Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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2answers
574 views

What tense is “would have been”?

This is used in Conditional Type 3. But no one knows what tense this is...
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0answers
55 views

What was the role of “compound” verbs in Middle English?

I was just reading a book where it is said that when perfect started to acquire modern meanings, "compound" verbs appeared. Here are some examples (I`m assuming with "compound" verbs on the right): ...
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1answer
304 views

The continuative and non-continuative readings of the perfect form (have + past participle)

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 141) has this section: Here, Tr is the time referred to (by the verb or verb group, e.g., have told, have been, told, was), and To is the time of ...
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1answer
138 views

Can present perfect tense be used with the adverb “earlier”?

I would like to know if the present perfect construction can be used in the two following sentences that employ the adverb earlier: As I have said earlier, I don't like her at all. I have been to ...
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Past perfect continuous and use of since

I came across the following sentence with an instruction to rewrite it in past perfect continuous using the given time expression in brackets: Govind was working in this factory as a watchman. (since ...
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0answers
27 views

Expressing both completion and duration with perfect tense

Let's say that it's 2 p.m. now, and I ran this morning for 1 hour (normally I run for 30 minutes). I want to express that I'm still tired from running - so is it correct to say, "I have run for 1 ...
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1answer
44 views

During with Present Perfect?

Can anyone make this clear for me? Look at this sentence: -"I have been making this Tshirt during the confinement period" Let's imagine that the confinement period is not over, and that the job with ...
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Can you help with the difference in these past perfect tenses?

Example 1: 'Edison invented the light bulb. He had been working on it for years'. Example 2: 'Edison invented the light bulb. It had taken him years'. In example 1, the past perfect continuous makes ...
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1answer
95 views

having been participled?

Is anything wrong in this sentence? The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field. According to my book it should instead be: The enemy, having been beaten at every point, fled from the ...
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0answers
255 views

have been hurt vs. have been hurt in the past

A traditional explanation of Present Perfect usage is that it is not used when a certain past reference to the action is present either in the text or it is implied by the context. Usually, the wrong ...
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0answers
49 views

Which is commoner here: Past Simple or Past Perfect?

For a native speaker of English, which construction is commoner ? 1- The interviewer asked me which university l went to. 2- The interviewer asked me which university l had been to. Thanks.
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3answers
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Why do conditional sentences with “would have had to” have an extra “had” in them?

Well, i was reading about Type Three conditionals. In the main clause we use if + past perfect (had), then in the second clause we use either the "perfect conditional" or the "perfect ...
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1answer
2k views

Tense usage in idioms

I have read these idioms: " Beat someone to the punch/Beat someone to the draw". I know their meaning, but I am confused about the grammatical usage. Here are two examples from ...
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1answer
368 views

Past Perfect Progressive

I came across a website that says using a past perfect continuous is a good way to show cause and effect. The writer then shows an example. He was tired because he had been exercising so hard. But ...
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1answer
2k views

“by now” with present perfect

I'm trying to figure out if it is possible to use the expression "by now" in a present perfect sentence. I.e. "He has been called three times by now" "He has come back home by now" "I ...
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20 views

How do you differentiate the use of “When I asked…” and “When I have asked…”

This might be a very basic question for native speakers of English, but I'd really appreciate if you could help me to understand the difference between "When I asked" and "When I have ...
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use of Present Perfect without time reference

I have a doubt about the use of present perfect. If I want to say that something happened in the past but I don't want to express when it happened or it's not important, can I use present perfect? For ...
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0answers
26 views

The present perfect with distant actions in the past

The present perfect serves in different aspects and conveys different nuances two of which are these: 1) An action with a result in the present. I have bought a new sweater. = I have a sweater now. ...
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0answers
36 views

Present Perfect and Past Simple together

I just wonder if i have a possibility to mix these tenses in this way. For example, i say about things happened in the past. Can i use present perfect to show result of this sentences in present? I ...
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0answers
25 views

If Conditional with Present perfect

Someone has been searching for his spectacles for an hour. He is thinking that someone has hidden his spectacles and asks one of his friends whether he is hiding them or not. His friend says, " If I ...
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0answers
25 views

Present Perfect vs Past Simple - Distant Actions

If I’m talking about an action that happened in the distant past, I mean, an action that didn’t happen recently, I need to use the Simple Past? We can’t use the Present Perfect like that, can we?
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38 views

is using past perfect continuous correct in this case?

Is this sentence correct and can I say the same thing using another tense? When I saw her account I realised that she had not been using her account for years.
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2answers
871 views

Woken or Have woken

Woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. OR Have woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. Which one is the correct sentence, please help me guys as ...
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The present perfect in the main clause and in the subordinate clause

Share your view on this issue. I was exposed to the following concept: 1 He has had a bike in the last two months. (is wrong) Instead, it should be 1a He had a bike in the last two months. (is ...
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38 views

Which one best fits and grammatically correct sentence? And usage

Here is the tense I got stuck by while chatting with my friend. But you are the one who promised to accomplish this task by 25 February. I am talking about the future action which still ...
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1answer
56 views

Actions That Terminate At Present Moment

Which tense should I use for actions which terminate exactly at the present time and the final point of the action is the present moment ? Can present perfect be used for this type of situation? Let'...
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0answers
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Indirect Form for perfect modals (past modals)

Is the question formation correct? Could she have killed her? What could you have possibly eaten? How about in these? I was wondering if she could have killed her. I was wondering what ...
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1answer
99 views

The auxiliary verb (using in perfect tenses) in sentences with 2 or more notional verbs

There is an example: Today I have written a letter and done my homework. Or is it necessarily to put the auxiliary verb before done? Somebody has told me that we can ommit the auxiliary verb in ...
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1answer
701 views

Present perfect - future perfect in a subject question

So I know that future perfect cannot be used in conditions or time sentences..instead, it is shifted to present perfect: We do it when she has returned. But is the following a valid, natural ...
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0answers
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Newspaper headlines + is it possible to use present perfect?

I've found these two sentences in newspaper headlines and there are two things I am not sure about: Haas beats Wawrinka Tommy Haas claimed the biggest win of the season against Wawrinka. He ...
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1answer
50 views

Which future type (simple-vs-perfect) is correct for talking about an event that’s done?

Graduated, I started attending the degree course in Computer Science and Engineering in 2017, where I will graduate after two years with ⁹⁸⁄₁₁₀. Is a simple will graduate ok here, or should I instead ...
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1answer
826 views

Can you explain the usage of “can have been” in the context?

While reading Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays by George Orwell, I stumbled by the sentence When this episode happened I do not think I can have been less than twelve years old. (Source) ...
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1answer
111 views

When can the present perfect continuous be used with 'ever since'?

Advanced Grammar In Use by Martin Hewings starts with the following in Unit 6 'Present perfect continuous and present perfect': We use the present perfect continuous to express the idea of an ...
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1answer
38 views

Present perfect or past perfect in “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent diplomat who has lived in Washington a long time”

Is the usage of the Present Perfect Tense, "has lived", correct in the sentence below? Should it be the Past Perfect tense instead? “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent ...
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1answer
45 views

Is this a valid construction using the the perfect infinitive

Is it correct to say " In order to have been". I understand that without context the general meaning may be difficult to interpret, but could this even be used as a valid construction with the ...