Questions tagged [participles]

A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb.

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Seem small clause

It is said that the omission of "to be" is allowed only when the adjective (phrases), noun (phrases), or prepositional phrase comes after the to be like this: a He seemed (to be) angry about the ...
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40 views

Using the gerund as an English analogue of Russian verbal participles

Could you please verify that using the gerund is normal as an analogue of Russian verbal participles in the following phrase: The device automatically estimates calories, consumed from food, basing ...
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Participle modifying a noun other than a subject

Example: "John jumped over the girl shouting angrily." I assume the participle construction replaces a relative clause in this case. ("who shouted angrily"). My question: Can a participle ...
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177 views

I'd like to know Noun + past participle

I want to come home more relaxed. I'd like to know, why more relaxed comes after home if it modifies home. Or can more relaxed in this sentence be used as an adverb?
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1k views

Prepositions before participle clauses

I am currently studying participle clauses that have adverbial meaning, and was faced with something that I'm having a hard time understanding. In "Advanced Grammar In Use," the book I'm studying ...
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245 views

Gerund and Participles

I need your expert skills to solve this confusion regarding the use of gerund and participles. Here is the sentence Standing in the shallow end, he would practice his arm movements. I want to know ...
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514 views

Are copulars considered linking, helping, or auxiliaries?

I'm having a hard time understanding why most people consider the infinitive to be and all of its verb base forms helping verbs. I've consulted multiple English grammar sites and forums, and most of ...
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1answer
118 views

Can someone help me diagram this very confusing sentence?

The vase didn't look like I wanted it to. That is the sentence. My teacher said there is a participle, but I can't identify one. Thanks!
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1answer
21 views

Use of a participle in different tenses

"She came running." I know that this sentence is correct. But can I write these: 1 She will come running. 2 She has come running. 3 She had come running. 4 She is coming running. Can you ...
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50 views

“I have a friend VISITING me.” Participle vs entire Direct Object Clause

"I have a friend visiting me." Which part of speech is "visiting" specifically? Even if "a friend visiting me" is an entire direct object clause, what is the breakdown: Is "visiting" a participle? ...
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122 views

Perfect Participle - “Having gained truth, keep truth”

"Having gained truth, grab the truth" This is an example of the Exercise in Grammar 51 in Wren and Martin, which actually asks for the noun being qualified by the partciple beside its type. Now, two ...
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the implied subject of “looking down into a valley”

Human beings like a prospect from which they can survey a landscape, and at the same time they enjoy a sense of refuge. A cave on the side of a mountain, a child’s tree house, and the king’s castle ...
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121 views

Why is the past participle used to describe actions occurring in the present?

Something I don't understand: why is the past participle used for describing actions in the present notwithstanding the name? There are two forms of participle in English – present participle and ...
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541 views

Past participle of stand

I'm new to this community, I hope the question fits this somewhat. Say we have a sentence: The tree which stands in the garden is beautiful. Now using participle construction this becomes: The ...
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82 views

What is the official rule(s) regarding punctuation and end-sentence participles?

I tried searching for this, but only received more questions, instead of answers. Recently, I was asked a question about participial phrases and the punctuation that surrounds them. Attempting to ...
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30 views

Word order of sentences with “included”

For the participle "included", there are two options that both sound similar to me. However, one option might be preferred above the other. It might also be that there is an underlying grammatical ...
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198 views

Grammatical structure

Mental energy is a vital element needed to be able to concentrate one's attention and maintain a positive mental attitude. The question I want to ask is how the section in bold is functioning over ...
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2answers
571 views

Difference between participal adjective and relative clause

I saw someone explained that participal adjectives have the same function as relative clauses. If that is correct, what is the difference between them? for examples, a bill requiring approval ...
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786 views

Is the word 'getting' used as a gerund in 'getting stronger every day'?

In the phrase, "Getting Stronger Every Day," I know that "getting" is a participle, but in this phrase, is it a gerund? If not, why?
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1answer
99 views

-ing forms after a comma: reduced participle phrase or gerund?

In sentences like "the results show x, leading researchers to believe..." or "..., indicating that further research must be done" or "..., proving the validity of the theory..." etc is the -ing ...
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1answer
328 views

Which one is correct: “to have verbed” or “verbing”?

I have two confusing sentences and I am in two minds whether the first or the second is more grammatically correct: He was by far the most knowledgeable person to have commented on the subject, so it ...
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13 views

Is “ending” in “The rain will continue through the week, ending Friday” just use of a participle?

In the sentence, "The rain will continue through the week, ending Friday", is "ending" acting as a future continuous participle? If so is "will be" implied ("will be ...
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29 views

A Specific Case of Infinitive as Adjective

To see him, you would have supposed he had been doing this for years. Having first thought that to see him was an adverb, I then noticed it wasn’t exactly doing the work of an adverb and might just as ...
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28 views

Introductory, Independent clauses and participles

For many people in the US, undergoing a medical procedure can be a stressful, confusing, and sometimes overwhelming ordeal. I understand that For...US, is the introductory phrase and needs the comma. ...
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38 views

Which one I should use? Infinitive or present participle?

Which sentence is grammatically correct? I think it is good for students to have cellphones. I think having cellphones is good for students.
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26 views

usages of participles, complement after linking verbs or adverb of cause?

I wanna know the usage of participle below: I simply feel better knowing a pen is handy. Is the participle "knowing" here functioning as adverb of reason, namely, because he knows a pen is ...
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27 views

Past participle or present participle

"I wrote Shapiro a letter congratulating him on having won a race." Is the word congratulating a present participle? And having won a gerund?
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28 views

Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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39 views

Present participle Vs past participle

Q.My sister was charmed with silk. She bought ten yards. Ans. Being charmed with silk, my sister bought ten yards. Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope. ^this is the example of past participle ...
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32 views

A question concerned to the participles

The traveller, being weary, sat by the woodside to rest. My book says the present participle being weary (passive) is used absolutely in the sentence with the noun The traveller. But it's separated by ...
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33 views

Present participle, gerund, or modifier

Which one of the following is right? 1) I am a doctor working in a hospital. 2) I am, a doctor, working in a hospital. 3) I am a doctor, working in a hospital. Does "working" modify "doctor" in ...
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29 views

How to use tenses in participial phrases

In one of my grammar books, it states - when using a past part ending (d, ed, en, t) the action takes place prior to the finite verb. You must find the verb first and then make sure the action of ...
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25 views

Present participle as a replacement for “that [verb]”

Are the following statements grammatically correct? If so, are they equivalent in meaning and which is more clear? "[subject] moves to a location that acts as the main [thing]..." "[subject] moves to ...
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39 views

Non-finite clause vs phrase

We know that a clause is a sentence which is a part of a sentence. So, a clause is itself a sentence having a subject and a predicate, but a phrase is just a group of words. To tell you the truth,I ...
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203 views

What is the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?

is there the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?
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60 views

When can an adverb modify a participial adjective?

Why can you say: the hurriedly passed bill the warmly clothed child but not: the *here proposed bill the *yesterday scolded child To me they don't even sound informally understandable, they just ...
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46 views

Participial Phrase as Verb Modifier?

On the internet, I only read about participial phrases acting as noun modifiers. But when I read various newspaper articles, it seems that participial phrases are also used as verb modifiers, or even ...
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41 views

Is it a Participial Phrase?

In this sentence: We saw Paul coming I don't understand if the verb coming is a present participle. Thank you!
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33 views

Is the sentence correct (with a participle)?

I have the following sentence: "The operation of washing machines can be shifted in time, making their electrical loads deferrable" Can I use the paticiple 'making' here?
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42 views

Participle clause in a sentence

Is this a correct sentence? Is the participle clause correctly used? "The monastery consists of several buildings each bearing different purpose."
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43 views

To use a clause, an infinitive or a participle?

What's the difference between the three expressions, and how to correctly use each of them? He is the only one who meets our criteria. He is the only one to meet our criteria. He is the only one ...
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268 views

participles as object complements

Can participles or participial phrases serve as object complements in traditional grammar? And are direct objects viewed as a type of complement in traditional grammar? I'd appreciate reference to ...
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140 views

connection between a participial phrase and the main clause

A coworker wrote the following sentence, but I wonder what connection there is between the -ing phrase and the main clause: John lived on takeaway food -- regularly discarding the packaging on the ...
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53 views

entered the room extending my hand

a. I entered the room extending my hand to my host. c. He forgot his wallet in the restaurant realizing it two hours later. d. He forgot his wallet in the restaurant, realizing it two hours later. ...
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2k views

Participle phrase at the end of the sentence

When participle phrase comes at the end of the sentence, it usually modifies the subject. 1 He smiled nervously with a chocolate in his hands, thinking that the end has come. Here, participle ...
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2answers
105 views

verb-ing modifier trouble

I'm unexplainably confused about this topic. What does the following verb-ing clause modify? (noun) researchers or (action) have sent? How do we decide that? --> very important for me Is there any ...
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1answer
94 views

They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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3k views

Gerund or Participle?

While waiting for service, patrons can enjoy coffee and snacks and mingle with their neighbors in need. Is "waiting" in this sentence a gerund or participle? This sentence and question actually ...
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179 views

Use of conjunctive adverb with participle clause

I have written a sentence by using participle clause any contribution cannot be erased from the mind, therefore being essential for being successful. But my teacher is saying that "therefore being ...
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380 views

Participle Clause - past particple

As I hadn't finished my assignment, I was very anxious. = Not having/Having not finished my assignment, I was very anxious. Consider changing the sentence: Not finished my assignment, I was ...