Questions tagged [participial-phrases]

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12 views

Is it a participle clause?

I have just come across this question when doing senior high school English grammar question. The former businessman has gone on trial _____ of two million dollar investment fraud. a. accuse b. ...
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67 views

Participle Phrases as Adverbs

I'm teaching my daughter some grammar lessons and ended up a bit confused about how to analyze participle phrases such as "removing his coat" in the following sentence: Removing his coat, ...
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42 views

Participial construction. Can I say like that?

I want to ask about the participial construction. Please check and comment on these 2 sentences. -Being unable to remember that word, I often feel frustrated. -Unable to remember that word, I often ...
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32 views

A question concerned to the participles

The traveller, being weary, sat by the woodside to rest. My book says the present participle being weary (passive) is used absolutely in the sentence with the noun The traveller. But it's separated by ...
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1answer
48 views

Grammatical function of “According to…”

What is the function of the phrase "according to" in sentences like "According to my neighbor, it will rain tomorrow"? It seems like the phrase "according to my neighbor" ...
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1answer
36 views

What does “ensuring” refer to?

Original sentence: "If ethics and business are to be viewed as inextricably linked, management must play an important role in this process, ensuring that a company follows an ethical code of ...
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1answer
32 views

What is the subject of a participial phrase?

But the hand which I now saw, clearly enough, in the yellow light of a mid-London morning, lying half shut on the bedclothes, was lean, corded, knuckly, of a dusky pallor and thickly shaded with a ...
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1answer
51 views

Temporal Participial Phrases

He lay staring into the sky. He came running towards me. He arrived finding nobody there. I have read this by John Lawler but am struggling to put these into one of the five categories he mentioned. ...
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1answer
47 views

I was happy playing the piano (gerund or participle?)

In the sentence, “I was happy playing the piano,” is the phrase “playing the piano” a participial (Playing the piano, I was happy) or a gerund with an elided, or assumed, preposition (I was happy [...
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83 views

verb-ing modifier trouble

I'm unexplainably confused about this topic. What does the following verb-ing clause modify? (noun) researchers or (action) have sent? How do we decide that? --> very important for me Is there any ...
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2answers
83 views

What is the omitted subject of 'eating with your brother' in 'the big guy eating with your brother'?

(1) Who's the big guy [ ___ eating with your brother]? Here, the subject of the bracketed non-finite clause is omitted, as shown in the blank, and is retrievable from the main clause. I'd like to ...
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1answer
62 views

Is this participle clause sentence correct? [closed]

How do you think about this sentence? Is it ok grammatically? Having been in shape, I go to gym twice a week. `
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103 views

Perfect Participle - “Having gained truth, keep truth”

"Having gained truth, grab the truth" This is an example of the Exercise in Grammar 51 in Wren and Martin, which actually asks for the noun being qualified by the partciple beside its type. Now, two ...
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1answer
64 views

Are all “Dangling Participles” wrong?

I solved a grammar exam recently, and one question got me wondering. The answer key says that Stepping inside the church, the large columns supporting the ceiling immediately catch your eye. is ...
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1answer
120 views

Preposition followed by participial phrase

For example, After brushing my teeth, I go to bed Is this a participial phrase, or a prepositional phrase, or both? Brushing my teeth... Is participial, but the after is making me think that ...
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1answer
45 views

A Gerund or Participial Phrase?

The state's ACLU branch reached out to the Massachusetts State Police requesting records regarding the acquisition and use of robotics. Should there be a comma before "requesting" ? Is the "...
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1answer
50 views

What does 'fungus-growing' mean?

Renowned Swiss entomologist Martin Luscher described the mounds of this fungus-growing species as being as much as 16 feet tall, 16 feet in diameter at their base, and with a cement-like wall of ...
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1answer
58 views

Tenses to pair with participial phrases

I am teaching about participial phrases these days, and all examples I am able to find online have the phrases paired with simple tenses. For example: Removing his glasses, Kent Clark quickly put ...
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104 views

How to explain the tenses in these sentences?

So my Japanese student is having trouble understanding why the following tenses are used and I’m not sure how to explain it. My line manager wants the meeting arranged immediately. Why does that ...
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0answers
81 views

What is the official rule(s) regarding punctuation and end-sentence participles?

I tried searching for this, but only received more questions, instead of answers. Recently, I was asked a question about participial phrases and the punctuation that surrounds them. Attempting to ...
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3answers
223 views

Blue eyes white dragon

Why BLUE EYES white dragon ,not BLUE EYED ? Does anyone know why ? Because , as far as I’m concerned , the latter is the correct form Or maybe I just got it wrong? if anyone in this world knows ...
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1answer
74 views

How is “swimming” being used grammatically in “I saw them swimming in the lake”?

Consider this sentence: I saw them swimming in the lake. How is "swimming" used in the sentence? Is it a gerund or verb or anything else and how is it connected to the sentence? I am mostly aware ...
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2answers
556 views

Which are right choices in: “Can you imagine him/his forgetting his own birthday?”

Which one of the following is correct? Can you imagine his forgetting his own birthday? Can you imagine him forgetting his own birthday? The question was asked in SNAP 2009 and I can't understand ...
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817 views

The grammaticality and function of “people ages 20 to 30” (as opposed to “people aged 20 to 30”)

I have seen/heard constructions similar to "people ages 20 to 30" many times. However, several discussions, including questions on ELU, suggest the aforementioned construction is ...
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1answer
820 views

Participial Phrases

Is the sentence below grammatically correct? I repeatedly punched his face until I passed out, my arms sliced a few times by his blade." I know what participial phrases are; I read about them ...
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1answer
176 views

“I remember watching Dallas,” vs. “I remember us watching Dallas.”

I remember watching Dallas. I remember us watching Dallas. I know that both are common usage. What I don't understand is exactly what role "watching" has in the second sentence. It is clearly a ...
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1answer
405 views

How do I know what a participial phrase is within a sentence?

Recently, I have realized that there are huge gaps in my knowledge in terms of grammar, so I have begun learning some of the basics. One thing I am trying to learn is the participial phrase. I ...
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1answer
485 views

Question on gerunds/verbs [closed]

I realise this is probably a somewhat confusing question, which really has two distinct parts, but I thought of them in relation to one another so... Firstly, with the phrase 'Having done that was a ...
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2answers
557 views

Difference between participal adjective and relative clause

I saw someone explained that participal adjectives have the same function as relative clauses. If that is correct, what is the difference between them? for examples, a bill requiring approval ...
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3k views

When do I say “I have seen people do it” and not “I have seen people doing it”? [duplicate]

What is the difference between I have seen people do it and I have seen people doing it?
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Can someone distinguish which of these verbs is a participial adjective and explain?

The boy deeply engaged in a conversation had brown hair. The boy deeply engaged in a conversation.
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3answers
167 views

What is the sense of “bosom labouring” here? [closed]

I've just came a cross the following sentence: It seemed to breathe from a bosom labouring under the deadliest terror. and can't puzzle out the meaning of this two words combined together in this ...
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4answers
367 views

Is the -ing a participle in the sentence?

I came across a sentence like this: The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China, which he remembers starting as early as his childhood. I am not sure how to understand the ...
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1answer
173 views

Grammatical correctness of the following sentence

I came across this sentence while preparing for the IELTS writing exam: There are a number of causes of people not doing physical activities. That causes of should be followed by a noun or gerund. ...
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1answer
151 views

Sentence Connectors

Is this sentence right? Italian is a null-subject language, subjective pronouns are usually dropped, their presence implied by verbal inflections. Are the two clauses Italian is a null-subject ...
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2answers
2k views

When does a gerund become a verb?

My question is a follow-up to one in which I identified stealing and killing in a particular sentence as gerunds. Bill J commented to the effect that if objects followed these gerunds, the latter ...
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1answer
1k views

Participial phrases as adverbs

In the sentence, "my dog ran up to me, wagging its tail," does "wagging its tail" modify "dog" or "ran"? Does rewriting the sentence as "wagging its tail, my dog ran up to me" change anything?
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1answer
172 views

Participial Phrase

Pulling down the sleeves of her jersey, she walked inside. She walked inside, pulling down the sleeves of her jersey. Pulling down the sleeves of her jersey, she walked inside, making a beeline for ...
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2answers
1k views

In “Nobody was surprised at John being absent”, is “being” a present participle modifying “John” or a gerund whose subject is “John”?

Some time ago I learned the difference between a present participle and a gerund, so today I decided to pass any online test to make sure I understand it. I passed it having made only one mistake, ...
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1answer
765 views

Identifying the participial phrase in a sentence

They boarded the subway packed with people My attempt: I think "boarded the subway" is the participial phrase which modifies "they", because "packed with people" is a prepositional phrase packed is ...
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1answer
528 views

Can a participle phrase modify a clause?

It is generally taught that participial/participle phrases function as adjectives modifying a noun (or pronoun). In a sentence such as: A major accident occurred on our bus's route to school, ...
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1answer
1k views

When to put a comma before participial phrase

This site is excellent. Thank you! A Japanese colleague of mine recently asked me to explain to him the rules about comma usage in the following two sentences (taken from an English textbook): "He ...
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1answer
344 views

Participial phrase or not

Struggling with a simple sentence: He had spent the morning investigating a burglary at the City Deli, a small shop … Is investigating a burglary a participial phrase here? Seems so. ...
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3answers
336 views

Why are “misplaced” modifiers incorrect in some cases and correct in others?

In some cases, phrases don't have to be next to what they're modifying and in some cases they do. For example, "enraged by the ruling" is not considered a misplaced modifier here. James launched ...
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1answer
58 views

Particpial phrases containing different nouns

is it possible to use participial prepositions in the following sense, or am I creating a dangling modifier. Moreover, is the punctuation correct? Considering his broken leg, Peter was not able to ...
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2answers
780 views

Comma before a participial phrase

I have two cases. a) He sent me a letter written in English. b) I was given a cup made in China from my friend. I personally think sentence (a) should be non-restrictive since there is only ...
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1answer
214 views

Are these dangling participial phrases?

I've been spotting what seems to me misplaced modifiers in professional writing, so I would love to get some tips on the following examples: He'd sit until the last moment, watching them draw ...
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1answer
580 views

Word order of participial modifiers and proper nouns

This is a follow-up to this earlier question. I want to say that I met a person and they were drunk at the time. Which should I use: I saw intoxicated John. I saw the intoxicated John. I saw John ...
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4k views

In “can hear singing”, is “singing” a verb or a gerund?

In this sentence is singing a verb or a gerund? Look at the children whom you can hear singing.