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Questions tagged [parentheses]

This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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2 answers
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Is it correct to put in brackets the professional title after the proper noun instead of putting the professional role before the proper noun? [closed]

“M'hemed Housseine Fantar (Archeologist) described”, or “the archaeologist M'Hemed Housseine Fantar described”?
Valentina Felcaro's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
19 views

"A" and "an" with interjections [duplicate]

Basically I know how "a" and "an" are used: a member an adult member but how is the same handled when the middle word is inserted parenthetically or even in brackets: I met a ...
bakunin's user avatar
  • 426
0 votes
0 answers
27 views

How to hyphenate "upper middle class" when used as an adjective? [duplicate]

I am proofreading an article and have come across: "to a focus on a fulfilled (upper)middle-class life". At first I was simply going to put a space between the closing parenthesis and the &...
Phil's user avatar
  • 51
0 votes
2 answers
123 views

Is it correct to allow a parenthesized sentence to be followed by another parenthesized sentence? [duplicate]

I've searched. Other questions appear to mostly deal with nesting and punctuation positioning. This one does not at its core. I will stress again, due to multiple dupe flags.. This question is NOT ...
Scott's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

What do we call the target of an appositive?

From Wikipedia (emphasis mine): Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side so one element identifies the other in a different way. ...
Andrew Parsons's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
76 views

How can you differentiate these two propositional statements in English? [duplicate]

Consider: (p ∧ q) ↔ r p ∧ (q ↔ r) These two formulae have different meanings, and yet, if one attempts to translate them into ordinary English in the usual way, they both seem to come to p and q ...
Stewart Jean's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
41 views

Can square brackets be used in the following way even though it is not a direct quote?

I am proofing an article and the author has written this: She states: [A]n ekphrasis can be of any length, of any subject matter, composed in verse or prose, using any verbal techniques, as long as ...
Phil's user avatar
  • 51
0 votes
0 answers
17 views

Commas with quotes that are inside a parenthesis [duplicate]

How would you punctuate the following and why? ("Grantor", whether one or more) OR ("Grantor," whether one or more)
Susan's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

What are the capitalisation rules for prefixes in parentheses?

If you'd like to write (co)promotor at the beginning of a sentence, should both 'co' and 'promotor' be capitalised? For example, is it "(Co)Promotors are advised to ..."? Or is there another ...
Elianna's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
79 views

prepositional phrase beginning with of between commas

I have a question about a prepositional phrase beginning with 'of' “The Marmite and the dripping soak into the burned toast,” she says, of the culinary ode to her after-school snack, “and when you ...
Homa Arvin's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
90 views

How can I introduce an acronym parenthetically in a hyphenated compound? [duplicate]

How do I introduce the acronym for "deep learning" in the following case: "Deep learning-based" Example: Deep learning (DL)-based or Deep learning-based (DL-based)
user1503's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
271 views

Is it acceptable to combine em dashes with parentheses?

Specifically, can I write something like "—(x)—"? For example, I thought x—(which was y)—so z.
Duc's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
43 views

Advice on correct structure for using complete sentences in parenthesis

I am trying to include a person's thoughts inside parenthesis. This involves breaking a sentence with other sentences within brackets. Is the following correct structure and grammar or is there a ...
kerry's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
2 answers
118 views

What are some alternatives to parenthetical statements?

What are some good alternatives to parenthetical statements in writing? I notice that I tend to use (or rather, overuse) parenthetical statements when writing. Often, the parenthetical statements ...
Clay Sweetser's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
63 views

How can I avoid using so many "e.g." in my school writing? [closed]

when I write a paper in my class, I use far too many "e.g." inside parentheses. The alternative is to use "for example" and "for instance" like 50 times and that's not ...
Ryanatta's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
495 views

Questions about history and usage of the word "paren"

This is related to an earlier question: "parentheses" vs "parenthesis" but is about etymology of the related (and apparently informal, per wikitionary ) word "paren" and ...
Trashman's user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
2 answers
625 views

Where to put a hyphen when there's an abbreviation in the middle?

Ethiopia wants African Union (AU) mediated negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). Using AP style. You want a hyphen in front of mediated. What is the correct way?
A guest's user avatar
  • 21
-2 votes
1 answer
72 views

Where the heck do I put a period in these sentences?

Hullo all, I've been given a doozy of a job that is thick with sentences like this: Student will demonstrate emphasizing with the feelings of another by remembering a similar past experience and ...
Anie Knipping's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
785 views

Which is the proper way to use (and mark) nested parentheses?

I found some posts on whether it is acceptable to nest parentheses (e.g. here) but there is no discussion yet about which parentheses should be used when nesting, and how. These are some alternative ...
Benno Von Arcimboldi's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
174 views

Examples of nested parentheses in contemporary / classical literature?

Looking at the answers to questions around whether it is acceptable to use nested parentheses: Is it acceptable to nest parentheses? and (Parentheses (inside parentheses)) it seems that nested ...
stevec's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
87 views

parenthesis and relative clause

I have a question about why a parenthesis is necessary in a sentence instead of a relative clause: Why it should be: Such an impact, many scientists believe, would have blocked the planet with debris....
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
59 views

Unable to understand the meaning of the statement

I am unable to grasp the meaning of the statement - But unlike curly brackets, you may actually encounter them when reading outside of those disciplines, although not with any type of frequency. ...
Techdive's user avatar
  • 107
0 votes
0 answers
230 views

Commas after date element when followed by a parenthetical

In the sentence below, does a comma need to be placed after the parenthetical since a comma would normally come after 2020 in a full date? Comma? Review the document I gave you on May 2, 2020 (the May ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
53 views

these data of yours [duplicate]

"These personal data of yours will be shared with authorized public institutions and organizations." Is this sentence correct?
user351999's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
147 views

Singular or plural when the numeral for an additional item [eg 1 (+1) apple/s] is in parentheses?

Suppose I have a list: 2 oranges, 3 kiwis, and 1 (+1) apples. The second apple was added to the basket by someone else, but is of equal importance. Is the plural of apples correct, or should it be ...
Luce's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
232 views

Does a colon go before or after parentheses?

For example, Shopping (At Whole Foods): Shopping: (At Whole Foods) Which one is right?
The EmploYee's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
81 views

How to properly place hyphens in a suspended compound that includes a parenthesis?

What is the correct way to format the bolded portion of this sentence with respect to hyphens and associated spaces? A set of approaches that mitigates these issues, by learning the optimal control ...
cisprague's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
54 views

Is there a correct way to do arbitrarily many nested parentheses? What would come after braces, and after that, etc.?

I know it's poor form to have nested parentheticals, but I want to do it as a kind of joke. What would be the correct way to nest arbitrarily many parentheses in writing? If I wanted to write a whole ...
Jake's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
65 views

Question mark before or after parentheses for incidental text? [duplicate]

I have this sentence: Can you share those documents with me? And I want to add an incidental text like "(no problem if they are in progress)". Shall I add that text before or after the quastion ...
Don's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
2 answers
604 views

Hyphenating words with words in parenthesis

I know we could write between high- and low-yield crop rotation groups but how do we write the same sentence if we have to write between high (CC and CCS) and low (CS and SCS) yield crop ...
MAPK's user avatar
  • 129
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

Question marks (again!)

I'm sorry, I've looked at other places here, and can't find the exact answer - maybe the searching strategy I'm using isn't good. There are some related ones, though none solving this that I can see. ...
Jonathan Jewell's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
183 views

Regarding parentheses and the end of sentence period, when the parentheses begin in 1 sentence but end after a second complete sentence?

“Jim likes bananas (as well as apples. He also likes most vegetables).” The finished sentence in the beginning of the parentheses, with 1 or more complete sentences after the partial sentence, all ...
Linda Ull's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

(I redesigned the entire magazine as well but that’s another story) [duplicate]

Finally, can someone settle the argument about the period going inside or outside of the close paren in this free-standing sentence?
Aaron Tollin's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
14k views

Brackets within brackets

I'm writing an academic paper and have added some information within a set of brackets. I have then added a citation to this piece of information, which has now left me with this sentence: A total ...
Sophie Burgess's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
93 views

Should I pluralize based on an item in parentheses [duplicate]

Which of the following two sentences is correct: Jon (and Michael) is smart. Jon (and Michael) are smart. This example is clearly contrived but my question is whether the sentence should be ...
Benjy Kessler's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
61 views

parenthetical sentence with coordinate clause sharing the same direct object

Is this grammatical in English? An Italian wizard named Mirkius has found, and managed to control, a ferocious creature named Onestus
elio sottoscritti's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
207 views

Alternative in parenthesis before or after?

When a sentence describes there are multiple alternatives, but one specific is the common one, it can specify the common in parenthesis. But there are multiple ways to do it. For example, should it ...
Volker Siegel's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
73 views

Correct capitalization when starting a sentence or headline with a parenthesized word

What is the correct way of capitalizing the following sentence? (Most) people are good. Should people also be capitalized? Or is it incorrect that most is capitalized? Finally, does the same ...
tor's user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
1 answer
249 views

How does parenthesis affect grammar, would it be "a (incorrect) report" or "an (incorrect) report?" [duplicate]

Would it be "a (incorrect) report" or "an (incorrect) report?"
Becker's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Use of parentheses/brackets in legal titles

Legal systems descended from British jurisprudence seem to like to use a lot of parentheses in titles: Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order 1958, India Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act ...
lambshaanxy's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
297 views

Is 'parenthesis' singular in this utterance, is it correct to introduce it with the article 'a'?

Which is correct, introducing parenthesis with a ... Which three types of punctuation can be used to separate a parenthesis from the rest of the sentence? OR ...
Gilwern's user avatar
  • 49
3 votes
2 answers
285 views

Using brackets in quotes: You['re] vs [You're]

Quick question, if the original quote is "You are..." but I'm attempting to combine the two words, would the correct way to use brackets be: a. [You're] (entire word in bracket) b. You['re] (...
soph's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
43 views

Where to put the parentheses in the sentence?

I want to add extra information in my sentence for the sake of clarity by using parentheses. Should I put them at the end or right after the word(s) they are related to? For example, which of the ...
Bob's user avatar
  • 141
0 votes
1 answer
197 views

Is "an (unique) index" or "a (unique) index" [duplicate]

I'd like to know the role of parentheses on a phrase. For example, which of the following is right, "it has an (unique) index" or "it has a (unique) index".
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
543 views

Parentheses within abbreviations

The example that I have is from South Africa. Chartered accountants here abbreviate their titles in emails to: CA(SA) This is meant to abbreviate "Chartered Accountant (South Africa)". I feel, ...
mikorym's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

How to use two parenthetical qualifiers on the first mention of a noun? [closed]

I'm writing a paper that includes a reference to the University of North Georgia. The first time I mention this university, I'd like to add a qualifier stating its commonly-used acronym "UNG" that I ...
Will's user avatar
  • 187
15 votes
3 answers
6k views

Writing some as (S)ome - What does this really mean?

Statement: (S)ome happenings in the wake of freedom left a large legacy of misunderstanding. Your employer(s) were not able to produce substantial documents to support your case. [background: two ...
ABCA's user avatar
  • 151
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

using comma within the appositive

If you have a list of items separated by commas, can it be used as an appositive if you separate it from the rest of the sentence by yet another by comma? Here's an example: The factory produces ...
afrin sultana's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
500 views

A or an before slash phrase? A or an before parenthetical phrase equivalent to slash phrase? [duplicate]

NOT A DUPLICATE! The other question only asks about parenthetical phrases, not slash phrases. The other question's parenthetical phrase (answer(s) explained that it's not really a parenthetical ...
clickbait's user avatar
  • 216
2 votes
1 answer
186 views

Directions within parentheses [duplicate]

I am writing a leader's guide for a preschool curriculum. When I put instructions inside of parentheses, should I end a full sentence with a period? Examples: (Give children time to respond) (Show ...
Susanne's user avatar
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