Questions tagged [past-participles]

Questions about past participle forms of verbs.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Past participle - learned or learnt? [duplicate]

Which is it? Personal preference, I dislike 'learnt', but it's correct in UK English usage - is that right?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

past-participle–modifier placement

Consider the two sentences: The number of the analyzed data sheets exceeds 1000. The number of the data sheets analyzed exceeds 1000. Which position of the past participle "analyzed" is ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Why is borne a past participle of bear?

This is a question that people have seldom ever asked. In the English language, past participles are verbs that usually end with "-ed" (or "-ore" for those whose present participles end with "-ear"). ...
5
votes
0answers
113 views

be headed: adjectival -ed vs past participle

(Intransitive) go in particular direction: He headed toward the station. (Transitive) cause something to go somewhere: The pilot headed the plane on a northeasterly course. -ed2 (suffix): ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

having been participled?

Is anything wrong in this sentence? The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field. According to my book it should instead be: The enemy, having been beaten at every point, fled from the ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Past participle as adjective without verb 'to be' [duplicate]

Looking at the clause "... to talk to two separate people or groups involved in a disagreement" is the word 'involved' an adjective here? If it is, shouldn't it be 'that are involved'?
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Postpositive “concerned”: temporary state of affairs

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language reads Postpositive present (or absent) denotes a temporary state of affairs: compare the present government. The same applies to involved and ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

“John was happy about being accepted as a team member.” What part of speech is “accepted”?

John was happy about being accepted as a team member. In one sense, John is an accepted team member, so it could be an adjective. In an other sense, John was accepted by someone, or by the team or ...
2
votes
0answers
358 views

I am pleased with your answer. Is “pleased” a verb or an adjective? [duplicate]

Your answer pleases me(Active voice) I am pleased with your answer.(passive voice) I think it is difficult to say whether pleased is a participle or an adjective in the ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Verbs different forms in a same sentence

My question is related to the statement mentioned below. In first part after auxiliary verb "is" the main verb is present participle which is "increasing" while in the last part the verb is past ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

“Do you have any wine left?” Is this “have something done” or the past participle form of leave as an attributive

In the sentence "Do you have any wine left?" I think left is the past participle form of the verb "leave" and it is now an adjective. Am I right?
0
votes
1answer
50 views

The sentence sounds incorrect but comes from respectable book, please review and advise [closed]

Current social standards and a sense of morality in our culture have led to the rejection of prostitution. It has been cast it aside as a deviant behaviour by the prostitute and the client. —The ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Using auxiliary with past participle

I was searching on the meaning of skirt in Longman dictionary and I found the definition which is: "a piece of outer clothing worn by women and girls", Why did not he say: "a piece of outer clothing ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Use of infinite/-ing: to have someone do something or to have someone doing something

I have a question regarding the use of infinite/-ing (or past participle?) in the following sentence. Which one is correct between "Firms often have some of their executives sitting on the board of ...
4
votes
4answers
228 views

Omitting the auxiliary 'have' before the past participle

In examples (1) and (2), the verb escaped is the past participle form, and the auxiliary 'have' seems to have been omitted before 'escaped'. Specifically, I think 'having' and 'he has' are omitted in (...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Could I sometimes indicate completed actions using the passive version of the present tense?

The work is done - The work was done. The action is finished - The action was finished For example, I have just finished my work and say The work is done but when I explain something in the ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

How to explain the tenses in these sentences?

So my Japanese student is having trouble understanding why the following tenses are used and I’m not sure how to explain it. My line manager wants the meeting arranged immediately. Why does that ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

If the past participle of “say” is “said”, and “lay” is “laid”, why the one of “stay” is not “staid”?

I know about the word "staid". Does the past participle of "stay" is "stayed" to avoid confusion with this word? Or the "staid" past participle existed at some time, but it was supplanted by "stayed",...
1
vote
0answers
434 views

Past participle of stand

I'm new to this community, I hope the question fits this somewhat. Say we have a sentence: The tree which stands in the garden is beautiful. Now using participle construction this becomes: The ...
1
vote
2answers
230 views

How do you determine if a pre-modifying past participle is a verb or an adjective? [duplicate]

How do you determine if a past participle--when used as a pre-modifier of a noun--is a verb or an adjective? For example: a. I saw a broken vase. b. I saw a murdered man. I think broken in a....
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between had and got?

Are there any significant differences in uses or meanings between these two words? Between the two example sentences below, does one sentence have a slightly different meaning compared to the other, ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Can “taken” be used without an auxiliary verb? “When taken to this extreme…”

Is it correct to use "taken" without an auxiliary (helping) verb? For example: In some cases, a more powerful racial group justifies the domination and, horribly, even the complete destruction of ...
0
votes
3answers
210 views

Is something “candidate” or “candidated” to become a standard?

The context is technical in the IT field. Taking for example the https protocol would you say: The https protocol is candidate to become in the main standard or The https protocol is candidated to ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Are there two verbs with the same past participle?

I'm interested in finding two verbs with the same past participle but different infinitives. Mock example: to feed -> fed to fead -> fed
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it right to say “phone was rang”?

Recently I saw these two sentences in two different books So after dinner my cell phone was rang and it was Tom. (The Journey of Andrea: Make Sure You Live Your Life to the Fullest Before ...,By ...
1
vote
2answers
356 views

“I've eaten, shaved and showered”?

Which one is better? I've eaten, shaved and showered. I've eaten, shaven and showered. The first one sounds more correct to me, but shouldn't we use the past participle shaven for the same reason ...
1
vote
1answer
439 views

is/are + past participle vs. have been + past particple

So I am really confused when to use past participle and have been + p.p For example In situations like the ones below Are these dishes washed? Have these dishes been washed? (Washed and ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

has grown vs is grown

What is the correct auxiliary in a sentence like this: In the last years the number of some-things is/has grown. ?
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Proper grammar with ellipsis?

Bear with me, please. Consider this sentence: "He might've turned his head and seen the incident, but I'm not sure." This sounds awkward, but it makes sense, as seen agrees with might have. But ...
20
votes
1answer
62k views

The past participle of “split”: “split” or “splitted”?

I have just written a question in the PPCG site, and now that I read it again I have just noticed that I have just written "split" and "splitted" randomly as the past participle of "to split": Can ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What tense is “I am broken”?

This seems to be some type of present tense, but guides to verb tense only give the following two options: present progressive tense and present perfect tense. Present progressive tense uses a present ...
0
votes
2answers
402 views

Problems of Use of Participle in Academic Writing: “When considering” VS “When considered”

I have questions about the participle phrase in academic writing which are related to the dangling modifiers of 3 cases. Could you explain me more the appropriate use of sentences with the participle ...
0
votes
1answer
583 views

Why do we use forms of “have” with past participles to form the present perfect, as in “I have taken”?

We use has, had, or have with a past participle to form the present perfect. This contrasts with our use of a single verb for the present simple. We do not say “I taken the test,” but instead use the ...
1
vote
1answer
311 views

Use of past participles

Past participles are used as adjective in English language. But I have found a sentence on the internet. As She was looking at me shocked. I do not know whether this sentence is right or wrong. ...
6
votes
4answers
7k views

Is “have went” gaining common currency in AmE and BrE?

In the following article from English today there is a survey about the usage of the erroneous, but apparently rather commonly used expression “have went” in place of “have gone”: ... several ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Roast Chicken vs Roasted Chicken [duplicate]

I was reading the "Oxford Word Skills" book when I got a question: Since "roast" itself can act as an adjective (and of course as a verb), is it correct to say either "roasted chicken" or "roast ...
-1
votes
3answers
738 views

Why there are three different sounds for -ed?

Following this question on the pronunciation of the final -ed. What is the reason why there are three different pronunciations (/ɪd/, /t/ and /d/)? EDIT: I'm well aware that phonetic shifts exist, ...
1
vote
1answer
771 views

If a word can be both an adjective and a verb, can you still use the past principle as an adjective?

For example, the word "averse" could serve as both a verb and an adjective. Can I still use "aversed" as an adjective? Are "more aversed" and "more averse" the same thing? For another example, are "...
3
votes
1answer
762 views

Participial Phrases

Is the sentence below grammatically correct? I repeatedly punched his face until I passed out, my arms sliced a few times by his blade." I know what participial phrases are; I read about them ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the past simple and past participle of spit? Each online dictionary has different form

Cambridge: past tense and past participle : here is the cambridge link:spat.https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/spit#british-1-1-2 Oxford:spits, spitting, spat, spitted Oxford link :...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

Irregular verbs: the history of the suffix “-en” used in past participles

Recently, I've been helping my home students learn the past participles of some of the irregular verbs, in a "new" way. Basically, I show that sometimes the suffix -(e)n is added to the PRESENT stem. ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

“We are committed to continually investing in ourselves” or “We are committed to continually invest in ourselves”? [duplicate]

Which is correct? Also why? For some reason the continually is throwing me off here. Thanks.
0
votes
2answers
295 views

What is the exact difference between “called” and “so-called”? [closed]

Actually, in English to Korean dictionary, both of "called" and "so-called" have the same meaning. In many examples of the dictionary, "so-called" is used as adjective rather than past-particle, i.e.,...
5
votes
2answers
790 views

“Bereaved” vs. “bereft”

I saw the sentence below, and I think it would sound better after changing "bereaved" to "bereft": Having lost his father in early childhood, he was bereaved of his love and affection. The Oxford ...
3
votes
3answers
353 views

Outsourced Partner or Outsourcing partner?

I'm not an English native speaker. My lecturer in my university keeps using "outsourced partner" instead of "outsourcing partner", while I saw everyone in internet is more often using "outsourcing ...
0
votes
1answer
807 views

has me beat vs. has me beaten vs. beats me

An LA Times column titled "A Word, Please: Microsoft unveils top 10 grammar mistakes, but its editing tools aren’t perfect" has this passage: ... Microsoft’s No. 1 most common grammar mistake ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

“It never truly sunk in, …”: Sunk or sank?

I just began reading The Only Grammar Book You’ll Ever Need by Susan Thurman. On the first page of the Introduction chapter, the author wrote “Maybe all that talk in English class about parts of ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

What part of speech is “rested” in this sentence? [duplicate]

In the sentence, "I was well rested," is rested an adjective or a past participle? Similarly, in the sentence, "Your room was organized," is organized an adjective or a past participle?
1
vote
1answer
417 views

Polysemous prefix 'un-'

The prefix 'un-' is polysemous. Its meaning depends on the word class of the root/stem it is being attached to: for verbs the meaning has a "reversible" effect and for adjectives it has a "negated" or ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Is the structure of “fraught by villainous scoundrels” acceptable?

I'm writing a poem in which certain stanzas are of the form - The skill has been taught extensively It has been taught by aces; The journey is fraught with perils It (is/will be) ...

1
2 3 4 5 6