Questions tagged [participles]

A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb.

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6 views

Which of the following are not classified as modifiers? [closed]

Surely participle can be modifier? For example, "a flying car" in which flying is clearly modifying car?
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Is the gerund and (present) participle form always the same (spelling)?

Are the participle and gerund form of a verb always technically the same and in all tenses (in the sense of spelling) or do deviations exist? Reason is because I'm building a database and need to know ...
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Setting Off Participles With Commas

I'm stuck on whether it's good style to use a comma to set off a participle by itself from the rest of the main clause: e.g. Alice walked out of the burning school(,) crying, and joined the crowd of ...
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81 views

SAT Difficult Writing Question [closed]

Can someone explain #31? I think its C, but the answer key says D.
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“ I found her tiring and depressing ” is this sentence correct? [closed]

I found this sentence in my exam, I would like to know that my answer is correct or not. Actually I should answer " tired and depressed "
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Is the use of the participle correct here?

Do participle phrases and clauses refer to particular instances only or can they also refer to long-term habits? Studying the topic, he understood the concept well. Here the sentence refers to a ...
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I don't understand why the ING form is used in these examples

This is my last night working here. There is a problem sending this email. I doubt the chances of success facing him. Can anybody tell me that Why 'ING' form is used in "working, sending, facing ", ...
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How do you derive the adjectival form of an irregular verb such as “read”?

If I understand correctly, some adjectives can be derived from verbs. For example, an interested person is someone who is interested in me, and an interesting person is someone who is interesting to ...
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Gerund or Participle?

While waiting for service, patrons can enjoy coffee and snacks and mingle with their neighbors in need. Is "waiting" in this sentence a gerund or participle? This sentence and question actually ...
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Is “ending” in “The rain will continue through the week, ending Friday” just use of a participle?

In the sentence, "The rain will continue through the week, ending Friday", is "ending" acting as a future continuous participle? If so is "will be" implied ("will be ...
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Participial Phrase as Verb Modifier?

On the internet, I only read about participial phrases acting as noun modifiers. But when I read various newspaper articles, it seems that participial phrases are also used as verb modifiers, or even ...
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Difference between participal adjective and relative clause

I saw someone explained that participal adjectives have the same function as relative clauses. If that is correct, what is the difference between them? for examples, a bill requiring approval ...
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Is there a better term for “perfect infinitive”, “perfect participle” or “perfect gerund”?

BACKGROUND There are grammar terms such as 'present perfect' and 'past perfect' as in: She has learned English for 10 years. [present perfect] She had learned English when she was little. [past ...
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To Feel One’s Heart Fill/Filled With?

“Stephen felt his heart filled by Fleming’s words and did not answer.” I read this sentence, from Portrait of the Artist, and wondered if the use of the past participle filled was an abbreviation or ...
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A Specific Case of Infinitive as Adjective

To see him, you would have supposed he had been doing this for years. Having first thought that to see him was an adverb, I then noticed it wasn’t exactly doing the work of an adverb and might just as ...
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participles as object complements

Can participles or participial phrases serve as object complements in traditional grammar? And are direct objects viewed as a type of complement in traditional grammar? I'd appreciate reference to ...
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Grammar: Participle clause after preposition [duplicate]

I have been studying the book named Grammar and Vocabulary for Advanced by Martin Hewings and Simon Haines. There is a exercise sentence like this "With the wind reaching hurricane force, ships ...
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2answers
106 views

verb-ing modifier trouble

I'm unexplainably confused about this topic. What does the following verb-ing clause modify? (noun) researchers or (action) have sent? How do we decide that? --> very important for me Is there any ...
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Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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Use of a participle in different tenses

"She came running." I know that this sentence is correct. But can I write these: 1 She will come running. 2 She has come running. 3 She had come running. 4 She is coming running. Can you ...
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To use a clause, an infinitive or a participle?

What's the difference between the three expressions, and how to correctly use each of them? He is the only one who meets our criteria. He is the only one to meet our criteria. He is the only one ...
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Introductory, Independent clauses and participles

For many people in the US, undergoing a medical procedure can be a stressful, confusing, and sometimes overwhelming ordeal. I understand that For...US, is the introductory phrase and needs the comma. ...
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38 views

Which one I should use? Infinitive or present participle?

Which sentence is grammatically correct? I think it is good for students to have cellphones. I think having cellphones is good for students.
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the implied subject of “looking down into a valley”

Human beings like a prospect from which they can survey a landscape, and at the same time they enjoy a sense of refuge. A cave on the side of a mountain, a child’s tree house, and the king’s castle ...
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What is the correct term for using a verb as an adjective? [closed]

My local newspaper has a confusing headline today: “Littlehampton rescue after person thrown from town inflatable“. I am having difficulty working out whether this is (a) grammatically correct (should ...
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usages of participles, complement after linking verbs or adverb of cause?

I wanna know the usage of participle below: I simply feel better knowing a pen is handy. Is the participle "knowing" here functioning as adverb of reason, namely, because he knows a pen is ...
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Past participle or present participle

"I wrote Shapiro a letter congratulating him on having won a race." Is the word congratulating a present participle? And having won a gerund?
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If I were to remove the “which is” or “that is” from an adjective clause, which type of adjective phrase is formed? [duplicate]

Example with adjective clause: Your pictures are stored in the Gallery which is accessible from My Dashboard. If I were to remove "which", would the result be just an adjective phrase, if ...
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Present participle Vs past participle

Q.My sister was charmed with silk. She bought ten yards. Ans. Being charmed with silk, my sister bought ten yards. Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope. ^this is the example of past participle ...
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A question concerned to the participles

The traveller, being weary, sat by the woodside to rest. My book says the present participle being weary (passive) is used absolutely in the sentence with the noun The traveller. But it's separated by ...
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Dangling modifiers in sentences involving “Looking back”

Is there a dangling modifier in each of the following sentences? "Looking back, not learning cycling at an early age is my biggest regret." "Looking back, my biggest regret is not ...
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35 views

participial phrase placement [duplicate]

In a grammar test I did, the following sentence was to be corrected: "I first spotted the turtle playing tag in the yard." It clearly contains a misplaced modifier. The correction suggested ...
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1answer
37 views

Is it grammatically possible to change the result clause in a conditional sentence to a participle clause? [closed]

Please consider the sentence below: Parents have the same role in doing the household chores if both of them work. Now I turn the first part into a participle clause while adding another sentence ...
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51 views

Temporal Participial Phrases

He lay staring into the sky. He came running towards me. He arrived finding nobody there. I have read this by John Lawler but am struggling to put these into one of the five categories he mentioned. ...
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Paradoxical participle [duplicate]

“I met a friend walking down the street.” Does it mean I was walking, or that my friend was walking, or both are possible?
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“I met him(,) sitting on the chair(,) and talked to him.” Who was sitting on the chair?

I met him sitting on the chair and talked to him. - (He was sitting on the chair) I met him, sitting on the chair, and talked to him. - (I was sitting on the chair) Is that correct? I feel safer ...
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113 views

How can infinitives, participles, gerunds.. act?

I've seen infinitives function in a few different ways. But in which ways can they function? I've seen infinitives function as direct objects, subjects, and a couple other ways, but how else can they ...
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How to say Lie/Lay [closed]

So, here's another one of the Lay/Lie questions. How do you say "she is lying quietly on the grass, under the stars." in past tense? She lay quietly on the grass, under the stars. She was lying ...
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Present participle, gerund, or modifier

Which one of the following is right? 1) I am a doctor working in a hospital. 2) I am, a doctor, working in a hospital. 3) I am a doctor, working in a hospital. Does "working" modify "doctor" in ...
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156 views

To use a participle or an infinitive? That's the question

Would native speakers use "to harm" in this one? Thanks. The elephant king agreed. He ordered that the elephants stop stepping on a single mouse. From then on, the elephants paid attention and ...
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How to use tenses in participial phrases

In one of my grammar books, it states - when using a past part ending (d, ed, en, t) the action takes place prior to the finite verb. You must find the verb first and then make sure the action of ...
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“I have a friend VISITING me.” Participle vs entire Direct Object Clause

"I have a friend visiting me." Which part of speech is "visiting" specifically? Even if "a friend visiting me" is an entire direct object clause, what is the breakdown: Is "visiting" a participle? ...
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Present participle as a replacement for “that [verb]”

Are the following statements grammatically correct? If so, are they equivalent in meaning and which is more clear? "[subject] moves to a location that acts as the main [thing]..." "[subject] moves to ...
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Non-finite clause vs phrase

We know that a clause is a sentence which is a part of a sentence. So, a clause is itself a sentence having a subject and a predicate, but a phrase is just a group of words. To tell you the truth,I ...
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“Undaunting faith and courage”--Is this usage correct?

I came across a sentence in a published book (A Light Kindled: The Story of Priscilla Mullins): "His voice echoed the urgency of the situation, yet it was strengthened with the calm resolve that only ...
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204 views

What is the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?

is there the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?
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When can an adverb modify a participial adjective?

Why can you say: the hurriedly passed bill the warmly clothed child but not: the *here proposed bill the *yesterday scolded child To me they don't even sound informally understandable, they just ...
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Is it a Participial Phrase?

In this sentence: We saw Paul coming I don't understand if the verb coming is a present participle. Thank you!
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598 views

Is “workingest” used as often and casually as “hardest working” and “the most hard working (or industrious)”?

I found the phrase America is “the workingest nation” on earth in the following sentence of Time magazine’s (November 14) article titled “Whatever happened to upward mobility.” For the first time ...
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Non-finite verb forms function

Could anyone please tell the functions of the bolded participles (raising, saying and displaying) in the following examples? ...and has continued with parliamentary duties this week, raising the ...

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