Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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31 views

Can You help me with my english? [closed]

Is It correct to say: "I had been his wife before he got married with her."?
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65 views

having been participled?

Is anything wrong in this sentence? The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field. According to my book it should instead be: The enemy, having been beaten at every point, fled from the ...
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23 views

Choice of verb-form (and I wish to know the name of this grammar structure) [migrated]

Saying goodbye to his lover, he then left the village. Having said goodbye to his lover, he then left the village. Which one is correct? 'Saying' or 'having said'? And what are the reasons? ...
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1answer
108 views

How is the present perfect “connected” with the present?

Practical English Usage and the Cambridge Grammar of English say that the present perfect “is connected in some way with the present.” Neither book explains this, and this is why I’m asking for you ...
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1answer
70 views

I have lunch at 1 pm [duplicate]

can anyone please explain me is it correct to say "I have lunch at 1 pm". My doubt is if it is correct then how can we use a specific time expression with present perfect tense? If it is wrong to say "...
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Which future type (simple-vs-perfect) is correct for talking about an event that’s done?

Graduated, I started attending the degree course in Computer Science and Engineering in 2017, where I will graduate after two years with ⁹⁸⁄₁₁₀. Is a simple will graduate ok here, or should I instead ...
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1answer
49 views

Actions That Terminate At Present Moment

Which tense should I use for actions which terminate exactly at the present time and the final point of the action is the present moment ? Can present perfect be used for this type of situation? Let'...
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What was the role of “compound” verbs in Middle English?

I was just reading a book where it is said that when perfect started to acquire modern meanings, "compound" verbs appeared. Here are some examples (I`m assuming with "compound" verbs on the right): ...
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1answer
80 views

What İs The Grammatical Logic of Continuative Perfect [closed]

What is the origin and logic behind the perfect aspect which is used for actions started in the past and ongoing at present time or past states which is still valid at present time. My question isn't ...
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31 views

See somebody do/doing something [duplicate]

Consider these two variations: Every morning, tourists can see soldiers raise the national flag in the square. Every morning, tourists can see soldiers raising the national flag in the square. What ...
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2answers
124 views

“He has been learning to swim” implicates that he doesn’t know how to swim

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, page 164, reads He has been learning to swim implicates that he doesn’t know how to swim Is this true for most English dialects? In my native ...
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1answer
41 views

Grammar present perfect past perfect

This is kind of confusing for me. Would be happy to get the answer and find out the right way of using these constructions:) Is this correct and if not how I can use present and past perfect in one ...
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41 views

The perspective of people in the future looking back at now

My student came to me with this sentence that we disagree on. "People in the future will wonder why we have many traffic accidents today." I think 'have' should be 'had'. i.e. "People in the future ...
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Indirect Form for perfect modals (past modals)

Is the question formation correct? Could she have killed her? What could you have possibly eaten? How about in these? I was wondering if she could have killed her. I was wondering what ...
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1answer
38 views

Subject–verb inversion in a conditional’s protasis: does that mean it happened or not?

Does Had there been no support from others, I would not have asked him for help. mean the speaker did ask for help or that they did not do so?
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1answer
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Why perfect aspect was used in this sentence

While reading a book, I came across the sentence: What I would give to have met him. My question is why did the author use have met?
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Where no man {has gone/went} before [duplicate]

Is there any difference between these two sentences? And how to sense the difference? Where no man has gone before. Where no man went before. The first sentence is the title of episode three of Star ...
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4answers
290 views

How to treat negation in the perfect

(1) We haven't spoken since the incident. If the negation is regarded as being included in the situation described by the perfect, the perfect haven't spoken can be said to have a continuative/...
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1answer
59 views

When can the present perfect continuous be used with 'ever since'?

Advanced Grammar In Use by Martin Hewings starts with the following in Unit 6 'Present perfect continuous and present perfect': We use the present perfect continuous to express the idea of an ...
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1answer
271 views

The continuative and non-continuative readings of the perfect form (have + past participle)

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 141) has this section: Here, Tr is the time referred to (by the verb or verb group, e.g., have told, have been, told, was), and To is the time of ...
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1answer
71 views

What's the difference between “you wasted” and “you've wasted” [duplicate]

I've got a question about this topic. So, about the context. I've just watched a video and in the end, the author said thank you as follows: Thank you for all the time you wasted on this video. I ...
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0answers
109 views

have been hurt vs. have been hurt in the past

A traditional explanation of Present Perfect usage is that it is not used when a certain past reference to the action is present either in the text or it is implied by the context. Usually, the wrong ...
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1answer
81 views

Can present perfect tense be used with the adverb “earlier”?

I would like to know if the present perfect construction can be used in the two following sentences that employ the adverb earlier: As I have said earlier, I don't like her at all. I have been to ...
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Omitting the auxiliary 'have' before the past participle

In examples (1) and (2), the verb escaped is the past participle form, and the auxiliary 'have' seems to have been omitted before 'escaped'. Specifically, I think 'having' and 'he has' are omitted in (...
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2answers
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Why do conditional sentences with “would have had to” have an extra “had” in them?

Well, i was reading about Type Three conditionals. In the main clause we use if + past perfect (had), then in the second clause we use either the "perfect conditional" or the "perfect continuous ...
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2answers
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Is the sentence “Lúthien was fled.” in Tolkien's Silmarillion an example of perfect tense using “to be” as the auxiliary verb? [closed]

Or is "fled" an adjective here? Some automated process is saying to me: "Your question has been identified as a possible duplicate of another question. If the answers there do not address your ...
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1answer
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Superlative, present perfect vs past perfect

In the following context, can I have present perfect, or do I need to use past perfect? It was the worst food I've ever eaten / I had ever eaten. Thank you :)
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Which tense would be correct in this context?

Since I moved to my parents' old house, I have been going to work by bus. Is this tense correct? I am currently living in that house, so I believe a perfect tense is the right one, and I assume ...
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1answer
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Past perfect usage in the sentence

'When he told me it was finished it felt like all hope from my life had gone – it was overwhelming,' she says. Please help me understand this usage of PP. If we look at the timeline of this sentence ...
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213 views

“I got used to” or “I have got used to” [duplicate]

Here is the sentence - Living in a foreign country isn’t strange to me now. I got used/ I have got used to living in a foreign country Which one is correct and what the difference between them?
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1answer
51 views

Are both forms possible? Present perfect vs progressive

I'd like to know if both sentences could be possible. We've gone / We've been going to the same dentist since we were children. You've worn / You've been wearing that coat for years. Thank you in ...
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1answer
35 views

Past perfect vs Present perfect [duplicate]

Both sentences are in the past, what is the difference? Mr X had driven them home. Mr X has driven them home.
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1answer
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What tense do I use for different actions in the past for dead people?

I want to refer to 2 kids and draw some parallelisms. John is alive now. Mark is dead. John lives in New York. "Mark LIVED in New York" or "Mark USED TO LIVE in New York". John likes to play soccer....
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Which tense is appropriate? Simple or Perfect? [duplicate]

Consider the following two sentences: Many buildings were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. Many buildings had been destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. Which is appropriate, and why? I think ...
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2answers
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Using the Progressive Form of Be for a State of the Mind and Lately in Present Continuous

Firstly, is the following sentence correct? My brother is being unusually nervous lately. If correct, how is being nervous behavior? We usually use the progressive of be to describe a behavior or ...
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3answers
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Is it ok to say “something I will have come to learn later in the course”?

I have written It lacks exact references to the book, something about argumentative analysis I will have come to learn later in the course. I wonder if this is correct and what this tense would ...
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2answers
273 views

“He is said to have known peo­ple” vs “He is said to know peo­ple”? [closed]

I came aross a ques­tion like this: As a pub­lic re­la­tions of­fi­cer, he is said ________ some very in­flu­en­tial peo­ple. to know to have known There are two avail­able an­swers ...
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1answer
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present perfect with 'When' [closed]

I've been wondering which of the sentences below is gramatically correct. 1) When it has compeletely destroyed you, grief will be there. 2) When it has compeletely destroyed you, grief is there.
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1answer
157 views

Should we use [had been walking] or [had walking] in particular sentence [closed]

My hair was wet. I ______ in the rain. Which should I put in ? [had been walking] or [had walking] and why ? just I don't see any differences between both options.
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can we use a present tense before “since”?

Is it grammatically correct to say "it is 2 months since we've been dating"? Because I heard with "since" we must use a perfect or/and a past tense, like "it's been 2 months since we've been dating".
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previously was/had been

So I asked a question that I knew I had asked a long time ago and actually made me think... "Am I the only one whose program went back to how it previously was or not?" The aforementioned quotation ...
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1answer
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Present perfect or past perfect in “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent diplomat who has lived in Washington a long time”

Is the usage of the Present Perfect Tense, "has lived", correct in the sentence below? Should it be the Past Perfect tense instead? “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent ...
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1answer
84 views

What do all the ways to express past events mean, and when is one better than the others?

I’d like to clear convey that the documents were all “sent on this day, the twenty-third of August”, which is today as of this writing. When would you use each of these constructions? I sent all the ...
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2answers
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Which one is correct? “I am suffering from fever since yesterday” or “I am suffering from fever from yesterday”?

I am not good in English literature. From daily use of English language, it seems to me that the second from in: 1 I am suffering from fever from yesterday is the correct word. But, my friend, a ...
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2answers
3k views

What does definite and indefinite mean in past tense and present perfect respectively

I am reading the grammar book - A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - these days. I am confused about the meanings of definite and indefinite in Past Tense and Present Perfect. I know ...
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1answer
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Are past/present progessive and past/present perfect verb form, nonfinite?

I read that nonfinite verb form end in -ed,-ing or starts with to and another definition where nonfinite verb form show no tense. But on the other hand, I've read there are past and present ...
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1answer
196 views

Should there be the Past Perfect? “He advised me to do as he said but I didn't pay any…” [closed]

Where is the error in the following line? He advised me to do as he said but I didn't pay any attention to his advice. I am confused what is the error here or even error been there or not? As far ...
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2answers
442 views

present perfect progressive with stop/start

A student asked me: Can I say 'I have been stopping this project / I have been starting this project' to express repeated action (with present perf. prog)? My answer was 'no', but I am having a hard ...
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2answers
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They have lived in Paris for 5 years NOW (?) [duplicate]

The sentence you see in the title is from my English lesson. Thought I was OK with the Present Perfect, but I'm not so confident now. The explanation says that I can translate this sentence as "they ...
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2answers
5k views

I remembered ‘seeing’ or ‘having seen’ him.?

I was wondering how to express the sentence correctly: I remembered seeing him before. or I remembered having seen him before. And what if remember wouldn’t be in past tense but in present tense? I ...

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