Questions tagged [proper-nouns]

A proper noun or proper name is a capitalized noun representing a unique entity as opposed to a common noun, which represents a class of entities or nonunique instances of that class.

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4answers
75k views

Pronunciation of “Azure” in “Microsoft Azure”

This is not a techie query. I am just unclear on how to pronounce the word "Azure" which is the brand name for Microsoft's cloud computing service.
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0answers
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Punctuation preceding a proper noun [migrated]

I was wondering what (if any) punctuation needs to precede a proper noun in the following sentence: The student John. That is, there is a student named John, and I am referring to them as a student. ...
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0answers
18 views

When a proper noun is converted into a verb, should it be capitalized? [duplicate]

If a proper noun (e.g. Google) is converted into a verb (e.g. Let me (G/g)oogle that for you), should it still be capitalized when used as a verb? I recognize that English has no such concept as a "...
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2answers
77 views

Indefinite article - are there any exceptions for proper nouns? “an Aristides” vs “Aristides”

I was going through Leviathan of Hobbes today and I think I spotted an error. "and every Citizen bringing his Oystershell into the market place, written with the name of him he desired should be ...
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1answer
213 views

Can we use There is + proper noun?

We know that we can say: There is a play at the theater tonight. But can we say: There is Hamlet at the theater tonight. The last sentence sounds a bit odd, but it's not clear why. Is this ...
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1answer
26 views

usage of ‘indefinite article + proper name’?

I’ve just come across this sentence. “Only an Albert Einstein could have the wisdom to reject an offer to become President of Israel because he argued that he did not have enough experience in ...
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1answer
34 views

I am trying to find out if there is a convention of correctness for writing Arabic proper nouns starting with 'Al'

The news channel 'Al Jazeera' writes its name like I have i.e with a space between 'Al' and 'Jazeera', in text but in the logo it is 'ALJAZEERA'. One come across variations like 'Alqaeda', 'Al-Qaeda', ...
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2answers
63 views

Capitalisation in texts where the title is also a concept that is referred to within the text?

I'm going to use Karpman's drama triangle as an example for my question because I can't seem to find any consistency around its capitalisation (although I'll admit I don't own the book). Say you have ...
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1answer
1k views

How to handle non-standard capitalization in formal letters

I am writing a letter to apply for entry into a graduate-level university program through my company. I am struggling on how to write the name of the company in the letter. The company's trademark is ...
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5answers
9k views

Should “japanese” be capitalised when used as an adjective

Which one of these is the correct usage: 1) Your favourite Japanese restaurant 2) Your favourite japanese restaurant (being an adjective in this case, it should be in lower case)
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3answers
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Are capital letters used for terms of endearment like “Honey” and “Sweetheart”?

When writing a sentence (for a book/story) do the endearments Honey, Sweetheart, etc. get capital letters? e.g. "Are you ready, Honey?" or "Are you ready, honey?"
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2answers
672 views

How to pluralize surnames ending in short vowel then s?

I've seen on this board that these are the rules: for certain ending letters - which include s - to add es to pluralize, and add only s to the rest. The rules say never change y to ies. And of course ...
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1answer
384 views

Is the name of Google's design language “material design” a proper noun?

Material design is a design language developed by Google. A design language is an overarching scheme or style that guides the design of a complement of products or architectural settings. Now is "...
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2answers
68 views

Type of noun from the sentence [closed]

"Seeing the baby the mother rose in her." Is the word 'mother' in the above sentence a: (a) Common Noun (b) Abstract Noun (c) Proper Noun (d) Collective Noun
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9answers
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Should the word Boolean be capitalized?

I keep second guessing myself on this one. On one hand it seems like it should because the word Boolean is derived from the name of George Boole, the inventor of Boolean logic. However, the term as ...
7
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2answers
168 views

Is there a linguistic term for using a common noun as a proper noun?

In some situations, a common noun in a specific scenario is treated as a proper noun because it refers to a specific entity that satisfies the common noun. Is there a special term for this ...
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5answers
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When to put “River” before or after its name and why?

Unlike mountain names, where "Mount" always precedes its name, e.g. Mount Everest, I've noticed that some rivers have "River" before its name, e.g. the River Nile but others have it after, e.g. the ...
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3answers
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Why is quixotic not Quixotic (a proper adjective)?

Adjectives derived from proper nouns are known as proper adjectives, and are capitalized: A piece of writing could be Shakespearean, not shakespearean. A person may be Canadian, not canadian. Even ...
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5answers
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Should apartheid be capitalised?

In an attempt to prevent an edit war over on Skeptics.SE, I'll defer to here. Which is preferred - or are both correct?: Was South Africa better run during apartheid? or Was South Africa ...
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2answers
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When does “nature” require an article and why? [duplicate]

I was wondering about a sentence like this: If nature were to design a bicycle, how would it look? Is nature missing an article? Should it be a nature or the nature, or is it correct as is? If a ...
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1answer
154 views

Do you capitalize yakuza?

When referring to the infamous Japanese criminal organization, which sentence would be correct? The yakuza member picked up his glasses, scooped some of the jewelry and loose change into his ...
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3answers
13k views

What is the correct capitalization of the words earth and moon?

I believe that Earth means planet and earth means soil. But I've seen earth used in published works to mean the planet earth. But no one writes jupiter. Similarly, Moon should mean the name of Earth'...
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2answers
133 views

Word order in noun phrases

Which word order should I choose in noun phrases with a proper noun component and a common noun component? the Elvis Presley singer v. the singer Elvis Presley the Star Wars movie v. the movie ...
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3answers
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The Earth vs. Earth [duplicate]

What's the difference between 'the Earth' and 'Earth'? Why is there an article before Earth on the first sentence, and none on the second one? 1) Sputnik, Russian for fellow traveller around the ...
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1answer
48 views

Conjugation when not substituting pronouns for proper nouns

Pronouns take the place of proper nouns when context allows. However, it seems proper nouns are only ever conjugated in the third person, singular or plural. Is this a rule? For example, if I'm ...
24
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1answer
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Why is Lord Alfred Tennyson often written as Alfred Lord Tennyson?

Why is Lord Alfred Tennyson often written as Alfred Lord Tennyson? This occurs with and without a comma after Alfred: Alfred, Lord Tennyson and Alfred Lord Tennyson. Should Lord precede the entire ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Why it is “the Grinch” but not just Grinch as it's his personal name

We don't use the definite article with personal names, however here....why is it so? Yeah, I know sometimes we can use "the". When it's a person everybody knows about or smth like that. But why it'...
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1answer
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Are software titles italicized?

The titles of freestanding works (books, movies, plays, albums, etc.) are italicized; smaller parts within these works (chapters in a book, articles in a magazine, songs within an album) are not (they ...
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6answers
979 views

Etymology of proper nouns

I had an argument with a friend regarding etymology of the word "Oz" in "The wizard of Oz". I believe that it doesn't have any etymology, and that generally most proper nouns don't have any origin. He ...
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3answers
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Does the abbreviation for Saint in a church name require a period?

In referring to a local church, does the name "St Giles" require a period after the "St"? I was told that to add a period confuses it with the abbreviation for street.
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5answers
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Should “State” be capitalized on its own?

Say we had the following: Higher Education spending, clout, and influence in New York State is substantial. Within the State’s borders... Should the latter instance of State be capitalized or not?
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4answers
254 views

eSwatini as the start of a sentence

Swaziland has recently changed its name to eSwatini. The unique capitalization structure, similar to iPhone or eBay, is unique for the name of a country. While brand names have an established set of ...
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0answers
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Use of an indefinite article associated with a particular person's name [duplicate]

Indefinite (and definite) articles are sometimes associated with a person's name. This answer by Jon Hanna is the best summary of the uses I have found. Also, another question addresses the issue ...
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3answers
3k views

Are the names of cocktails proper nouns?

Help me out with cocktail names. Are they always capitalized because they are proper names? For example, would I capitalize this way: "Do you prefer a Gin and Tonic or a Sidecar?" It's confusing ...
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1answer
605 views

“Born in” vs “born at” with proper nouns: is this a definite vs indefinite prepositional object situation?

Please help me explain to my friend why, while there's no doubt that he was born at St James Hospital, it is incorrect for him to say he was born in St James Hospital -- despite the fact that he ...
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2answers
2k views

Grammaticality of “the” in “I am going to the Asda later”

A friend of mine and I are having a long standing debate about the correctness of a sentence. Informing me what he was doing later that day he said: I am going to the Asda later. Note: To anyone ...
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2answers
67 views

Parts of speech in sentence “Amber is a real person” [closed]

Specifically I am wondering about the word "person" in the sentence, because at first thought I believed it was a common noun but it is qualifying a proper noun, so I am confused if it is a noun or a ...
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1answer
71 views

Proper way to refer to someone that previously held an official title, but is no longer in said title

I’m trying to figure out the best way to refer to someone in a resume. I once received an award from former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld when he was still the Secretary of Defense. I use this ...
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2answers
53 views

Which of “which Beatles song” or “which The Beatles song”?

While my inclination is to go with: Which The Beatles song did the BBC ban on May 20th, 1967 for its overt references to drug use? it sounds cumbersome compared to: Which Beatles song did ...
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1answer
232 views

Is “Underground” a proper noun or a common noun?

The definition on the Oxford Dictionary is a little bit confusing for me. The dictionary doesn't call it a proper noun, but the first letter is capitalised in the example. Since I know the ...
3
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2answers
465 views

Capitalisation of “Hall effect”

How should I capitalise Hall effect? I am using this in a brochure and want to get the capitalisation right. I am certain that Hall is capitalised, as this phenomenon (concerning the behaviour of ...
3
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2answers
466 views

Do you need to capitalize any words that are used to refer to a specific place?

For instance: Outside the city gates, there's a dangerous forested domain. We often refer to it as the wild terrain... We entered the specified area, the so-called "wild terrain". Do you have to ...
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1answer
53 views

Why do we “drive to the United Nations” but “drive to United Airlines”?

I understand why we "drive to Microsoft" but must "drive to the United Nations". But why do we "drive to United Airlines" rather than "drive to the United Airlines"?
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3answers
147 views

Is a pluralized proper noun (Russias) the grammatical plural of that proper noun (Russia)?

Is "Russias" the plural of "Russia", in the sense that this is how they relate grammatically? The reason that I suspect that they are not plural-singular is the following example. [1] I see the egg. ...
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5answers
35k views

Using the definite article before a country/state name

The Punjab is a rich state. Is it correct to use the before Punjab?
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3answers
13k views

Capitalization: 'rivers'

In the following sentence, is rivers capitalized or not? The Delaware and Potomac rivers are beautiful.
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0answers
261 views

Articles with proper names

It's correct to use the definite article before the name of a river, canal, sea and ocean: When my father dies, we will have to wash him, wrap him in rich cloth, cremate him, and then sprinkle ...
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2answers
104 views

What would you call people who attend conferences? [closed]

What would you call people who attend conferences? Maybe "Attendee"?
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3answers
3k views

What is the origin of the pronunciation of 'Plymouth'?

It has always confused how my American relatives pronounce the name of their city (Plymouth Meeting) as something like 'Plymeth Meeting'. For me, it seems that the natural way would be something that ...
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2answers
4k views

Is it “the city” or “the City” when colloquially referring to NYC?

People will refer to New York City as "the city" fairly often, but in writing should that be capitalized?