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Questions tagged [morphology]

Questions regarding morphemes (smallest semantically meaningful units in a language) such as words, affixes, parts of speech, intonation/stress, or implied context.

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Gerund or infinitive to form noun

When nouns are derived from verbs, for some verbs the infinitive form of the verb is used, while for other verbs the progressive form / the gerund of the verb is used: the run the meeting This ...
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0answers
49 views

What constitutes as etymology within English?

Etymology of "Djibouti" Within this question, user Drew asks if it is even an English question. Well, it is definitively an etymology question, and the etymology is regarding a proper noun ...
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2answers
76 views

The root word of hospitability

I am taking morphology class this semester but I am confused with something. What is the root of the word hospitable? When I searched in internet I conclude that the root is the word host or at least ...
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1answer
93 views

Phonetic differences between ɑ and ɒ in English and American pronunciation standards

First, I should state I'm a native U.K. English speaker from the West Midlands. With 44 Phonemes present in English, I'm having trouble deciding when I should use ɑ and ɒ, from this website we can ...
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1answer
80 views

How can you determine whether a word with the pseudo- prefix should be hyphenated?

I am in a bit of a quandary over conflicting results in dictionary entries about the inclusion of a hyphen in some of the words containing the pseudo- prefix. An example of one of these words is ...
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1answer
50 views

Multimedia disambiguation

This sentence is from Wikipedia: A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common name, and published on at least one web server. Is ...
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1answer
31 views

Related Disambiguation [closed]

This sentence is from Wikipedia. "A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common name, and published on at least one web server." Is ...
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3answers
1k views

Why are dictionary transcriptions contradictory for the phonetic representation of oranges?

I am a native U.K. speaker with a strong Midlands dialect, and I am very aware of other dialects and regional accents from around the world of English speakers, and I really enjoy this. I am a data ...
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1answer
179 views

How many morphemes in words most/worst

My intuition tells me that they are both 2 morphemes, where /t/ represents the superlative form.
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1answer
119 views

What is the difference between -en and {-en} in morphology notation?

So there is this question of the example: The referee has blown his whistle many times today. The question of the example above is, "What type of allomorph is in the past participle form of the word ...
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2answers
356 views

Why isn't 'oranger' correct even though it follows being a one- or two-syllable word for adding the comparative inflection?

So 'orange' is either can be a one- or two-syllable word, however it would incorrect to say something is "oranger". But why? It follows the rule of being adding the comparative {-er} but it is not ...
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2answers
302 views

How do you split “cities” into morphemes?

Would it be "cit/ies" or "citie/s"? I'm just starting morphology and I got confused about it.
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1answer
67 views

correct interpretation/understanding of this sentence

I have the following 2 sentences: 1- I did not see any other classmates, except/but Michael. 2- I did not see any classmates, except/but Michael For the first sentence can we understand that the ...
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20answers
26k views

Words with “bi-” prefix that no longer mean “two”

Are there words in English that include the prefix bi- whose current usage includes meanings other than 'two'? To clarify, I am specifically looking for the prefix of Latin origin meaning "two". If ...
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1answer
112 views

Morphology, conversion type confusion! [closed]

I am currently doing an assignment. I am having difficulty understanding this phenomenon. If the verb "taking" is in a passage would it be considered a conversion process, as "taking" can also be a ...
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1answer
968 views

Is “-ed” an inflectional or derivational morpheme in “the stressed syllables”?

In the word "stressed" in the following sentence, is the -ed an Inflectional or a Derivational suffix? Would you please explain to me why? The sentence is: This is one of the stressed syllables. ...
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1answer
309 views

What is the root ? It seems like it is all suffixes and prefixes?

What is the root of the word: Conversation I think it is "Converse" but I am not sure. Thank you
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2answers
656 views

Would you please explain to me the morphology of the word retroviral?

I cannot understand the morphology of the word retroviral. is "re" the prefix? I think the prefix might be retro, is that true? is "al the suffix? I am assuming that "viral" is the root, is ...
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1answer
101 views

who(m):whose::who(m)ever:?

I am actually asking about the spelling of this word, not whether it exists... which in fact makes it rather difficult to write about. I will spell it as "whoever's" for the purpose of explaining the ...
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2answers
3k views

What is /iə/ in English?

I am confusing with phonetic symbols between /iə/ and /ɪə/. I know that /ɪə/ is a diphthong vowel, combining between /ɪ/ and schwa /ə/. But what is /iə/? Is it /i:/+/ə/? How different are they ...
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1answer
1k views

How many morphemes in 'during'? [closed]

Is 'during' one morpheme or is it something like DURATION+ continuity?
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2answers
86 views

Usurpation without “Usurpate”

It seems to me somehow odd to have Usurpation without having a corresponding Usurpate. I know about back-formation, but in that case both words are present. Am I missing something? Are there more ...
2
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2answers
153 views

Which is the more etymologically accurate form, “cyberocracy” or “cybercracy”?

In bibliographical sources, the term "cyberocracy" is the one used mostly but it makes more sense to me the term "cybercracy". So I would like to know which of the two is more accurate etymologically.
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2answers
132 views

What does the noun “Hawaiian” really mean in English? [closed]

Headlines this morning (Saturday 1/13/2018) proclaimed that "Hawaiians woke up to emergency alerts" on mobile phones that a missile strike might be incoming. But no local news source here in Hawaii ...
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2answers
695 views

Why is it that people have started to use an interrogative sentence form when not asking a question in American English?

I'm not sure if this is something recent, although I've been noticing it much more frequently now than say a couple of years ago. Many times people will make a statement, but will have it in an ...
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2answers
3k views

Does adding the suffix “ality” to a noun change its meaning?

I thought that -ality was used to turn an adjective into a noun : bestial to beastiality, final to finality. But I see that some people add it onto the end of nouns : criminal to criminality, ...
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1answer
1k views

Is it physics’s or physics’? [duplicate]

For a sentence such as "physics’ greatest...", would you use physics’s or physics’ ? Microsoft Word highlights physics's as incorrect; however, I have seen it be used.
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2answers
2k views

“The species/species'/species's survival…”

Ok, I am really confused regarding apostrophe with the s and the end of the word. I have looked through multiple sites only to see multiple viewpoints. And, on tests they test it differently. So, can ...
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2answers
5k views

What is the comparative form of “tense”?

According to Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary and Macmillian English Dictionary, the comparative form of "tense" should be "tenser", but I find such an example in Oxford Dictionary: "The ...
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0answers
302 views

Emphatic “do” with “used to” [duplicate]

I did use to live in London. I did used to live in London. Which one is correct? According to the usage of emphatic do with past tense (eg "I lived in London/I did live in London"), did should ...
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2answers
456 views

Altitude, longitude, latitude, and probably multitude

It seems that latitude, longitude, and altitude should be composed of two constituents, since they all describe a geographical attribute, and all end with "tude". However searching their etymology in ...
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1answer
95 views

Are words like “heroical” and “empirical” morphologically redundant?

According to the big Oxford and the online dictionary, the following pairs are concurrent: heroic and heroical; empiric and empirical Aren't the second forms morphologically redundant? Heroic ...
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2answers
311 views

Why does the preterite of verbs such as “deal”, “feel” and “dream” have a devoiced dental suffix?

I am trying to explain the morphology of some irregular weak verbs. I could explain "leave-left" as the result of assimilation with v being originally intervocalic f, but I can't see the reason for ...
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1answer
707 views

Lately vs. Recently lesson plan

I am currently taking linguistics and am required to tutor a student based on errors within a writing sample she has provided me. Currently, I am developing activities for determining when to use ...
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2answers
545 views

“Here”, “there”, and “where”

Are "here", "there", and "where" morphological cognates, or just an orthographic coincidence?
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1answer
1k views

Why are “malign” and “malignant” pronounced differently? [duplicate]

Why are malign and malignant pronounced differently? What is the rule that separates that pattern from, say, sign and signage?
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2answers
160 views

Why is -o- used to connect demographic entities?

Consider Indo-China, Indo-US, Indo-European, Afro-American, Sino-American. Why is O used to connect the two areas ?
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2answers
699 views

What's the meaning of the suffix “nimity”?

I have been researching online for the suffix nimity in the English words equanimity and unanimity but with no clear results. I have found the suffix ity but couldn't find the whole suffix nimity. ...
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2answers
4k views

What exactly is a lexeme?

In different books, I've encountered different examples: LEAVE - leave, leaves, left, and leaving TAKE - take, takes, took, taken and taking BANK- the shore of a river and a particular kind of ...
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1answer
3k views

“Lip-sync” or “Lip-synch”?

What is the correct spelling of the expression "lip sync[h]," which refers to miming singing over a recording--usually in a public performance and with the intention to mislead? Google has ...
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3answers
604 views

How do I decide whether I should spell the word “idolator” or “idolater”?

How do I decide whether I should spell the word "idolator" or "idolater"? Apparently, both are considered acceptable forms of the same word, so how do I determine which spelling I should use?
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1answer
891 views

What is the difference between “excitement” and “excitation”?

I know that the first one is usually used for describing emotional state and the second one in science e.g. in physics. But why are these words different and what is the logic behind each of these ...
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0answers
1k views

Variations of the same word

Here is a question for you guys. Im trying to find a good website or whatever place that can show me all forms of a specific word. For example the word "transparent" has other morphologies like "...
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0answers
474 views

Word formation process

Which word formation is applied in the following sentence? 'I want to re-gift this piece of furniture.'
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2answers
274 views

How do native speakers know which morphological variations are possible in cases where word-evidence is sparse?

In this interesting answer to a 4 year old question (which, ironically, I found by browsing unpopular questions on Meta), we find this tidbit: Just as in Japanese, not only is the "non-native" ...
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0answers
618 views

“restaurant” has 1 or 2 morphemes?

Morpheme: The smallest unit of meaning that a word can be divided into The word ‘like’ contains one morpheme but ‘un-like-ly’ contains three.Source The word "restaurant" /ˈres.tə.rɑːnt/ has 1 or 2 ...
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1answer
110 views

Morphology and syntax [closed]

Can you explain the definition of free and bound base in term of morphology and give me some examples. I do not understand
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1answer
711 views

How did 'how' + 'ever' = 'however' ⟹ 'but'?

[ OED: ] Etymology: < how adv. + ever adv. 8e. Qualifying a sentence or clause as a whole: For all that, nevertheless, notwithstanding; yet; = but at the beginning of the sentence. ...
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1answer
274 views

Correct morphological parse of a word “indecipherable”

What will be the correct morphological parse of word indecipherable in-prefix>decipher-stem>able-suffix or indecipherable in-prefix>de- prefix >cipher-stem>able-suffix ...
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2answers
881 views

Other special hyphenation examples than eight-teen

According to The TeXbook [Don Knuth, 1984], solution to Exercise 14.8, the word eighteen should be hyphenated eight-teen. It is, indeed, standard practice in pre-reform German to contract triple ...