Questions tagged [participles]

A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb.

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participle clauses/absolute phrases

Being tired, I got some rest at home. Tired, I got some rest at home. Rich, he wasn't happy. Why are the sentences above correct, but these aren't? Sick, he couldn't attend the meeting. Old, he ...
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Why are present and past participle are different in some rare case; but I find them similar?

This behaviour is characterised by curled lips, a tilted head and squinting eyes – all of which can look like smiling. In this example could the first phrase tilted head bear the same meaning if it ...
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Rules to follow to choose when to use the present participle and when to use the past participle [closed]

Mark, dressed in black, walked across the room. Mark, dressing in black, walked across the room. I think both sentences are correct but what's the difference in meaning between both of them? Also, is ...
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Bare infinitive or present participle? [closed]

Which of the following two sentences is correct? The one that uses the bare infinitive 'hear', or the one that uses the present participle 'hearing'? He heard him snore last night. Or He heard him ...
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Do you need a context to fully understand what a participle clause means? [duplicate]

Having finished the work, he went home. As you can see, there is no context available in that sentence. So, the above sentence could mean: Because he had finished the work, he went home. Or, After ...
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"As pets being welcome, she stayed at the hotel with her dog." [closed]

I know that the the following two sentences are validly structured. Pets being welcome, she stayed at the hotel with her dog. and As pets were welcome, she stayed at the hotel with her dog. The ...
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What case of 'I' should be used in a Participle Clause? [duplicate]

Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct? I being not at home, my friend left a message. Me being not at home, my friend left a message. My being not at home, my friend left a ...
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Participle phrases and Inversion

In enwiki.org, this example is provided for showing inversion after a Participle phrases: Lurking in the corner stood a chicken with an ax, ready to take on the farmer in a fight to the death. In ...
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Participial phrase separating main verbs

Let's say you have the following sentence: I stood there and wondered what to do next. Now, let's say you insert a participial phrase after "there." I stood there looking at her and wondered ...
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1answer
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Can the present participle be used as adverbials of purpose?

Usually, infinitives with 'to' are used to indicate adverbials of purpose. e.g. I go downstairs to collect my parcel. In order to keep warm, my dog curls up on the rug beside my bed every evening. ...
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"___ was a song sung by […]" or "___ was a song sang by […]"? [closed]

I'm aware that sung is the past participle of sing, while sang is the past tense form, but I'm still unsure on whether or not one would use the past tense or past participle verb in this sentence: &...
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Does the (etymological) definition of 'participle' include 'noun'?

BACKGROUND The definition of 'participle' is something along the line of: a word having the characteristics of both verb and adjective (M-W Dictionary) the form of a verb that usually ends in "...
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Is the following a gerund or participle in this sentence?

I'm not feeling myself today. In the sentence above, is 'feeling' a gerund or participle? (I understand that the main verb is 'am', from which I can then ascertain that it is at least one of these ...
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How do I analyze this sentence from John Dyson's "Don't Look Down"?

John Dyson's DON'T LOOK DOWN has a sentence that reads: The cable heaping on the roof, even a vibration from the men inside, could nudge the 2.4-ton cage into free fall. The cable heaping on the ...
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Is it correct to say, "The specimen was observed using a microscope."

In scientific journals, we often find passive sentences like "The specimen was observed using a microscope" and "The specimen was observed by using a microscope." Are they correct? ...
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Why is it a "vexed question", rather than a "vexing question"?

If I understand it correctly, a "vexed question" is bothering, annoying, and frustrating us; not being bothered, annoyed, and frustrated by us. As such, I'd expect the active (present, -ing) ...
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Being + P.P construct as progressive form of -ed participle or passive form

Regarding Being + P.P construct: In The Grammar Book it is described as Progressive: but the same construct in Cambridge Grammar of English is described as Passive: Which one is correct?
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Is participle clause commonly used in spoken English?

I have never heard a native speaker use sentence with participle clause such as ‘Thinking about her past, she cried bitterly.’; ‘Bitten by a snake, she died.’ in their day-to-day conversation although ...
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Form of Participle Clause Subject: 'his' being or 'him' being

I have come across the following sentence (a bit modified) in a news article: "The opposition leader's bid for power failed to gain traction, and his claim to the presidency is rooted in his ...
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Is the gerund and (present) participle form always the same (spelling)? [duplicate]

Are the participle and gerund form of a verb always technically the same and in all tenses (in the sense of spelling) or do deviations exist? Reason is because I'm building a database and need to know ...
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Setting Off Participles With Commas

I'm stuck on whether it's good style to use a comma to set off a participle by itself from the rest of the main clause: e.g. Alice walked out of the burning school(,) crying, and joined the crowd of ...
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" I found her tiring and depressing " is this sentence correct? [closed]

I found this sentence in my exam, I would like to know that my answer is correct or not. Actually I should answer " tired and depressed "
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Is the use of the participle correct here?

Do participle phrases and clauses refer to particular instances only or can they also refer to long-term habits? Studying the topic, he understood the concept well. Here the sentence refers to a ...
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Is "ending" in "The rain will continue through the week, ending Friday" just use of a participle?

In the sentence, "The rain will continue through the week, ending Friday", is "ending" acting as a future continuous participle? If so is "will be" implied ("will be ...
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To Feel One’s Heart Fill/Filled With?

“Stephen felt his heart filled by Fleming’s words and did not answer.” I read this sentence, from Portrait of the Artist, and wondered if the use of the past participle filled was an abbreviation or ...
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A Specific Case of Infinitive as Adjective

To see him, you would have supposed he had been doing this for years. Having first thought that to see him was an adverb, I then noticed it wasn’t exactly doing the work of an adverb and might just as ...
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Grammar: Participle clause after preposition [duplicate]

I have been studying the book named Grammar and Vocabulary for Advanced by Martin Hewings and Simon Haines. There is a exercise sentence like this "With the wind reaching hurricane force, ships ...
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Introductory, Independent clauses and participles

For many people in the US, undergoing a medical procedure can be a stressful, confusing, and sometimes overwhelming ordeal. I understand that For...US, is the introductory phrase and needs the comma. ...
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Which one I should use? Infinitive or present participle?

Which sentence is grammatically correct? I think it is good for students to have cellphones. I think having cellphones is good for students.
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What is the correct term for using a verb as an adjective? [closed]

My local newspaper has a confusing headline today: “Littlehampton rescue after person thrown from town inflatable“. I am having difficulty working out whether this is (a) grammatically correct (should ...
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usages of participles, complement after linking verbs or adverb of cause?

I wanna know the usage of participle below: I simply feel better knowing a pen is handy. Is the participle "knowing" here functioning as adverb of reason, namely, because he knows a pen is ...
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Past participle or present participle

"I wrote Shapiro a letter congratulating him on having won a race." Is the word congratulating a present participle? And having won a gerund?
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Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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If I were to remove the "which is" or "that is" from an adjective clause, which type of adjective phrase is formed? [duplicate]

Example with adjective clause: Your pictures are stored in the Gallery which is accessible from My Dashboard. If I were to remove "which", would the result be just an adjective phrase, if ...
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Present participle Vs past participle

Q.My sister was charmed with silk. She bought ten yards. Ans. Being charmed with silk, my sister bought ten yards. Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope. ^this is the example of past participle ...
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A question concerned to the participles

The traveller, being weary, sat by the woodside to rest. My book says the present participle being weary (passive) is used absolutely in the sentence with the noun The traveller. But it's separated by ...
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participial phrase placement [duplicate]

In a grammar test I did, the following sentence was to be corrected: "I first spotted the turtle playing tag in the yard." It clearly contains a misplaced modifier. The correction suggested ...
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Is it grammatically possible to change the result clause in a conditional sentence to a participle clause? [closed]

Please consider the sentence below: Parents have the same role in doing the household chores if both of them work. Now I turn the first part into a participle clause while adding another sentence ...
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Temporal Participial Phrases

He lay staring into the sky. He came running towards me. He arrived finding nobody there. I have read this by John Lawler but am struggling to put these into one of the five categories he mentioned. ...
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Dangling modifiers in sentences involving "Looking back"

Is there a dangling modifier in each of the following sentences? "Looking back, not learning cycling at an early age is my biggest regret." "Looking back, my biggest regret is not ...
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Paradoxical participle [duplicate]

“I met a friend walking down the street.” Does it mean I was walking, or that my friend was walking, or both are possible?
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I don't understand why the ING form is used in these examples

This is my last night working here. There is a problem sending this email. I doubt the chances of success facing him. Can anybody tell me that Why 'ING' form is used in "working, sending, facing ", ...
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How can infinitives, participles, gerunds.. act?

I've seen infinitives function in a few different ways. But in which ways can they function? I've seen infinitives function as direct objects, subjects, and a couple other ways, but how else can they ...
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How to say Lie/Lay [closed]

So, here's another one of the Lay/Lie questions. How do you say "she is lying quietly on the grass, under the stars." in past tense? She lay quietly on the grass, under the stars. She was lying ...
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Present participle, gerund, or modifier

Which one of the following is right? 1) I am a doctor working in a hospital. 2) I am, a doctor, working in a hospital. 3) I am a doctor, working in a hospital. Does "working" modify "doctor" in ...
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To use a participle or an infinitive? That's the question

Would native speakers use "to harm" in this one? Thanks. The elephant king agreed. He ordered that the elephants stop stepping on a single mouse. From then on, the elephants paid attention and ...
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How to use tenses in participial phrases

In one of my grammar books, it states - when using a past part ending (d, ed, en, t) the action takes place prior to the finite verb. You must find the verb first and then make sure the action of ...
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"I have a friend VISITING me." Participle vs entire Direct Object Clause

"I have a friend visiting me." Which part of speech is "visiting" specifically? Even if "a friend visiting me" is an entire direct object clause, what is the breakdown: Is "visiting" a participle? ...
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Present participle as a replacement for "that [verb]"

Are the following statements grammatically correct? If so, are they equivalent in meaning and which is more clear? "[subject] moves to a location that acts as the main [thing]..." "[subject] moves to ...
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Non-finite clause vs phrase

We know that a clause is a sentence which is a part of a sentence. So, a clause is itself a sentence having a subject and a predicate, but a phrase is just a group of words. To tell you the truth,I ...

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