Questions tagged [past-participles]

Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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18 views

Why are present and past participle are different in some rare case; but I find them similar?

This behaviour is characterised by curled lips, a tilted head and squinting eyes – all of which can look like smiling. In this example could the first phrase tilted head bear the same meaning if it ...
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Can someone please clarify if this use of tense makes sense or not? [closed]

In a recent contract I signed, there was something that misled me. The contract stated something in the following way: "You must not have [done this] from [past time] until [future time]" eg:...
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much/very respected

Fowler's Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage, page 621 reads If we say a much respected politician we stress the process, whereas a very respected politician assesses the effect. What ...
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Irregular Verbs with Compound Predicates

Are both of these sentences acceptable? We had manufactured it but gave it to someone else. We had manufactured it but given it to someone else. Is there a rule that says the past perfect must be ...
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4answers
82 views

In American English, shouldn't "gotten" be used as a part participle? [closed]

I live in the US. I sometimes hear some Americans say I haven't got a response yet. This sounds wrong to me; in American English (unlike British English) one would say I haven't gotten a response ...
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WHEN + PAST PARTICIPLE

I am struggling a little with a question I received from one of my Russian students today. She doesn't understand the sense of : You can go to the country break when you have passed your last ...
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82 views

smitten with/by

Fowler's smit reads Its most frequent use is as the participle smitten, ‘infatuated, fascinated’. When the object of the fascination is a person, with is much more often used than by; when the object ...
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Postpositive "unknown"

The house was broken into by a person or persons unknown. Whis is (the adjective?) unknown used after the noun phrase here?
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How do finite verbs work in questions?

I am doing an exercise Rudolf Flesch's "The Art of Plain Talk." It's point is to change as many nouns, infinitives, gerunds, and participles into "active verbs" or finite verbs. I ...
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886 views

"___ was a song sung by […]" or "___ was a song sang by […]"? [closed]

I'm aware that sung is the past participle of sing, while sang is the past tense form, but I'm still unsure on whether or not one would use the past tense or past participle verb in this sentence: &...
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'Ordered' + object + past participle

Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage, page 852 reads The construction ordered + object + past participle (often expressed in the passive) is first recorded in 1781 in AmE ( These things were ...
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Beloved of somebody

OF 19. By: beloved of the family. https://ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q=of What Part of Speech is beloved here then? What's its pronunciation?
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Can "believed" ever be an adjective?

The ti­tle ex­plains it all. I had an ar­gu­ment with my English teacher; she gave us a task to con­vert nouns to their cor­re­spond­ing ad­jec­tives and verbs. She gave us be­lief as the noun and ...
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"As such,he helped saved 6 lives..." What grammar category

I need help in identifying the grammar category. Why is Past Participle used after the word "helped" and what grammar category to refer to understand? "In August 2017, Elijah Mayhew, 15,...
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Mixing Past & Present Tense

Original: "These two peers would later become an advantageous support system for me personally, assisting as I struggled with the structural engineering portion of my internship project at the ...
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1answer
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Being + P.P construct as progressive form of -ed participle or passive form

Regarding Being + P.P construct: In The Grammar Book it is described as Progressive: but the same construct in Cambridge Grammar of English is described as Passive: Which one is correct?
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Is 'had' in 'They had to be happy' used as a verb or adjective? [closed]

Is 'had' in 'They had to be happy' used as a verb or adjective? I think that "to be" is a linking verb, and 'happy' its subject complement. But can had - meaning found it necessary - be the ...
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2answers
78 views

What part of speech is 'inspired' here? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if 'inspired' here is a verb in past participle or an adjective. Director George Lucas was inspired to create the Wookiee character Chewbacca—a “gentle, hairy, non-English-speaking co-...
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1answer
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“Based on” X, we can say Y?

Based on the evidence available, I’m not sure I can conclude anything. We often say that X is based on Y to mean X is grounded in, or adapted from, Y. But can we use it as above as if it were a sort ...
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Shown or Showed [duplicate]

today I was reading a book and I read the following sentence: "But as he was speaking, step by step everything was shown to me." I would like to understand why is it written as Shown (past ...
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1answer
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Imperative be-passive: "Please be advised"

Is Please be advised an imperative passive, or rather advised is an adjective?
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1answer
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To Feel One’s Heart Fill/Filled With?

“Stephen felt his heart filled by Fleming’s words and did not answer.” I read this sentence, from Portrait of the Artist, and wondered if the use of the past participle filled was an abbreviation or ...
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2answers
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A word to describe a changed relationship

Suppose a boy & a girl were in a bosom relationship at one time, but now they are just good friends. With which word we can define this change in their relationship? Example: We are ______ now. ...
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Present participle Vs past participle

Q.My sister was charmed with silk. She bought ten yards. Ans. Being charmed with silk, my sister bought ten yards. Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope. ^this is the example of past participle ...
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Passive and active verbal adjective

guys. Hope you are all in greatest condition. I do know that a verb can serve as an adjective when it is placed before a noun and this verb is either a past participle or a present participle in this ...
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1answer
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Adjective: attributive "leftover", predicative "left over"

Wiktionary's entry for left over reads: Use left over after a verb, in a predicate phrase. When directly before a noun, use leftover. Is this a general productive pattern? Otherwise, any reference ...
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133 views

What is the word for absence of something?

What is the word used to refer to the absence of something? Let's say that I have a water bottle and, I drink all of the water. I think the word should be an adjective or maybe a past-participle verb ...
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Tireder (comparative form)

According to the CambridgeGEL, page 1583, Participial adjectives take only analytic comparative forms (A marginal exception is tired) What are the reasons leading to this exception?
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55 views

A question concerning Past Perfect Tense [closed]

I met him in London in 1996. I had seen him last five years before. This is an example given for Present Perfect Tense in my grammar book. Does the sentence mean the last time the speaker had met the ...
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1answer
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This sentence is Past Simple or Participle "The sheep all baaed in unison."?

This sentence "The sheep all baaed in unison." is Past Simple or Participle? And could give me somes examples of Past Simple and Participle using the word "baaed".
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be rid of / get rid of

Finally, I got rid of Karen. / Finally, I was rid of Karen. rid of is a phrasal verb whose direct object is Karen got and was function as copular verbs rid of Karen together is a participle clause (...
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Identifying a passive voice usage of a past participle

I read in a Stack Exchange answer that the tip to determine whether a past participle is acting as part of passive voice construction in a particular sentence or not is: If it describes an action ...
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Woken or Have woken

Woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. OR Have woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. Which one is the correct sentence, please help me guys as ...
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238 views

Why is slain a past participle of slay? [duplicate]

Past participles in the English language usually end with -ed, but slain is one exception. Why can't we have just slayed rather than that and slain, too? And why can't slain be its very own verb?
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Past participle - learned or learnt? [duplicate]

Which is it? Personal preference, I dislike 'learnt', but it's correct in UK English usage - is that right?
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1answer
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past-participle–modifier placement [duplicate]

Consider the two sentences: The number of the analyzed data sheets exceeds 1000. The number of the data sheets analyzed exceeds 1000. Which position of the past participle "analyzed" is ...
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636 views

Why is borne a past participle of bear?

This is a question people seldom ask. In the English language, past participles are verbs that usually end with -ed. But bear seems to be an exception. It has bore and borne as past participles, but ...
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be headed: adjectival -ed vs past participle

(Intransitive) go in particular direction: He headed toward the station. (Transitive) cause something to go somewhere: The pilot headed the plane on a northeasterly course. -ed2 (suffix): ...
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139 views

having been participled?

Is anything wrong in this sentence? The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field. According to my book it should instead be: The enemy, having been beaten at every point, fled from the ...
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Past participle as adjective without verb 'to be' [duplicate]

Looking at the clause "... to talk to two separate people or groups involved in a disagreement" is the word 'involved' an adjective here? If it is, shouldn't it be 'that are involved'?
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Postpositive "concerned": temporary state of affairs

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language reads Postpositive present (or absent) denotes a temporary state of affairs: compare the present government. The same applies to involved and ...
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"John was happy about being accepted as a team member." What part of speech is "accepted"?

John was happy about being accepted as a team member. In one sense, John is an accepted team member, so it could be an adjective. In an other sense, John was accepted by someone, or by the team or ...
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I am pleased with your answer. Is "pleased" a verb or an adjective? [duplicate]

Your answer pleases me(Active voice) I am pleased with your answer.(passive voice) I think it is difficult to say whether pleased is a participle or an adjective in the ...
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1answer
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Verbs different forms in a same sentence [duplicate]

My question is related to the statement mentioned below. In first part after auxiliary verb "is" the main verb is present participle which is "increasing" while in the last part the verb is past ...
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57 views

"Do you have any wine left?" Is this "have something done" or the past participle form of leave as an attributive

In the sentence "Do you have any wine left?" I think left is the past participle form of the verb "leave" and it is now an adjective. Am I right?
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The sentence sounds incorrect but comes from respectable book, please review and advise [closed]

Current social standards and a sense of morality in our culture have led to the rejection of prostitution. It has been cast it aside as a deviant behaviour by the prostitute and the client. —The ...
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1answer
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Using auxiliary with past participle

I was searching on the meaning of skirt in Longman dictionary and I found the definition which is: "a piece of outer clothing worn by women and girls", Why did not he say: "a piece of outer clothing ...
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Use of infinite/-ing: to have someone do something or to have someone doing something

I have a question regarding the use of infinite/-ing (or past participle?) in the following sentence. Which one is correct between "Firms often have some of their executives sitting on the board of ...
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Omitting the auxiliary 'have' before the past participle

In examples (1) and (2), the verb escaped is the past participle form, and the auxiliary 'have' seems to have been omitted before 'escaped'. Specifically, I think 'having' and 'he has' are omitted in (...
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Could I sometimes indicate completed actions using the passive version of the present tense?

The work is done - The work was done. The action is finished - The action was finished For example, I have just finished my work and say The work is done but when I explain something in the ...

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