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Questions tagged [parts-of-speech]

The tag has no usage guidance.

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In a sentence like 'Jim said “come with me”' what do you call the part in quotes?

If Jim is the subject, what does that make "come with me"? (What is the grammatical term for this?) My guess is it would be classified as a direct object, since it almost acts as a noun that ...
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2answers
28 views

What will be the best word in this situation?

He knew it was a very ___ operation but he was determined to carry it out. Available options are: a) Difficult b) Dangerous c) Risky d) Troublesome It seems that all the options are valid. Could ...
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1answer
74 views

For the linguists among us: I like loud singing vs I like singing loudly

Can you explain why using "loud" as either an adjective or an adverb changes the meaning of the sentence. Is it just an English convention, or is there something deeper going on? I like loud singing =...
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2answers
38 views

Does a ver­bal noun turn back into a verb when mod­ified by an ad­verb? [duplicate]

Here singing is a noun: I like singing. But what about here? I like singing loudly. Loudly is still an ad­verb, right? But singing is still be­hav­ing like a noun, right? So which is it, a noun ...
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1answer
27 views

What does “by all constitutional means” mean in this context?

This is an extract from a speech Churchill made in 1947. Many forms of Government have been tried, and will be tried in this world of sin and woe. No one pretends that democracy is perfect or ...
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1answer
35 views

What is a phrase like “in my house” called?

What is the grammatical name and function of the clause in bold: They were in my house when the thieves broke in.
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2answers
187 views

“Equals” - a verb or not?

I was checking out the usage of the word "equal" as a verb on the Merriam-Webster website. Under the "Recent Examples on the Web: Verb" section, I stumbled upon this peculiar quotation: "That map ...
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2answers
178 views

How is “iff” different from “if”

So I just discovered iff thinking it was a typo. But after looking it up and reading other answers on here it is a valid contraction of words if and only if. Much like XOR in a mathematical domain. ...
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2answers
72 views

“To hunt is my favorite pastime.” What part of speech is “to hunt” in this sentence?

The function of infinitives seems to be up for grabs at the last post I commented at. I either need to be schooled or my interlocutors do. May your answers bring some clarity. These are your choices....
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2answers
102 views

What is the part of speech is “the door” in the sentence below?

Grammatically speaking what is "the door" in the following sentence? To answer the door, she pulled it open. Is it a modifier?
2
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1answer
54 views

What is the name for noun phrases similar to “pound of flesh?”

In English, we commonly make noun phrases in the form "X of Y" where we're describing that "X" is comprised of "Y" - pound of flesh, sack of meat, lump of coal, and so on. I think I understand the ...
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2answers
34 views

“Including” disambiguation [closed]

This sentence is from Wikipedia: A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common name, and published on at least one web server. Is ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Is a dummy pronoun missing in this sentence? What is this grammatical phenomenon?

This sentence from Walden by Henry David Thoreau strikes me as unusual. I sat at a table where were rich food and wine in abundance, and obsequious attendance, but sincerity and truth were not; and ...
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0answers
54 views

Why the sad face?

A previous question (What part of speech is 'why' ?) asked what function 'why' was playing when it is used with a verb. But 'why' can be used without a verb. Why the sad face ? So what is it ...
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1answer
35 views

What part of speech is “do not,” in, "Dude, if you do not sweep the floor, then…'

So, i'm doing a project for school, writing a letter, and figuring out what part of speech each word is, and i'm having difficulty with "do not" and "to take" in, "I will start 'to take' more of your ...
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1answer
89 views

What part of speech is “back” in “If you want it back”?

If you want it back ... I'm doing a school project and need to figure out parts of speech in my letter that I wrote, but, I dont know what "back" is, can anyone help?
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3answers
468 views

Are articles pronouns?

I'd like to know whether articles are a kind of pronoun. I believe that "a/an" should be an indefinite pronoun because "a" is similar to "any", and "the" should be a definite pronoun. For example: ...
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1answer
31 views

Is this a list inside a nonrestrictive parenthetical or something else?

In the sentence Several women, some as young as eighteen, others in late middle age, could be seen scrambling up the mountain. It looks like some and others are being used as pronouns. It's a fine ...
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2answers
77 views

Can we use “soar” as a noun?

Is this sentence grammatically right:"In 2030, petrol and oil are expected to see a soar in its consumption and still maitain its leading position". I have looked up the word "soar" in several ...
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2answers
61 views

Parts of speech in sentence “Amber is a real person” [closed]

Specifically I am wondering about the word "person" in the sentence, because at first thought I believed it was a common noun but it is qualifying a proper noun, so I am confused if it is a noun or a ...
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3answers
269 views

What part-of-speech is “running” in this example?

What part-of-speech is "running" in the following example? The car comes with daytime running lights. Is it a noun, verb (gerung), adjective, or something else?
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3answers
115 views

What part of speech is “while” in “We will rest for a while”?

What part of speech is while in "We will rest for a while."? My teacher says while is a noun, but I feel that it is an adverb, as it comes as an answer to the question "We will rest for how much ...
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1answer
72 views

What part of speech is 'soaking' in 'soaking wet'?

In the sentence, "I am soaking wet", 'I' is the noun, 'am' is the verb, 'wet' is the adjective, and 'soaking' describes the extent of 'wet'. So would 'soaking' be classified as a "helping adjective", ...
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2answers
61 views

Adverb versus Adjective in -minded people

I am currently running for the Board of Education in my little town and am working on my candidate statement for the election handbook that the Department of Elections produces. I sent what I had to ...
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54 views

Are these word adjectives or pronouns?

There is an exercise in my grammar book that asks to identify the type of pronoun in a sentence (personal, possessive, relative, demonstrative, indefinite, interrogative, reciprocal or reflexive). In ...
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41 views

Is there any easy way to detect assertive, interrogative and other sentences

I am looking for any specific series of rules or structures to detect assertive, interrogative and other sentences like wh-type question + subject + be verb + obj. etc.
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2answers
51 views

What is the correct part of speech when someone calls you by your name?

If someone uses your name in all correspondence with you, and this is not necessary, then what part of the English language is the name? For example: What is your point Jay?
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2answers
393 views

What part of speech is “rather than” in the sentence, “Consider swimming rather than hiking.” [closed]

What part of speech is rather than in the sentence Consider swimming rather than hiking. Is it an adverbial phrase, or is than a comparative conjunction and rather an adverb?
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1answer
60 views

Can a preposition be before an adverb?

Ok, this site says The preposition is almost always before the noun or pronoun and that is why it is called a preposition Now, this oxford dictionary says here (adverb) used after a ...
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0answers
28 views

Can “since” be both an adverb and a prepostion? [duplicate]

Is "since" in the 2nd sentence below an adverb or a preposition? How can we know? What do I tell my ESL students? He hasn't seen her since last Monday. He hasn't seen her since.
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1answer
355 views

What part of speech is 'better' in the following sentence?

What part of speech is better in the following sentence? Is it an adverb because it modifies the verb expect? Is it an abstract noun because it is an “intangible concept such as an emotion, a feeling, ...
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36 views

What is the verb portion of a hyphenated/compound/multiword adjective or noun called?

For example, in the noun "victim-blaming", what is the "blaming" part called? Is it some special type of verb, or perhaps something else? Words of this form can generally be made up and can still be ...
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2answers
104 views

What part of speech is 'point' in the phrase 'nought point five'?

What grammatical evidence is there for allocating the word point to a particular part of speech in phrases like nought point five or nine point nine nine, where these phrases would represent the ...
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2answers
102 views

Gerund or a noun?

I would like to check if my reasoning is correct. Illegal dumping of refuse into drainage can pollute surface water or cause occasional flooding Dumping is a gerund - nominal gerundive clause ...
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41 views

the part of speech of “Worth” [duplicate]

Cambridge Dictionary always disappoints me. In the entry of "worth", it is said that it is an "adjective": [https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english-chinese-simplified/worth][1] e.g. Our ...
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25 views

Origin of different approaches to convert parts of speech

This post is inspired by the post What's the noun for “synchronous”? Responses to the linked post were quite varied, with responses including: synchrony, synchroneity, synchronism, synchronousness, ...
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2answers
547 views

What parts of speech are GIVEN and THAT in the phrase “Given that…”

I'd like to know which parts of speech given and that are in the following sentence: Given that the dress is small, I couldn't wear it. In the answers here, one poster said given that is a ...
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1answer
196 views

What part of speech is the word “entire” in “over the little garden field entire”?

The sentence is: "After a while she got up from where she was and went over the little garden field entire." A quote from Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston. I want to know if the ...
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1answer
30 views

What is the grammatical term for the word for someone who does something?

What is the name for the type of word that describes a ‘doer’ of the activity? For instance, someone who takes photos is called a photographer, someone who sculpts is a sculpter, someone who robs is ...
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1answer
827 views

Is “evening” an adverb? [closed]

What is part of speech of "evening" in sentences below? 1. She meets her friends every evening. 2. She met her friends yesterday evening. I find that evening is only a noun or a adjective instead of ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the function of “this”in (My father made this farm what it is )

What is the function of "this" in the following sentence: My father made this farm what it is Is it a determiner? When do I use it as a complementizer?
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1answer
160 views

Breaking down the sentence “This is my pen” [closed]

In the above sentence... 1) Is "This" pronoun or demonstrative adjective? 2) Is "my" the adjective(if yes, which kind)? Thanks!
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1answer
41 views

English Poetry Question [closed]

Is talking a gerund in this sentence? We hear people talking of your son’s birth. I just need to know for my English poetry assignment.
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1answer
197 views

What are the parts of speech of “tiring” and “tired” below? [duplicate]

He is tiring He is already tiring (may be 2 different answers above, and below) He is tired He is already tired Further, quoting from World Book Dictionary :- "a participle is a form of the verb ...
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1answer
125 views

What word class is “yeah yeah”?

In an episode of the Graham Norton Show, Norton is speaking with Matthew McConaughey and Anne Hathaway. He asks Hathaway to tell them about her initial feelings about working with McConaughey. She is ...
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39 views

Can adverbs derived from content words modify a noun?

I've seen some discussion about whether adverbs categorized as function words like "almost" can modify a noun (Many say yes, but the answer to this question is still disputable though). | But this ...
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1answer
87 views

Is “University Challenge” right that this is a gerund?

The full context is below, but the basic question is: is the word spending in the following example really a gerund, as claimed by the University Challenge question-setters? My "best guess" would be ...
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103 views

What's the word for 'commonly understood reference which evokes emotion'?

One hundred years ago if a speech included a particular bible reference, everyone (from a western country) would get it and understand the context. Today there are less of these commonly held ...
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43 views

Passive or adjective?

I'm an English teacher and a question has been preocupying my mind since my first experience of teaching. Take a look at this sentence: "The door is closed every day at 8:00 What kind of sentence ...
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46 views

Is “below ask” a valid combination of words? [duplicate]

Is "below ask", correct with regards to information given below(suppose info exists below)?