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Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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Past perfect usage in the sentence

'When he told me it was finished it felt like all hope from my life had gone – it was overwhelming,' she says. Please help me understand this usage of PP. If we look at the timeline of this sentence ...
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How can I convey 'have pp' and 'have been ving' form into a 'if subjunctive clause'?

Can anybody help me understand some grammar point a bit better? I was studying about 'if subjunctives' and came upon a question. She did not practice swimming enough, so she is not a good swimmer now....
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“I got used to” or “I have got used to” [duplicate]

Here is the sentence - Living in a foreign country isn’t strange to me now. I got used/ I have got used to living in a foreign country Which one is correct and what the difference between them?
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1answer
38 views

Are both forms possible? Present perfect vs progressive

I'd like to know if both sentences could be possible. We've gone / We've been going to the same dentist since we were children. You've worn / You've been wearing that coat for years. Thank you in ...
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Past perfect vs Present perfect [duplicate]

Both sentences are in the past, what is the difference? Mr X had driven them home. Mr X has driven them home.
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What tense do I use for different actions in the past for dead people?

I want to refer to 2 kids and draw some parallelisms. John is alive now. Mark is dead. John lives in New York. "Mark LIVED in New York" or "Mark USED TO LIVE in New York". John likes to play soccer....
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Which tense is appropriate? Simple or Perfect? [duplicate]

Consider the following two sentences: Many buildings were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. Many buildings had been destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. Which is appropriate, and why? I think ...
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2answers
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Using the Progressive Form of Be for a State of the Mind and Lately in Present Continuous

Firstly, is the following sentence correct? My brother is being unusually nervous lately. If correct, how is being nervous behavior? We usually use the progressive of be to describe a behavior or ...
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3answers
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Is it ok to say “something I will have come to learn later in the course”?

I have written It lacks exact references to the book, something about argumentative analysis I will have come to learn later in the course. I wonder if this is correct and what this tense would ...
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“He is said to have known peo­ple” vs “He is said to know peo­ple”? [closed]

I came aross a ques­tion like this: As a pub­lic re­la­tions of­fi­cer, he is said ________ some very in­flu­en­tial peo­ple. to know to have known There are two avail­able an­swers ...
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1answer
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present perfect with 'When' [closed]

I've been wondering which of the sentences below is gramatically correct. 1) When it has compeletely destroyed you, grief will be there. 2) When it has compeletely destroyed you, grief is there.
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Should we use [had been walking] or [had walking] in particular sentence [closed]

My hair was wet. I ______ in the rain. Which should I put in ? [had been walking] or [had walking] and why ? just I don't see any differences between both options.
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can we use a present tense before “since”?

Is it grammatically correct to say "it is 2 months since we've been dating"? Because I heard with "since" we must use a perfect or/and a past tense, like "it's been 2 months since we've been dating".
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previously was/had been

So I asked a question that I knew I had asked a long time ago and actually made me think... "Am I the only one whose program went back to how it previously was or not?" The aforementioned quotation ...
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1answer
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Present perfect or past perfect in “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent diplomat who has lived in Washington a long time”

Is the usage of the Present Perfect Tense, "has lived", correct in the sentence below? Should it be the Past Perfect tense instead? “The critique, provided to me this weekend by a prominent ...
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1answer
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What do all the ways to express past events mean, and when is one better than the others?

I’d like to clear convey that the documents were all “sent on this day, the twenty-third of August”, which is today as of this writing. When would you use each of these constructions? I sent all the ...
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2answers
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Which one is correct? “I am suffering from fever since yesterday” or “I am suffering from fever from yesterday”?

I am not good in English literature. From daily use of English language, it seems to me that the second from in: 1 I am suffering from fever from yesterday is the correct word. But, my friend, a ...
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1answer
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How do durative sense verbs in simple perfective work with durative adverbial

I am reading the grammar book - A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - these days. And now I am focusing on the 2 aspects - perfective and progressive - in Chapter 4: The semantics of the ...
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What does definite and indefinite mean in past tense and present perfect respectively

I am reading the grammar book - A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - these days. I am confused about the meanings of definite and indefinite in Past Tense and Present Perfect. I know ...
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1answer
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Are past/present progessive and past/present perfect verb form, nonfinite?

I read that nonfinite verb form end in -ed,-ing or starts with to and another definition where nonfinite verb form show no tense. But on the other hand, I've read there are past and present ...
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1answer
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Should there be the Past Perfect? “He advised me to do as he said but I didn't pay any…” [closed]

Where is the error in the following line? He advised me to do as he said but I didn't pay any attention to his advice. I am confused what is the error here or even error been there or not? As far ...
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2answers
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present perfect progressive with stop/start

A student asked me: Can I say 'I have been stopping this project / I have been starting this project' to express repeated action (with present perf. prog)? My answer was 'no', but I am having a hard ...
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2answers
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They have lived in Paris for 5 years NOW (?) [duplicate]

The sentence you see in the title is from my English lesson. Thought I was OK with the Present Perfect, but I'm not so confident now. The explanation says that I can translate this sentence as "they ...
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2answers
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I remembered ‘seeing’ or ‘having seen’ him.?

I was wondering how to express the sentence correctly: I remembered seeing him before. or I remembered having seen him before. And what if remember wouldn’t be in past tense but in present tense? I ...
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Which is commoner here: Past Simple or Past Perfect?

For a native speaker of English, which construction is commoner ? 1- The interviewer asked me which university l went to. 2- The interviewer asked me which university l had been to. Thanks.
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present perfect simple/ present simple

Can't find the right answer. Help! Use PPS or PS B. How long / you / have /that? A. We / have / it since the kids / be / tiny. It / belong / to my parents before us, so it / be / the family ...
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0answers
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present perfect continuous vs. present continuous [duplicate]

how can we differenciate present perfect continuous . we use it for the actions which started in the past and still continuing but we start doing the exam in present continuous tense. I am working on ...
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180 views

“Was” or “became”?

In the following sentence: Del Ferro and Tartaglia are fully credited with their discoveries, as is Ferrari, and the whole story written down in the text. Tartaglia was furious when he discovered ...
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1answer
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Time Travel Grammar

I recently watched a scene from the tv sitcom The Big Bang Theory with Sheldon explaining English grammar about time travel (related with the use of have, has, had...), is his explanation even ...
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2answers
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“…like traffic lights which had gone mad” or “…have gone mad”? [closed]

Shall I use "have" or "had" in this sentence: These lights flickered continuously like traffic lights which had/have gone mad.
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1answer
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“How could I” and “how could I have” in rhetorical questions

I have a question about using could and could have in rhetorical questions. I was watching a video where a very old man who was talking to a priest about his childhood asked the priest, “How could I ...
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1answer
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The auxiliary verb (using in perfect tenses) in sentences with 2 or more notional verbs

There is an example: Today I have written a letter and done my homework. Or is it necessarily to put the auxiliary verb before done? Somebody has told me that we can ommit the auxiliary verb in ...
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2answers
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“I could have lunch before you arrived.”

I'm having a discussion on Duolingo about this sentence in French that translates into: I was able to have lunch before you arrived. An alternate translation (also accepted by Duolingo) goes like ...
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2answers
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How to distinguish and use the present perfect for the recent past?

I'm having trouble understanding and using the so-called “perfect of recent past” aspect on the present tense. I have three related questions about this which are in bullets, two here and one at the ...
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Perfect tenses and have

How do you understand the meaning of the verb have/has/had as used in perfect tenses? Is it perceived as of possession of something? It is still seems complicated, although I’ve been studying English ...
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“At the beginning of the movie I'd imagined that…” or “…I've imagined that…”? [closed]

"At the beginning of the movie I'd imagined that they would die" if I'm still watching the movie? Or should it be "I've imagined" if the movie is unfinished it's present perfect but we're not in the ...
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Past Progressive vs. Past perfect Progressive in this case?

is version b also correct (if no further context is given) and why? a) Yesterday I was at home. I was reading a book for two hours, when someone knocked at the door. b) Yesterday I was at home. I ...
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108 views

Two past tenses in a sentence but no sequence?

I am teaching English as a foreign language and the answer key to a test confused me. The students' book suggests that we use the Past Perfect to describe a past event that happened before another ...
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1answer
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What is this sentense structure 'If you had …, I would have been …' [duplicate]

I came across this sentence on stack exchange and it confused me. 'If you had called me 10 minutes ago, I would have been sleeping.' on What is the structure of the above sentence called? Why '...
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Present Perfect Continuous Tense - Passive Voice - Question Forms [duplicate]

Please tell me how to use the positive question form of passive voice of the tense- Present perfect Continuous Tense? The Positive Answer form could be as "I have been being taught". (Here, I am the ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between “will have ended” and “will be ending” in this sentence?

The passages below come from 'Cambridge English: Compact Advanced.' a. The thunderstorm will have ended by the time our plane takes off. b. The thunderstorm will be ending by the time our ...
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1answer
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Present perfect - future perfect in a subject question

So I know that future perfect cannot be used in conditions or time sentences..instead, it is shifted to present perfect: We do it when she has returned. But is the following a valid, natural ...
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1answer
481 views

Present Perfect Simple vs Present Perfect Continuous [duplicate]

I came across some present perfect language exercises that I question. Choose Present Perfect Simple or Continuous: The place looks like a bombsite! What _____________ (do) all day? Well, I've ...
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5answers
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What tense should I use for describing an ongoing action which has started a long time ago? [closed]

Suppose I started working on a project several years ago and right now I'm still working on the same project. If I want to express this to someone else what tense should I use? The statement should ...
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1answer
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“have been requested”, “has been” or “had been” [duplicate]

I always have difficulty in sorting out between "have been" and "had been", I face this issue a lot. As an example, which one is correct? The items have been requested by your team The items ...
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2answers
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When to use the perfect aspect versus the simple aspect?

I have been studying on the progressive and simple aspects. I understand their format and their nature. However, I still don't understand how to decide when to use one or the other. For instance: ...
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“You've really DID it” heard it in an American tv series [closed]

In the second episode of season 6 of the HBO series Girls, a girl is telling her grandma, "You've really did it." in a context of passing years. It's totally incorrect so please, can someone explain ...
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Can you explain the usage of “can have been” in the context?

While reading Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays by George Orwell, I stumbled by the sentence When this episode happened I do not think I can have been less than twelve years old. (Source) ...
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2answers
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A perfect use of a past participle without the auxiliary verb “have”

An article titled "Hulk Hogan lawyer tells SN: Gawker sex tape a 'massive' invasion of wrestler's privacy" has this: Hogan's $100 million lawsuit against Gawker for posting a private video of him ...
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Tense usage in idioms

I have read these idioms: " Beat someone to the punch/Beat someone to the draw". I know their meaning, but I am confused about the grammatical usage. Here are two examples from freedictionary. ...