Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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Present Perfect vs Past Simple. Which one is correct? [migrated]

i was watching a movie yesterday and came across a dialogue: "What is this?" "It's the technology I developed" Is the word "developed" here used in the right tense? ...
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2answers
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Does this sentence imply 2 meanings? Present Perfect

"I have loved you for many years". As I understand it, this sentence can have 2 different meanings. I still love her. It started a long time ago. I don't love her anymore. Am I correct?
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Can we use present perfect tense with past time expressions?

Can we use the present perfect tense with past time expressions if we are not telling stories or talking about the past, but if it is important to let know that an action happened at the exact time in ...
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5answers
298 views

Why do conditional sentences with "would have had to" have an extra "had" in them?

Well, I was reading about Type Three conditionals. In the main clause we use if + past perfect (had), then in the second clause we use either the "perfect conditional" or the "perfect ...
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Answers from quiz, why this answer is correct in particular? [migrated]

First answer: ✅ Have you always been living in a big city?(ʀɪɢʜᴛ ᴀɴꜱᴡᴇʀ) ❌ Have you always lived in a big city? (ᴡʀᴏɴɢ ᴀɴꜱᴡᴇʀ) Second answer: ✅ By the end of August they’ll have been working on ...
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1answer
144 views

having been participled?

Is anything wrong in this sentence? The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field. According to my book it should instead be: The enemy, having been beaten at every point, fled from the ...
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1answer
839 views

During with Present Perfect?

Can anyone make this clear for me? Look at this sentence: -"I have been making this Tshirt during the confinement period" Let's imagine that the confinement period is not over, and that the job with ...
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3answers
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"Until" followed by past perfect or past simple

Recently we have been learning tense sequence with using after, before and so on. One of them - until turned out troublesome for me. My first exercise was to write this sentence with until: not to ...
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2answers
3k views

Two past perfect verbs in the same sentence

Both these sentences contain two verbs (correct me if I'm wrong) that are in the past perfect tense. I'd like to ask how do they occur in chronological order. Though my question is related to the one ...
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1answer
82 views

Actions That Terminate At Present Moment

Which tense should I use for actions which terminate exactly at the present time and the final point of the action is the present moment ? Can present perfect be used for this type of situation? Let'...
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Adverbs + Present Perfect

Here's my problem: I've been confused about the placement of adverbs in present/past perfect phrases. For example, which sentence would sound better: "We had been slowly drifting down the river ...
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1answer
371 views

The continuative and non-continuative readings of the perfect form (have + past participle)

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 141) has this section: Here, Tr is the time referred to (by the verb or verb group, e.g., have told, have been, told, was), and To is the time of ...
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Past Continuous in reported speech

Let's imagine someone has told me: Last month while we were traveling in Cyprus, my mother was packing her bags for her first ever foreign trip. I was wondering whether I could paraphrase it, and ...
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1answer
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"Will have heard by now" sounds like bad usage to me; what is your opinion? [closed]

I posted the question here https://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/295727/bad-usage-of-will-have but it was closed due to insufficient details or clarity. I'm trying here. The following sounds wrong ...
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1answer
848 views

Present perfect - future perfect in a subject question

So I know that future perfect cannot be used in conditions or time sentences..instead, it is shifted to present perfect: We do it when she has returned. But is the following a valid, natural ...
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1answer
485 views

Can present perfect tense be used with the adverb "earlier"?

I would like to know if the present perfect construction can be used in the two following sentences that employ the adverb earlier: As I have said earlier, I don't like her at all. I have been to ...
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1answer
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The present perfect with distant actions in the past

The present perfect serves in different aspects and conveys different nuances two of which are these: 1) An action with a result in the present. I have bought a new sweater. = I have a sweater now. ...
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Present perfect used in the negative

For the following sentence: I haven't been there in a long time. I want to know if the above sentence conveys any connection with time up to now. How can I correct this sentence it if it is ...
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Woken or Have woken

Woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. OR Have woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. Which one is the correct sentence, please help me guys as ...
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What tense is "would have been"?

This is used in Conditional Type 3. But no one knows what tense this is...
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1answer
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The diagram for showing Future-Perfect-In-Past Tense

Consider this example: He said that he would have finished his task before we arrived. Let's assign a number to each clause: He said that he would have finished his task before we arrive If we ...
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2answers
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If he got the job, he would be very happy now

Consider this, please: Person A: My brother was supposed to appear for an interview at 8am, and now it's 10. I don't know if he got the job or not. But one thing is for sure, If he got the job, he ...
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I get/got/'ve got/'ve gotten/have it [duplicate]

When you want to tell someone that you understand something, you might say, "I get/got/'ve got it." But Q) Do we say "I've gotten it" or "I have it" in place of the above?...
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On official forms, does the present perfect imply that the situation is ongoing or has not yet concluded?

I have a question specifically about present perfect usage in legal and “bureaucratic” writing. On official forms (for example, application forms from US government agencies or IRS forms), I sometimes ...
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Sentence in which Past Perfect is not thought of as preceding the action [closed]

I can’t just wrap my head around it... In which sentence the action denoted by the Past Perfect is not thought of as preceding the action denoted by the Past Indefinite tense: a) He knew where hilda ...
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Past Perfect strange usages ;)

1. I've read that "We can use the past perfect followed by before to show that an action was not done or was incomplete when the past simple action happened". Example: They left before I'd ...
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1answer
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Meaning of 'could have done something'? [closed]

In the following sentence, If you had tried harder you could have succeeded. does could have succeeded mean would have been able to succeed, or might have been able to succed, or is it ambiguous if ...
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3answers
579 views

How is the present perfect “connected” with the present?

Practical English Usage and the Cambridge Grammar of English say that the present perfect “is connected in some way with the present.” Neither book explains this, and this is why I’m asking for you ...
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1answer
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Perfect infinitive [closed]

what is a perfect infinitive? when we should use it? Before I turn 40, I want to have written a book. VS Before I turn 40, I want to write a book. what is the difference?
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3answers
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Q: "Did I charter a train and take it to the sea?" vs. A: "I did charter a train and took it to the sea." How to explain to a learner the usage diff.?

"Did I charter a train and take it to the sea?" vs. so this is simple past tense. What do we call the verb that changes the tense, while the others retain their present base form? But now in ...
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"Hasn't been as bad as they had feared" or "hasn't been as bad as they feared"

I can't find other questions and/or information about the forms / tense I'm using in this sentence as most questions seem to be about the difference between "hasn't" or "hadn't". ...
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1answer
49 views

What verb construction would you use?

Imagine you go down to the station at noon to meet your friend Mike there. You sit there and wait and wait for him to show up. Two hours later your friend finally arrives and says to you: Sorry I'm ...
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222 views

I've studied vs I've been studying

What's the difference from these two phrases? How would I know if keep studying or if I did it in the past?
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2answers
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What does the sentence "People felt that the cyclist was performing at a surprisingly high level." become in the passive? [closed]

This is a (one more!) question I have had to ask myself when dealing with the passive structure "someone is said to do/be doing/have done something"... which definitely is a tricky structure ...
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“COVID-19 changed / has changed / has been changing the everyday life of people” [duplicate]

This is for the translation of a bachelor thesis and we have different opinions on the use of the word "change". Which is correct? COVID-19 changed / has changed / has been changing the ...
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2answers
298 views

"they had renovated" vs "had been renovating"

How can I understand the sentence 1b? 1 a When I last went to Moscow, they had renovated St Basil's Cathedral.    b When I last went to Moscow, they had been renovating St Basil's Cathedral The ...
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Is there a better term for "perfect infinitive", "perfect participle" or "perfect gerund"?

BACKGROUND There are grammar terms such as 'present perfect' and 'past perfect' as in: She has learned English for 10 years. [present perfect] She had learned English when she was little. [past ...
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112 views

The auxiliary verb (using in perfect tenses) in sentences with 2 or more notional verbs

There is an example: Today I have written a letter and done my homework. Or is it necessarily to put the auxiliary verb before done? Somebody has told me that we can ommit the auxiliary verb in ...
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How to correctly use the present perfect tense

This link states that: When you use the present perfect tense you have to be talking about a period of time that you still consider to be going on. For example, if it’s still morning, you can say, &...
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2answers
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"It had started to snow by 10 a.m. yesterday." vs "It started to snow by 10 a.m. yesterday." [closed]

I don't understand the timing in the following sentence: It had started to snow by 10 a.m. yesterday. I don't understand when it started to snow. And did it finish or is it still snowing? Is this ...
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2answers
91 views

The perspective of people in the future looking back at now

My student came to me with this sentence that we disagree on. "People in the future will wonder why we have many traffic accidents today." I think 'have' should be 'had'. i.e. "People in the future ...
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past-continuous vs present-perfect-continuous [closed]

I have watched a few videos on this theme, but still don't understand when I would use one and cannot use another. Example from one of BBC English videos: "I have been cooking soup for 20 minutes ...
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Past perfect continuous and use of since

I came across the following sentence with an instruction to rewrite it in past perfect continuous using the given time expression in brackets: Govind was working in this factory as a watchman. (since ...
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1answer
129 views

Could have - Would have been able - Could have been able

Is there any difference between: I could have done it I would have been able to do it I could have been able to do it ? I think the third one is excessive because it has two the same elements of ...
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1answer
59 views

Grammar present perfect past perfect

This is kind of confusing for me. Would be happy to get the answer and find out the right way of using these constructions:) Is this correct and if not how I can use present and past perfect in one ...
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4answers
59k views

Which one is correct? "I am suffering from fever since yesterday" or "I am suffering from fever from yesterday"?

I am not good in English literature. From daily use of English language, it seems to me that the second from in: 1 I am suffering from fever from yesterday is the correct word. But, my friend, a ...
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How do you differentiate the use of "When I asked..." and "When I have asked..."

This might be a very basic question for native speakers of English, but I'd really appreciate if you could help me to understand the difference between "When I asked" and "When I have ...
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use of Present Perfect without time reference

I have a doubt about the use of present perfect. If I want to say that something happened in the past but I don't want to express when it happened or it's not important, can I use present perfect? For ...
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"had spent" vs. "spent"

Which tense would be appropriate in this case - past perfect simple or past simple? "After he had spent some of the money, he decided to find his dream house." or "After he spent some ...
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Expressing both completion and duration with perfect tense

Let's say that it's 2 p.m. now, and I ran this morning for 1 hour (normally I run for 30 minutes). I want to express that I'm still tired from running - so is it correct to say, "I have run for 1 ...

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