Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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213 views

Why aren't these sentences correct?

​Hello everyone! I have a very easy question. Why aren't these sentences correct? -I haven't received an answer (on my mobile phone) for more than a week. -This offence is called XxXxXx and occurs ...
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2answers
1k views

could past perfect tense and present perfect tense coexist in a compound sentence. Please do not mark as duplicate if you have not read the question [duplicate]

Mike ( had broken | broke ) his mother's vase last night but he has not told her yet. Question: Some argue it must use "broke" instead of "had broken" because "last night" could not be used with past ...
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161 views

Why isn't the progressive a “tense”? [duplicate]

Why aren't the 'progressive' verbal constructions (such as 'I am talking') regarded as tenses in traditional grammar? "There is no consensus, not even among linguists, about what constitutes a tense."...
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474 views

Present Perfect usage in a sentence; continue with the same tense or move to Past Simple?

I've been rewriting a known quote: Curiosity killed the cat, but satisfaction brought it back. I used the Present Perfect and turned the quote into: Curiosity has killed the cat, but ...
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2answers
993 views

Origin of perfect tense [duplicate]

The past, present and future tenses quite well represent what they are supposed to mean or be. But what's "perfect" about the perfect tense? I am not asking for the usage of the perfect tense. I just ...
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3answers
232 views

A question regarding the following usage of the perfect infinitive?

In regards to the usage of the perfect infinitive I've been wondering if it can be used simultaneously with verbs of perception by way of expressing your notion or belief involving either a person or ...
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1answer
368 views

Past Perfect Progressive

I came across a website that says using a past perfect continuous is a good way to show cause and effect. The writer then shows an example. He was tired because he had been exercising so hard. But ...
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2answers
3k views

“Where have I parked my car” or “where did I park my car” [duplicate]

I'm sometimes confused about the difference between present perfect and simple past sentences such as the ones in the title. In what kind of situation do you guys say "Where have I parked my car" or "...
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1answer
160 views

has bored - is it correct? [closed]

Imagine that you are very experienced person, like Dorian Gray. You are tired of life, there is nothing new for you. And you are saying: "I’ve tried everything, and everything has bored". Is has bored ...
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1answer
8k views

“Have you known” or “Did you know”? [duplicate]

Which tense should I use if for instance I'm talking about a curiosity and I want to ask if the person knew it?
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1answer
13k views

Had been working or had worked [duplicate]

I'm trying to figure out what to choose between Past Perfect Simple and Past Perfect Continuous in the following sentence: Mr Georgiou had been working/had worked for the company for twenty years ...
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1answer
45 views

Is this a valid construction using the the perfect infinitive

Is it correct to say " In order to have been". I understand that without context the general meaning may be difficult to interpret, but could this even be used as a valid construction with the ...
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1answer
898 views

past simple vs present perfect in following examples [duplicate]

I am trying to understand differences in using past simple and present perfect. Let consider following examples. I have put onion in the soup. I am cooking the soup now, onion is floating in water,...
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5answers
21k views

“She has” vs. “she had” been trying to give up smoking for years

Which of the following sentences is correct: Cindy's very pleased with herself. She has finally given up smoking. She's (she has) been trying to give up for years. Cindy's very pleased with herself. ...
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Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM [closed]

Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM.
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3answers
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Should I repeat the past perfect “had”?

Jumping straight into my question, consider these two sentences: He had finished the recitation and closed the book. He had finished the recitation and had closed the book. Which of the ...
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1answer
113 views

Do I need Past perfect tense when the order of verbs is from first to last?

I am learning about the past perfect tense and I'm beginning to think that the tense is never really required for the sentence to be grammatical. It is mainly a tense to help clarify the order of the ...
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1answer
963 views

Using 'Present Perfect' with 'in the past'

This came across when I was browsing an Australia gaming website, this is the whole sentence: "In the past, Hideo Kojima has been a regular at the PlayStation Awards when his games have won." So ...
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1answer
120 views

Why are there many internet grammar lesson examples using past perfect with “before” but not with “after”? [closed]

I know that I have to use past perfect when using before. I had eaten before I swam. But why don't I need to use past perfect with after? I swam after I ate. Thank you guys for the help.
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1answer
98 views

Perfect Continuous

I know we use Past Perfect Continuous when an event in the past continue up until another event in the past: I had been talking with her for over an hour before Tony arrived. Can we use it when an ...
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2answers
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Two past perfect verbs from an Arthur Conan Doyle story

I had come to these conclusions before ever I had entered his room. Why are there two past perfect verbs in this entene? Is it the same as saying: I had come to these conclusions before ever I ...
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1answer
232 views

“His life had been set on a different course” or “His life was set on a different course”?

I want to say "His life has been set on a different course since then." but push it into the past. I can come up with two options: His life had been set on a different course since then. His life ...
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1answer
146 views

He is the only/first player who has won GS twice

He is the only player who has won GS twice. He is the first player who has won GS twice. Are both sentences grammatically valid? If the tennis player is still active, can I use the present ...
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Newspaper headlines + is it possible to use present perfect?

I've found these two sentences in newspaper headlines and there are two things I am not sure about: Haas beats Wawrinka Tommy Haas claimed the biggest win of the season against Wawrinka. He ...
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5answers
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“hadn't have killed” vs “hadn't killed”

Can someone help? "Dave killed Peter." Dave asked Susan, "why was Peter here?" Susan said, "Maybe he would have told you if you hadn't have killed him." Would there have been any difference if she ...
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3answers
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Using future perfect vs future perfect continuous [closed]

What's the difference between these two sentences: By the time he come back home, she will have worked for 45 minutes. and By the time he come back home, she will been working for 45 minutes. ...
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2answers
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Has been Vs had been [closed]

An event which began two days ago just ended now. Which tense should be used to describe this (present perfect or past perfect) and why? It has been a tortuous journey. It had been a tortuous ...
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2answers
7k views

“I would have given you everything I have.”

I've run across this sentence on a language learning forum, and it claims to be an example of perfect tense. It's been many years since I've had a formal grammar lesson, but this appears to me to be ...
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1answer
13k views

Present continuous vs Present perfect continuous [closed]

I am waiting for you for almost an hour I have been waiting for you for almost an hour What's the difference? Are both OK?
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3answers
4k views

In the past year [duplicate]

I went to Australia last year. I have gone to Australia in the past year. I know it is perfectly alright to use past simple for the first sentence. But why do you use present perfect "have gone" ...
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1answer
61 views

Which one is correct? (Present Perfect Continuous vs Present Perfect)

My sister and her boyfriend have not been going out together for a long time. Or My sister and her boyfriend have not gone out together for a long time.
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1answer
850 views

Which timeline illustrates “I have finished my homework” most accurately? [duplicate]

I have learned Present-perfect in school. But I felt that foreigner used in different way of Present-perfect. What is the right tense of this sentence? Please choose the right picture that shows ...
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1answer
23k views

Has/have been vs was/were

I understand we should use has/have been for something which started in past and still continuing in present. But is it right to use for something which started in past but has just completed or ...
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1answer
2k views

“by now” with present perfect

I'm trying to figure out if it is possible to use the expression "by now" in a present perfect sentence. I.e. "He has been called three times by now" "He has come back home by now" "I ...
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1answer
675 views

the present progressive vs the present perfect progressive

A bad storm is heading your way. It's already hitting us here. Already means something has happened before now or before another point in time So, I think it's compatible with the present perfect or ...
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1answer
122 views

Couldn't have put VS couldn't put [duplicate]

Today I came across the following phrase: He couldn't have put it better, when he said: "..." But why does it require perfect tense? Can it be replaced with simple tense instead? He couldn't ...
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2answers
1k views

Describing completed action [closed]

So, I was having a fight with an English grammar expert with my little knowledge on the following sentence : Products are already being checked. My opponent was telling me that my sentence was ...
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2answers
27k views

“Should be done by” or “should have been done by”? [duplicate]

Which of these should I use? My test result should be done by last Wednesday. or My test result should have been done by last Wednesday. What is the difference in meaning?
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1answer
806 views

“Will have been +ing” equivalent to “Must have been +ing”?

The book "Advanced Grammar in Use" third edition, on page 22, says: "We can use the future perfect continuous (will have been +ing) to say what we think was happening at a point in the past: ...
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645 views

Nested Flashback - Past perfect tense w/in present tense or Past tense w/in past tense or Past perfect tense w/in past tense

So, someone from ELL suggested that I ask my question on this forum. I do not want to know if nested flashbacks are okay. I am simply asking about tense. Thanks for the help! Question is below: ...
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3answers
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Difference between Present P. and Past P. for completed actions

I am always get into dilemma situation whether to use "I have" or "I had" for immediate past event. For example: I have discussed with you or I had discussed with you The discussion ...
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Using “might have been” in the present perfect

How do we use "might have been" in the present perfect? For example, "The door might have been closed". How can we say this in the present perfect? Or is it already in the present perfect?
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I can say: “You shouldn't have done this!” Can I say: “You had better not have done this!”?

Provided "should" and "had better" are near synonyms (stronger advice in "had better" than in "should" or in more formal "ought to"), I know I can say You shouldn't have done this! But how about ...
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2answers
631 views

Is “have/has got” a perfect for BrE, but not AmE?

In BrE the past participle of get is in most cases got, while in AmE it is almost always gotten. Does that imply that in the context of BrE "have/has got" is a genuine perfect construction, whereas ...
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1answer
549 views

Present Perfect vs Present Simple (Murphy)

Murphy 4-th edition, additional exercises page 303, ex 2, question 12: This is a nice restaurant, isn't it? Is this the first time (you are / you've been) here? It seems I have heard the first ...
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4answers
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What's with the passive present perfect progressive? [duplicate]

I was taught that we made passive voice using be + the participle of the main verb, without changing the verb tense. E.g., I send letters. (present simple) Letters are sent. (present simple ...
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2answers
1k views

“She is said to have been born in the 3rd century BC”? [closed]

Consider the sentence: He is said to be the best golf player alive. From this I can easily infer: People say that he is the best golf player alive. Consider another sentence, then: She is ...
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265 views

What does the perfect infinitive mean?

I came across a sentence recently: Before I turn 40, I want to have written a book. Could someone explain to me what does it actually mean? I'd rather say: Before I turn 40, I want to write a book. ...
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1answer
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Would it be 'meet' or 'have met' in this structure?

If I bumped into someone, who happened to be called John, yesterday, and I am telling someone else of the encounter, would I say: I happened to meet John yesterday. or I happened to have met ...
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2answers
102 views

usage of HAS in tenses [duplicate]

"she RETURNED 2 days ago and she HAS KNOWN me for 2 yrs" Why in the 2nd sentences we have used "HAS" and not in 1st sentence?