Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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Using 'Present Perfect' with 'in the past'

This came across when I was browsing an Australia gaming website, this is the whole sentence: "In the past, Hideo Kojima has been a regular at the PlayStation Awards when his games have won." So ...
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1answer
118 views

Why are there many internet grammar lesson examples using past perfect with “before” but not with “after”? [closed]

I know that I have to use past perfect when using before. I had eaten before I swam. But why don't I need to use past perfect with after? I swam after I ate. Thank you guys for the help.
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1answer
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Perfect Continuous

I know we use Past Perfect Continuous when an event in the past continue up until another event in the past: I had been talking with her for over an hour before Tony arrived. Can we use it when an ...
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2answers
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Two past perfect verbs from an Arthur Conan Doyle story

I had come to these conclusions before ever I had entered his room. Why are there two past perfect verbs in this entene? Is it the same as saying: I had come to these conclusions before ever I ...
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1answer
228 views

“His life had been set on a different course” or “His life was set on a different course”?

I want to say "His life has been set on a different course since then." but push it into the past. I can come up with two options: His life had been set on a different course since then. His life ...
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1answer
145 views

He is the only/first player who has won GS twice

He is the only player who has won GS twice. He is the first player who has won GS twice. Are both sentences grammatically valid? If the tennis player is still active, can I use the present ...
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0answers
3k views

Newspaper headlines + is it possible to use present perfect?

I've found these two sentences in newspaper headlines and there are two things I am not sure about: Haas beats Wawrinka Tommy Haas claimed the biggest win of the season against Wawrinka. He ...
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5answers
1k views

“hadn't have killed” vs “hadn't killed”

Can someone help? "Dave killed Peter." Dave asked Susan, "why was Peter here?" Susan said, "Maybe he would have told you if you hadn't have killed him." Would there have been any difference if she ...
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3answers
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Using future perfect vs future perfect continuous [closed]

What's the difference between these two sentences: By the time he come back home, she will have worked for 45 minutes. and By the time he come back home, she will been working for 45 minutes. ...
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2answers
12k views

Has been Vs had been [closed]

An event which began two days ago just ended now. Which tense should be used to describe this (present perfect or past perfect) and why? It has been a tortuous journey. It had been a tortuous ...
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2answers
7k views

“I would have given you everything I have.”

I've run across this sentence on a language learning forum, and it claims to be an example of perfect tense. It's been many years since I've had a formal grammar lesson, but this appears to me to be ...
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1answer
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Present continuous vs Present perfect continuous [closed]

I am waiting for you for almost an hour I have been waiting for you for almost an hour What's the difference? Are both OK?
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3answers
4k views

In the past year [duplicate]

I went to Australia last year. I have gone to Australia in the past year. I know it is perfectly alright to use past simple for the first sentence. But why do you use present perfect "have gone" ...
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1answer
60 views

Which one is correct? (Present Perfect Continuous vs Present Perfect)

My sister and her boyfriend have not been going out together for a long time. Or My sister and her boyfriend have not gone out together for a long time.
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1answer
820 views

Which timeline illustrates “I have finished my homework” most accurately? [duplicate]

I have learned Present-perfect in school. But I felt that foreigner used in different way of Present-perfect. What is the right tense of this sentence? Please choose the right picture that shows ...
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1answer
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Has/have been vs was/were

I understand we should use has/have been for something which started in past and still continuing in present. But is it right to use for something which started in past but has just completed or ...
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1answer
2k views

“by now” with present perfect

I'm trying to figure out if it is possible to use the expression "by now" in a present perfect sentence. I.e. "He has been called three times by now" "He has come back home by now" "I ...
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1answer
656 views

the present progressive vs the present perfect progressive

A bad storm is heading your way. It's already hitting us here. Already means something has happened before now or before another point in time So, I think it's compatible with the present perfect or ...
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1answer
95 views

Couldn't have put VS couldn't put [duplicate]

Today I came across the following phrase: He couldn't have put it better, when he said: "..." But why does it require perfect tense? Can it be replaced with simple tense instead? He couldn't ...
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2answers
915 views

Describing completed action [closed]

So, I was having a fight with an English grammar expert with my little knowledge on the following sentence : Products are already being checked. My opponent was telling me that my sentence was ...
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2answers
24k views

“Should be done by” or “should have been done by”? [duplicate]

Which of these should I use? My test result should be done by last Wednesday. or My test result should have been done by last Wednesday. What is the difference in meaning?
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1answer
748 views

“Will have been +ing” equivalent to “Must have been +ing”?

The book "Advanced Grammar in Use" third edition, on page 22, says: "We can use the future perfect continuous (will have been +ing) to say what we think was happening at a point in the past: ...
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1answer
594 views

Nested Flashback - Past perfect tense w/in present tense or Past tense w/in past tense or Past perfect tense w/in past tense

So, someone from ELL suggested that I ask my question on this forum. I do not want to know if nested flashbacks are okay. I am simply asking about tense. Thanks for the help! Question is below: ...
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3answers
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Difference between Present P. and Past P. for completed actions

I am always get into dilemma situation whether to use "I have" or "I had" for immediate past event. For example: I have discussed with you or I had discussed with you The discussion ...
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1answer
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Using “might have been” in the present perfect

How do we use "might have been" in the present perfect? For example, "The door might have been closed". How can we say this in the present perfect? Or is it already in the present perfect?
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3answers
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I can say: “You shouldn't have done this!” Can I say: “You had better not have done this!”?

Provided "should" and "had better" are near synonyms (stronger advice in "had better" than in "should" or in more formal "ought to"), I know I can say You shouldn't have done this! But how about ...
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2answers
599 views

Is “have/has got” a perfect for BrE, but not AmE?

In BrE the past participle of get is in most cases got, while in AmE it is almost always gotten. Does that imply that in the context of BrE "have/has got" is a genuine perfect construction, whereas ...
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1answer
544 views

Present Perfect vs Present Simple (Murphy)

Murphy 4-th edition, additional exercises page 303, ex 2, question 12: This is a nice restaurant, isn't it? Is this the first time (you are / you've been) here? It seems I have heard the first ...
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4answers
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What's with the passive present perfect progressive? [duplicate]

I was taught that we made passive voice using be + the participle of the main verb, without changing the verb tense. E.g., I send letters. (present simple) Letters are sent. (present simple ...
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2answers
1k views

“She is said to have been born in the 3rd century BC”? [closed]

Consider the sentence: He is said to be the best golf player alive. From this I can easily infer: People say that he is the best golf player alive. Consider another sentence, then: She is ...
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1answer
260 views

What does the perfect infinitive mean?

I came across a sentence recently: Before I turn 40, I want to have written a book. Could someone explain to me what does it actually mean? I'd rather say: Before I turn 40, I want to write a book. ...
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1answer
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Would it be 'meet' or 'have met' in this structure?

If I bumped into someone, who happened to be called John, yesterday, and I am telling someone else of the encounter, would I say: I happened to meet John yesterday. or I happened to have met ...
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2answers
102 views

usage of HAS in tenses [duplicate]

"she RETURNED 2 days ago and she HAS KNOWN me for 2 yrs" Why in the 2nd sentences we have used "HAS" and not in 1st sentence?
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1answer
864 views

“Has been” in conjunction with “prior to”

Is it correct to ever use has been and prior to in the same sentence? For example: The symbol has been respected prior to its official use on the state flag. I'm hesitant to instead write "had ...
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2answers
3k views

''When'' condition? When we've finished, we'll have

I had a question in an exam and I don't understand why I was wrong. 1) When we finish the painting we'll have a cup of tea. I PUT THIS ANSWER AND WAS WRONG 2) When we've finished the painting, we'...
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2answers
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“Until” followed by past perfect or past simple

Recently we have been learning tense sequence with using after, before and so on. One of them - until turned out troublesome for me. My first exercise was to write this sentence with until: not to ...
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4answers
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'could have + past participle' to talk about possible events in the future

BACKGROUND In this earlier thread, Edwin Ashworth approved a use of 'could have + past participle' for the future event that was precluded by context as in: (1) Mary could have arrived tomorrow, ...
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2answers
728 views

Passive Voice vs Present Perfect Passive Voice

Neither Jeremy nor his friends have been informed about the accident by the traffic police. Why is the present perfect passive voice (have been informed) used in the sentence? Is it correct to use ...
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1answer
2k views

Two verbs of present perfect

I just read an article on Newyork times and I found a sentence having 2 present perfect verbs : After more than a year of speculation, Mr. Draghi, the never-predictable head of the European ...
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1answer
572 views

Is there a better term for “perfect infinitive”, “perfect participle” or “perfect gerund”?

BACKGROUND There are grammar terms such as 'present perfect' and 'past perfect' as in: She has learned English for 10 years. [present perfect] She had learned English when she was little. [...
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1answer
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Sequence of tenses in elaborate sentences?

Sorry I've been pelting you with my linguistic questions lately, but since I'm trying to do my best to make my English perfect, I just have to keep bothering you :) Today's question regards something,...
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1answer
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Usage of “since” and “for” in the present perfect and simple past tense [duplicate]

Can we use since and for with past tense? If we can use them, then what is difference between: I have learnt English for 3 months I learnt English for 3 months
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1answer
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auxiliaries before homogeneous members of the sentence

Is it possible to omit the second auxiliary in this sentence: "She has followed our advice and (has) started..." P.S. I have always thought it is as the verbs to follow and to start refer to one and ...
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1answer
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Have been awarded or was awarded? [duplicate]

My question is which one is correct: a) I have been awarded the science award 5 times or b) I was awarded the science award 5 times Thank you :)
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Present perfect or past perfect? [duplicate]

Since I have stopped working, I started to learn English at home. Since I had stopped working,I started learning English at home. Are both questions having the same meaning in this context?
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1answer
2k views

Past Perfect Continuous vs. Past Continuous

Every now and then I come up with a sentence, that eventually undermines my confidence as to whether it's correct or not - just a part of my OCD issues I guess. Same thing happened yesterday and ...
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4answers
10k views

Why “hadn’t gone” and not “didn’t go”?

I came across this sentence: We thought that Joe didn’t go to the museum with the rest of the class. The Manhattan Sentence Correction Guide says it’s an incorrect construction and it should be: ...
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2answers
338 views

Using a perfect infinitive construction to express uncertainty

My sentence: " I needed for her to have called me." The only example that I can find is from google books- title: The Ghost of Samuel Cetawayo" with a similar use of the perfect infinitive: "I had ...
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1answer
249 views

conditional perfect continuous [closed]

If he had not supported me, I would not have been standing here in front of you like this. Is the above sentence gramittically correct or not. Regards, sri.
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1answer
120 views

Past Simple or Past Perfect? [closed]

Which is grammatically correct? He woke up late this morning because he had a party with his friends last night. Or He woke up late this morning because he had had a party with his friends last ...