Questions tagged [parts-of-speech]

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'On board' as a complex PP

Consider the below sentence. On board the ship there is a crew of wise men. To which category of speech does 'board' belong in the above sentence? Insofar as I understand, 'board' is a constituent ...
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2 answers
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Are "close" and "open" verbs or adjectives? [closed]

I'm really hard stuck trying to comprehend whether these two words simultaneously have two natures. I read: The door is open The door is opened Difference? The door is close The door is closed ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Can an imperative sentence have a subject?

Can an imperative sentence have a subject? This is a followup to this comment. User Schmuddi asserted that: English imperative sentences are subjectless. but did not cite any source or authority. I ...
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6 votes
4 answers
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Why is "brick" in "a brick house" a noun, whereas "plastic" in "a plastic bucket" is an adjective?

Taking these classifications from Oxford's Lexico: plastic brick
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1 answer
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Unidentified word or construction [closed]

There is a puzzling sequence of words in the following text (bold type). We live in a society in which money is needed to survive. Unfortunately, many people work in no-end jobs just to have some ...
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1 answer
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What is the part-of-speech of "intimates" in this article? [closed]

Commander Robert Broadhurst told MPs yesterday that there were "several intimates" from the Chinese that the London leg of the Olympic torch relay would have been switched to another capital ...
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In "The car was parked", what part of speech is "parked"? [duplicate]

In "The car was parked", what part of speech is "parked"? I'm thinking adjective, but someone else thinks it's a verb.
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2 votes
4 answers
177 views

A to-infinitive is formed with 'to' plus the base form of a verb. What part of speech does 'to' belong to?

I want to go home. Here the word to belongs to what part of speech?
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0 votes
1 answer
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What do you call a verb/phrase following a noun ending in 'er' [duplicate]

Is there a term for the verb, and/or the pair of words, where the verb ends in 'er' following a noun? Examples: mind reader star gazer grounds keeper
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1 answer
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Grammatically analyze "Why drivers were left stranded" [closed]

Grammatically analyze below Why drivers were left stranded. "Why" is the interrogative, but not sure if it is describing drivers. "Were left" is the verb, but not sure the ...
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3 answers
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Do verbs refer to the tangible or the intangible? [closed]

This might be a dumb question but do verbs (or any other part of speech besides nouns) actually refer to elements of existence in a tangible way? To be clear I would say that something is tangible if ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Only as an adverb

Why is only an adverb instead of an adjective in the following sentences? Only Sue and Mark bothered to turn up for the meeting. Only an idiot would do that. Source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/...
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What is the classification for a rote saying like "there but for the grace of God.."? [duplicate]

I'm not after the proverbial or apotropaic aspects of this, or chant or mantra. Just the "event-centric common utterance" aspects. "Knock on wood" is similar I guess. There's a ...
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1 answer
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What is the function of "accountable?" [duplicate]

What is the function of "accountable?" I know it is an adjective describing people but is it a direct object? I want to hold the people accountable
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What is the function of "back to?"

What is the function of "back to?" I am guessing it is a preposition? It is time to go back to school.
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2 answers
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What is the function of "Monday?"

What is the function of "Monday?" Is it a direct object of starts or an adverb? Mask mandate starts Monday.
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3 answers
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What part of speech is it? [closed]

DRIVING in the town centre is banned during the day. I think they should ban DRIVING in the town centre during the day What part of speech is DRIVING in these sentences? Is it a noun?
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Why is "purchase" pronounced the same as a verb and as a noun, unlike other words such as increase? [closed]

Many words which can act as a noun and a verb pronounce differently in the different parts of speech. As a verb, the stress in on the second syllable, while as a noun, the first, such as INcrease (...
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2 answers
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Noun + Gerund Structure Differences [closed]

Just need your insights on the sentences that really boggle my mind. The first sentence below is an excerpt taken from the following article: The effect of smoking on bone healing It is difficult to ...
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What is the part of speech/ function of "John asked him?" [closed]

What is the part of speech/ function of "John asked him" below? Bob revealed the deep question John asked him.
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1 answer
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Is this a gerund phrase after hate?

"I hate not being able to control my temper." From my understanding, hate is one of those verbs that is followed by a gerund OR an infinitive. In this situation, is "being" a ...
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2 answers
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What is the grammatical function/ part of speech of "to increase funding" and "to help countries adapt?"

What is the grammatical function/ part of speech of "to increase funding" and "to help countries adapt?" The United States has been under pressure to increase funding to help ...
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What is the part of speech of "over the past two quarters?"

What is the part of speech of "over the past two quarters" in the sentence below? Is it an adverb? If so what is it modifying? Yet the revenue and profitability figures of the three over ...
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2 answers
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Which part of speech is "as" in each example of mine?

I've come across something that has stumped me a bit. I think that the following usage of "as" is conjunctive. Am I correct? He is the same as the dog is. Is the following usage of "...
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0 votes
0 answers
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What is the word class of "studying" in "studying hard is the key to success"?

This has caused some debate amongst myself and some others. The two claims are that in "studying hard is the key to success", that "studying" is either (1) a noun (gerund) or (2) a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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'Now' as a preposition or conjunction

In the below sentence, is 'now' a preposition or a subordinating conjunction? Most dictionaries (OED, Webster, AHD, etc.) say that 'now' is a (subordinating) conjunction in the sense of the below ...
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It was a terribly difficult time for all of us. - adjectival preposition

It was a terribly difficult time for all of us. In this sentence, what is the role of the prepositional phrase "for all of us"? I think it's adjectival and it modifies the noun "time.&...
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1 vote
1 answer
62 views

Top down or bottom up for reducing a sentence to all its parts?

I'm still learning grammar. I'm trying to figure out the steps to break down a sentence. My process now is to look at the sentence as a whole first. Then I classify it as either simple, compound, ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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What part of speech is "sitting"?

look at the man sitting on the bus. he decided to abandon his subway seat in favor of a woman standing nearby. What parts of speech are "sitting" and "standing"?
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1 vote
1 answer
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What parts of speech are "like" and "to" in the sentence "Bobby does not like to walk"? [closed]

I realized that I want to be able to look at any sentence and understand what each word in that sentence is in terms of its part of speech, since I never really cared in school to learn the parts of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Is there a word category for a certain kind of words beginning with 'a-'? [duplicate]

A few words beginning with an a came up to my mind recently because their structure is similar in the way they convey their meaning. Those words are like: atop, alight; afloat, afresh, anew, asleep, ...
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What parts of speech is "Like" in this Sentence

This is a line from Ruskin Bond's short story, "Eyes Have It." —"What is it like outside?"I asked. I am more inclined to call 'like' an adverb in this sentence but cannot figure ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the role of "destitute" in this sentence?

The sentence appeared in the Isaiah 3:26 - "destitute, she will sit on the ground." The dictionary definition of "destitute" is that it is an adjective. However I don't think I ...
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-2 votes
2 answers
87 views

What parts of speech and sentence constituents are “yes” and “no” words in answers?

Let's look at some examples: — Would you like some ice cream? — No. — Are you happy? — Yes. According to Wiktionary “yes” is a particle: ParticleyesUsed to show agreement or acceptance... “No” and “...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What does "from the rough" mean? [closed]

Taken from an android game "Arknights". The whole phrase: "our colleagues in the Human Resources Department have to manage a deluge of information each and every day, but they always ...
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2 votes
2 answers
333 views

What parts of speech are the words "about and how" in this sentence?

“You should wake me,” I say, thinking about how I can interrupt his sleep two or three times on a bad night.
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a single word for "Parts of Speech"?

Is there a word that refers to the different forms of a word, or a word's following four parts of speech—verb, adverb, noun, adjective? For example: confuse verb confusedly adverb confusion noun ...
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1 answer
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What part of speech is the that clause after 'I'm sure'?

fellow grammarians. When it comes to a clause, we'd naturally understand that each of them has a lexical class to it, and, the part of speech they serve as in a sentence. Adjective + that clause has ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What POS is "welcome" in "welcome to x"?

In the phrases: "welcome home" "welcome to Jurassic Park" I always assumed "welcome" was a verb here, and the structure was a shortened form of: "(I) welcome (you)...
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2 votes
1 answer
133 views

What is the basis for calling HOME a preposition? [duplicate]

I have gone through many a post here and elsewhere that treats home in such sentences as Stay home. Go home. prepositions. Admittedly, this is a fairly new perspective of looking at the POS, thanks ...
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1 answer
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'Come on, it's time to go home' here home is an adverb or noun? [duplicate]

I have 2 options. A) Noun B) adverb then what should be the answer.
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0 votes
1 answer
51 views

The word isolate—verb, or noun? [closed]

While studying I encounter the concept of a 'language isolate' (pl. isolates). I would like to know if 'isolate' is a verb or a noun when appearing after the word 'language'. As an example let's ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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Why are location words like "here" adverbs rather than adjectives?

In learning another language, I realized that in English, location-related words are adverbs, not adjectives like I expected. "I'm cold/tall/fast/young" - these words are adjectives, ...
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0 votes
1 answer
158 views

What type of phrase is "at 9 pm"?

He sleeps at 9 pm. What type of phrase is "at 9 pm" — adverbial or prepositional? What are the parts of speech of "9" and "pm" respectively?
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2 votes
1 answer
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This ranks fairly high on my list

Is rank a copulative/linking verb in This ranks fairly high on my list ? What Part of Speech is high here? High (adjective) https://www.oed.com/oed2/00106032 High (adverb) https://www.oed.com/oed2/...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Can we use "depot" as an adjective? [closed]

Can we use depot in this form: depotted books or depot books? (I’m not sure about the past participle of this word.) Or should it be used only as a “place” where books are supposed to be stored, a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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When does a pronoun function as demonstrative or relative?

A bold program was proposed in JFK's Rice University address, that of sending a man to the moon. I'd like to discuss a certain theory of historical progress today, that which is most famously ...
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0 votes
0 answers
42 views

What are the elements of this clause?

I am unsure whether I am identifying the elements in the following clause correctly. Phobias often originate from traumatic experiences in one's childhood I am parsing this as follows. Element Part ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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When an action is not carried out, who is the subject?

“My mother gave me money.” My mother is the subject, money is the direct object, and I am the indirect object who receives the money. “My mother did not give me money.” This sentence states what my ...
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0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Is the following sentence an adjective clause or an adjective phrase or a noun clause? [closed]

Yesterday, I attended a yoga class, the majority of whom were men. Is the boldfaced part an adjective phrase or adjective clause? I'm sure it's giving information about the yoga class. Yesterday, I ...
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