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Questions tagged [reduced-relative-clauses]

A relative clause can be reduced by removing a complementizer or explicit relative pronoun. For example, "that" can be dropped in "it's the person [that] I saw" to create a reduced relative clause.

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What Is the Function of the Participle Clause in 'Time + -ing'?

[1] My time working in the US was eventful, to say the least.' In Example 1, I have used a participial-gerund clause (or present participle clause, if you prefer) alongside the noun 'time,' and I'm ...
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The differences between infinitive and present participle phrases as postpositive attributives to express something that happens in the future

The boy who will come to see you tomorrow will bring you that book. Can this sentence be changed to either of the following? a. The boy coming to see you tomorrow will bring you that book. or b. The ...
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Omitting the verb in non-parallel clauses

I've seen this sentence in a textbook and it sounds unnatural to me. It was the Ottomans who were developed and Western Europe underdeveloped. I feel like the omission might have been correct If the ...
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Omit relative pronoun while connecting two relative clauses

The value of function f(x)=ax+b is positive when x is positive where a is non-negative real number and where b is positive integer. Is there any difference as I omit the second "where" as ...
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Syntactic Tests for Reduced Relative Clauses

In a sentence such as Lionel Messi, 34, now plays for PSG a reduced relative clause can be readily seen, and I can put back what has been omitted: Lionel Messi, who is 34, plays for PSG But in ...
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The definition of 'clause' in modern grammar: construction vs function

Most modern grammars recognize verbless clauses such as the boy on the roof in (1) and on the roof in (2): (1) With the boy on the roof, they feared he might jump off it. (2) When on the roof, he ...
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Why can you use relative clauses with implicit complementisers or relative pronouns?

Why are these correct? The work I am doing is easy. The house he lives at. The book I am writing is about different realms. The man I was helping thanked me. The ant I was blocking the road of. ...
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Does omitting a relative pronoun change the meaning? [closed]

One of my students asked me if omitting relative pronouns like "that" changes the meaning of the sentence. Here's the issue, in the books I have read mention that in spoken English (assuming ...
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why is an infinitive used in "copies of his own previous writings, **to include** Summary View, "? [duplicate]

From American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson by Joseph J. Ellis: Even if we take Jefferson at his word, that he did not copy sections of the Declaration from any particular books, he ...
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
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When is it not possible to reduce relative clauses to participle phrases?

While "The woman who lived next door was a doctor" can be reduced to "The woman living next door was a doctor", the sentence "The woman who called me was a doctor" cannot be reduced to "The ...
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Implicit 'which is', 'which are'

A new study has shown that millions of pieces of junk floating in space could be a big hazard for satellites orbiting Earth. Is there an implicit 'which are' in front of floating in space? Why is '...
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