Questions tagged [range-inclusion]

when specifying a range, does it include or exclude the start and end numbers?

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Is inclusiveness range of end determined by rule or convention?

Are there explicit rules for how ranges are communicated, or must they be understood by context or convention? Examples: If a store is open 9am-5pm, we assume the end of the period (5) is exclusive. ...
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What would "the 2021 school/fiscal year" refer to?

Generally students start the Nth grade in the fall of some calendar year Y and graduate that grade in the spring of some calendar year Y+1. Likewise if a fiscal year does not start on January 1 it ...
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Is there an alternative for the word "between" that implies "inclusive" without ambiguity?

I have read the existing questions around this matter: When is "between" inclusive and when exclusive? "Between A and B" or "from A to B" "Add number between x … y&...
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Using dates, is "between" inclusive of the start and end dates, or is "from" more appropriate? [duplicate]

Specific case is a period of work that began one date and ended on another date, but only periodically between those dates. For example: Services were performed periodically between July 1 and July ...
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Is the phrase ~in x years inclusive or exclusive? [closed]

Is the phrase ~in x years, such as "The first revenue drop in x years," inclusive or exclusive of the last year there was a revenue drop? For instance, given this scenario: 2000 - revenue ...
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until, up to ambiguity — < vs <= [duplicate]

So this is about (preventing) an off-by-one error in the (interpretation of) English language. I have found some similar (not duplicate) questions but I don't feel entirely comfortable yet. For ...
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Does “8am” mean 𝒆𝒙𝒂𝒄𝒕𝒍𝒚 08:00:00.000 in the morning, or does it just mean any time closer to that hour than to either 7:00 or to 9:00? [closed]

Suppose I wanted to indicate the range of time from exactly 8:00am to exactly 8:30am. Should I write “8:00am” for explicitness, or is exactly 8:00am implied by “8am”? Also, is “2:15pm–2:45pm”, for ...
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Using an en dash to separate a page and line range

When writing a range of pages and line numbers, would I use an en dash to separate the range, or is it more appropriate to use "through" in this situation? Refer to page 12, line 3–page 13, ...
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Date version of

When referring to part of a book starting from one page but without a final page, it's common to see this referred to as (e.g.) "pg. 55 ff", as described here. Is there something similar for a year ...
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which one is correct I will be on leave starting on October 4th till October 5th [duplicate]

I will be on leave starting on October 4th till October 5th I will be on leave on October 4th and 5th I am on leave from October 4th till October 5th
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Is the hyphen correct, in lieu of the percent symbol, in this suspended compound?

The Associated Press replied to me and said the suspended compound below is correct exactly as presented (that is, a hyphen after 10 without the % symbol). Do you concur with the logic and the ...
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Divorce Decree: Vacation Time

"Vacation time is defined as not more than seven consecutive days, including the vacationing parent's parenting time weekend." Does this mean that a parents vacation time must include their parenting ...
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What does 'through/before' mean here?

Here has some examples: ... inet_connection_sock.c in the Linux kernel through 4.10.15 allows attackers to ... ... Linux kernel 3.12 through 3.15 ... ... io_ti.c in the Linux kernel before 4.10.4 ...
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What's the correct (or best) way to express "from [date] to [date]"?

I ran across this text: From October 17-20, 2016, we will be attending the electric appliances convention, in Spain. Meaning that we will be attending the convention between October 17th and ...
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Does “end in” include the date?

I have table with head "End in" and values as "week 5", "week 8", etc. "End in" Week included? or may be different depending on the context? For example:
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"increment or decrement to bring into range"

I'm looking for a (preferably single) word for "increment or decrement to bring into range", with particular emphasis on 'bring into range'. 'Reconcile' or 'limit' are not bad as far as target (range)...
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Date Range help!

I have a date range July–September 2015. It doesn't look right. Should it be July–September, 2015? Have you any suggestions, or is it right to begin with?
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Should "from" always be paired with "to" in descriptions of time ranges?

Back in school I was taught that "from" should always be paired with "to" to indicate time ranges, as in Queen Victoria reigned from 1837 to 1901. But now, I frequently see a dash used instead of "...
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date ranges, up to, through a specific date [duplicate]

"My patient has been under my care from January 1st to Jan. 19th." "My patient has been under my care from Jany 1st through Jan. 19th." Do both of these windows of time include the 19th as part of ...
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Is there an AmE/BrE difference whether "by date X" means by the beginning or ending of this date?

A job application in England wants applications to arrive by the 30th. I understand this to mean by the end of the 30th (in London time). The accepted answer to this question appears to indicate the ...
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1 to 5 / by 1 to 5 / from 1 to 5 / 1 untill 5...?

What prepositions should I use when I want to say about a range of numbers? Example of use in a scene where each garden or car was numbered: There are beautiful flowers in the garden #3 to the garden ...
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Numerical Range with En Dashes & Hyphens (a $3–$5-million-a-year business). Is this punctuated acceptably? [duplicate]

Is this acceptably punctuated? En dashes used between the numbers, and hyphens in the compound modifiers. I believe the two examples below are clear and concise. Do you agree with the punctuation (i.e....
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The first live processing date is December 29, 2014 for the pay period of December 22, 2014 to December 28, 2014 [duplicate]

The question I have is the use of the word "to" in the phrase "to December 28". Does the "to" definitely include December 28th, or is it (as I think it is) ambiguous? The way it reads, I feel it is ...
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"Truth, Justice AND the American Way"?

Folk-blues artist Richie Havens, in his 1972 album "Live at the Cellar Door," made a comment about the Superman introduction which said that the Man of Steel fought for "Truth, Justice and the ...
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Is "up to" inclusive or exclusive?

The study was carried out up to visit 11 under the name of X1, whereas all later visits were carried out under a different name, X2. In the above sentence, does V11 belong to X1 or X2? I want the ...
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What does "by 30 September" mean? [duplicate]

In the following sentence: "It came into existence on or by 30 September." What does "by 30 September" mean?
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Variations in meaning between "Last week" vs. "The last week" vs "The last n weeks"? [duplicate]

Similarly between "Last month" and "The last month". Last week implies, at some point during the previous week. Not inclusive of the current week. What exactly does the last week mean? Is that ...
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"During 1985 to 1988 , I worked at X company" — does it mean that 1988 was included?

I am an ESL student and I wonder what the following sentence means. During 1985 to 1988 , I worked at X company Does it mean that 1988 was included? I am not quite sure about the meaning since ...
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Does "a value between two values" imply the two values are included within the range?

For example, if a there is a validation message that specifies that a number "must be a value between 1 and 100" does that imply that 1 and 100 are part of the allowed set of values? I would suggest ...
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23 votes
3 answers
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When is "between" inclusive and when exclusive?

It seems that the exact meaning of between is very tied to its specific usage. What should I assume in a general situation about the inclusivity of between? Consider: "Pick a number between 1 and 10."...
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What's a good adjective to whether a set/range can be "tessellated"

Say I have the concept of a "Range", which is basically an "Interval" in Mathematics. If a range is inclusive ("closed") on one end and exclusive on the other, it has the following property: It can ...
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Payment to be due within three months "of" that meeting

Does the word "of" in the context of an established point in time refer to before or after that established point in time?
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1 answer
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Is "to" inclusive in “I worked at company X from April 2012 to April 2013”? [duplicate]

I have a question about the use of the word to as a time proposition. Is to inclusive in the following sentence? I worked at company X from April 2012 to April 2013.
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"Since", "until", "from", "to" on invoices or date ranges of a form

Which is the correct form on an invoice, or a general date range in a form, and why? Monkey dolls 12 GBP From 2012-01-03 to 2013-01-02 Monkey dolls 12 ...
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3 answers
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December 15th to December 16th

In general, if I say: From December 15th to December 16th Would you expect the range to be from 12/15 00:00 to 12/16 23:59 or would you expect it to be from 12/15 00:00 to 12/15 23:59?
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Meaning of 'within' in "the task has to be submitted within a month" [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Within” and “in” when referring to time if there's a sentence : The task has to be submitted within a month Does it mean that the task has to be submitted before a month ...
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2 votes
5 answers
3k views

What does "by spring 2013" imply? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does “notified by [date]” include the end date? “I will do it by Monday”. Does it mean before the beginning or before the end of Monday? If something has to be finished "by ...
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till vs. until in "from Apr. 21st till/until Apr. 28th" [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between “till” and “until”? Please kindly advise me on the correct usage of till/until when talking about period of time. For ...
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Is on/before 15 July better than by 15 July if I want to be precise and unambiguous? Which is the more common form?

When the last day of registration is, let's say, 15 July, we currently say "please confirm your registration before 16 July" but students often send their confirmation on 16 July, rather than 15. I ...
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16 votes
3 answers
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"I will do it by Monday". Does it mean before the beginning or before the end of Monday? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does “notified by [date]” include the end date? When someone says "I will do it by Monday", does it mean that they will get it done before the beginning of Monday ...
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13 votes
3 answers
101k views

"From - Till" vs "From - To"

I read an experience letter which said "So and so" person has worked from "date1" till "date2". Is it okay? Or should it be like this? "So and so" person has worked from "date1" to "date2".
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6 votes
4 answers
224k views

Does the term "within 7 days" mean include the 7th day? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is “in [some period]” different from “within [some period]”? The title states it all: When an author says "within 7 days", does the author mean include ...
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34 votes
5 answers
211k views

Does "notified by [date]" include the end date?

I have read the Rules of a competition. The text of the Rules include a sentence as follows: As per stated in the Rules the entrants will be notified by May 30th 2010. Does the sentence above mean ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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How to refer to a period of time?

Which one is grammatically correct? I worked at X company ... from Aug 2005 to Sep 2007. from A up to B. from A until B. from A till B. between A and B.
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8 votes
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Precise meaning of "Last N days, weeks, months or years"

Would phrases like these generally be considered inclusive of the current period? I think it's pretty clear that last week does not include the current week. But does last 2 weeks include the current ...
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10 votes
4 answers
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"Add number between x … y"

I’m working on a problem for a programming class that states the following: Write a for loop in the space below which will add the numbers between 1 and 20. To me this means the question is ...
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20 votes
3 answers
44k views

"Through" or "to" for expression of range

16-bit unsigned short integers that range from 0 through 0xFFFF 16-bit unsigned short integers that range from 0 to 0xFFFF Which expression is better above?
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2 answers
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Does "up to [date]" include the end date? What about date ranges ("the week of...")? [duplicate]

The quiz covers all the material up to the week of the quiz Sept.30 - Oct.6. Does this mean that September 29 is the last date, or that the week Sept.30 - Oct.6 is included in this span?
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1 vote
2 answers
7k views

Does "8 days" mean "after 8 days"?

If I say I will be here in 5 minutes (or in 5 days), in this context, does in mean after or between now and 5 minutes after? And, in that context, does within mean the same as in?
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17 votes
8 answers
211k views

Does "until [date]" mean "before that date"?

What does until mean in the following? You need to deliver this product within 2 days (until August 18, 2011) to meet your deadline and get paid. Does this mean that I have to deliver the ...
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