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Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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How do durative sense verbs in simple perfective work with durative adverbial

I am reading the grammar book - A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - these days. And now I am focusing on the 2 aspects - perfective and progressive - in Chapter 4: The semantics of the ...
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Tense usage in idioms

I have read these idioms: " Beat someone to the punch/Beat someone to the draw". I know their meaning, but I am confused about the grammatical usage. Here are two examples from freedictionary. ...
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Past Perfect Progressive

I came across a website that says using a past perfect continuous is a good way to show cause and effect. The writer then shows an example. He was tired because he had been exercising so hard. But ...
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“by now” with present perfect

I'm trying to figure out if it is possible to use the expression "by now" in a present perfect sentence. I.e. "He has been called three times by now" "He has come back home by now" "I ...
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The auxiliary verb (using in perfect tenses) in sentences with 2 or more notional verbs

There is an example: Today I have written a letter and done my homework. Or is it necessarily to put the auxiliary verb before done? Somebody has told me that we can ommit the auxiliary verb in ...
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Present perfect - future perfect in a subject question

So I know that future perfect cannot be used in conditions or time sentences..instead, it is shifted to present perfect: We do it when she has returned. But is the following a valid, natural ...
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Can you explain the usage of “can have been” in the context?

While reading Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays by George Orwell, I stumbled by the sentence When this episode happened I do not think I can have been less than twelve years old. (Source) ...
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Present perfect or past perfect in “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent diplomat who has lived in Washington a long time”

Is the usage of the Present Perfect Tense, "has lived", correct in the sentence below? Should it be the Past Perfect tense instead? “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent ...
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Is this a valid construction using the the perfect infinitive

Is it correct to say " In order to have been". I understand that without context the general meaning may be difficult to interpret, but could this even be used as a valid construction with the ...
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Which is commoner here: Past Simple or Past Perfect?

For a native speaker of English, which construction is commoner ? 1- The interviewer asked me which university l went to. 2- The interviewer asked me which university l had been to. Thanks.
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Can I use Past Perfect together with Present Simple?

Example 1: I think, had you known it is a fake amethyst, you would have given the correct information. Example 2: I think, had you known it was a fake amethyst, you would have given the correct ...
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Newspaper headlines + is it possible to use present perfect?

I've found these two sentences in newspaper headlines and there are two things I am not sure about: Haas beats Wawrinka Tommy Haas claimed the biggest win of the season against Wawrinka. He ...