Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

For questions about the perfect, a construction generally formed in English with a form of "have" followed by a past participle. The English perfect may be classified either as a grammatical "aspect" or "tense".

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11 views

“Hasn't been as bad as they had feared” or “hasn't been as bad as they feared”

I can't find other questions and/or information about the forms / tense I'm using in this sentence as most questions seem to be about the difference between "hasn't" or "hadn't". ...
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45 views

What verb construction would you use?

Imagine you go down to the station at noon to meet your friend Mike there. You sit there and wait and wait for him to show up. Two hours later your friend finally arrives and says to you: Sorry I'm ...
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I've studied vs I've been studying

What's the difference from these two phrases? How would I know if keep studying or if I did it in the past?
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Use of Past tense [migrated]

Which one of these are correct? 1- We have waited for 30 minutes, but you did not come. 2- We waited for 30 minutes, but you did not come. 3- We have been waiting for 30 minutes, but you did not ...
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The use of Past perfect continuous

I have a sentence with verbs I need to use in Past Perfect or Past perfect continuous. None of us (ever ski) before so we (look) forward to it for months. And in the answer the sentence looks like - ...
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2answers
25 views

Is this sentece gramatically correct? Use of would have and had

Is this sentence correctly written ? I would never have had the chance to become who i am if would not worked as hard as i did. Also, I'm a native Spanish speaker and i can't find the differences ...
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2answers
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What does the sentence “People felt that the cyclist was performing at a surprisingly high level.” become in the passive? [closed]

This is a (one more!) question I have had to ask myself when dealing with the passive structure "someone is said to do/be doing/have done something"... which definitely is a tricky structure ...
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“COVID-19 changed / has changed / has been changing the everyday life of people” [duplicate]

This is for the translation of a bachelor thesis and we have different opinions on the use of the word "change". Which is correct? COVID-19 changed / has changed / has been changing the ...
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2answers
76 views

“they had renovated” vs “had been renovating”

How can I understand the sentence 1b? 1 a When I last went to Moscow, they had renovated St Basil's Cathedral.    b When I last went to Moscow, they had been renovating St Basil's Cathedral The ...
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Present progressive meets past participle

I am trying to determine the verb-tense for the following sentence: "If the worker is assigned to work for 1 year, they shall be given the standard longevity bonus." On a practical basis, I ...
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1answer
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Past Perfect strange usages ;)

1. I've read that "We can use the past perfect followed by before to show that an action was not done or was incomplete when the past simple action happened". Example: They left before I'd ...
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2answers
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“It had started to snow by 10 a.m. yesterday.” vs “It started to snow by 10 a.m. yesterday.” [closed]

I don't understand the timing in the following sentence: It had started to snow by 10 a.m. yesterday. I don't understand when it started to snow. And did it finish or is it still snowing? Is this ...
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past-continuous vs present-perfect-continuous [closed]

I have watched a few videos on this theme, but still don't understand when I would use one and cannot use another. Example from one of BBC English videos: "I have been cooking soup for 20 minutes ...
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Past perfect continuous and use of since

I came across the following sentence with an instruction to rewrite it in past perfect continuous using the given time expression in brackets: Govind was working in this factory as a watchman. (since ...
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23 views

How do you differentiate the use of “When I asked…” and “When I have asked…”

This might be a very basic question for native speakers of English, but I'd really appreciate if you could help me to understand the difference between "When I asked" and "When I have ...
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use of Present Perfect without time reference

I have a doubt about the use of present perfect. If I want to say that something happened in the past but I don't want to express when it happened or it's not important, can I use present perfect? For ...
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1answer
327 views

“had spent” vs. “spent”

Which tense would be appropriate in this case - past perfect simple or past simple? "After he had spent some of the money, he decided to find his dream house." or "After he spent some ...
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1answer
45 views

Could have - Would have been able - Could have been able

Is there any difference between: I could have done it I would have been able to do it I could have been able to do it ? I think the third one is excessive because it has two the same elements of ...
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The present perfect with distant actions in the past

The present perfect serves in different aspects and conveys different nuances two of which are these: 1) An action with a result in the present. I have bought a new sweater. = I have a sweater now. ...
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Expressing both completion and duration with perfect tense

Let's say that it's 2 p.m. now, and I ran this morning for 1 hour (normally I run for 30 minutes). I want to express that I'm still tired from running - so is it correct to say, "I have run for 1 ...
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44 views

Present Perfect and Past Simple together

I just wonder if i have a possibility to mix these tenses in this way. For example, i say about things happened in the past. Can i use present perfect to show result of this sentences in present? I ...
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If Conditional with Present perfect

Someone has been searching for his spectacles for an hour. He is thinking that someone has hidden his spectacles and asks one of his friends whether he is hiding them or not. His friend says, " If I ...
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114 views

During with Present Perfect?

Can anyone make this clear for me? Look at this sentence: -"I have been making this Tshirt during the confinement period" Let's imagine that the confinement period is not over, and that the job with ...
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Present Perfect vs Past Simple - Distant Actions

If I’m talking about an action that happened in the distant past, I mean, an action that didn’t happen recently, I need to use the Simple Past? We can’t use the Present Perfect like that, can we?
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Present perfect with 'in the last 10 days'

I've read this sentence on TIME: But dozens of new cases have been confirmed in the last week. and months ago read this on a questionaire; Which have you used in the past? Is it OK to use the ...
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is using past perfect continuous correct in this case?

Is this sentence correct and can I say the same thing using another tense? When I saw her account I realised that she had not been using her account for years.
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2answers
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Woken or Have woken

Woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. OR Have woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. Which one is the correct sentence, please help me guys as ...
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The present perfect in the main clause and in the subordinate clause

Share your view on this issue. I was exposed to the following concept: 1 He has had a bike in the last two months. (is wrong) Instead, it should be 1a He had a bike in the last two months. (is ...
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2answers
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What tense is “would have been”?

This is used in Conditional Type 3. But no one knows what tense this is...
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Can you help with the difference in these past perfect tenses?

Example 1: 'Edison invented the light bulb. He had been working on it for years'. Example 2: 'Edison invented the light bulb. It had taken him years'. In example 1, the past perfect continuous makes ...
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38 views

Which one best fits and grammatically correct sentence? And usage

Here is the tense I got stuck by while chatting with my friend. But you are the one who promised to accomplish this task by 25 February. I am talking about the future action which still ...
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1answer
37 views

Can You help me with my english? [closed]

Is It correct to say: "I had been his wife before he got married with her."?
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110 views

having been participled?

Is anything wrong in this sentence? The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field. According to my book it should instead be: The enemy, having been beaten at every point, fled from the ...
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1answer
232 views

How is the present perfect “connected” with the present?

Practical English Usage and the Cambridge Grammar of English say that the present perfect “is connected in some way with the present.” Neither book explains this, and this is why I’m asking for you ...
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462 views

I have lunch at 1 pm [duplicate]

can anyone please explain me is it correct to say "I have lunch at 1 pm". My doubt is if it is correct then how can we use a specific time expression with present perfect tense? If it is wrong to say "...
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51 views

Which future type (simple-vs-perfect) is correct for talking about an event that’s done?

Graduated, I started attending the degree course in Computer Science and Engineering in 2017, where I will graduate after two years with ⁹⁸⁄₁₁₀. Is a simple will graduate ok here, or should I instead ...
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1answer
58 views

Actions That Terminate At Present Moment

Which tense should I use for actions which terminate exactly at the present time and the final point of the action is the present moment ? Can present perfect be used for this type of situation? Let'...
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What was the role of “compound” verbs in Middle English?

I was just reading a book where it is said that when perfect started to acquire modern meanings, "compound" verbs appeared. Here are some examples (I`m assuming with "compound" verbs on the right): ...
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What İs The Grammatical Logic of Continuative Perfect [closed]

What is the origin and logic behind the perfect aspect which is used for actions started in the past and ongoing at present time or past states which is still valid at present time. My question isn't ...
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See somebody do/doing something [duplicate]

Consider these two variations: Every morning, tourists can see soldiers raise the national flag in the square. Every morning, tourists can see soldiers raising the national flag in the square. What ...
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2answers
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“He has been learning to swim” implicates that he doesn’t know how to swim

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, page 164, reads He has been learning to swim implicates that he doesn’t know how to swim Is this true for most English dialects? In my native ...
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1answer
58 views

Grammar present perfect past perfect

This is kind of confusing for me. Would be happy to get the answer and find out the right way of using these constructions:) Is this correct and if not how I can use present and past perfect in one ...
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2answers
83 views

The perspective of people in the future looking back at now

My student came to me with this sentence that we disagree on. "People in the future will wonder why we have many traffic accidents today." I think 'have' should be 'had'. i.e. "People in the future ...
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Indirect Form for perfect modals (past modals)

Is the question formation correct? Could she have killed her? What could you have possibly eaten? How about in these? I was wondering if she could have killed her. I was wondering what ...
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Subject–verb inversion in a conditional’s protasis: does that mean it happened or not?

Does Had there been no support from others, I would not have asked him for help. mean the speaker did ask for help or that they did not do so?
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Why perfect aspect was used in this sentence

While reading a book, I came across the sentence: What I would give to have met him. My question is why did the author use have met?
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1answer
115 views

Where no man {has gone/went} before [duplicate]

Is there any difference between these two sentences? And how to sense the difference? Where no man has gone before. Where no man went before. The first sentence is the title of episode three of Star ...
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4answers
295 views

How to treat negation in the perfect

(1) We haven't spoken since the incident. If the negation is regarded as being included in the situation described by the perfect, the perfect haven't spoken can be said to have a continuative/...
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When can the present perfect continuous be used with 'ever since'?

Advanced Grammar In Use by Martin Hewings starts with the following in Unit 6 'Present perfect continuous and present perfect': We use the present perfect continuous to express the idea of an ...
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The continuative and non-continuative readings of the perfect form (have + past participle)

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 141) has this section: Here, Tr is the time referred to (by the verb or verb group, e.g., have told, have been, told, was), and To is the time of ...

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