Questions tagged [pronunciation]

for questions about the sound, stress, or intonation of spoken words.

101 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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5
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1answer
242 views

Are differing pronunciations of “second” a regional difference?

According to Wiktionary the word "second" can be pronounced one of two ways in the US: /ˈsɛk.(ə)nd/ and /ˈsɛk.(ə)nt/ I've googled to try to find anything about the difference between these ...
4
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0answers
35 views

Pronunciation of “scald” and “old” (or “ol' ”) in West Ireland

Martin McDonagh's play, The Beauty Queen of Leenane, is obviously set in Leenane/Leenaun, Connemara, County Galway in the west of Ireland. In the script, the two words "scald" and "ol'" (short for "...
4
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0answers
232 views

Trump's pronunciation of “origins” as “oringes”

President Trump pronounced the word origins [ˈɔ:rɪʤɪnz] as oringes [ˈɔ:rɪnʤəz] in a meeting with NATO secretary general Stoltenberg at the White House on 3 April 2019. See this clip on Youtube. ...
4
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0answers
917 views

Pronunciation Rule for “nt” in the Middle of Words

Is there a "rule" or pattern for the pronunciation of "nt" in the middle of words, followed by a vowel (or "er" sound)? Here's what I have so far: 1) "t" is often omitted in words like "wanted," "...
3
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1answer
133 views

Van Gogh goes or Van Gogh coughs? Is there a commonly accepted British English pronunciation?

The question changed during the formulation from What is the correct 'British English' pronunciation of Van Gogh? to Is there such a thing as a 'correct' English pronunciation of a Dutch ...
2
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0answers
93 views

Is [ʌ] a back vowel or a central vowel in GA English?

The IPA symbol /ʌ/ name is "open-mid back unrounded vowel" and the IPA vowel trapezoid shows it as the unrounded version of /ɔ/, but its sound in English sounds very different from [ɔ] to me. It ...
2
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0answers
106 views

“Sixty tray, all day” — what does that mean?

I've stumbled upon a very peculiar phrase in a comic I'm currently reading; here's the screenshot. As can be seen, just before exiting the train some gangsta guy quips "Sixty tray, all day" to a ...
2
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1answer
146 views

Why do some Americans pronounce K and B after vowels sounds like G and P

For example, ‘speaker’ sounds like ‘speager’ and ‘Stop it’ sounds like ‘stob it’.
2
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0answers
88 views

How do people actually pronounce “Orange”?

There are questions on ELU about the phonemic transcriptions of orange in both British and American English in dictionaries. However, this being a site for linguists and all that, I thought I would ...
2
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0answers
375 views

“solder” and “salve” phonetics between AmE and BrE

Many will know that there are differences in AmE and BrE pronunciation of the words "solder" and "salve". On the topic of "solder", there are already two questions here asking about the correct ...
2
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0answers
1k views

How to pronounce “ReLU” (Rectified Linear Unit)?

A Rectified Linear Unit is a common activation function in deep neural networks and is often abbreviated as "ReLU". I usually pronounce it as /rel-you/ (with the "e" as in "relative" or "rectified"), ...
2
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0answers
202 views

caught-cot merger: can “lawyer” sound like “lier”?

"law" is pronounced as /lɑ/ if you speak with the caught-cot merger, so, logic suggests "lawyer" should sound like /lɑjɚ/, as "lawyer" is basically "law" + "yer" For me, the difference between /lɑjɚ/ ...
2
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0answers
313 views

The AIR and EAR Sounds

The one thing that confuses me the most are the AIR and EAR sounds as in AmERica and ExpERiment. What exactly is the AIR/EAR sound? The AIR sound is basically a short E or a long A sound controlled ...
2
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0answers
90 views

Where can I find OED articles on various phonemes' pronunciation?

Dear ladies and gentlemen. I found myself in need of a detailed source of information regarding variants of pronouncing English sounds, and chanced upon this answer presented by tchrist several years ...
2
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0answers
783 views

How to calculate number of syllables in a word using only the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) spelling?

I want to write an algorithm to calculate the number of syllables in a word. This process is an automated one that will be run on an entire dictionary so manually counting the number of breaths, chin ...
2
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0answers
384 views

How widespread is the pronunciation of “Parmesan” as /ˈpɑɹ.məˌʒɑn/ instead of /ˈpɑɹ.məˌzɑn/?

The letter s in the word Parmesan (meaning the cheese, named after the Parma region of Italy) is pronounced quite widely (Br & Aus AFAIK) as a /z/, per Wiktionary: UK, also found in the US: /ˈpɑɹ....
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744 views

In which vowel do the diphthongs [aʊ] and [aɪ] start?

Surfing the web, I found the following explanations on how to produce the diphthongs [aʊ] and [aɪ]: "/aʊ/ as in all the words of "How now brown cow!". The starting position is the vowel sound /æ/ as ...
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0answers
548 views

Sentence stress and word linking with the problematic Y?

the question: Can I use your bathroom? phonetically looks like: [kə_naɪ ˈyuz yər ˈbæθˌrum] I think the stress should be on the verb USE and the noun BATHROOM. Am I right? Some dictionaries show the ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Why is J often used to represent a “Y” sound in Romanizations of other writing systems?

I am not referring to IPA. I am referring to examples in textbooks. For example, my Ukrainian textbook says that the letter Я is pronounced as "ja". Most native English speakers would pronounced this ...
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34 views

/dʒ/ sound in engineer and job

Why /dʒ/ sound in engineer and job is so different. The example for engineer, its sound likely /ʒ/ than /dʒ/ https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/engineer The example for job https:...
1
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1answer
58 views

When you make a glottal stop in English, does the front of your tongue touch the roof of your mouth?

When you make a glottal stop (or a glottalized t/stop t) in English, does the front of your tongue touch the roof of your mouth? For example, the word "hit".
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48 views

Do American natives pronounce t of at in “at any …” as FLAP T?

According to the American Accent rules, any T is pronounced as FLAP T when it comes in between two vowels that may be in a word or in between two words like "at any".... So, Do American natives ...
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2answers
76 views

Pronunciation of “only” as “one-ly”

I have been noticing some of my colleagues (primarily from India) pronouncing the word "only" as though it were "one-ly" or "wunly" (/ˈwʌnliː/). Is this a common pronunciation of the word? I don't ...
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0answers
75 views

Pronunciation of /b/ before /t/ as in 'obtain'

According to dictionaries, there is a sound /b/ before /t/ in the word 'obtain': /əbˈteɪn/. To me it seems impossible to pronounce /b/ in this position. To my ear obtain sounds as /əpˈteɪn/ where /p/ ...
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54 views

A learned scholar and the pronunciation of learned

Source: Cambridge Dictionary learned adjective fml US ​ /ˈlɜr·nɪd/ having or showing much knowledge: a learned scholar I was checking the word learned and the example sentence made ...
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0answers
93 views

How to pronounce the '/100 km'?

Hi, there! When we describe the fuel consumption, how should we pronounce the '/100km'? e.g: This car has a fuel consumption of 100 gal/100km. Is it pronounced as 'per one hundred kilometers' or '...
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115 views

Pronunciation of antifa?

I'm hearing all kinds of pronunciations for antifa : ən'ti:fə æn'ti:fə 'æntɪfɑ: æntɪ'fɑ: The word has recently become more prominent. Do fascists and antifascists say it in the same way? Any ...
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0answers
27 views

Resource for complex pronunciation queries

I haven't seen any questions about resources so I'm not sure if it's accepted but let's try anyway. I recently learned that the word quay is pronounced /ˈkiː/. I was wondering if there are other ...
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0answers
60 views

Elision of “it” and “what” at the beginning of sentences

I am reading American Accent Training. I find sometimes either 'it' or 'what' at the beginning is omitted. e.g. It's in the bag. [tsinə bag] What's in it. (Though labeled [w'ts ..] I only ...
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0answers
65 views

How should you pronounce the word “wolf ”?

If the dictionary’s IPA for the word wolf is /wʊlf/, then why do I sometimes hear people pronounce it /wolf/ instead of /wʊlf/? Aren’t /ʊ/ and /o/ different phonemes?
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48 views

Pronunciation of the /s/ letter in English language

I have a question about pronunciation Of /s/ sound after ‘th’ sound like these situations With /S/eventy-five Or With /S/ilver to make things simple since I’m not a native speaker Provide a word ...
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0answers
63 views

Does 'd' actually flap?

Flapping or tapping, also known as alveolar flapping, intervocalic flapping, or t-voicing, is a phonological process found in many dialects of English, especially North American English, Australian ...
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0answers
65 views

Pronunciation of the r and th sound together in American English

I can almost always pronounce the "r" or "th" sound alone, but when they are right next to each other, for example earth, throw, for the... I naturally make a short schwa sound in between and ...
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0answers
50 views

how do you pronounce a rolling “o” as in “so” or “no”?

I noticed that in New Zealand most people pronounce "o" at the end of "no" or "so" in a rather rolled manner - something closer to [our] instead of simple [ou]. For example, lady in this video does ...
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0answers
108 views

Connected speech resources

I am very interested in British pronunciation, so I am looking for resources about connected speech and IPA in general. The ideal would be a book with the transcription of dialogues or just ...
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0answers
291 views

Pronunciation of “inquiry” with first syllable stress?

I am an American and I always pronounce “inquiry” with second syllable stress. After hearing more and more Americans say it with first syllable stres, along with British people saying it the way I do,...
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0answers
55 views

Pronunciation of 's after word ending in “is”, “es”

Alexis's sister. Is it pronounced Alec sis sister or Alec sis sis sister?
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77 views

Is the T in “Can't” pronounced before words starting with vowels in the American pronunciation?

I know that (AE)"can't" is pronounced /kaen?/ with a glottal stop. What about it appearing before the words starting with vowels, for example, "I can't afford that car." Is it "canafford" or "...
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0answers
55 views

Vowel shift in Michigan accent?

I’ve spent a fair amount of time in Michigan because my grandparents live there. By today’s standards, they have very heavy accents, with full Canadian raising and the northern cities vowel shift. ...
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0answers
89 views

Different pronunciations of “-ead”/“-ed”/“-aid” words

I find that American/British English dialects tend to pronounce words like "bed", "red", "dead", "bred", "said", etc. with the exact same vowel sound: the IPA ɛ vowel (- and so this question may seem ...
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0answers
91 views

Different pronunciation

I have recently encountered a peculiar thing. While I was watching a Youtuber from England I heard him pronounce words like "everybody", "God" etc the American way with an /ɑ/ instead of an /ɒ/. This ...
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0answers
41 views

Is there a strong correlation between speech rate and beat rate in English

Can speech rate in English be reliably measured through the beat rate? Beat rate analysis is now pretty standard, and a plethora of algorithms can reliably measure beat rate — typically in beats per ...
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0answers
209 views

The proper pronunciation for “Message”

I am confused about the pronunciation of "message", if we look it up in a dictionary, the written phonetic is "ˈmes.ɪdʒ" (Cambridge Dictionary), but it is pronounced as if it was like "a" in hat ("hæt"...
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0answers
105 views

Is final -l becoming a vowel?

Oftentimes one can hear final l after a vowel get a vowel quality; whether this is an /u/ or /w/, I am not certain of. I have the feeling it is becoming more common today, but you can hear examples of ...
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0answers
82 views

How is the “e” in “clerk” pronounced differently from “terse”, “term” and “jerk”?

clerk, terse, term, jerk: every one of these words contains an "e" and it is pronounced as "e". However, I have seen "clerk" being treated differently from the other three words: the "e" was ...
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0answers
345 views

What is the phonetic transcription for my pronunciation of /l/?

Please listen to my pronunciation. http://vocaroo.com/i/s0DWEjzb1GpG When I say "seagull", when making the L sound, my tongue makes contact with the area behind my front teeth. It's an /l/. But ...
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0answers
103 views

Are /ɪnˈfɪə/ or /ɪnˈfirəns/ actually used?

I had a debate with a non-native speaker who pronounced infer as /ɪnˈfɪə/; rhymes with career inference as /ɪnˈfirəns/; rhymes with clearance; stress on the second syllable and claimed that this ...
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0answers
234 views

Pronunciation of FEIN as acronym in US

According to Wikipedia, FEIN is an abbreviation for Federal Employer Identification Number in the US. Cursory googling shows me that as a name, it could be pronounced fine or like faint, and in german,...
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0answers
1k views

Is it more common for the noun “research” to be stressed on the first or second syllable among educated native speakers of American English?

Which of the two common pronunciations of the noun research is more common among educated native American English speakers? /rɪ ˈsɝt͡ʃ/ with the stress on the second syllable /ˈriː sɚt͡ʃ/ with the ...
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0answers
812 views

Silent Letters In Words Containing Double Letters

I'm doing an exercise, which says find the silent letters in some words. one of them is "OFFICE" Does this word have 1 or 2 silent letters? The final 'E'     Or     final 'E' + one of 'F's Are double ...