Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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2answers
347 views

When to use the perfect aspect versus the simple aspect?

I have been studying on the progressive and simple aspects. I understand their format and their nature. However, I still don't understand how to decide when to use one or the other. For instance: ...
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1answer
171 views

“You've really DID it” heard it in an American tv series [closed]

In the second episode of season 6 of the HBO series Girls, a girl is telling her grandma, "You've really did it." in a context of passing years. It's totally incorrect so please, can someone explain ...
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1answer
670 views

Can you explain the usage of “can have been” in the context?

While reading Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays by George Orwell, I stumbled by the sentence When this episode happened I do not think I can have been less than twelve years old. (Source) ...
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2answers
2k views

A perfect use of a past participle without the auxiliary verb “have”

An article titled "Hulk Hogan lawyer tells SN: Gawker sex tape a 'massive' invasion of wrestler's privacy" has this: Hogan's $100 million lawsuit against Gawker for posting a private video of him ...
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1answer
1k views

Tense usage in idioms

I have read these idioms: " Beat someone to the punch/Beat someone to the draw". I know their meaning, but I am confused about the grammatical usage. Here are two examples from freedictionary. ...
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2answers
862 views

What are the differences between “May” & “Might” / “May have” & “Might have” in strict English?

The more I learn about Modals, the more confused I get. English Modals are very unstructured or adhere to a rigorous structure & that makes foreigners hard to understand them. According to ...
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1answer
6k views

“MODAL + HAVE BEEN + ING VERB” expresses an ongoing action which finished or lasts from the past up to now?

There is a missing knowledge of Tenses in Modals in English grammar textbooks. Ok, we know that "Present Perfect Continuous" is used to express a duration from the past until now. Ex: They have been ...
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1answer
335 views

Using “by” with the future perfect continuous

Does anyone know if there is any reason why a sentence like: "By 2020 I will have been working in London for 5 years." Might be considered incorrect? I realise in everyday life this sentence would ...
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2answers
223 views

I have been person X? [duplicate]

When saying goodbye and thank you after hosting something, it is common to say something like "I have been your host" or "I, person X, have been your host" BUT, would it also be correct to simply say "...
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5answers
1k views

Why is “had” ok in “What he had just said, especially that final sentence, really enlightened me”?

I’m writing a short prose piece for an academic audience and need to know whether the following sentence sounds right, especially its first clause: What he had just said, especially that final ...
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1answer
869 views

Why is 'have' English's main perfect auxiliary?

The Wikipedia page for the perfect aspect says the following regarding the origin of the verb 'have' as the English auxiliary for the the aspect: The have-perfect developed from a construction ...
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1answer
426 views

Difference between present perfect simple and present perfect continuous [duplicate]

Are both "I have read this book for months" and "I have been reading this book for months" correct? If yes, how are meanings different?
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0answers
301 views

Can I use Past Perfect together with Present Simple?

Example 1: I think, had you known it is a fake amethyst, you would have given the correct information. Example 2: I think, had you known it was a fake amethyst, you would have given the correct ...
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2answers
789 views

Which tense is it: “I've got a cat”? [closed]

Which tense is it: I've got a cat. I'm confused, is it Present Perfect or Present Simple?
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1answer
98 views

Meaning of “She hasn't won an a tennis championship for two years.” [closed]

she hasn't won an a tennis championship for two years. Does this sentence mean she won a championship two years ago or she didn't win a championship two years ago?
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2answers
875 views

Is “He should have gone running away” grammatical? [closed]

Is the use of the construction should have gone running away correct? Would not a better answer be “should have run away”? A teacher at my school had this question on her students exam and is curious ...
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1answer
158 views

Why aren't these sentences correct?

​Hello everyone! I have a very easy question. Why aren't these sentences correct? -I haven't received an answer (on my mobile phone) for more than a week. -This offence is called XxXxXx and occurs ...
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2answers
1k views

could past perfect tense and present perfect tense coexist in a compound sentence. Please do not mark as duplicate if you have not read the question [duplicate]

Mike ( had broken | broke ) his mother's vase last night but he has not told her yet. Question: Some argue it must use "broke" instead of "had broken" because "last night" could not be used with past ...
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1answer
140 views

Why isn't the progressive a “tense”? [duplicate]

Why aren't the 'progressive' verbal constructions (such as 'I am talking') regarded as tenses in traditional grammar? "There is no consensus, not even among linguists, about what constitutes a tense."...
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1answer
394 views

Present Perfect usage in a sentence; continue with the same tense or move to Past Simple?

I've been rewriting a known quote: Curiosity killed the cat, but satisfaction brought it back. I used the Present Perfect and turned the quote into: Curiosity has killed the cat, but ...
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2answers
716 views

Origin of perfect tense [duplicate]

The past, present and future tenses quite well represent what they are supposed to mean or be. But what's "perfect" about the perfect tense? I am not asking for the usage of the perfect tense. I just ...
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3answers
191 views

A question regarding the following usage of the perfect infinitive?

In regards to the usage of the perfect infinitive I've been wondering if it can be used simultaneously with verbs of perception by way of expressing your notion or belief involving either a person or ...
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1answer
337 views

Past Perfect Progressive

I came across a website that says using a past perfect continuous is a good way to show cause and effect. The writer then shows an example. He was tired because he had been exercising so hard. But ...
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2answers
2k views

“Where have I parked my car” or “where did I park my car” [duplicate]

I'm sometimes confused about the difference between present perfect and simple past sentences such as the ones in the title. In what kind of situation do you guys say "Where have I parked my car" or "...
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1answer
160 views

has bored - is it correct? [closed]

Imagine that you are very experienced person, like Dorian Gray. You are tired of life, there is nothing new for you. And you are saying: "I’ve tried everything, and everything has bored". Is has bored ...
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1answer
7k views

“Have you known” or “Did you know”? [duplicate]

Which tense should I use if for instance I'm talking about a curiosity and I want to ask if the person knew it?
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1answer
9k views

Had been working or had worked [duplicate]

I'm trying to figure out what to choose between Past Perfect Simple and Past Perfect Continuous in the following sentence: Mr Georgiou had been working/had worked for the company for twenty years ...
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1answer
43 views

Is this a valid construction using the the perfect infinitive

Is it correct to say " In order to have been". I understand that without context the general meaning may be difficult to interpret, but could this even be used as a valid construction with the ...
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1answer
744 views

past simple vs present perfect in following examples [duplicate]

I am trying to understand differences in using past simple and present perfect. Let consider following examples. I have put onion in the soup. I am cooking the soup now, onion is floating in water,...
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5answers
16k views

“She has” vs. “she had” been trying to give up smoking for years

Which of the following sentences is correct: Cindy's very pleased with herself. She has finally given up smoking. She's (she has) been trying to give up for years. Cindy's very pleased with herself. ...
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3answers
715 views

Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM [closed]

Would that be correct ? I finished eating at 7:30 AM. = I have eaten at 7:30 AM.
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3answers
801 views

Should I repeat the past perfect “had”?

Jumping straight into my question, consider these two sentences: He had finished the recitation and closed the book. He had finished the recitation and had closed the book. Which of the ...
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1answer
110 views

Do I need Past perfect tense when the order of verbs is from first to last?

I am learning about the past perfect tense and I'm beginning to think that the tense is never really required for the sentence to be grammatical. It is mainly a tense to help clarify the order of the ...
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1answer
685 views

Using 'Present Perfect' with 'in the past'

This came across when I was browsing an Australia gaming website, this is the whole sentence: "In the past, Hideo Kojima has been a regular at the PlayStation Awards when his games have won." So ...
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1answer
115 views

Why are there many internet grammar lesson examples using past perfect with “before” but not with “after”? [closed]

I know that I have to use past perfect when using before. I had eaten before I swam. But why don't I need to use past perfect with after? I swam after I ate. Thank you guys for the help.
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1answer
94 views

Perfect Continuous

I know we use Past Perfect Continuous when an event in the past continue up until another event in the past: I had been talking with her for over an hour before Tony arrived. Can we use it when an ...
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2answers
143 views

Two past perfect verbs from an Arthur Conan Doyle story

I had come to these conclusions before ever I had entered his room. Why are there two past perfect verbs in this entene? Is it the same as saying: I had come to these conclusions before ever I ...
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1answer
206 views

“His life had been set on a different course” or “His life was set on a different course”?

I want to say "His life has been set on a different course since then." but push it into the past. I can come up with two options: His life had been set on a different course since then. His life ...
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1answer
140 views

He is the only/first player who has won GS twice

He is the only player who has won GS twice. He is the first player who has won GS twice. Are both sentences grammatically valid? If the tennis player is still active, can I use the present ...
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0answers
2k views

Newspaper headlines + is it possible to use present perfect?

I've found these two sentences in newspaper headlines and there are two things I am not sure about: Haas beats Wawrinka Tommy Haas claimed the biggest win of the season against Wawrinka. He ...
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5answers
1k views

“hadn't have killed” vs “hadn't killed”

Can someone help? "Dave killed Peter." Dave asked Susan, "why was Peter here?" Susan said, "Maybe he would have told you if you hadn't have killed him." Would there have been any difference if she ...
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3answers
1k views

Using future perfect vs future perfect continuous [closed]

What's the difference between these two sentences: By the time he come back home, she will have worked for 45 minutes. and By the time he come back home, she will been working for 45 minutes. ...
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2answers
10k views

Has been Vs had been [closed]

An event which began two days ago just ended now. Which tense should be used to describe this (present perfect or past perfect) and why? It has been a tortuous journey. It had been a tortuous ...
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2answers
6k views

“I would have given you everything I have.”

I've run across this sentence on a language learning forum, and it claims to be an example of perfect tense. It's been many years since I've had a formal grammar lesson, but this appears to me to be ...
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1answer
10k views

Present continuous vs Present perfect continuous [closed]

I am waiting for you for almost an hour I have been waiting for you for almost an hour What's the difference? Are both OK?
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3answers
4k views

In the past year [duplicate]

I went to Australia last year. I have gone to Australia in the past year. I know it is perfectly alright to use past simple for the first sentence. But why do you use present perfect "have gone" ...
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1answer
60 views

Which one is correct? (Present Perfect Continuous vs Present Perfect)

My sister and her boyfriend have not been going out together for a long time. Or My sister and her boyfriend have not gone out together for a long time.
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1answer
746 views

Which timeline illustrates “I have finished my homework” most accurately? [duplicate]

I have learned Present-perfect in school. But I felt that foreigner used in different way of Present-perfect. What is the right tense of this sentence? Please choose the right picture that shows ...
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1answer
18k views

Has/have been vs was/were

I understand we should use has/have been for something which started in past and still continuing in present. But is it right to use for something which started in past but has just completed or ...
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1answer
2k views

“by now” with present perfect

I'm trying to figure out if it is possible to use the expression "by now" in a present perfect sentence. I.e. "He has been called three times by now" "He has come back home by now" "I ...