Questions tagged [pronunciation]

for questions about the sound, stress, or intonation of spoken words.

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Pronunciation of “reprise” (repreez/reprize)

Is "reprise" pronounced as "repreez" in all contexts, as noun and verb, except for usages in legal context? I'd like to reference a number of dictionaries: Oxford Living Dictionaries only has one ...
4
votes
1answer
464 views

Are differing pronunciations of “second” a regional difference?

According to Wiktionary the word "second" can be pronounced one of two ways in the US: /ˈsɛk.(ə)nd/ and /ˈsɛk.(ə)nt/ I've googled to try to find anything about the difference between these ...
3
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1answer
190 views

Van Gogh goes or Van Gogh coughs? Is there a commonly accepted British English pronunciation?

The question changed during the formulation from What is the correct 'British English' pronunciation of Van Gogh? to Is there such a thing as a 'correct' English pronunciation of a Dutch ...
2
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0answers
87 views

Why do some speakers pronounce the aɪ sound as ɔɪ?

Essentially, I'm referring to how some British English speakers pronounce words like "time", "right". That first vowel changes and ends up sounding like "toyme" or "royght". Americans seem to have ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Lateral Release

I am a EFL learner who focuses on RP. I have a question about lateral release of plosives t and d. I know that the release of t and d can be done by lowering the side of the tongue when t and d are ...
2
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0answers
119 views

Is [ʌ] a back vowel or a central vowel in GA English?

The IPA symbol /ʌ/ name is "open-mid back unrounded vowel" and the IPA vowel trapezoid shows it as the unrounded version of /ɔ/, but its sound in English sounds very different from [ɔ] to me. It ...
2
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0answers
165 views

“Sixty tray, all day” — what does that mean?

I've stumbled upon a very peculiar phrase in a comic I'm currently reading; here's the screenshot. As can be seen, just before exiting the train some gangsta guy quips "Sixty tray, all day" to a ...
2
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0answers
63 views

Vowel shift in Michigan accent?

I’ve spent a fair amount of time in Michigan because my grandparents live there. By today’s standards, they have very heavy accents, with full Canadian raising and the northern cities vowel shift. ...
2
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0answers
469 views

“solder” and “salve” phonetics between AmE and BrE

Many will know that there are differences in AmE and BrE pronunciation of the words "solder" and "salve". On the topic of "solder", there are already two questions here asking about the correct ...
2
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0answers
2k views

How to pronounce “ReLU” (Rectified Linear Unit)?

A Rectified Linear Unit is a common activation function in deep neural networks and is often abbreviated as "ReLU". I usually pronounce it as /rel-you/ (with the "e" as in "relative" or "rectified"), ...
2
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0answers
240 views

caught-cot merger: can “lawyer” sound like “lier”?

"law" is pronounced as /lɑ/ if you speak with the caught-cot merger, so, logic suggests "lawyer" should sound like /lɑjɚ/, as "lawyer" is basically "law" + "yer" For me, the difference between /lɑjɚ/ ...
2
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0answers
425 views

The AIR and EAR Sounds

The one thing that confuses me the most are the AIR and EAR sounds as in AmERica and ExpERiment. What exactly is the AIR/EAR sound? The AIR sound is basically a short E or a long A sound controlled ...
2
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0answers
101 views

Where can I find OED articles on various phonemes' pronunciation?

Dear ladies and gentlemen. I found myself in need of a detailed source of information regarding variants of pronouncing English sounds, and chanced upon this answer presented by tchrist several years ...
2
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0answers
951 views

How to calculate number of syllables in a word using only the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) spelling?

I want to write an algorithm to calculate the number of syllables in a word. This process is an automated one that will be run on an entire dictionary so manually counting the number of breaths, chin ...
2
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0answers
428 views

How widespread is the pronunciation of “Parmesan” as /ˈpɑɹ.məˌʒɑn/ instead of /ˈpɑɹ.məˌzɑn/?

The letter s in the word Parmesan (meaning the cheese, named after the Parma region of Italy) is pronounced quite widely (Br & Aus AFAIK) as a /z/, per Wiktionary: UK, also found in the US: /ˈpɑɹ....
2
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0answers
91 views

The origins of the North American glottalised stop in place of certain consonant groups

In some North American speech (not sure about Canada;), I have long noted the pronunciation of certain consonant combinations that seem to have drifted to what sounds like some form of glottalised ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Is there always a difference between /ə(ɹ)z/ and /ɪz/?

Is there always a difference between the following two sounds: /ɪz/ as in the end of 'hedges' /ə(ɹ)z/ as in the end of 'ledgers' They seem super close. Is there any accent in which they sound the ...
2
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0answers
159 views

The perception of /ɑ/ and /a/

The Cambridge Dictionary transcription for the word barn is /bɑːrn/ If someone says this word as /baːrn/ (open front vowel), will this sound foreign to you? Will you notice at all? What will your ...
2
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0answers
561 views

The word “royal”

I noticed this because of the Youtube videos about the to-be-released Pokemon game. There is a new battling style called "Battle Royal" and in those videos they pronounce royal as "roi-aww," putting ...
2
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0answers
337 views

Is day-ta more common in the South or the North of the US?

So I've read that dah-ta is more common in the US than in other places, but is day-ta or dah-ta more common to hear in the South? I haven't been able to find that out for sure.
2
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0answers
329 views

vowel sound in “stair” pronounced similarly as the “eɪ” diphthong in “fake”?

Sometimes in words which have the ɛ sound followed by an "r" as in "stair", "their" "bear", "where" I hear them pronounced like "steɪəɹ", ðeɪəɹ etc. with the "eɪ" as in "fake", "lake","make" and not ...
2
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0answers
239 views

“hundred” and “pretty” pronounced respectively as [ˈhən-dərd] and [ˈpər-tē]

Merriam-Webster's A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English gives [ˈhən-dərd], [ˈpər-tē], [ˈtem-pə(r)-ˌchu̇r], [ˈse-kə(r)-ˌterē], etc., as alternate ways to pronounce "hundred," "pretty," "...
2
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0answers
98 views

Can the “t” letter be uttered as a flap t before the letter “h”?

I know the flap-t is usually used when the "t" is between vowels or between an "r" and a vowel, but I think I can also hear it betwenn vowels and the "h". And I noticed the same with the "g" I think. ...
2
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0answers
211 views

Is Lana's “Yup!” a triphthong?

At some point in the Archer series, Lana starts saying very emphatic Yup!s. I was recently wondering about triphthongs and whether they occur in English, and found the Wikipedia entry had only a few ...
2
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0answers
819 views

In which vowel do the diphthongs [aʊ] and [aɪ] start?

Surfing the web, I found the following explanations on how to produce the diphthongs [aʊ] and [aɪ]: "/aʊ/ as in all the words of "How now brown cow!". The starting position is the vowel sound /æ/ as ...
2
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0answers
322 views

The pronunciation of the definite article by American speakers

I was reading an article the other day and I came across an interesting passage: Notice that the weak form of the is typically [ði] before a vowel-initial word (the apple) but [ðə] before a ...
2
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0answers
2k views

Is effect pronounced as /ɪˈfekt/ or as /əˈfekt/?

This page ( https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/american_english/effect ) lists it as /əˈfekt/ for American English, but when you click on the pronounce button it is pronounced as /ɪˈfekt/. ...
2
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0answers
427 views

Exaggerating the pronunciation of a vowel or consonant

Is there a word for exaggerating the pronunciation of a vowel or consonant by holding it longer than normal? When conveying this in writing, does it fall in the same category as an accent or dialect (...
2
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0answers
575 views

Sentence stress and word linking with the problematic Y?

the question: Can I use your bathroom? phonetically looks like: [kə_naɪ ˈyuz yər ˈbæθˌrum] I think the stress should be on the verb USE and the noun BATHROOM. Am I right? Some dictionaries show the ...
2
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2answers
113 views

What is the history behind how date is read?

I was trying to find out if there were reading guidelines for dates, e.g., for broadcasting or competitive recitation. There seem to be a few different accepted ways of reading out dates, e.g., 1, or ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Why is J often used to represent a “Y” sound in Romanizations of other writing systems?

I am not referring to IPA. I am referring to examples in textbooks. For example, my Ukrainian textbook says that the letter Я is pronounced as "ja". Most native English speakers would pronounced this ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Is there a way to say capital letters?

Say when I'm reciting a password to someone I say something like: capital a b capital c d capital e Is there any way to pronounce upper case letters without having to say capital in front of the ...
1
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0answers
269 views

Daniel Craig's accent in Knives Out trailer (Southern, RP, different?)

What is his accent in this trailer? https://youtu.be/sL-9Khv7wa4?t=71 https://youtu.be/sL-9Khv7wa4?t=86 Would you call it Southern? I'd say it's a mix of RP and Southern at best. He seems to have ...
1
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0answers
71 views

In my pronouns god me defend

The motto of the UK monarch is apparently not the same in all parts of the kingdom: In Scotland, it is: In My Defens God Me Defend Ok, but - how do I pronounce this? Is "defens" pronounced like ...
1
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0answers
67 views

My pronunciation of “ul” in pull, culture, multiple - a mid back rounded vowel?

I've puzzled over my pronunciation of "ul" in words like pull, culture, adult and multiple. The dictionary says it should be /ʌ/. I heard a Canadian teacher pronounce "culture" /'kol tʃɘr/. My ...
1
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0answers
79 views

The pronunciation of two consecutive O's

I came across such a sentence (‘Cakes and ale: or the skeleton in the cupboard’): She looked no older than when last I saw her six years before. And I stumbled over this ‘no older’ reading it ...
1
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0answers
88 views

Is there normally a lexicalized loss of phonemic /d/ in the coda of “depends”?

According to a blog article by Steven Norman under the title “My 100 most mispronounced words in English”, the word depends should be /dɪˈpenz/ when “correctly” pronounced. Notice he provides for no ...
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0answers
64 views

/dʒ/ sound in engineer and job

Why /dʒ/ sound in engineer and job is so different. The example for engineer, its sound likely /ʒ/ than /dʒ/ https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/engineer The example for job https:...
1
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1answer
114 views

When you make a glottal stop in English, does the front of your tongue touch the roof of your mouth?

When you make a glottal stop (or a glottalized t/stop t) in English, does the front of your tongue touch the roof of your mouth? For example, the word "hit".
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0answers
57 views

Do American natives pronounce t of at in “at any …” as FLAP T?

According to the American Accent rules, any T is pronounced as FLAP T when it comes in between two vowels that may be in a word or in between two words like "at any".... So, Do American natives ...
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0answers
83 views

Pronunciation of /b/ before /t/ as in 'obtain'

According to dictionaries, there is a sound /b/ before /t/ in the word 'obtain': /əbˈteɪn/. To me it seems impossible to pronounce /b/ in this position. To my ear obtain sounds as /əpˈteɪn/ where /p/ ...
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0answers
122 views

A learned scholar and the pronunciation of learned

Source: Cambridge Dictionary learned adjective fml US ​ /ˈlɜr·nɪd/ having or showing much knowledge: a learned scholar I was checking the word learned and the example sentence made ...
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0answers
108 views

How to pronounce the '/100 km'?

Hi, there! When we describe the fuel consumption, how should we pronounce the '/100km'? e.g: This car has a fuel consumption of 100 gal/100km. Is it pronounced as 'per one hundred kilometers' or '...
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0answers
147 views

Pronunciation of antifa?

I'm hearing all kinds of pronunciations for antifa : ən'ti:fə æn'ti:fə 'æntɪfɑ: æntɪ'fɑ: The word has recently become more prominent. Do fascists and antifascists say it in the same way? Any ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Resource for complex pronunciation queries

I haven't seen any questions about resources so I'm not sure if it's accepted but let's try anyway. I recently learned that the word quay is pronounced /ˈkiː/. I was wondering if there are other ...
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0answers
61 views

Elision of “it” and “what” at the beginning of sentences

I am reading American Accent Training. I find sometimes either 'it' or 'what' at the beginning is omitted. e.g. It's in the bag. [tsinə bag] What's in it. (Though labeled [w'ts ..] I only ...
1
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0answers
84 views

How should you pronounce the word “wolf ”?

If the dictionary’s IPA for the word wolf is /wʊlf/, then why do I sometimes hear people pronounce it /wolf/ instead of /wʊlf/? Aren’t /ʊ/ and /o/ different phonemes?
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0answers
55 views

Pronunciation of the /s/ letter in English language

I have a question about pronunciation Of /s/ sound after ‘th’ sound like these situations With /S/eventy-five Or With /S/ilver to make things simple since I’m not a native speaker Provide a word ...
1
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0answers
67 views

Does 'd' actually flap?

Flapping or tapping, also known as alveolar flapping, intervocalic flapping, or t-voicing, is a phonological process found in many dialects of English, especially North American English, Australian ...
1
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0answers
70 views

Pronunciation of the r and th sound together in American English

I can almost always pronounce the "r" or "th" sound alone, but when they are right next to each other, for example earth, throw, for the... I naturally make a short schwa sound in between and ...