Questions tagged [orthography]

This tag is for questions concerning the written representation of the English language, especially spelling and word breaks (including hyphenation).

37 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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1answer
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Use of superscript 'x'(?) as an abbreviation for 'yards'

I'm currently working with some handwritten notes that look like they could be quite old, or at least written by somebody who grew up a little bit earlier than I did. I don't really know when they ...
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3answers
116 views

Why did 's' in 'wisard' change to 'z'

Wizard: a man in stories who has magic powers someone who is very good at something Origin and usage: The word wizard comes from the Middle English word 'wys' meaning 'wise'. In this sense, it first ...
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0answers
1k views

About how many words of four letters are there in English?

I was trying to determine about how many words there are in English, with four letters. (Ideally, excluding "s" plural, so cats and dogs would not be included.) Does anyone have any concrete ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is J often used to represent a “Y” sound in Romanizations of other writing systems?

I am not referring to IPA. I am referring to examples in textbooks. For example, my Ukrainian textbook says that the letter Я is pronounced as "ja". Most native English speakers would pronounced this ...
2
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1answer
570 views

Word for words with close/similar spellings

I am working on Levenshtein distance and I try to explain the concept. Is there a word that means that 2 words are "close graphically speaking". I found homophone, or homogragh, but these words are ...
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0answers
26 views

What's the origin of “-er” vs. “-re” endings?

There's some words that end in "er" or "re" depending on the word, and depending on what country you learned English from. There's words like reader with the "er" ending, ...
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0answers
60 views

How did English final /əl/ come to usually be spelled “le”?

English has suffixes spelled "-le" and pronounced /əl/ with several meanings. However, they variously come from Old English -el, -ol, -ul, and -lian. Of these, only -lian has a vowel after ...
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0answers
59 views

'MURDER“ or ”MURTHER" ? — Question on when distinct (archaic) spellings for words were used and when not

Salutations, I am currently writing a play that is being regulated to the very distinct notions of authentically replicating the English language and its archaic spellings during its usage in London, ...
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2answers
162 views

Which spelling would be more correct: “Evictor” or “Evicter”?

Both "Evictor" and "Evicter" show up at Lexico.com. The "Evicter" page is much more substantial, though. At Dictionary.com, "Evictor" is the only accepted spelling. Google Trends shows that "Evictor"...
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0answers
31 views

Determine the difficulty of spelling a word

Is there a formula or a method to determine the spelling difficulty of a word? For example, Cat would be 1, appendectomy would be would be a 5, etc.?
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0answers
37 views

Is it ok to have a semicolon after a colon or em dash? (or other variations)

I've looked all over but have not found this example. Can one use a semicolon after a colon or em-dash (or similar doubling up combinations). Is it a matter of style or is there a fast rule? e.g.: ...
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0answers
51 views

Spelling changes

There was a word I learned to spell when I was 11 in which there was a silent G. It is no longer used. Right now I cannot remember the word, but I am interested in finding out how to locate U.S. ...
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0answers
44 views

Are you able to interpret the word '' in '' at this paragraph?

Paragraph : They found that people were more honest when they were watched by eyes than when there were pictures of flowers. They put times as much money in.
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0answers
71 views

Consistency. If I write 'recognize' with a 'z' do I have to write 'characterize' with a 'z' too?

I'm translating a book and need to keep the English orthography consistent. I'm a native 'British English' speaker. I know in British English you can often use either 'ize' or 'ise' endings. My ...
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0answers
91 views

How to write in letters numbers that have symbols in between?

I am translating a document that has the identification numbers 2017-976 written in letters this way: two thousand seventeen-nine hundred seventy-six. I was doubting about placing the dash like that ...
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0answers
997 views

Can I use a question mark and the a comma or semicolon here? If not, how can I write this coherently?

What is the correct way to punctuate a sentence like the following? The problem of descrimpivity challenges us to answer the following questions: (1) which is more important, the bibble or the ...
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0answers
474 views

Hyphenated and non-hyphenated words that are homophones?

We know of many cases where hyphens are necessary to distinguish a compound word (man-eating) from a pair of separate words (man and eating). But are there any cases where a hyphenated word has a ...
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0answers
26 views

meridional or meridianal?

The wikipedia article on the history of the metric system uses the adjectives meridional and meridianal (as the metre was derived from the length of the meridian passing through Paris). Which is ...
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0answers
39 views

“Bias”: reason(s) for doubling the last consonant before inflectional endings

Forms such as concussed or discusses may lead people to wrongly double the final consonant of focus ―at least that's the only reason I have come up with. Yet, I cannot come up with a potential ...
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1answer
54 views

<ie ⟷ y> before the ·ing suffix

Page 1579 of the CambridgeGEL reads For die the ie is the default spelling, so that the replacement works in the opposite direction: ie is replaced by y before the ·ing suffix. Why was a replacement ...
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0answers
25 views

Captialization after a colon

Should I captialize the word after a colon if its a dependent clause? For example You are banned: violating our Terms and Services. OR You are banned: Violating our Terms and Services. Which one ...
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39 views

Spelling “-sed”, like in analysed, for some other words

I'm writing a paper in Brithish English so I write "analysed" instead of "analyzed" but there are some other words that I'm not certain what would be the appropriate spelling, ...
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34 views

Is a punctuation error also a morphological error at the same time?

Are punctuation errors counted as morphological errors? For example, is writing Johns car instead of John's car a morphological error?
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0answers
42 views

Why is 'equation' pronounced with /ʒ/ sound rather than /ʃ/

We often make nouns by adding the suffix -tion to verbs. Almost all the words that end in -tion are pronounced with /ʃ/ sound. Examples: Inform + tion → information /ɪnfəˈmeɪʃ(ə)n/ Relate + ...
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24 views

Hyper-parameter or hyperparameter - which one is correct?

Question Which form is correct: hyper-parameter or hyperparameter? What I found I searched a few sources and it seems that both spelling are commonly used: hyper-parameter big conference paper (...
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0answers
58 views

Macroregional or Macro-Regional?

I have searched for the correct spelling of "macroregional / macro-regional" on the Internet, but there are used both variants (sometimes even on the same website). Wiktionary spells it as "...
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0answers
206 views

Terminal “f” versus “ff” in anglicized Russian surnames

Today, foreign names are anglicized more or less systematically from their original spelling: the Russian surname "Петров" generally becomes "Petrov", not the calqued "Peterson" or the more phonetic "...
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0answers
143 views

Any research data on spelling mistakes in English?

I am developing a "did you mean?" suggestion for my project similar to Google's suggestion. To make the algorithm to work faster, I am looking for a data or any research done on English spelling ...
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0answers
111 views

Which is the correct orthography?

Which is the correct orthography: "Four month-time"; or "Four months' time"; or "Four months time"; or "Four months-time"?
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403 views

When writing in cursive, what is the proper way to write an acronym?

Would I just write the letters in cursive or switch to block text?
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0answers
125 views

Capitalization of “diploma business informatics”

For an application I need to translate my resume. What is the right way spelling of my degree: 2010-2015 Diploma business informatics 2010-2015 Diploma Business Informatics 2010-2015 Diploma of ...
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1answer
60 views

Is there a Word to describe Words that have Differing Masculine and Feminine Forms?

Granted that English has few such words, blond/blonde and fiancé/fiancée are the only ones that immediately come to mind. Apart from calling them "words with gender-specific forms", the closest I've ...
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1answer
618 views

What is the proper usage of “high school” as an adjective?

I want to indicate that a friend's brother is in high school. For example, I was not close with my friend's high-school brother. Is this construction correct? Should it be high-schooler brother ...
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1answer
964 views

“25th De­cem­ber” vs “25 De­cem­ber”: Should I use or­di­nals or car­di­nals for the day of the month?

In one of the IELTS lis­ten­ing tests, there is a fill-out-the-blank ques­tion read­ing: The mu­seum is not open on ___. My an­swer was “25th De­cem­ber”. How­ever, the of­fi­cial an­swer is “25 ...
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0answers
35 views

Conveying the spelling of a word by pronouncing it as-written instead of following any pronunciation rules

When I talk to people who speak not only English, but also some other language in which pronunciation of words is tied more strictly to particular letters of which the word is composed, like Russian ...
-1
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2answers
37 views

these are the people or this is the people?

In the following paragraph, it is correct to write: ...that this is the people who I want to learn from? or instead it should be.... that these are the people who I want to learn from? The high level ...
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1answer
37 views

The use of any in this sentence

I want to know if both sentences are correct : Written permission for any such copying. Written permission for anything such copying.