Questions tagged [parentheses]

This tag is concerned with the usage of the glyphs ( and ), known as parentheses (singular parenthesis) in American English and as brackets in British English.

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22 views

Is there a correct way to do arbitrarily many nested parentheses? What would come after braces, and after that, etc.?

I know it's poor form to have nested parentheticals, but I want to do it as a kind of joke. What would be the correct way to nest arbitrarily many parentheses in writing? If I wanted to write a whole ...
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1answer
30 views

Sequence of tenses involving a parenthetical clause?

In the following sentence, is it necessary to use the past in the parentheses? Is it a sequence of tenses at all? You might create a table in a database using SDC as a model (if it met all of your ...
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47 views

Question mark before or after parentheses for incidental text? [duplicate]

I have this sentence: Can you share those documents with me? And I want to add an incidental text like "(no problem if they are in progress)". Shall I add that text before or after the quastion ...
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1answer
36 views

Do parentheses between parenthetical commas refer only to the phrase between commas? [closed]

Do parentheses between parenthetical commas always sometimes or never refer only to the phrase between commas? E.g. I did not mean to be stupid, nor does it matter (despite your advice). Was "...
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2answers
70 views

Hyphenating words with words in parenthesis

I know we could write between high- and low-yield crop rotation groups but how do we write the same sentence if we have to write between high (CC and CCS) and low (CS and SCS) yield crop ...
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0answers
21 views

Usage of Period in a sentence that has brackets in the end [duplicate]

I need assistance with the usage of period in a sentence that has brackets in the end. For instance, out of the following three examples, please help me in understanding the correct usage. I believe ...
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0answers
16 views

How to cite a citation thats meant to give context as part of a discussion

How to use citations that are meant to give more historical or just larger context possibly needed for details of certain things, but not The integrality gap of this LP is related to the Erdos Posa ...
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1answer
34 views

Question marks (again!)

I'm sorry, I've looked at other places here, and can't find the exact answer - maybe the searching strategy I'm using isn't good. There are some related ones, though none solving this that I can see. ...
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1answer
49 views

Regarding parentheses and the end of sentence period, when the parentheses begin in 1 sentence but end after a second complete sentence?

“Jim likes bananas (as well as apples. He also likes most vegetables).” The finished sentence in the beginning of the parentheses, with 1 or more complete sentences after the partial sentence, all ...
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18 views

(I redesigned the entire magazine as well but that’s another story) [duplicate]

Finally, can someone settle the argument about the period going inside or outside of the close paren in this free-standing sentence?
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1answer
215 views

Brackets within brackets

I'm writing an academic paper and have added some information within a set of brackets. I have then added a citation to this piece of information, which has now left me with this sentence: A total ...
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2answers
39 views

Should I pluralize based on an item in parentheses [duplicate]

Which of the following two sentences is correct: Jon (and Michael) is smart. Jon (and Michael) are smart. This example is clearly contrived but my question is whether the sentence should be ...
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1answer
48 views

How does parenthesis affect grammar, would it be “a (incorrect) report” or “an (incorrect) report?” [duplicate]

Would it be "a (incorrect) report" or "an (incorrect) report?"
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1answer
128 views

Use of parentheses/brackets in legal titles

Legal systems descended from British jurisprudence seem to like to use a lot of parentheses in titles: Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order 1958, India Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act ...
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2answers
92 views

Using brackets in quotes: You['re] vs [You're]

Quick question, if the original quote is "You are..." but I'm attempting to combine the two words, would the correct way to use brackets be: a. [You're] (entire word in bracket) b. You['re] (...
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1answer
32 views

Where to put the parentheses in the sentence?

I want to add extra information in my sentence for the sake of clarity by using parentheses. Should I put them at the end or right after the word(s) they are related to? For example, which of the ...
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1answer
98 views

Is “an (unique) index” or “a (unique) index” [duplicate]

I'd like to know the role of parentheses on a phrase. For example, which of the following is right, "it has an (unique) index" or "it has a (unique) index".
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2answers
156 views

Parentheses within abbreviations

The example that I have is from South Africa. Chartered accountants here abbreviate their titles in emails to: CA(SA) This is meant to abbreviate "Chartered Accountant (South Africa)". I feel, ...
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1answer
73 views

How to use two parenthetical qualifiers on the first mention of a noun? [closed]

I'm writing a paper that includes a reference to the University of North Georgia. The first time I mention this university, I'd like to add a qualifier stating its commonly-used acronym "UNG" that I ...
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3answers
4k views

Writing some as (S)ome - What does this really mean?

Statement: (S)ome happenings in the wake of freedom left a large legacy of misunderstanding. Your employer(s) were not able to produce substantial documents to support your case. [background: two ...
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1answer
153 views

using comma within the appositive

If you have a list of items separated by commas, can it be used as an appositive if you separate it from the rest of the sentence by yet another by comma? Here's an example: The factory produces ...
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1answer
218 views

A or an before slash phrase? A or an before parenthetical phrase equivalent to slash phrase? [duplicate]

NOT A DUPLICATE! The other question only asks about parenthetical phrases, not slash phrases. The other question's parenthetical phrase (answer(s) explained that it's not really a parenthetical ...
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1answer
55 views

Directions within parentheses [duplicate]

I am writing a leader's guide for a preschool curriculum. When I put instructions inside of parentheses, should I end a full sentence with a period? Examples: (Give children time to respond) (Show ...
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2answers
193 views

Parenthesis for English name(foreigner)

I have an English name but that English name is not shown on my passport or birth certificate. However, I would like to be known by that English name. How should I show people that I would like to be ...
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1answer
167 views

Nesting parentheses inside brackets

I want to insert a parenthetical phrase into a quotation as an editorial note. Since such notes are surrounded by square brackets to differentiate them from the original quote, I end up with this: “...
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2answers
446 views

If a noun is followed by brackets, where should the apostrophe be placed to show possession?

Which of the following four sentences has used the apostrophe in the correct way? Captain Jack Sparrow's (Johnny Depp) teeth were glinting in the sunlight. Captain Jack Sparrow (Johnny Depp)'s teeth ...
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1answer
553 views

Is it “room(s)” or “room/s” when referring to the possibility of more than one of something?

When offering the possibility that there could be more than one of something, how should that be written? Eg. You will be responsible for the cost of your room(s). Or should it be "room/s"?
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1answer
50 views

Does text in brackets invoke the “an” vs. “a” rule? [duplicate]

I saw the following sentence today: It has a (admittedly poor) government. I agree that without the text in brackets, this sentence is correct: It has a government. But when I read the ...
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2answers
914 views

Abbreviating a name inside brackets. Do I need to continue the brackets?

I am writing a report in English and am repeatedly abbreivating a name. In the first sentence of doing this, I put the abbreviation inside brackets. Do I now need to continue with the brackets for ...
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1answer
115 views

(un)conditional or (un-)conditional?

I want to write "conditional (mean imputation)" and "unconditional (mean imputation)" shorter, which of these 4 is the best way to do that? If multiple ways are correct, which is the most common (in ...
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1answer
2k views

Where do periods go when a statement in parenthesis ends in an abbreviation [duplicate]

I know that the standard use is that an abbreviation at the end of a sentence that would normally end with a period has just a single period. I also know that a sentence that ends with a statement in ...
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0answers
61 views

How would you punctuate a separate sentence within parentheses with an ellipsis at the end?

For context: I think the whipped cream really helps cut through the strong alcohol taste, and >it also adds some fat, so give it a shot! (No pun intended…) Do I need to put a period/full stop ...
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679 views

What do you call a parenthetical word / phrase / letter that changes the meaning of a sentence?

Common uses of parenthetical statements are equivalent to i.e. or e.g. appositives. This includes elaboration or examples that clarify but don't change the meaning of the larger phrase or sentence ...
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38 views

How is Mark Nichol using the term “free modifier”?

In 8 types of parenthetical phrases, he includes Free modifier: A free modifier is an unspecialized interruption of additional information: “I stood up and, brushing off my pants, continued ...
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3answers
2k views

Where do I put the question mark if a question has a parenthetical statement at the end?

What would you have me do (given some factor is a and another factor is b and some other statement-y thing follows as well -- I'm not even sure what to make of the whole thing, not to mention that ...
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3answers
476 views

How to correctly hyphenate a phrase with clarifying word in parenthesis

How do I correctly hyphenate this phrase: using a client (browser) initiated session using a client- (browser-) initiated session using a client (browser)-initiated session The session ...
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2answers
244 views

“a” vs “an” before parenthesis: which indefinite article should I use when adding parentheses before the subject? [duplicate]

I want to write a remark in parenthesis between an indefinite article and the rest of the subject. If I didn't write this clarification then using the "a" article would be correct; however for the ...
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1answer
923 views

Correct rule for placement of a pair of parenthetical commas in a sentence

What is the correct rule for placement of a pair of parenthetical commas in a sentence? Let me explain the problem with the following example sentence wherein any person would find the people ...
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1answer
940 views

What do the parentheses inside quotation marks mean in this Dickens quote?

Miss Havisham had seen him as soon as I, and was (like everybody else) afraid of him. She made a strong attempt to compose herself, and stammered that he was as punctual as ever. "As punctual as ...
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1answer
181 views

How to punctuate a sentence with post-nominal letters followed by a parenthetical fragment?

Here is the example: If you have any questions, please email John Smith, Ph.D. (jsmith@email.com). I don't think a period should follow the closed parenthesis, but the document that I was given does ...
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1answer
325 views

Where should be period be placed when a sentence ends with a quote in parentheses? [duplicate]

As the title suggests, where should a period be placed when a sentence ends with a quote inside of parentheses? For example (and yes, I know this is a weird example): Henry tripped on his shoelace ...
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1answer
912 views

Do parenthetical statements change subject-verb agreement? [duplicate]

When I need to focus on a specific instance of a subject, but want to include a clarifying remark making it plural, I may set off that secondary statement like this: The state of Florida (and 27 ...
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4answers
750 views

Singular or plural verb after parenthetical material containing a conjunction?

I would tend to say Sara (and all of us) have a lot to think about now. ...but it occurs to me that if I remove the parenthetical it's clearly incorrect. Is it proper to say Sara (and all of us)...
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1answer
319 views

Commas accompanying a “which …” clause inside parentheses

Here is a sample sentence: The output of Tim's method (and the methods of Mark and Brad, which leverage Tim's method) is much greater than that of Tom's method. Is this correct? Do I need a ...
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1answer
459 views

Parentheticals - referential, and antecedent use of pronouns

I am giving feedback on the following sentence: "After one other attack (almost killing Chief Brody’s children) he decides that he needs to take action and he, Matt Hooper (marine biologist) and ...
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382 views

Sentences in parentheses, followed by semicolon

Here is the sentence. They are answers to a series of questions but the grammar must be accurate. It is on a chemistry topic, so you can ignore that aspect of it: (A) Bi has half of its 6p orbital ...
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2answers
2k views

Capitalize first word of a string within parentheses which is also a full sentence?

I have a sentence containing a parenthetical which is itself a full sentence. Do I capitalize the first word of the part in the parentheses? Example: The value is estimated by correcting the image ...
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1answer
96 views

Is the acronym pluralized in the first parenthetical use? [duplicate]

When introducing an acronym, is the acronym pluralized in the first parenthetical use? For instance request for forces is RFF, the first time I use it I spell out "request for forces" followed by (...
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0answers
60 views

What are the rules for when to use commas inside parenthesis? [duplicate]

I know sometimes a comma is used after the parenthesis, sometimes it's used before the parenthesis, and sometimes no comma used at all. What I don't understand is how to know when to use which. If ...
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2answers
221 views

Are .). and .), correct notations? [duplicate]

I am trying to tie together some pieces of grammar here. Specifically: What is proper full-stop and comma notation in combination with parentheses? The issue shows when abbreviations are involved as ...

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