Questions tagged [parentheses]

This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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Regarding parentheses and the end of sentence period, when the parentheses begin in 1 sentence but end after a second complete sentence?

“Jim likes bananas (as well as apples. He also likes most vegetables).” The finished sentence in the beginning of the parentheses, with 1 or more complete sentences after the partial sentence, all ...
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3answers
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Parenthetical sentence (double commas) followed by definition in parenthesis - where to put commas?

I am working with legal texts a lot and I was wondering about the following phrase that will show up in most US related prospectuses: "according to the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the ...
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2answers
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Exclamation mark before closing parenthesis [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where does the question mark go — inside or outside the parentheses? Consider this: Even a fool gets to be young once (but not twice!). Do you understand? The parentheses ...
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3answers
4k views

First usage of parentheses or brackets ( and )

I have found several sources (Wikipedia, Eats Shoots & Leaves) that claim Erasmus was the first person to use parentheses (also known as brackets). He supposedly called them lunulae (because they ...
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(I redesigned the entire magazine as well but that’s another story) [duplicate]

Finally, can someone settle the argument about the period going inside or outside of the close paren in this free-standing sentence?
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2answers
674 views

Parentheses or colon inside em-dashes?

Should I use a colon, parentheses, or none of them to introduce the word "Arabic" in the following sentence? I am passionate about languages —including my native one: Arabic— and a fan of accuracy ...
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1answer
65 views

Parentheses within abbreviations

The example that I have is from South Africa. Chartered accountants here abbreviate their titles in emails to: CA(SA) This is meant to abbreviate "Chartered Accountant (South Africa)". I feel, ...
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1answer
47 views

Brackets within brackets

I'm writing an academic paper and have added some information within a set of brackets. I have then added a citation to this piece of information, which has now left me with this sentence: A total ...
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2answers
38 views

Should I pluralize based on an item in parentheses [duplicate]

Which of the following two sentences is correct: Jon (and Michael) is smart. Jon (and Michael) are smart. This example is clearly contrived but my question is whether the sentence should be ...
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1answer
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How does parenthesis affect grammar, would it be “a (incorrect) report” or “an (incorrect) report?” [duplicate]

Would it be "a (incorrect) report" or "an (incorrect) report?"
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1answer
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Use of parentheses/brackets in legal titles

Legal systems descended from British jurisprudence seem to like to use a lot of parentheses in titles: Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order 1958, India Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act ...
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2answers
65 views

Using brackets in quotes: You['re] vs [You're]

Quick question, if the original quote is "You are..." but I'm attempting to combine the two words, would the correct way to use brackets be: a. [You're] (entire word in bracket) b. You['re] (...
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1answer
28 views

Where to put the parentheses in the sentence?

I want to add extra information in my sentence for the sake of clarity by using parentheses. Should I put them at the end or right after the word(s) they are related to? For example, which of the ...
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1answer
68 views

Is “an (unique) index” or “a (unique) index” [duplicate]

I'd like to know the role of parentheses on a phrase. For example, which of the following is right, "it has an (unique) index" or "it has a (unique) index".
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How do you make a word like “parent(s)” possessive? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the correct possessive for nouns ending in s? "Please submit your and your parent(s)' federal tax returns." Is the possessive of "parent(s)'" correctly formatted in ...
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1answer
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Shortening a frequently used phrase in a paper

What is the correct term for referring to something as X throughout the remainder of a paper/article? For instance, I'm writing a mock memorandum to a client in a tax class I'm taking and I would like ...
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1answer
49 views

How to use two parenthetical qualifiers on the first mention of a noun? [closed]

I'm writing a paper that includes a reference to the University of North Georgia. The first time I mention this university, I'd like to add a qualifier stating its commonly-used acronym "UNG" that I ...
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1answer
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Use of brackets in legal writing

I see in legal writing the use of double brackets in a quote to indicate part of the quote is deleted, such as: "All work [] makes Johnny a very dull boy." I thought the correct way to do this quote ...
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3answers
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Writing some as (S)ome - What does this really mean?

Statement: (S)ome happenings in the wake of freedom left a large legacy of misunderstanding. Your employer(s) were not able to produce substantial documents to support your case. [background: two ...
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1answer
83 views

using comma within the appositive

If you have a list of items separated by commas, can it be used as an appositive if you separate it from the rest of the sentence by yet another by comma? Here's an example: The factory produces ...
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1answer
681 views

Correct rule for placement of a pair of parenthetical commas in a sentence

What is the correct rule for placement of a pair of parenthetical commas in a sentence? Let me explain the problem with the following example sentence wherein any person would find the people ...
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3answers
318 views

How to correctly hyphenate a phrase with clarifying word in parenthesis

How do I correctly hyphenate this phrase: using a client (browser) initiated session using a client- (browser-) initiated session using a client (browser)-initiated session The session ...
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4answers
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How to write a parenthetical plural when the noun pluralizes irregularly?

What happens if you have a written phrase like We were looking at the same poster(s). but with a noun that has an irregular plural? E.g. with baby/babies, would this be the correct form? We ...
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1answer
135 views

A or an before slash phrase? A or an before parenthetical phrase equivalent to slash phrase? [duplicate]

NOT A DUPLICATE! The other question only asks about parenthetical phrases, not slash phrases. The other question's parenthetical phrase (answer(s) explained that it's not really a parenthetical ...
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2answers
177 views

If a noun is followed by brackets, where should the apostrophe be placed to show possession?

Which of the following four sentences has used the apostrophe in the correct way? Captain Jack Sparrow's (Johnny Depp) teeth were glinting in the sunlight. Captain Jack Sparrow (Johnny Depp)'s teeth ...
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1answer
157 views

How to punctuate a sentence with post-nominal letters followed by a parenthetical fragment?

Here is the example: If you have any questions, please email John Smith, Ph.D. (jsmith@email.com). I don't think a period should follow the closed parenthesis, but the document that I was given does ...
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1answer
44 views

Directions within parentheses [duplicate]

I am writing a leader's guide for a preschool curriculum. When I put instructions inside of parentheses, should I end a full sentence with a period? Examples: (Give children time to respond) (Show ...
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2answers
93 views

Parenthesis for English name(foreigner)

I have an English name but that English name is not shown on my passport or birth certificate. However, I would like to be known by that English name. How should I show people that I would like to be ...
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1answer
127 views

Nesting parentheses inside brackets

I want to insert a parenthetical phrase into a quotation as an editorial note. Since such notes are surrounded by square brackets to differentiate them from the original quote, I end up with this: “...
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2answers
15k views

What should I do when two clauses that must be in parenthesis sit next to each other in my sentence?

I'm writing my thesis dissertation and in the results section I'm showing my results with this sentence: A small correlation between hit position and time was found for SS2 ($r=-0.143, p<0.01$)...
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1answer
310 views

Is it “room(s)” or “room/s” when referring to the possibility of more than one of something?

When offering the possibility that there could be more than one of something, how should that be written? Eg. You will be responsible for the cost of your room(s). Or should it be "room/s"?
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Use of Parentheses

Am I correct in refusing to use parentheses around the area code for my telephone number? Those three digits are not at all incidental.
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Where do I put the question mark if a question has a parenthetical statement at the end?

What would you have me do (given some factor is a and another factor is b and some other statement-y thing follows as well -- I'm not even sure what to make of the whole thing, not to mention that ...
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1answer
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Does text in brackets invoke the “an” vs. “a” rule? [duplicate]

I saw the following sentence today: It has a (admittedly poor) government. I agree that without the text in brackets, this sentence is correct: It has a government. But when I read the ...
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2answers
502 views

Abbreviating a name inside brackets. Do I need to continue the brackets?

I am writing a report in English and am repeatedly abbreivating a name. In the first sentence of doing this, I put the abbreviation inside brackets. Do I now need to continue with the brackets for ...
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1answer
63 views

(un)conditional or (un-)conditional?

I want to write "conditional (mean imputation)" and "unconditional (mean imputation)" shorter, which of these 4 is the best way to do that? If multiple ways are correct, which is the most common (in ...
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1answer
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Where do periods go when a statement in parenthesis ends in an abbreviation [duplicate]

I know that the standard use is that an abbreviation at the end of a sentence that would normally end with a period has just a single period. I also know that a sentence that ends with a statement in ...
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4answers
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Usage of brackets/parentheses [closed]

When and how do we use the different kinds of brackets/parentheses — (){}[] — while writing English (not code)?
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How would you punctuate a separate sentence within parentheses with an ellipsis at the end?

For context: I think the whipped cream really helps cut through the strong alcohol taste, and >it also adds some fat, so give it a shot! (No pun intended…) Do I need to put a period/full stop ...
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What do you call a parenthetical word / phrase / letter that changes the meaning of a sentence?

Common uses of parenthetical statements are equivalent to i.e. or e.g. appositives. This includes elaboration or examples that clarify but don't change the meaning of the larger phrase or sentence ...
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1answer
472 views

What is the correct usage of the question mark when using a parenthesis?

Is this the correct use of the question mark? Should it be at the end outside of the ). See example below How do we deliver it? (to the learner)
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0answers
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How is Mark Nichol using the term “free modifier”?

In 8 types of parenthetical phrases, he includes Free modifier: A free modifier is an unspecialized interruption of additional information: “I stood up and, brushing off my pants, continued ...
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2answers
206 views

“a” vs “an” before parenthesis: which indefinite article should I use when adding parentheses before the subject? [duplicate]

I want to write a remark in parenthesis between an indefinite article and the rest of the subject. If I didn't write this clarification then using the "a" article would be correct; however for the ...
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7answers
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Number agreement when using “(s)” for optional plural

I have a question about the following construction and which instance is correct. Selecting an appropriate study topic(s). Selecting appropriate study topic(s). When it is both singular ...
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2answers
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Changing plurality in parentheses

If a set of parentheses lies between a subject and its verb, and the parentheses contain an substitutive subject whose singularity/plurality disagrees with the original subject, whose singularity/...
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3answers
417 views

Conventions for parenthetical inclusion of articles

Somewhat related: "A/An" preceding a parenthetical statement When writing mathematics, one sometimes wants to write things like x is not contained in (the closure of) the space Y. The ...
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3answers
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What are the correct ways to express parenthetical comments?

I've seen parenthetical comments that are inserted mid-sentence (like this) and I've also seen parenthetical comments that are inserted after the terminal punctuation symbol of a sentence. (Like this.)...
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1answer
823 views

What do the parentheses inside quotation marks mean in this Dickens quote?

Miss Havisham had seen him as soon as I, and was (like everybody else) afraid of him. She made a strong attempt to compose herself, and stammered that he was as punctual as ever. "As punctual as ...
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2answers
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Is “Country(ies)” on a form label correct? [duplicate]

On an web form, where a user can select one country or several, I want to use a label more concise than Country or Countries. Is Country(ies) correct?
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4answers
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Singular or plural verb after parenthetical material containing a conjunction?

I would tend to say Sara (and all of us) have a lot to think about now. ...but it occurs to me that if I remove the parenthetical it's clearly incorrect. Is it proper to say Sara (and all of us)...