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Questions tagged [parentheses]

This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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Should I pluralize based on an item in parentheses [duplicate]

Which of the following two sentences is correct: Jon (and Michael) is smart. Jon (and Michael) are smart. This example is clearly contrived but my question is whether the sentence should be ...
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0answers
13 views

Should an incomplete sentence inside parentheses be combined w/ the preceding full sentence? If not, should the incomplete sentence include a period?

This question has multiple parts. Any advice is appreciated. Should an incomplete sentence inside parentheses always be combined with the preceding full sentence? If not, should the incomplete ...
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0answers
22 views

Can I add a period to a quotation or are brackets needed?

Let's say someone else wrote, "The bug flew into the glass and got hurt." I want to quote it. Can I write the following and "silently" add a new period or do I need a bracket for it? Same question ...
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1answer
40 views

How does parenthesis affect grammar, would it be “a (incorrect) report” or “an (incorrect) report?” [duplicate]

Would it be "a (incorrect) report" or "an (incorrect) report?"
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1answer
30 views

Use of parentheses/brackets in legal titles

Legal systems descended from British jurisprudence seem to like to use a lot of parentheses in titles: Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order 1958, India Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act ...
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2answers
48 views

Using brackets in quotes: You['re] vs [You're]

Quick question, if the original quote is "You are..." but I'm attempting to combine the two words, would the correct way to use brackets be: a. [You're] (entire word in bracket) b. You['re] (...
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1answer
25 views

Where to put the parentheses in the sentence?

I want to add extra information in my sentence for the sake of clarity by using parentheses. Should I put them at the end or right after the word(s) they are related to? For example, which of the ...
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1answer
61 views

Is “an (unique) index” or “a (unique) index” [duplicate]

I'd like to know the role of parentheses on a phrase. For example, which of the following is right, "it has an (unique) index" or "it has a (unique) index".
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1answer
55 views

Parentheses within abbreviations

The example that I have is from South Africa. Chartered accountants here abbreviate their titles in emails to: CA(SA) This is meant to abbreviate "Chartered Accountant (South Africa)". I feel, ...
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1answer
43 views

How to use two parenthetical qualifiers on the first mention of a noun? [closed]

I'm writing a paper that includes a reference to the University of North Georgia. The first time I mention this university, I'd like to add a qualifier stating its commonly-used acronym "UNG" that I ...
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3answers
4k views

Writing some as (S)ome - What does this really mean?

Statement: (S)ome happenings in the wake of freedom left a large legacy of misunderstanding. Your employer(s) were not able to produce substantial documents to support your case. [background: two ...
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1answer
67 views

using comma within the appositive

If you have a list of items separated by commas, can it be used as an appositive if you separate it from the rest of the sentence by yet another by comma? Here's an example: The factory produces ...
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1answer
109 views

A or an before slash phrase? A or an before parenthetical phrase equivalent to slash phrase? [duplicate]

NOT A DUPLICATE! The other question only asks about parenthetical phrases, not slash phrases. The other question's parenthetical phrase (answer(s) explained that it's not really a parenthetical ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Directions within parentheses [duplicate]

I am writing a leader's guide for a preschool curriculum. When I put instructions inside of parentheses, should I end a full sentence with a period? Examples: (Give children time to respond) (Show ...
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2answers
72 views

Parenthesis for English name(foreigner)

I have an English name but that English name is not shown on my passport or birth certificate. However, I would like to be known by that English name. How should I show people that I would like to be ...
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1answer
95 views

Nesting parentheses inside brackets

I want to insert a parenthetical phrase into a quotation as an editorial note. Since such notes are surrounded by square brackets to differentiate them from the original quote, I end up with this: “...
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2answers
102 views

If a noun is followed by brackets, where should the apostrophe be placed to show possession?

Which of the following four sentences has used the apostrophe in the correct way? Captain Jack Sparrow's (Johnny Depp) teeth were glinting in the sunlight. Captain Jack Sparrow (Johnny Depp)'s teeth ...
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1answer
211 views

Is it “room(s)” or “room/s” when referring to the possibility of more than one of something?

When offering the possibility that there could be more than one of something, how should that be written? Eg. You will be responsible for the cost of your room(s). Or should it be "room/s"?
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1answer
49 views

Does text in brackets invoke the “an” vs. “a” rule? [duplicate]

I saw the following sentence today: It has a (admittedly poor) government. I agree that without the text in brackets, this sentence is correct: It has a government. But when I read the ...
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2answers
361 views

Abbreviating a name inside brackets. Do I need to continue the brackets?

I am writing a report in English and am repeatedly abbreivating a name. In the first sentence of doing this, I put the abbreviation inside brackets. Do I now need to continue with the brackets for ...
0
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1answer
61 views

(un)conditional or (un-)conditional?

I want to write "conditional (mean imputation)" and "unconditional (mean imputation)" shorter, which of these 4 is the best way to do that? If multiple ways are correct, which is the most common (in ...
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1answer
735 views

Where do periods go when a statement in parenthesis ends in an abbreviation [duplicate]

I know that the standard use is that an abbreviation at the end of a sentence that would normally end with a period has just a single period. I also know that a sentence that ends with a statement in ...
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0answers
47 views

How would you punctuate a separate sentence within parentheses with an ellipsis at the end?

For context: I think the whipped cream really helps cut through the strong alcohol taste, and >it also adds some fat, so give it a shot! (No pun intended…) Do I need to put a period/full stop ...
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0answers
415 views

What do you call a parenthetical word / phrase / letter that changes the meaning of a sentence?

Common uses of parenthetical statements are equivalent to i.e. or e.g. appositives. This includes elaboration or examples that clarify but don't change the meaning of the larger phrase or sentence ...
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0answers
318 views

Capitalize after parentheses?

Good day, I am currently working on the cover of my research paper, which is about sexist and heterosexist slurs. In the title it has been subsumed as "(hetero)sexist slurs", and now I am not sure ...
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0answers
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How is Mark Nichol using the term “free modifier”?

In 8 types of parenthetical phrases, he includes Free modifier: A free modifier is an unspecialized interruption of additional information: “I stood up and, brushing off my pants, continued ...
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3answers
904 views

Where do I put the question mark if a question has a parenthetical statement at the end?

What would you have me do (given some factor is a and another factor is b and some other statement-y thing follows as well -- I'm not even sure what to make of the whole thing, not to mention that ...
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3answers
256 views

How to correctly hyphenate a phrase with clarifying word in parenthesis

How do I correctly hyphenate this phrase: using a client (browser) initiated session using a client- (browser-) initiated session using a client (browser)-initiated session The session ...
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2answers
181 views

“a” vs “an” before parenthesis: which indefinite article should I use when adding parentheses before the subject? [duplicate]

I want to write a remark in parenthesis between an indefinite article and the rest of the subject. If I didn't write this clarification then using the "a" article would be correct; however for the ...
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0answers
29 views

Text between citations in parentheses

I have text between citations in parentheses and I'm not sure how to deal with this. I am willing to accept any style guide. Here's what I have: (see, e.g., Smith et al., 2001 and Johnson et al., ...
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0answers
489 views

How are parentheses ellipsis (…) used in quotations?

I've seen some people use (...) instead of ... in quotations and I was wondering what the difference was. Do parentheses indicate something else like brackets [...] do? Is it just a stylistic thing? ...
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1answer
563 views

Correct rule for placement of a pair of parenthetical commas in a sentence

What is the correct rule for placement of a pair of parenthetical commas in a sentence? Let me explain the problem with the following example sentence wherein any person would find the people ...
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1answer
737 views

What do the parentheses inside quotation marks mean in this Dickens quote?

Miss Havisham had seen him as soon as I, and was (like everybody else) afraid of him. She made a strong attempt to compose herself, and stammered that he was as punctual as ever. "As punctual as ...
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1answer
145 views

How to punctuate a sentence with post-nominal letters followed by a parenthetical fragment?

Here is the example: If you have any questions, please email John Smith, Ph.D. (jsmith@email.com). I don't think a period should follow the closed parenthesis, but the document that I was given does ...
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1answer
271 views

Where should be period be placed when a sentence ends with a quote in parentheses? [duplicate]

As the title suggests, where should a period be placed when a sentence ends with a quote inside of parentheses? For example (and yes, I know this is a weird example): Henry tripped on his shoelace ...
3
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1answer
429 views

Do parenthetical statements change subject-verb agreement? [duplicate]

When I need to focus on a specific instance of a subject, but want to include a clarifying remark making it plural, I may set off that secondary statement like this: The state of Florida (and 27 ...
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4answers
547 views

Singular or plural verb after parenthetical material containing a conjunction?

I would tend to say Sara (and all of us) have a lot to think about now. ...but it occurs to me that if I remove the parenthetical it's clearly incorrect. Is it proper to say Sara (and all of us)...
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1answer
243 views

Commas accompanying a “which …” clause inside parentheses

Here is a sample sentence: The output of Tim's method (and the methods of Mark and Brad, which leverage Tim's method) is much greater than that of Tom's method. Is this correct? Do I need a ...
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1answer
328 views

Parentheticals - referential, and antecedent use of pronouns

I am giving feedback on the following sentence: "After one other attack (almost killing Chief Brody’s children) he decides that he needs to take action and he, Matt Hooper (marine biologist) and ...
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0answers
285 views

Sentences in parentheses, followed by semicolon

Here is the sentence. They are answers to a series of questions but the grammar must be accurate. It is on a chemistry topic, so you can ignore that aspect of it: (A) Bi has half of its 6p orbital ...
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2answers
1k views

Capitalize first word of a string within parentheses which is also a full sentence?

I have a sentence containing a parenthetical which is itself a full sentence. Do I capitalize the first word of the part in the parentheses? Example: The value is estimated by correcting the image ...
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1answer
77 views

Is the acronym pluralized in the first parenthetical use? [duplicate]

When introducing an acronym, is the acronym pluralized in the first parenthetical use? For instance request for forces is RFF, the first time I use it I spell out "request for forces" followed by (...
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0answers
54 views

What are the rules for when to use commas inside parenthesis? [duplicate]

I know sometimes a comma is used after the parenthesis, sometimes it's used before the parenthesis, and sometimes no comma used at all. What I don't understand is how to know when to use which. If ...
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2answers
188 views

Are .). and .), correct notations? [duplicate]

I am trying to tie together some pieces of grammar here. Specifically: What is proper full-stop and comma notation in combination with parentheses? The issue shows when abbreviations are involved as ...
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1answer
1k views

Why are some words in a sentence put in parentheses despite being essential to the sentence's meaning? [closed]

I've come upon many sentences that have put parentheses around words that are essential to the sentence's meaning. I was wondering why these words are written like this? Here is an example: "But for ...
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2answers
112 views

Slashes and en-dash inside parentheses [closed]

Is the usage of slashes, en-dash, and parentheses in the following line OK? Objective: Working as a translator (English/Spanish/Portuguese–Arabic) *It's part of a resume. Thank you for your ...
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1answer
610 views

Parentheses or colon inside em-dashes?

Should I use a colon, parentheses, or none of them to introduce the word "Arabic" in the following sentence? I am passionate about languages —including my native one: Arabic— and a fan of accuracy ...
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1answer
48 views

How to interpret this sentence with parenthesis?

The following sentence appears on CERN's webpage for Studentships in Summer (Non Member State Nationals) under Eligibity Conditions. You are a national of any State other than a CERN Member State (...
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2answers
465 views

Are you supposed to use capitalized letters when expanding an all-caps initialism in parentheses to explain what each initial respectively stands for?

Which of these two is written correctly: MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
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1answer
76 views

Formality of “to bear fruit” and parentheses in application documents [closed]

I am currently writing a formal personal statement for a university application process. I would like some advice as to whether or the use of parentheses mid-sentence and the use of "to bear fruit" in ...