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Questions tagged [period]

The period or full-stop is a punctuation mark which is represented by a point (.) This tag does not discuss time.

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60
votes
4answers
20k views

When should end punctuation go inside quotes?

I have been/am being taught that end punctuation should always go inside quotes. For example, you are supposed to write: Marvin thought it was "awful." The problem is I do not see how does this ...
196
votes
7answers
445k views

When "etc." is at the end of a phrase, do you place a period after it?

Example: It's all about apples, oranges, bananas, etc. VS. It's all about apples, oranges, bananas, etc.. Update What happens if the abbreviation is inside parentheses, do you place a dot ...
15
votes
4answers
171k views

In which cases is a comma/period placed inside or outside of parentheses?

Are there cases where a period is placed inside parentheses? In which cases the period (or a comma) should be placed inside the parentheses?
32
votes
5answers
73k views

Punctuation around abbreviations

I always stumble when using abbreviations in a sentence, as they inherently contain a period in them. How do I use a comma or a semicolon after an abbreviation? How about a period? E.g. (This is an ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Punctuation of direct speech, edge cases

I recently learned that I have developed a consistent, but entirely wrong approach to punctuating direct speech in fiction. I am in the unenviable position of trying to relearn. Previously I wrote ...
277
votes
16answers
55k views

How many spaces should come after a period/full stop?

In the past — or at least, when I was in elementary school — periods/full stops were followed by two spaces. Lately, it's become more and more common to see just one space. In the modern ...
35
votes
6answers
94k views

Is it ever acceptable for a period to come after a quote at the end of a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it correct to use “punctuation outside of the quotations”, or “inside?” I've heard that you should always place ending punctuation inside of quotes, no matter what. Are ...
9
votes
2answers
12k views

Where to put the periods when using a parenthetical sentence?

I have two complete sentences; the second is in parentheses, essentially a comment on the first. Where do I place the periods? I would use this: They played opera. (I covered my ears.) Is this ...
32
votes
2answers
87k views

Should you use a comma/period after "Thanks"/"Regards" in email signatures?

Normal practice is to end emails with a Thanks or Regards. My question is should there be a comma or a period or nothing after Thanks/Regards? Thanks, John Doe Or Thanks. John Doe ...
18
votes
3answers
11k views

Capitalization for a bullet list

The following is from some software documentation we are writing: NOTE: Refreshing a report may be necessary or helpful when: you believe the data in the report has changed since it was ...
26
votes
5answers
79k views

Should there be a space between name initials?

In writing authors' initials in research papers (either in the author by-line or the bibliography), should there be a space between intials? R.P. Feynman R. P. Feynman What's the preferred way of ...
28
votes
2answers
139k views

Use of capitals and full stops in bullet points [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Capitalization for a bullet list Let's say I have a bullet point list e.g: Point 1. Point 2. Point 3. Notice I have put a capital letter for the starting letter of every ...
12
votes
2answers
78k views

Punctuation with "The question is..." '.', '?' or ' "... ?" ' [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Position of question mark when sentence doesn't end with question Take this statement for example: That's not the question. The question is what was Colonel Mustard ...
7
votes
4answers
10k views

Where should the period be put when an entire sentence is quoted at the end of a sentence?

As in the following: A common proverb is: “A rolling stone gathers no moss.” A common proverb is: “A rolling stone gathers no moss”. A common proverb is: “A rolling stone gathers no moss.”. ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Punctuating a Sentence Containing a Question

If a sentence contains a complete question, but ends with a statement, should it be punctuated with a question mark? Example: Could she go to the store, he wondered
23
votes
6answers
16k views

Name and origin of writing with period after each word

It may be limited to the web ecosystem, but I've read a lot of those sentences lately, where each word is followed by a period. Examples: Oh. My. God. Best. Job. Ever. No. F***ing. Way. Putting each ...
76
votes
5answers
579k views

Should I write "PhD" or "Ph.D."?

Question pretty self-explanatory. Should the abbreviation of the Latin term philosophiae doctor be written as PhD (no periods) or Ph.D. (with periods)?
13
votes
1answer
6k views

Periods for bullet point items

In a 'bulleted' list should items that happen to be complete sentences end with a period?
3
votes
3answers
37k views

The use of "e.g." at the end of a sentence

I was reviewing an English text as an exercise, English not being my mother tongue, and I came to this sentence: (...) with the two other articles that conclude several things about customers e.g.. ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

How do I manage periods for abbreviations with parentheses, right before a period?

"In the case of medical diagnostics, there is a cost associated with each medical procedure that provides additional information (blood test, x-ray, etc.)." Should that end with "etc.).", "etc)." or "...
22
votes
4answers
15k views

Should there be a period after an equation?

This isn't a pure English question, but it is about writing style: Sometimes entities that aren't words end up being in sentences. I know that when mathematical expressions are inline as follows: We ...
23
votes
8answers
106k views

Usage of double dots (..) Is it formal?

I am sure that this wouldn't have much meaning, but still want to get acknowledged whether usage of double dots is formal. I have observed people using double dots in business Emails. Usually while ...
11
votes
3answers
15k views

Does the abbreviation for Saint in a church name require a period?

In referring to a local church, does the name "St Giles" require a period after the "St"? I was told that to add a period confuses it with the abbreviation for street.
7
votes
2answers
18k views

Spaces for Ellipses [duplicate]

I find some opinions about the rules for ellipses are conflicting. Here are some conflicting issues: Q1: Are the spaces between the dots in a ellipsis necessary, i.e. dot-space-dot-space-dot? (Yes.) ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Using slash (/) as an abbreviation

As far as I know, a period is commonly used for an abbreviation (e.g., Feb., Mon., Inc.). But I can also see a slash in these cases: w/, w/o. Is there any grammar rule for an abbreviation? or is ...
8
votes
4answers
14k views

How to indicate possession when using abbreviation "Dr."

I often run into a case where I need to say I have a doctor's appointment, but how would I properly punctuate it if I wanted to use the abbreviation Dr. instead of the word doctor? Dr.'s appointment ...
3
votes
2answers
763 views

Punctuating a quoted question within a quoted statement

I'm working on a story, and I find myself faced with something of a quandary. Specifically, I need to know the proper style for the following: “I have thousands of them,” the commissioner answered,...
27
votes
1answer
39k views

Caption text punctuation: Full stops always necessary at the end?

Example caption text for a photo: Little Diane necklace 1a) No full stop is correct, yes? Now a longer example of caption text: Little Diane necklace. The photograph of the young Diane was ...
16
votes
6answers
33k views

If you're using a quote with a period but do not want to end the sentence, do you keep the period?

For example. If I want to quote a passage from a writing, that says The cake is not a lie. and my sentence is: The book by author states that "The cake is not a lie." however studies show that ...
17
votes
7answers
75k views

Semicolons at the end of list items

In school, we were taught to end each list item with a semicolon. But I have never actually seen this. Can somebody please confirm this? Should we end each list item with anything at all? I've seen ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Punctuation placement in speech [duplicate]

Possible Duplicates: Is it ever acceptable for a period to come after a quote at the end of a sentence? How much punctuation is appropriate when ending a sentence with a full-sentence quotation? ...
4
votes
0answers
31k views

How to punctuate a quote within a quote? [duplicate]

Duplicate of: What’s the difference between using single and double quotation marks/inverted commas? How are embedded quotations used? And: When should end punctuation go inside quotes? Is it correct ...
2
votes
4answers
17k views

How do I deal with quotation marks, parenthesis and period all at the end of a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where does the period go when using parentheses? I have never seen this particular issue addressed; I looked around and couldn't see anything that specifically addresses this. ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

The use of hyphen in consecutive compounds [duplicate]

I am not that punctuation-savy, so I have one question for my research title. Currently it is Social crowdfunding: individual- and project-related determinants of success. Empirical ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Question mark or period?

Is this sentence a question or a statement (or other). It ends with a question, so I used a question mark. (Just ignore the tech jargon.) I get that this should show me the PID of the SIGTERMing ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it correct to use two consecutive dots indicating an abbreviation and a full stop? [duplicate]

A quote from "Bad tendency" (Wikipedia): The principle, formulated in Patterson v. Colorado, (1907) was seemingly overturned with the "clear and present danger" principle used in the landmark case ...
7
votes
3answers
192k views

Where does the period go in an MLA in-text citation?

I've always been confused when citing like: "The windows misted over from the heat and the smoke inside.” (Hemingway 1) Does the period go inside the quotes (as above)? Or after the citation (as ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

How to use a the possessive "s" after a dot?

How can I use an apostrophe to show possession after a dot? Example: Martin Luther King Jr.'s world-view. Is this correct?
6
votes
1answer
6k views

A colon after "following"

When I reference to the next sentence or sentences using the term following, is the preferred way to use a colon or a full stop? An example: Consider the sentence 'I wash the clothes'. Replacing ...
6
votes
2answers
631 views

How to correctly assimilate dots, if at all?

I see this sentence: There are many examples like mining, farming, foresting etc., that are dangerous to society because they cause environmental damage. Shouldn't "etc.," be written instead with ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

What to do if a sentence ends with "Yahoo!"? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to handle a name that includes an exclamation point (or other punctuation)? Just like the title of this question. I was reading an article about CAPTCHAs on Wikipedia and ...
16
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is there a period after the roman numeral in a royal title?

In The Wealth of Nations, whenever a royal name appears, there is a period after the roman numeral. Why is this, and why has the practice been discontinued? If you search this online copy for a royal ...
7
votes
2answers
19k views

When putting "etc." in the middle of a sentence, do you use "etc," or "etc.," or "etc."?

Example: If you forgot your toothbrush, toothpaste, deodorent, etc., you will not be allowed to attend. Make sure you bring your fishing pole, tackle, bait, etc. as we will not make any stops. If you ...
6
votes
2answers
934 views

Is there any general rule of thumb that can be followed for where and when to add commas and full stops?

I always mess up with my writing by adding commas and full stops (periods) in the wrong places. Is there any rule of thumb or some other way that I can follow to avoid this problem?
6
votes
2answers
10k views

How does using a semicolon or a full stop change meaning?

Federal agencies and Wal-Mart are investigating the charges; C. J.’s Seafood did not respond to The Times’s request for comment. In this statement, what is the effect of semicolon in the meaning and ...
5
votes
2answers
67k views

What is the correct punctuation after "as follows"? [closed]

I am consistently confused by by the usage of "as follows", in particular, I don't know if I should end "as follows" with a period, or with a colon. Should I always use a colon, or can I sometimes ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Is "et al" always accompanied by a period?

In this sentence, is it necessary to include a period with et al? This is an interesting paper, written by G. Andrews et al. Here, et al means Dr. X, Dr. Y, and Dr.Z. Does the second et al need a ...
0
votes
1answer
607 views

AVC or A.V.C or A.V.C [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it OK to drop the periods in abbreviations? Okay, so in School I was always tought that when we want to abbreviate, we must use a full stop "." inbetween each letter, and ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

When a phrase ends with a period, do you put ... or .. after it?

I was just reading this question: When "etc." is at the end of a phrase, do you place a period after it? And it brought to mind something similar. If a phrase ends with a . (such as e.g. or ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Using "so" at the end of a sentence without an ellipsis

In American English, we often add a drawn out "so" at the end of a sentence to imply an outcome. Example: Jane wanted to go out, but I was tired, so we didn't. Rather than say "we didn't" at the ...