Questions tagged [philosophy]

For questions about jargon and other aspects of the English language specific to philosophy as a discipline.

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What is meant by concrete manifestation in this passage [closed]

I needed help in comprehending the meaning of the concrete manifestations given below in the passage, and also the revelation part of the institutions According to Spencer, society is a system of ...
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2answers
82 views

"Man is condemned to be free"

How do I comprehend the meaning of "condemned" here? As far as I searched on the Internet, I found that to condemn something means to disapprove of that thing, so does this line mean that ...
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3answers
102 views

Is there a word for the human tendency to be religious?

I am looking for a word that captures the Voltaire quote “If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him.” There is the id, ego, and superego from Freud to describe the three tendencies in ...
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5answers
241 views

"Evil always wins because it stops at nothing": A phrase or expression to reflect that ideology

This springs from the many comments which over the years I have heard from adolescent students that appear to reflect the views of their supposedly upright and moralist parents--people who in ...
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1answer
71 views

What does 'intimated' mean in the following sentence? [closed]

As we shall see, when satisfaction is invoked in Othello, and by Othello himself, what is being sought is proof and revenge, knowledge and retaliation, certainty and redress. And what is more than ...
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1answer
50 views

meaning of the at once in a sentence

I am translating the book Missing Out: In Praise of the Unlived Life by Adam Phillips. It has this passage: There is, in other words, a difference between somebody saying something that makes one ...
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1answer
37 views

Problem remembering the exact name/word/term [duplicate]

I'm looking for a name/word for when someone asks and seeks advice for a problem but, instead of telling you the real issue or the problem, s/he attempts to seek help to make her own solution work. ...
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2answers
171 views

How is “account” different with “theory”, “model” or “approach”? [closed]

For example, this article about Personal Autonomy is talking about "Four More or Less Overlapping Accounts of Personal Autonomy". I understand that "account" here can be ...
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0answers
59 views

Looking for an ideological word (-ism) to say overgeneralize something

I am looking for a word, probably ending with -sm/ism but not necessarily that is to say because one attribute of someone or something is bad, then everything about this person or thing is bad. Is ...
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4answers
393 views

what does it mean "I believe that fire is hot"? [closed]

I found "I believe that fire is hot" sentence in the internet. In the point of view of my country language, that kind of sentence is strange. It's just like someone say "I believe that ...
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1answer
74 views

Word describing the feeling of being there to experience something first hand

There's a word I learned in a philosophy lecture and a YouTube video a long time ago regarding the feeling of being there to experience a thing first-hand. For example, being at the Louvre to see the ...
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0answers
43 views

How to use the phrase "looks like"?

Does the phrase "looks like" can mean that two objects are the same? For example if I say "This car looks like John's car" and the car is indeed John's car am I lying?
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3answers
152 views

How to understand time through sentences?

I have a hard time understanding where someone refers to time in sentences. For example, "The manager of the team X is in Spain". There have been many managers through time for a single team....
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2answers
144 views

Word meaning one "half" of a dyad

I'm searching for a word that identifies one of the two "halves" of a dyad. The word "half" seems inappropriate because it suggests a whole that has been sundered. I've also considered "element," "...
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1answer
100 views

Hitchens' quote "the cosmos barely bothers to return the reply: why not?" [closed]

To the dumb question "Why me?" the cosmos barely bothers to return the reply: why not?” I just wanted to know your opinion on what Hitchens means by this. Does he imply everyone is equal before ...
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7answers
1k views

Word for knowing what to do and not doing it

I think most will agree it's a really common human condition: Knowing what to do and not doing it. I recently found a word that describes this condition and now have lost that word. I would ...
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4answers
109 views

Word for opportunism in the face of adversity

The title doesn't really describe the word I'm looking for very well. I think it is a bit hard to neatly describe it, so I'll give an example of a behavior that would be described with such a word. ...
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2answers
69 views

What word describes people who consciously choose to accept what is natural and not alter it

Words that come to mind are: zen-like naturalist accepting but perhaps there is a more scholarly/accurate/electric word I can publish. These people are not ignorant or unable; they are reasonably ...
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1answer
82 views

Can someone elaborate the following sentence for me, specially the bold part?

Reactions to German Idealism, especially those of the neo-Kantians, logical positivists and Bertrand Russell, were also instrumental in the founding of analytic philosophy, which today reveals and ...
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1answer
47 views

Can you help me in understanding the bold part of the text?

Philosophy involves the mind turning upon itself and becoming explicitly aware of the modes of its own action, which will have been in operation for some time before their philosophical ...
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2answers
75 views

Please explain the meaning of "appreciation" in the enclosed sentence

Reactions to German Idealism, especially those of the neo-Kantians, logical positivists and Bertrand Russell, were also instrumental in the founding of analytic philosophy, which today reveals and ...
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1answer
2k views

Difference between "Being Of" and "Being About"

I am trying to understand the difference between Being of something and Being about something. I've been reading about the difference between Think of and Think about, but I'm still not sure how it ...
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2answers
48 views

"Extreme" consequences of argument

I am trying to say that an argument (a philosophical reasoning for what it's worth) is not taken to its extreme consequences, in the sense that it is not brought and explored to its logical deepest ...
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1answer
233 views

Subject-matter of x, subject of x, object of x

Please help me understand the difference in meaning an nuance between the following phrases: Subject-matter of x (e.g. subject-matter of a book) Subject of x (e.g. subject of a discussion) Object of ...
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3answers
357 views

What does this sentence mean from Socrates? [closed]

His mind has a soil deep and fertile, out of which spring his prudent counsels. The whole sentence I don't understand. What does mind have soil deep and fertile mean? Mean stupid? or smart? or idea?...
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3answers
107 views

What noun applies to all things transformed by human hands

As opposed to naturally occurring or unintentionally produced by human activity. It would include commodities, products, merchandise, parts, materials, etc. Specifically a thing that has any work ...
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1answer
895 views

What is the difference between Anti-national and Anti-nationalist? When is one used over the other?

Merriam-Webster dictionary shows slightly different definitions of both the terms. However, Urban-dictionary shows the definition of Anti-nationalist similar to anti-national in Merriam-Webster ...
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3answers
199 views

Usage of a commonly accepted proverb to disregard someone's opinion

I am looking for a term (or a sentence) that would describe a figure of speech where one individual use a commonly accepted proverb (or thick concept or other) in order to disregard someone's opinion ...
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1answer
441 views

Elegant synonym for subject matter of a discipline [closed]

I am writing an essay on critical thinking. I am trying to find a word that allows me to separate the subject matter of a scientific discipline (i.e. chemistry, geology, etc.) from the underlying ...
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2answers
110 views

Words for the scalability and lack thereof of object properties

All the objects are red, so the group is red. All the objects are small, but the group is not small. Color is ___, while size is ___ . I'm trying to remember the words for this distinction ...
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11answers
4k views

Is there a word for an unjustified true belief?

Typically knowledge is formulated as justified, true, belief. Is there a word for an unjustified, true, belief? Edit: Lets say for a moment that you think that all Asians are martial artists. This is ...
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1answer
70 views

Should I use “philosophy” as a noun to describe my world view? [closed]

I do this often. I use the word "philosophy" to indicate I am talking about the way I think. I use it to indicate my own personal beliefs and conclusions about the world. It is in a sense a disclaimer ...
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1answer
2k views

What does this quote mean; "There's never a lie because there is never a truth"? [closed]

Here is the quote by Lenny Bruce in its full context : Let me tell you the truth. The truth is "what is". If "what is" is, you have to sleep eight, ten hours a day, that is the truth. A lie ...
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3answers
106 views

A word denoting the status of concepts that are based on the property of "extension" such as "size", "shape" and "length"

It's in a philosophical context. It is evident that without extension, things can't have size, shape or length. Now I want to use a word that describes these latter concepts in term of their ...
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4answers
134k views

What do you call one who believes in a higher power but doesn't call it "God"? [closed]

What do you call a person who believes in a higher power but doesn't call that higher power "God"? Someone who respects every religion as a subject of study, or a valid belief system, but does not ...
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2answers
105 views

What is the name for this dichotomy between rapid feedback vs whole-system in thinking/problem solving styles?

One critique of problem bottom up problem solving was offered by Rich Hickey - who called this guard-rail [problem-solving]. The idea that you can take a piece of the puzzle and keep failing and ...
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2answers
266 views

The way to understand the first paragraph in the Introduction of David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature

I don't really understand some sentences in the Introduction of David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, here they are: Nothing is more usual and more natural for those, who pretend to discover ...
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1answer
105 views

What is the name/terminology for these two types of knowledge?

Here the commentator writes: I think there are two interpretations and @dewster probably wants to refer to only one of them: Knowledge that is implicitly contained in larger objects or ...
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1answer
60 views

Lexo-philosophical possibilities of the 'in'finite

Can anybody think of a word meaning infinite that isn't a combination of a negative prefix or suffix and a word meaning some sort of bound, such as limitless, endless, or unlimited? I haven't been ...
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1answer
196 views

"The dark oxen that turn the millstones of the world" [closed]

I'm trying to make sense of a Terence McKenna quote, here with more context: You know, you have to get a job, your first love is not your last love, slowly this pristine shining belief in ...
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3answers
3k views

Word For Horribly Complicated For No Reason? [closed]

I've noticed that some people really love to overcomplicate things to seem intellectually superior. For instance, say I somehow dropped a pile of clothes on the ground. They'd then ask me: "When would ...
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2answers
9k views

Are there any words without a meaning?

From Geoffrey Hunter's Metalogic, p.5: ... a thing is an English word only if it has meaning. It got me thinking: is this really so? Is it possible for there to be an English word that is ...
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60k views

"A friend to all is a friend to none" - Aristotle. What does this exactly mean?

Why shouldn't a person be friendly to everyone? Is "being friendly" and "being a friend" being differentiated here? Also, I consider a person as one's friend only if that person doesn't betray his/...
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1answer
83 views

How do you parse 'by this which is said'? (1654 UK)

Preface: I first encountered the following on p 83, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof Sharon Kaye (MA PhD in Philosophy, U. Toronto). I already tried, but do not see a modern ...
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Is there a difference between "Who necessarily do not exist" or "who do not exist necessarily"?

This is from the English version of the book "The Name of the Rose" by Umberto Eco. Brother William was arguing that the non-Christian people should also be given the right to rule. Here are some ...
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257 views

A word that means/defines to live a philosophical life[style]?

So this is a continuation of sorts to a thread I started a while ago about *a word that means/defines The Converse of Philosophy... * The question is... If the etymology of bio- is [Greek bio-, comb....
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2answers
108 views

Is there a name for this kind of reactionary argument?

This question is framed in a technical example but can apply to any area. I am looking for a word to describe a certain type of argument that a colleague is making to justify a software change which ...
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5answers
1k views

The Converse of Philosophy

The etymology of philosophy is "love of wisdom" (simplified)... So what would the word be that defines the converse of "love of wisdom"? Since it is not definitively established what the converse of ...
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1answer
435 views

How do you use ressentiment in a sentence?

I'm talking about the philosophical term, developed by Nietzsche and other philosophers. I think this is an important word, because it describes a particular form or hatred or ill will that we ...
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7answers
895 views

A word for the basic concept of the literary inadequacies to describe intangible feelings, thoughts or emotions

I know this is extremely convoluted but it has been bugging me all night. I remember learning of the word (or phrase) in something similar to a "Word porn" post. I remember it was a very strange ...