Questions tagged [past-participles]

Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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She rides on a recently bought by her father bicycle around the farm near my native village [closed]

Does this sentence sound idiomatic: She rides on a recently bought by her father bicycle around the farm near my native village. How can it be rephrased? Is it at all acceptable? Even if marginally? ...
Didyougo's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
361 views

What is the word for the fusing of, for example, "-ed" and the final consonant "d" to give the ending (with voice removed) of "bent"?

Instead of giving the past tense form bended, the verb bend fuses together bend and -ed and removes voice, producing bent. Lent and sent are produced in similar fashion. What's the word for the fusion ...
ool's user avatar
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'Painted' or 'painting' after 'want' + NP

Which is correct? Is it, "Do you want your house painting" or "Do you want your house painted"? Examples of both can be found on the internet. Is there a difference between them? ...
michael's user avatar
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1 answer
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"I was born in 1961" is ‘born’ past participle or an adjective here? [duplicate]

I was born in 1961. Some dictionaries like Oxford Advanced dictionary, Collins and most other lexicographers say that born is the past participle form of the verb bear and they say that the sentence ...
Jvlnarasimharao's user avatar
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verb + object +(to be) p.p? [duplicate]

Can all verbs with to infinitives in the place of the object complement use both the past participle and to be p.p. form when the relationship between the object and the object complement is passive? ...
Eunjin Park's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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What is the difference between 'have pp O' and 'have O pp'? [closed]

For example: I have finished my homework. I have my homework finished. I think these two sentences are the same. So is 'object placing after pp' perfect tense?
user481732's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Can this past participle also be an adjective? [closed]

A recent word game used which surprised me because they usually don't include conjugations of verbs, unless they are also adjectives, like e.g. "burnt". Can be an adjective? The only ...
abc123's user avatar
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A paper describes a past participle as “pure”, does anyone know the meaning? [closed]

I read in a paper that the word loved is a “pure” past participle: “*He was very loved. (Because loved is a past participle, very cannot be used to modify a pure past participle. Very much should be ...
Piermo's user avatar
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How clearly separate "could be **ed", "has been **ed" and "will be **ed" in the "participle + noun" combinations?

Well, I have the programming examples only, but I suppose it could be reused on the common English. AFAIK "Imported namespace" could mean: Namespace which has been imported Namespace which ...
Takeshi Tokugawa's user avatar
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Past participle form of the verbs "walk", "meet", "sit", etc

From the explanation about participle phrases from this British Council's page, it lists some past participles such as gone, read, seen, walked, etc.. Having said that, I tried to construct sentences ...
Khanh Tran's user avatar
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Passive participial clauses

Ive found the following example: I heard my name being shouted. In this case, they use an passive participle. But if you want to connect two sentences, you do the following: The house was built ...
Hans Mustermann's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can I say "Since we met, I had been meaning to say that I like everything you do"? [closed]

Hypothetically, I said "I like everything you do" in the past. So now can I say "Since we met, I had been meaning to say that I like everything you do." ? Is it okay to use past ...
ggkk's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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American using weak conjugations for BrE strong and vice versa

Reading American literature of questionable quality, I often come across words like leaped, kneeled and creeped, and they always cause this Englishman to hesitate. Can anyone explain the usage? I ...
Jóhann's user avatar
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3 answers
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Perfect Continuous Passive Participle Clause?

Having been being lost in the woods for hours, he was finally found by emergency services. Does this mean: After he had been being lost in the woods for hours, he was finally found by emergency ...
lil' barbussy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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descend from vs be descended from

Merriam-Webster gives two examples on the usage of "descend from" vs "be descended from" in https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/descend%20from . The plants descend from a ...
wonderich's user avatar
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Why do we use two different verb forms for sentences like “that person is broke” versus “that person is broken”?

We usually use only a verb’s past participle when we need to make an adjective out of it, not its past tense—but not always. Sometimes we even use both forms but assign these two different meanings! ...
sen's user avatar
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Combining "most" and "second most" [closed]

I want to write the following sentence. But it sounds a bit weird for me as a non-native speaker. English was the most or second most used language in 100 groups. Is it correct? Thanks!
Max's user avatar
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can we use preposition "by" with past participles used as adjectives to give similar meaning of preposition "by" used with passive voice sentences?

I know that in passive voice sentences, "by" can be used to imply one making the action. For instance, He was attacked by a lion. A lion attacked him so "by" shows the one making ...
dede dede's user avatar
1 vote
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Can someone please clarify if this use of tense makes sense or not? [closed]

In a recent contract I signed, there was something that misled me. The contract stated something in the following way: "You must not have [done this] from [past time] until [future time]" eg:...
Dave's user avatar
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much/very respected

Fowler's Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage, page 621 reads If we say a much respected politician we stress the process, whereas a very respected politician assesses the effect. What ...
GJC's user avatar
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Irregular Verbs with Compound Predicates

Are both of these sentences acceptable? We had manufactured it but gave it to someone else. We had manufactured it but given it to someone else. Is there a rule that says the past perfect must be ...
Eric1982's user avatar
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4 answers
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In American English, shouldn't "gotten" be used as a part participle? [closed]

I live in the US. I sometimes hear some Americans say I haven't got a response yet. This sounds wrong to me; in American English (unlike British English) one would say I haven't gotten a response ...
gene b.'s user avatar
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WHEN + PAST PARTICIPLE

I am struggling a little with a question I received from one of my Russian students today. She doesn't understand the sense of : You can go to the country break when you have passed your last ...
Lorraine 's user avatar
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1 answer
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smitten with/by

Fowler's smit reads Its most frequent use is as the participle smitten, ‘infatuated, fascinated’. When the object of the fascination is a person, with is much more often used than by; when the object ...
GJC's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Postpositive "unknown"

The house was broken into by a person or persons unknown. Whis is (the adjective?) unknown used after the noun phrase here?
GJC's user avatar
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1 answer
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How do finite verbs work in questions?

I am doing an exercise Rudolf Flesch's "The Art of Plain Talk." It's point is to change as many nouns, infinitives, gerunds, and participles into "active verbs" or finite verbs. I ...
matt0's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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"___ was a song sung by […]" or "___ was a song sang by […]"? [closed]

I'm aware that sung is the past participle of sing, while sang is the past tense form, but I'm still unsure on whether or not one would use the past tense or past participle verb in this sentence: &...
Nixoli's user avatar
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0 answers
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'Ordered' + object + past participle

Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage, page 852 reads The construction ordered + object + past participle (often expressed in the passive) is first recorded in 1781 in AmE ( These things were ...
GJC's user avatar
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Beloved of somebody

OF 19. By: beloved of the family. https://ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q=of What Part of Speech is beloved here then? What's its pronunciation?
GJC's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
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Can "believed" ever be an adjective?

The ti­tle ex­plains it all. I had an ar­gu­ment with my English teacher; she gave us a task to con­vert nouns to their cor­re­spond­ing ad­jec­tives and verbs. She gave us be­lief as the noun and ...
DarQ's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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"As such,he helped saved 6 lives..." What grammar category

I need help in identifying the grammar category. Why is Past Participle used after the word "helped" and what grammar category to refer to understand? "In August 2017, Elijah Mayhew, 15,...
Anfisa Ibragimova's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
118 views

Mixing Past & Present Tense

Original: "These two peers would later become an advantageous support system for me personally, assisting as I struggled with the structural engineering portion of my internship project at the ...
Courtney Brown's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

Being + P.P construct as progressive form of -ed participle or passive form

Regarding Being + P.P construct: In The Grammar Book it is described as Progressive: but the same construct in Cambridge Grammar of English is described as Passive: Which one is correct?
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1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Is 'had' in 'They had to be happy' used as a verb or adjective? [closed]

Is 'had' in 'They had to be happy' used as a verb or adjective? I think that "to be" is a linking verb, and 'happy' its subject complement. But can had - meaning found it necessary - be the ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
108 views

What part of speech is 'inspired' here? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if 'inspired' here is a verb in past participle or an adjective. Director George Lucas was inspired to create the Wookiee character Chewbacca—a “gentle, hairy, non-English-speaking co-...
user8104's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
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“Based on” X, we can say Y?

Based on the evidence available, I’m not sure I can conclude anything. We often say that X is based on Y to mean X is grounded in, or adapted from, Y. But can we use it as above as if it were a sort ...
David Roth's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Imperative be-passive: "Please be advised"

Is Please be advised an imperative passive, or rather advised is an adjective?
GJC's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
46 views

To Feel One’s Heart Fill/Filled With?

“Stephen felt his heart filled by Fleming’s words and did not answer.” I read this sentence, from Portrait of the Artist, and wondered if the use of the past participle filled was an abbreviation or ...
David Roth's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
202 views

A word to describe a changed relationship

Suppose a boy & a girl were in a bosom relationship at one time, but now they are just good friends. With which word we can define this change in their relationship? Example: We are ______ now. ...
Joyita Banik Joyi's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
232 views

Passive and active verbal adjective

guys. Hope you are all in greatest condition. I do know that a verb can serve as an adjective when it is placed before a noun and this verb is either a past participle or a present participle in this ...
Fadli Sheikh's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
89 views

Adjective: attributive "leftover", predicative "left over"

Wiktionary's entry for left over reads: Use left over after a verb, in a predicate phrase. When directly before a noun, use leftover. Is this a general productive pattern? Otherwise, any reference ...
GJC's user avatar
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0 votes
4 answers
237 views

What is the word for absence of something?

What is the word used to refer to the absence of something? Let's say that I have a water bottle and, I drink all of the water. I think the word should be an adjective or maybe a past-participle verb ...
Faris's user avatar
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0 answers
149 views

Tireder (comparative form)

According to the CambridgeGEL, page 1583, Participial adjectives take only analytic comparative forms (A marginal exception is tired) What are the reasons leading to this exception?
GJC's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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A question concerning Past Perfect Tense [closed]

I met him in London in 1996. I had seen him last five years before. This is an example given for Present Perfect Tense in my grammar book. Does the sentence mean the last time the speaker had met the ...
Rich Handsome Guy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
74 views

This sentence is Past Simple or Participle "The sheep all baaed in unison."?

This sentence "The sheep all baaed in unison." is Past Simple or Participle? And could give me somes examples of Past Simple and Participle using the word "baaed".
ToumaKunn's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
672 views

be rid of / get rid of

Finally, I got rid of Karen. / Finally, I was rid of Karen. rid of is a phrasal verb whose direct object is Karen got and was function as copular verbs rid of Karen together is a participle clause (...
Joe's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
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Identifying a passive voice usage of a past participle

I read in a Stack Exchange answer that the tip to determine whether a past participle is acting as part of passive voice construction in a particular sentence or not is: If it describes an action ...
Sanjay 's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
2k views

Woken or Have woken

Woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. OR Have woken up late . I had to take a taxi to attend the first lecture. Which one is the correct sentence, please help me guys as ...
Abdulrahman Ismail's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
724 views

Why is slain a past participle of slay? [duplicate]

Past participles in the English language usually end with -ed, but slain is one exception. Why can't we have just slayed rather than that and slain, too? And why can't slain be its very own verb? ...
Eric Velazquez's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
106 views

past-participle–modifier placement [duplicate]

Consider the two sentences: The number of the analyzed data sheets exceeds 1000. The number of the data sheets analyzed exceeds 1000. Which position of the past participle "analyzed" is ...
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