Questions tagged [proper-nouns]

A proper noun or proper name is a noun representing a unique entity as opposed to a common noun, which represents a class of entities or non-unique instances of that class. Proper nouns are usually, but not invariably, capitalized in English.

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1answer
38 views

Capitalise or not foreign demonyms when original language uses lower case and English has no equivalent?

In English we capitalise demonyms. Someone from Paris is a Parisian. When we insert words from other languages we indicate the non-English nature of the word with quotation marks or italics. "He ...
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1answer
172 views

Why isn't the word “white” capitalized when referring to the race? [duplicate]

I was surprised to find that there's a growing convention of capitalizing the word "black" when referring to the race, i.e.: A Black person. I thought this was wrong, because I thought it ...
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1answer
37 views

Capitalisation when talking about a proper noun [closed]

So when I write a sentence like for example: The word europe originated from ... should the word be capitalised or not? It seems logical not to capitalise because in this sense it's not talking ...
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1answer
26 views

Referring to a specific instance of a common noun [closed]

Let's say I am planning an as of yet unnamed wall at the back of my garden, which I will build using gabion baskets. If I temporarily refer to the wall according to its construction, should I write it ...
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1answer
61 views

Are there English toponyms that are pluralia tantum? [closed]

There are toponyms that are pluralia tantum in a few languages. What come off top of my mind are Mediterranean cities in classical languages, such as Athenae and Pompeii. A modern example I can come ...
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60 views

Should I Capitalize the Word “mom” in This Specific Context [duplicate]

In the book Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing is says the word "mom" is a proper noun in the following context and should be capitalized: "How's Mom these days"...
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Is “Black” correct, incorrect, or could it be used as either “Black” or “black”? [duplicate]

I was reading an article that I was assigned by my professor, and I came across the following: “We’re the ones getting killed,” Los Angeles Clippers coach Doc Rivers, who is Black, said in an ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is it 'the Corona virus' not 'Corona Virus'?

Corona is the name of a virus and hence is a proper noun. Please tell me why this exception arises. Also if there are other similar cases when 'the' is used before proper nouns, please let me know. ...
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2answers
31 views

Can capitalization be considered as a marker of definitness in proper nouns

Proper nouns are always definite (i.e. are names of people or names of places). They are also always capitalized. Does that mean that the capital letter is considered a marker for definiteness? Do we ...
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2answers
155 views

English Pronunciation of name “Claire” [closed]

I got into a debate about whether I can pronounce "Claire" as "Clara" or not. Please help me if I can do the same or not, or is there any rule in the English language which says ...
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1answer
24 views

“I see myself as” with personal names of well-known individuals [closed]

I'm not sure how to use articles when using personal names of well-known characters in this particular case. For example it would be "I see myself as a nice person" or "I see myself as ...
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1answer
51 views

When referring to a specific person by title only within a specific office, should the title be capitalized?

When referring to a specific person by title only within a specific office, should that title be capitalized, as in: "XYZ University's Board Chairman and Office Manager shall provide the ...
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1answer
49 views

Should “the” or “el” appear before a Spanish proper noun placed in an English text

I have a textbook that refers to the Spanish royal road that linked Mexico City and Santa Fe as "El Camino Real", though the full name in Spanish is "El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro&...
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2answers
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Hydrophobic, hydrophobized, or hydrophobicized?

I found three adjectives which can be used in the following context: "velour (HYDROPHOBIC / HYDROPHOBIZED / HYDROPHOBICIZED) with alkenyl maleic anhydride composition". Which one should be ...
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30 views

When should we use “the” before the name of a university or institute?

Should I write "at Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology (HIAST)" or "at the Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology (HIAST)", and should I write "HIAST" or "the HIAST" in ...
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1answer
43 views

Should this name for an organization contain an apostrophe?

We're looking to start a small brewery and have decided to call it "Loons Landing". I'm wondering if perhaps it would be more correct to call it "Loon's Landing". I know that, as a business, we're ...
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1answer
2k views

Capitalization of “tribe” and its derivatives in the United States

In these examples, when should "Tribe" or "Tribal" be capitalized? "This rulemaking will preempt State, local, and Tribal requirements but does not propose any regulation that has substantial direct ...
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Hyphenating proper noun rules

Is there any special rules for hyphenating proper nouns? I've seen information like "never split a proper noun", but in numerous scientific papers these words are hyphenated.
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Capitalization of “Gothic” as a genre descriptor

In the context of genres such as Gothic literature and Gothic music should "Gothic" be capitalized? Although names of genres are generally not capitalized, these happen to share the name of a historic ...
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1answer
871 views

What did the word “Ade” mean in the English of a hundred years ago?

Saw this in the news today and think I see the word Ade, but have never seen it before. Is it Ade? Or Ode? Wde? What does it mean? Is it an abbreviation?
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When creating an initialism of a country's full name, should the “o” in “of” be capitalized once initialized?

When creating an initialism of a country's full name, should the "o" in "of" be capitalized once initialized? For example, should Republic of Ireland be "ROI" or "RoI"?
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Capitalization and hyphenation of proper noun declensions [duplicate]

I'm transcribing some speech and I came across One of the accusations that certain non-Orthodox Christians level against the Orthodox is that we worship idols. However, I am not certain on how to ...
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534 views

How do I refer to multiple people with the same name

My daughter now has her own bedroom. She doesn't want her sister to come in. She has made a sign. "No Paiges Allowed!" What is the correct apostrophy use on "Paiges" when I want to refer to ...
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1answer
51 views

Possessive function of a business name which is made with a possessive

Garner's fourth edition, page 714, states regarding the name McDonald’s It is quite defensible to write McDonald’s dinner combos (the name functioning as a kind of possessive) On what grounds ...
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1answer
149 views

What's the first vowel of Boston, MA?

The Wikipedia article on Boston states that the first vowel in the name of the city is that of "caught," not "cot," citing Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. This seems consistent with my own ...
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1answer
43 views

Capitalization of “the” beginning a proper noun [duplicate]

When should "the" be capitalized when it begins a proper noun? There are some proper nouns that seem to have their leading "the" included as part of their name/title. For example, The Real ...
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1answer
389 views

Distinguishing lowercase proper nouns in paragraphs

I'm writing a case study about a client whose name is completely lowercase. How do I differentiate the client's name from the rest of the text, making it clear to the reader that it's a proper noun? ...
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1answer
44 views

Usage of a definite article with a proper name + defining characteristic [closed]

Suppose in a book there is a character named Alex, and he has a beard. There are no other Alexes mentioned. Which variant is correct? 1. "Hello," said bearded Alex. or 2. "Hello," said the bearded ...
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'The Kukhtarev's model' or 'Kukhtarev's model' ('John's car' or 'The John's car')?

I think I know the answer to this but I just want to be sure. I have a supervisor who doesn't have a good level of English; sometimes he worries me with his corrections. I was writing: Here, we ...
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721 views

The grammatical name and its function

Which leaves his entire reported eighty million pounds estate to his fourth wife
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Is the Earth a proper or common noun? [duplicate]

I guess the website got this wrong. It says that the Earth is a common noun. In my view it should be a proper noun. Please see the screenshot. The earth moves round the sun. • Earth is ...
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Does the word “uzi” need to be capitalized?

"Uzi" is not contained in any Scrabble® dictionary that I can find online. I am assuming that the Scrabble® powers that be are treating it as a proper noun. However, after reading the Wikipedia ...
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1answer
86 views

Are all capitalised words proper nouns? [closed]

When a word is capitalised in the middle of a sentence (not the beginning, not in the title, etc), is it necessarily a proper noun? Do we have grammatical rules for capitalising a word, which is not ...
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When a proper noun is converted into a verb, should it be capitalized? [duplicate]

If a proper noun (e.g. Google) is converted into a verb (e.g. Let me (G/g)oogle that for you), should it still be capitalized when used as a verb? I recognize that English has no such concept as a "...
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2answers
93 views

Indefinite article - are there any exceptions for proper nouns? “an Aristides” vs “Aristides”

I was going through Leviathan of Hobbes today and I think I spotted an error. "and every Citizen bringing his Oystershell into the market place, written with the name of him he desired should be ...
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2answers
153 views

Capitalisation in texts where the title is also a concept that is referred to within the text?

I'm going to use Karpman's drama triangle as an example for my question because I can't seem to find any consistency around its capitalisation (although I'll admit I don't own the book). Say you have ...
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1answer
398 views

I am trying to find out if there is a convention of correctness for writing Arabic proper nouns starting with 'Al'

The news channel 'Al Jazeera' writes its name like I have i.e with a space between 'Al' and 'Jazeera', in text but in the logo it is 'ALJAZEERA'. One come across variations like 'Alqaeda', 'Al-Qaeda', ...
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2answers
484 views

Type of noun from the sentence [closed]

"Seeing the baby the mother rose in her." Is the word 'mother' in the above sentence a: (a) Common Noun (b) Abstract Noun (c) Proper Noun (d) Collective Noun
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Is there a linguistic term for using a common noun as a proper noun?

In some situations, a common noun in a specific scenario is treated as a proper noun because it refers to a specific entity that satisfies the common noun. Is there a special term for this ...
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3answers
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Why is quixotic not Quixotic (a proper adjective)?

Adjectives derived from proper nouns are known as proper adjectives, and are capitalized: A piece of writing could be Shakespearean, not shakespearean. A person may be Canadian, not canadian. Even ...
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1answer
413 views

Do you capitalize yakuza?

When referring to the infamous Japanese criminal organization, which sentence would be correct? The yakuza member picked up his glasses, scooped some of the jewelry and loose change into his ...
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2answers
376 views

Word order in noun phrases

Which word order should I choose in noun phrases with a proper noun component and a common noun component? the Elvis Presley singer v. the singer Elvis Presley the Star Wars movie v. the movie ...
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1answer
85 views

Why it is “the Grinch” but not just Grinch as it's his personal name

We don't use the definite article with personal names, however here....why is it so? Yeah, I know sometimes we can use "the". When it's a person everybody knows about or smth like that. But why it'...
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6answers
1k views

Etymology of proper nouns

I had an argument with a friend regarding etymology of the word "Oz" in "The wizard of Oz". I believe that it doesn't have any etymology, and that generally most proper nouns don't have any origin. He ...
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0answers
101 views

Use of an indefinite article associated with a particular person's name [duplicate]

Indefinite (and definite) articles are sometimes associated with a person's name. This answer by Jon Hanna is the best summary of the uses I have found. Also, another question addresses the issue ...
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1answer
40 views

usage of ‘indefinite article + proper name’?

I’ve just come across this sentence. “Only an Albert Einstein could have the wisdom to reject an offer to become President of Israel because he argued that he did not have enough experience in ...
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1answer
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“Born in” vs “born at” with proper nouns: is this a definite vs indefinite prepositional object situation?

Please help me explain to my friend why, while there's no doubt that he was born at St James Hospital, it is incorrect for him to say he was born in St James Hospital -- despite the fact that he ...
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2answers
85 views

Parts of speech in sentence “Amber is a real person” [closed]

Specifically I am wondering about the word "person" in the sentence, because at first thought I believed it was a common noun but it is qualifying a proper noun, so I am confused if it is a noun or a ...
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1answer
76 views

Proper way to refer to someone that previously held an official title, but is no longer in said title

I’m trying to figure out the best way to refer to someone in a resume. I once received an award from former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld when he was still the Secretary of Defense. I use this ...
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2answers
83 views

Which of “which Beatles song” or “which The Beatles song”?

While my inclination is to go with: Which The Beatles song did the BBC ban on May 20th, 1967 for its overt references to drug use? it sounds cumbersome compared to: Which Beatles song did ...

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