Questions tagged [proper-nouns]

A proper noun or proper name is a noun representing a unique entity as opposed to a common noun, which represents a class of entities or non-unique instances of that class. Proper nouns are usually, but not invariably, capitalized in English.

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Capitalization of “tribe” and its derivatives in the United States

In these examples, when should "Tribe" or "Tribal" be capitalized? "This rulemaking will preempt State, local, and Tribal requirements but does not propose any regulation that has substantial direct ...
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Hyphenating proper noun rules

Is there any special rules for hyphenating proper nouns? I've seen information like "never split a proper noun", but in numerous scientific papers these words are hyphenated.
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Capitalization of “Gothic” as a genre descriptor

In the context of genres such as Gothic literature and Gothic music should "Gothic" be capitalized? Although names of genres are generally not capitalized, these happen to share the name of a historic ...
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What did the word “Ade” mean in the English of a hundred years ago?

Saw this in the news today and think I see the word Ade, but have never seen it before. Is it Ade? Or Ode? Wde? What does it mean? Is it an abbreviation?
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When creating an initialism of a country's full name, should the “o” in “of” be capitalized once initialized?

When creating an initialism of a country's full name, should the "o" in "of" be capitalized once initialized? For example, should Republic of Ireland be "ROI" or "RoI"?
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Capitalization and hyphenation of proper noun declensions [duplicate]

I'm transcribing some speech and I came across One of the accusations that certain non-Orthodox Christians level against the Orthodox is that we worship idols. However, I am not certain on how to ...
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How do I refer to multiple people with the same name

My daughter now has her own bedroom. She doesn't want her sister to come in. She has made a sign. "No Paiges Allowed!" What is the correct apostrophy use on "Paiges" when I want to refer to ...
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Possessive function of a business name which is made with a possessive

Garner's fourth edition, page 714, states regarding the name McDonald’s It is quite defensible to write McDonald’s dinner combos (the name functioning as a kind of possessive) On what grounds ...
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What's the first vowel of Boston, MA?

The Wikipedia article on Boston states that the first vowel in the name of the city is that of "caught," not "cot," citing Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. This seems consistent with my own ...
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Capitalization of “the” beginning a proper noun [duplicate]

When should "the" be capitalized when it begins a proper noun? There are some proper nouns that seem to have their leading "the" included as part of their name/title. For example, The Real ...
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Distinguishing lowercase proper nouns in paragraphs

I'm writing a case study about a client whose name is completely lowercase. How do I differentiate the client's name from the rest of the text, making it clear to the reader that it's a proper noun? ...
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Usage of a definite article with a proper name + defining characteristic [closed]

Suppose in a book there is a character named Alex, and he has a beard. There are no other Alexes mentioned. Which variant is correct? 1. "Hello," said bearded Alex. or 2. "Hello," said the bearded ...
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'The Kukhtarev's model' or 'Kukhtarev's model' ('John's car' or 'The John's car')?

I think I know the answer to this but I just want to be sure. I have a supervisor who doesn't have a good level of English; sometimes he worries me with his corrections. I was writing: Here, we ...
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The grammatical name and its function

Which leaves his entire reported eighty million pounds estate to his fourth wife
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Is the Earth a proper or common noun? [duplicate]

I guess the website got this wrong. It says that the Earth is a common noun. In my view it should be a proper noun. Please see the screenshot. The earth moves round the sun. • Earth is ...
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Does the word “uzi” need to be capitalized?

"Uzi" is not contained in any Scrabble® dictionary that I can find online. I am assuming that the Scrabble® powers that be are treating it as a proper noun. However, after reading the Wikipedia ...
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Are all capitalised words proper nouns? [closed]

When a word is capitalised in the middle of a sentence (not the beginning, not in the title, etc), is it necessarily a proper noun? Do we have grammatical rules for capitalising a word, which is not ...
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When a proper noun is converted into a verb, should it be capitalized? [duplicate]

If a proper noun (e.g. Google) is converted into a verb (e.g. Let me (G/g)oogle that for you), should it still be capitalized when used as a verb? I recognize that English has no such concept as a "...
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Indefinite article - are there any exceptions for proper nouns? “an Aristides” vs “Aristides”

I was going through Leviathan of Hobbes today and I think I spotted an error. "and every Citizen bringing his Oystershell into the market place, written with the name of him he desired should be ...
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Capitalisation in texts where the title is also a concept that is referred to within the text?

I'm going to use Karpman's drama triangle as an example for my question because I can't seem to find any consistency around its capitalisation (although I'll admit I don't own the book). Say you have ...
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I am trying to find out if there is a convention of correctness for writing Arabic proper nouns starting with 'Al'

The news channel 'Al Jazeera' writes its name like I have i.e with a space between 'Al' and 'Jazeera', in text but in the logo it is 'ALJAZEERA'. One come across variations like 'Alqaeda', 'Al-Qaeda', ...
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Type of noun from the sentence [closed]

"Seeing the baby the mother rose in her." Is the word 'mother' in the above sentence a: (a) Common Noun (b) Abstract Noun (c) Proper Noun (d) Collective Noun
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Is there a linguistic term for using a common noun as a proper noun?

In some situations, a common noun in a specific scenario is treated as a proper noun because it refers to a specific entity that satisfies the common noun. Is there a special term for this ...
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Why is quixotic not Quixotic (a proper adjective)?

Adjectives derived from proper nouns are known as proper adjectives, and are capitalized: A piece of writing could be Shakespearean, not shakespearean. A person may be Canadian, not canadian. Even ...
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Do you capitalize yakuza?

When referring to the infamous Japanese criminal organization, which sentence would be correct? The yakuza member picked up his glasses, scooped some of the jewelry and loose change into his ...
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Word order in noun phrases

Which word order should I choose in noun phrases with a proper noun component and a common noun component? the Elvis Presley singer v. the singer Elvis Presley the Star Wars movie v. the movie ...
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Why it is “the Grinch” but not just Grinch as it's his personal name

We don't use the definite article with personal names, however here....why is it so? Yeah, I know sometimes we can use "the". When it's a person everybody knows about or smth like that. But why it'...
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Etymology of proper nouns

I had an argument with a friend regarding etymology of the word "Oz" in "The wizard of Oz". I believe that it doesn't have any etymology, and that generally most proper nouns don't have any origin. He ...
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Use of an indefinite article associated with a particular person's name [duplicate]

Indefinite (and definite) articles are sometimes associated with a person's name. This answer by Jon Hanna is the best summary of the uses I have found. Also, another question addresses the issue ...
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usage of ‘indefinite article + proper name’?

I’ve just come across this sentence. “Only an Albert Einstein could have the wisdom to reject an offer to become President of Israel because he argued that he did not have enough experience in ...
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“Born in” vs “born at” with proper nouns: is this a definite vs indefinite prepositional object situation?

Please help me explain to my friend why, while there's no doubt that he was born at St James Hospital, it is incorrect for him to say he was born in St James Hospital -- despite the fact that he ...
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Parts of speech in sentence “Amber is a real person” [closed]

Specifically I am wondering about the word "person" in the sentence, because at first thought I believed it was a common noun but it is qualifying a proper noun, so I am confused if it is a noun or a ...
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Proper way to refer to someone that previously held an official title, but is no longer in said title

I’m trying to figure out the best way to refer to someone in a resume. I once received an award from former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld when he was still the Secretary of Defense. I use this ...
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Which of “which Beatles song” or “which The Beatles song”?

While my inclination is to go with: Which The Beatles song did the BBC ban on May 20th, 1967 for its overt references to drug use? it sounds cumbersome compared to: Which Beatles song did ...
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Is “Underground” a proper noun or a common noun?

The definition on the Oxford Dictionary is a little bit confusing for me. The dictionary doesn't call it a proper noun, but the first letter is capitalised in the example. Since I know the ...
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Conjugation when not substituting pronouns for proper nouns

Pronouns take the place of proper nouns when context allows. However, it seems proper nouns are only ever conjugated in the third person, singular or plural. Is this a rule? For example, if I'm ...
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eSwatini as the start of a sentence

Swaziland has recently changed its name to eSwatini. The unique capitalization structure, similar to iPhone or eBay, is unique for the name of a country. While brand names have an established set of ...
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Why do we “drive to the United Nations” but “drive to United Airlines”?

I understand why we "drive to Microsoft" but must "drive to the United Nations". But why do we "drive to United Airlines" rather than "drive to the United Airlines"?
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Is a pluralized proper noun (Russias) the grammatical plural of that proper noun (Russia)?

Is "Russias" the plural of "Russia", in the sense that this is how they relate grammatically? The reason that I suspect that they are not plural-singular is the following example. [1] I see the egg. ...
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Articles with proper names

It's correct to use the definite article before the name of a river, canal, sea and ocean: When my father dies, we will have to wash him, wrap him in rich cloth, cremate him, and then sprinkle ...
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What would you call people who attend conferences? [closed]

What would you call people who attend conferences? Maybe "Attendee"?
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Is “Pre-Raphaelite” capitalized? [closed]

Is the art term "Pre-Raphaelite" capitalized or is it spelled "pre-Raphaelite"? What is the general policy for the orthography of "pre-"? For example, The Pre‑Raphaelites emphasized attention to ...
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“Is” versus “are” in regard to a proper noun that sounds singular but is actually plural (“The Song of Albion Trilogy”)

I am writing a book review. I've encountered a problem with my sentence, "The Song of Albion Trilogy are the best books I’ve ever read". Even though I am talking about a trilogy or series, it is not ...
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131 views

Adding the 'the' article for proper noun and abbreviation? [duplicate]

As a part-time English tutorial teacher who isn't specialized in language, I would like to ask about article usage for proper nouns and abbreviations. Do you add 'the' for the following sentences? "I ...
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3k views

Should the 'a' in 'agile/Agile' be capitalized? [closed]

I was discussing this topic in a chat over on PMSE and figured I'd pose it to the experts. Should the 'a' in the word 'agile/Agile' be capitalized? Specifically, when referring to the concept brought ...
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154 views

Should I pluralize “University” in the phrase “Yale and Harvard Universities”?

I'm wondering if I need to pluralize "University" in the following sentence: "Our expert panelists, including former admissions officers from Yale and Harvard Universities, will discuss..." Should ...
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67 views

Is the phrase “[the] South of France” grammatically sound? [closed]

I remember my English teacher telling me that South of India, for example, is the area to the south of India, which would be Sri Lanka. Was she mistaken in her understanding? Or is the south of ...
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How should literary/fictional words, derived from the anglicization of other languages, be pronounced? [closed]

We often see peculiar names being given to titles and fictional characters, such as Wolfenstein (which protagonist does also have a weird name: Blazkowicz). I would spend long times trying to figure ...
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57 views

A strange proper name [closed]

Why the complete name of British philosopher McTaggart, i.e. John McTaggart Ellis McTaggart, has such an strange form? Edit: Considering @Lawrence concerns, I should note that, although strangeness ...
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Should “people of color” be capitalized? [closed]

In Yoga and the Roots of Cultural Appropriation, the term "people of color" is repeatedly capitalized, though the names of other protected classes are not: Meanwhile, in order to uphold the ...

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