Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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Word describing feeling of creating/doing something so perfect that you feel sad because you know that you won't overweigh that

Exactly as in title. I saw once word, I don't know if strictly in english or it's germanic but it describes feeling sadness caused by creating something so perfect, that you realize it is for sure ...
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25 views

have been hurt vs. have been hurt in the past

A traditional explanation of Present Perfect usage is that it is not used when a certain past reference to the action is present either in the text or it is implied by the context. Usually, the wrong ...
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2answers
54 views

Why do conditional sentences with “would have had to” have an extra “had” in them?

Well, i was reading about Type Three conditionals. In the main clause we use if + past perfect (had), then in the second clause we use either the "perfect conditional" or the "perfect continuous ...
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2answers
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Is the sentence “Lúthien was fled.” in Tolkien's Silmarillion an example of perfect tense using “to be” as the auxiliary verb?

Or is "fled" an adjective here? Some automated process is saying to me: "Your question has been identified as a possible duplicate of another question. If the answers there do not address your ...
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4answers
173 views

Omitting the auxiliary 'have' before the past participle

In examples (1) and (2), the verb escaped is the past participle form, and the auxiliary 'have' seems to have been omitted before 'escaped'. Specifically, I think 'having' and 'he has' are omitted in (...
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“You answered that one almost before it had finished writing it”

First, I tell you that I'm a beginner. I would like to understand the grammar of this sentence that I read on the internet: You answered that one almost before it had finished writing it. If I'm ...
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1answer
177 views

How do durative sense verbs in simple perfective work with durative adverbial

I am reading the grammar book - A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - these days. And now I am focusing on the 2 aspects - perfective and progressive - in Chapter 4: The semantics of the ...
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24 views

Can I use the present perfect after the past perfect? [closed]

I had found a link to the video, but "I lost it" or "I've lost it"? Very happy to meet You for the first time In these examples, can I use the present perfect after the past perfect?
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Problems with perfect tenses [migrated]

I have some problems with Present Perfect tenses. I often see in movies or in books where 2 characters are talking about situation that take place right now. When they see the result, instead of using ...
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4answers
223 views

Dilemma between present perfect simple and past simple

I do not know where to find the right answer. Please tell and explain what my errors are I must use either the Present Perfect Simple or Past Simple  B. How long / you / have /that?  ...
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1answer
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Superlative, present perfect vs past perfect

In the following context, can I have present perfect, or do I need to use past perfect? It was the worst food I've ever eaten / I had ever eaten. Thank you :)
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4answers
817k views

When is it necessary to use “have had”?

I have read a few sentences that contain "have had". I would like to know in what kind of situations we should use use this combination.
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1answer
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Which tense would be correct in this context?

Since I moved to my parents' old house, I have been going to work by bus. Is this tense correct? I am currently living in that house, so I believe a perfect tense is the right one, and I assume ...
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1answer
545 views

Present perfect - future perfect in a subject question

So I know that future perfect cannot be used in conditions or time sentences..instead, it is shifted to present perfect: We do it when she has returned. But is the following a valid, natural ...
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2answers
2k views

I remembered ‘seeing’ or ‘having seen’ him.?

I was wondering how to express the sentence correctly: I remembered seeing him before. or I remembered having seen him before. And what if remember wouldn’t be in past tense but in present tense? I ...
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1answer
77 views

The auxiliary verb (using in perfect tenses) in sentences with 2 or more notional verbs

There is an example: Today I have written a letter and done my homework. Or is it necessarily to put the auxiliary verb before done? Somebody has told me that we can ommit the auxiliary verb in ...
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6answers
26k views

Present Perfect with the word “ago”?

First, I check that my native language is not English, and the problem described below met on one of the exams. With this sentence: "The most important news is that my parents [...] a new ...
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4answers
8k views

Why “hadn’t gone” and not “didn’t go”?

I came across this sentence: We thought that Joe didn’t go to the museum with the rest of the class. The Manhattan Sentence Correction Guide says it’s an incorrect construction and it should be: ...
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1answer
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Past perfect usage in the sentence

'When he told me it was finished it felt like all hope from my life had gone – it was overwhelming,' she says. Please help me understand this usage of PP. If we look at the timeline of this sentence ...
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29 views

“I got used to” or “I have got used to” [duplicate]

Here is the sentence - Living in a foreign country isn’t strange to me now. I got used/ I have got used to living in a foreign country Which one is correct and what the difference between them?
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2answers
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He has just been offered or he was offered

What are the differences in meaning between these two sentences: He was just offered a well-paid job with Radio Four. (Past Simple Passive) He has just been offered a well-paid job with Radio ...
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4answers
25k views

What is the tense of “I would have been happy to…”?

I would have been happy to let you use the money, if you would give me a date to leave. Is this a past present tense? I need to explain this statement I made, correctly.
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2answers
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Are both forms possible? Present perfect vs progressive

I'd like to know if both sentences could be possible. We've gone / We've been going to the same dentist since we were children. You've worn / You've been wearing that coat for years. Thank you in ...
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1answer
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What tense do I use for different actions in the past for dead people?

I want to refer to 2 kids and draw some parallelisms. John is alive now. Mark is dead. John lives in New York. "Mark LIVED in New York" or "Mark USED TO LIVE in New York". John likes to play soccer....
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1answer
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Past perfect vs Present perfect [duplicate]

Both sentences are in the past, what is the difference? Mr X had driven them home. Mr X has driven them home.
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2answers
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Using the Progressive Form of Be for a State of the Mind and Lately in Present Continuous

Firstly, is the following sentence correct? My brother is being unusually nervous lately. If correct, how is being nervous behavior? We usually use the progressive of be to describe a behavior or ...
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Which tense is appropriate? Simple or Perfect? [duplicate]

Consider the following two sentences: Many buildings were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. Many buildings had been destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. Which is appropriate, and why? I think ...
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3answers
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Is it ok to say “something I will have come to learn later in the course”?

I have written It lacks exact references to the book, something about argumentative analysis I will have come to learn later in the course. I wonder if this is correct and what this tense would ...
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2answers
114 views

“He is said to have known peo­ple” vs “He is said to know peo­ple”? [closed]

I came aross a ques­tion like this: As a pub­lic re­la­tions of­fi­cer, he is said ________ some very in­flu­en­tial peo­ple. to know to have known There are two avail­able an­swers ...
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1answer
59 views

Should we use [had been walking] or [had walking] in particular sentence [closed]

My hair was wet. I ______ in the rain. Which should I put in ? [had been walking] or [had walking] and why ? just I don't see any differences between both options.
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1answer
30 views

present perfect with 'When' [closed]

I've been wondering which of the sentences below is gramatically correct. 1) When it has compeletely destroyed you, grief will be there. 2) When it has compeletely destroyed you, grief is there.
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7answers
184k views

“could have” vs. “could have been”

Can somebody explain when to use could have and could have been and under what circumstances? Please explain with an example. Is it something to do with the active (could have) and the passive ...
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2answers
66 views

can we use a present tense before “since”?

Is it grammatically correct to say "it is 2 months since we've been dating"? Because I heard with "since" we must use a perfect or/and a past tense, like "it's been 2 months since we've been dating".
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470 views

previously was/had been

So I asked a question that I knew I had asked a long time ago and actually made me think... "Am I the only one whose program went back to how it previously was or not?" The aforementioned quotation ...
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5answers
5k views

past simple vs past perfect

My question might seem to be stupid enough, it's basic grammar, I believe; however, I'm at my wits' end. Should we use Past perfect or Past Simple in the following sentence: He promised/ had ...
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1answer
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Present perfect or past perfect in “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent diplomat who has lived in Washington a long time”

Is the usage of the Present Perfect Tense, "has lived", correct in the sentence below? Should it be the Past Perfect tense instead? “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent ...
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2answers
288 views

present perfect progressive with stop/start

A student asked me: Can I say 'I have been stopping this project / I have been starting this project' to express repeated action (with present perf. prog)? My answer was 'no', but I am having a hard ...
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1answer
60 views

What do all the ways to express past events mean, and when is one better than the others?

I’d like to clear convey that the documents were all “sent on this day, the twenty-third of August”, which is today as of this writing. When would you use each of these constructions? I sent all the ...
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2answers
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Which one is correct? “I am suffering from fever since yesterday” or “I am suffering from fever from yesterday”?

I am not good in English literature. From daily use of English language, it seems to me that the second from in: 1 I am suffering from fever from yesterday is the correct word. But, my friend, a ...
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1answer
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What does definite and indefinite mean in past tense and present perfect respectively

I am reading the grammar book - A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - these days. I am confused about the meanings of definite and indefinite in Past Tense and Present Perfect. I know ...
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2answers
414 views

How to distinguish and use the present perfect for the recent past?

I'm having trouble understanding and using the so-called “perfect of recent past” aspect on the present tense. I have three related questions about this which are in bullets, two here and one at the ...
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1answer
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Are past/present progessive and past/present perfect verb form, nonfinite?

I read that nonfinite verb form end in -ed,-ing or starts with to and another definition where nonfinite verb form show no tense. But on the other hand, I've read there are past and present ...
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1answer
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Has/have been vs was/were

I understand we should use has/have been for something which started in past and still continuing in present. But is it right to use for something which started in past but has just completed or ...
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5answers
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“She has” vs. “she had” been trying to give up smoking for years

Which of the following sentences is correct: Cindy's very pleased with herself. She has finally given up smoking. She's (she has) been trying to give up for years. Cindy's very pleased with herself. ...
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1answer
99 views

Should there be the Past Perfect? “He advised me to do as he said but I didn't pay any…” [closed]

Where is the error in the following line? He advised me to do as he said but I didn't pay any attention to his advice. I am confused what is the error here or even error been there or not? As far ...
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2answers
7k views

Can I use the present perfect tense with a specific time expression? [closed]

Is it grammatical to combine the present perfect tense with time? For example, I've seen that movie two days ago. I've completed the 12-step program last summer. The deadline was two days ...
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2answers
2k views

They have lived in Paris for 5 years NOW (?) [duplicate]

The sentence you see in the title is from my English lesson. Thought I was OK with the Present Perfect, but I'm not so confident now. The explanation says that I can translate this sentence as "they ...
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Which is commoner here: Past Simple or Past Perfect?

For a native speaker of English, which construction is commoner ? 1- The interviewer asked me which university l went to. 2- The interviewer asked me which university l had been to. Thanks.
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present perfect continuous vs. present continuous [duplicate]

how can we differenciate present perfect continuous . we use it for the actions which started in the past and still continuing but we start doing the exam in present continuous tense. I am working on ...