is there a ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Why is "Audiences may contain many 'free riders', not making contributions." incorrect?

[From an SAT practice test] The correct answer is "Audiences may contain many 'free riders', who did not make contributions." I can hear how the second sounds better but can't articulate ...
0 votes
1 answer
33 views

Omit relative pronoun while connecting two relative clauses

The value of function f(x)=ax+b is positive when x is positive where a is non-negative real number and where b is positive integer. Is there any difference as I omit the second "where" as ...
1 vote
2 answers
92 views

Is this the correct way to form this sentence?

I'm not sure how to construct this sentence: "Imagine buying a house, information about which has been withheld." or "Imagine buying a house about which information has been been ...
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1 answer
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"Which" Relative Clause--"Which", "Of Which", or what?

I'm struggling with a relative 'which' clause right now; I'm hoping to structure it a certain way, but while I feel like I've read it that way before, I'm just not sure if it's correct and I can't ...
0 votes
0 answers
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A Question About Extra Information Relative Clauses

I was creating Instagram posts, and I noticed that there might have been something wrong with the text. Here it is: ‘Heaven’ is an uncountable noun that refers to a place where good people go after ...
141 votes
11 answers
19k views

When to use “that” and when to use “which”, especially in relative clauses

When is it appropriate to use that as opposed to which with relative clauses?
0 votes
0 answers
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"of which" with a number – is this grammatically correct? [duplicate]

Consider this sentence; I found 6 coins, 5 of which were rare Is this grammatically correct? I've been using it for years but I recently realised it may not be "correct". I put the term ...
1 vote
1 answer
125 views

Which possessive pronouns should I use in "I'm not a person who..."?

Consider this sentence, please: I'm not a person who screams out my achievements from the rooftops. Why do we use "my" instead of "his/her" in the sentence above, when "I&...
1 vote
3 answers
723 views

placement of descriptive clause in the sentence?

S1. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice by Y, which limits growth. S2. X can be done to handle the unsavory practice, which limits growth, by Y. In this sentence the descriptive clause &...
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

superlative + relative clause

An earlier question (Relative clauses: “I did the best I could.”) asks about the antecedent of the relative clause, and there are two answers there: The one (by @Man_From_India) accepted as the best ...
1 vote
0 answers
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Can a relative clause introduced by a noun phrase marked by the indefinite article be both non-restrictive and restrictive?

[Example 1] The quirky scientist is shot and killed by a group of Libyan terrorists from whom he stole the plutonium that powers his new design. In the above example, I have used a restrictive ...
0 votes
1 answer
29 views

Is this a complex sentence with a relative clause?

I have a sentence here: “I don’t understand why you like birds.” Upon analyzing the sentence structure, there is what appears to be a relative clause: “why you like birds” Is this then a complex ...
1 vote
2 answers
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What syntatic role does the noun 'desire' occupy in this infinitive clause?

I know that infinitive clauses can be used as modifiers. Most of the time, I can easily identify their place. See this example: [1] He found a place to sleep. Although it isn't explicitly stated, my ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Separating that/which clauses from their referents with prepositional phrases [duplicate]

How acceptable is it to separate a that-clause from its referent with a prepositional phrase? It's a problem I keep running into, and I'm not sure if it's too jarring. How would you rate the ...
0 votes
0 answers
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What to do when a relative pronoun seems to be both object and subject? [duplicate]

Consider the following: I congratulate him. He won the race. I congratulate him who won the race. I think these are straight-forward. The object of the main clause becomes the subject of the ...
2 votes
0 answers
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What is the term for repeating non-restrictive clauses?

I came across the following quote: Scientists would soon find themselves adrift in a bewildering realm of particles and antiparticles, where things pop in and out of existence in spans of time that ...
1 vote
0 answers
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Use of Relative Clauses Without Any Corresponding Noun Clause/Phrase [closed]

Is it correct to use relative clauses that do not modify any noun clauses/phrases? Take this next sentence as an example I will let you retake the test, which is more than reasonable. The relative ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Is there a name for a 'noun + of which/whom' relative clause? [duplicate]

After the battle, he encountered the soldiers, many of whom had sustained severe injuries. The doctor treated the soldiers' injuries, the worst of which was a missing leg. While writing, I frequently ...
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0 answers
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Non restrictive relative clase with prepositional noun phrase [duplicate]

In the sentence The partner of an old woman who is residing in the USA will help us it is clear that the person who will help us is the partner. But, I'm not clear whether the person who is residing ...
-2 votes
1 answer
93 views

Adjective use after nouns: with and without that-clause [closed]

Let us take a look at these adjectives: able, similar, capable, ready, etc. We are free to stick them to the back of any noun thus avoiding using that/who-clause, like in these examples: Presumably, ...
0 votes
2 answers
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Is "the hole where the tooth had been" acceptable [closed]

The hole where the tooth had been was now filled with cotton ( a dentist had just extracted the tooth.) I wrote the sentence, but I hesitated using the relative clause, because I suddenly realized it ...
0 votes
2 answers
93 views

What is the grammatical construction of the clause "Emotions that Maria had thought were buried deep enough ..."

Something in that should have upset Maria, but all she could concentrate on was the pain and anguish that ravished her body. It was like a silent demon had lay dormant inside of her and fed on all the ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Can anyone explain the use of "in what" in the following sentence?

Can anyone explain the use of "in what" in the following sentence? In what some are seeing as a failure by Japan to live up to its responsibilities as a world power, only 11 refugees out of 5,000 ...
1 vote
3 answers
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Is it acceptable to start an emphatic sentence with "It is he who…"?

It is he who the students choose as the repersentative of their class. Is this sentence grammatically correct? If not, why? I would like to know whether the pronoun ‘he’ can be used in this grammar ...
11 votes
4 answers
4k views

Is "I am who(m) God made me" grammatical?

SAH asked an interesting question about case, I am [who/whom] G-d made me, but one issue that came up in the comments repeatedly is that many people said that they find the example sentence ...
0 votes
3 answers
327 views

What exactly falls under the label of "complement"?

There seems to be a lot of contradicting beliefs out there regarding complements and what they cover -- or maybe I am just confusing myself. However, I cannot seem to find an answer that I understand. ...
4 votes
3 answers
139 views

Is there a term for the grammatical/rhetorical construction of "He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named"?

Is there a term for the construction of specifying someone or something solely via a relative clause without explicitly naming it, as in the example in the title - either at the level of grammar or of ...
0 votes
0 answers
37 views

Can relative adverb "when" also be used to indicate condition?

As far as I know, I can't use the word "If" to make a relation between noun and clause such as *The threshold if X occurs is 40 products at a time. The right form of it would be If X ...
2 votes
0 answers
47 views

Is the useage of "that" in this clause correct?

I miss the days that I was trouble-free. I know it would be correct if "that" is replaced by "when," but can "that" also be correct? Also, I have this faint feeling that ...
0 votes
2 answers
103 views

Syntactical ambiguity in introductory phrase reference: reference to main verb vs. object

Motivated by A, we outline our proposal for B. Does "Motivated" refer to outline or proposal? It seems to me that a reader could infer one of two statements: A motivated us to create this outline, ...
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0 answers
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Can a relative clause be a compound sentence?

They began to believe that their way of doing business was failing and that their incomes would therefore shortly begin to fall as well. In this sentence, can I remove the second "that" ...
0 votes
0 answers
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Can "that" stand after a comma? [duplicate]

Is the underlined "that" used accurately there? I suppose it is a relative clause, based on its meaning and function but this dialogue has been bugging me for a while since all I've learned ...
0 votes
0 answers
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Is using gerund with relative pronoun possible? [duplicate]

I have a question. As I remember I can't use the gerund/presentParticiple with the relative pronoun such as "when","who" and so on. But I met one sentence in the dictionary "...
2 votes
1 answer
87 views

'Oil produced' vs 'produced oil', take 2

Recently a question was asked here on EL&U: This is the sentence I’m confused about: After eight years, the amount of oil produced rose significantly. Why is it oil produced and not produced oil? ...
1 vote
0 answers
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Right in front of relative clause, what prepositions are frequently used?

I recently learned relative clause with preposition. After some of my "English Deep learning process" so to speak, I got a mere sense that only few prepositions such as "in, on, at"...
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0 answers
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Is there a limit for the number of relative/dependent clauses in a sentence?

I need to correct the following sentence: The article is proving the thesis of shame as a feeling that functions as a bond between people, by presenting a historical analysis of this feeling in three ...
2 votes
1 answer
601 views

"Both of them" // "Both of whom"

I'm trying to understand and explain to my students why 'both of whom' is the correct answer in the following sentence: "Credit must also be given to Katheryn and Aiden, both of whom I am ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Martha has two sons, who are still at school, and two, who are at university

Here's a quote from A Student's Introduction to English Grammar: [11]   i  Martha has [two sons who are still at school] and [two who are at university].   In [i] the relative clauses certainly are ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Can wh- pronouns function as objects in a wh- clause? [closed]

I've recently become interested in relative pronouns and wh- clauses. During my research, I found out about using relative pronouns as objects. For example ('that' is an object of 'my father'): 'This ...

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