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Questions tagged [mood]

In linguistics, grammatical mood is the use of verbal inflections that allow speakers to express their attitude toward what they are saying (e.g. a statement of fact, of desire, of command, etc.).

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‘have been’ VS ‘were’

He said with a smile as if he were talking about an old friend. He said with a smile as if he had been talking about an old friend. What the difference between two sentences?
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Is this sentence right? If he had joined our team, we would win [closed]

Is thsi sentence right? If he had joined our team, we would win.
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Is this sentence grammatically correct: “She would make for a convincing Amy.” [closed]

This sentence is part of dialogue between producer and actor, when she was convincing them to cast her in film. The film is ready now. During the premiere, they were recalling a previous moment that ...
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The usage of “hadn't better” in this context

The context is F. Scott Fitzgerald's "Bernice Bobs her Hair." Oh, I wasn't thinking about that. I was considering whether we hadn't better bob your hair. Later on in the story, we are clarified ...
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I have a question regarding English Subjunctive mood

When I turn the sentence below into Subjunctive mood, which one is correct? ★Sentence I want to change : *He is sad as he does not know that the problem has been solved ★Changed sentences (Which ...
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Is this an example of indirect speech?

I wrote: School starts in August next year? I thought it started in September. I proposed that this is one good example of how grammar can confuse people because a preterite (started) is used to ...
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Was vs. Were in the Subjunctive Mood [duplicate]

I am having trouble identifying the difference between the use of was and were. For example: Sarah wishes she was/were more like mother. Would it be were? If it is were, why?
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Is the Subjunctive Mood always a conditional statement? [duplicate]

I had exam and they asked: I would go to the library every day, if I ____ you. Options: were was I came to know upon reading that question was in subjunctive mood. So, my question is what is the ...
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“If the US insists [North Korea] gives up nuclear weapons” [duplicate]

The BBC tweeted the following: The Trump-Kim summit is in doubt. North Korea says it may pull out if the US insists it gives up nuclear weapons https://bbc.in/2L3X0zr A version of the sentence is ...
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Choice of mood in a subordinate clause

Suppose that I wish to use the subjunctive mood in a more or less traditional way. I entertain no illusions that my work measured up to the high standard Smith has set. Should that be "measured" (...
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A conflation of modes

On the one hand, we have a set of property values.  Among these are declarative, interrogative and imperative.  On the other hand, we have a separate set of property values.  These ...
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“Something as Received” versus “Receiving Something”

I am confused about distinguishing between the two sentences below. Receiving wisdom is better than learning the hard way. Received wisdom is better than learning the hard way. The most-obvious ...
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Does the Subjunctive mood of the verb remain “were” in Present Tense sentences to indicate unreal?

I know that the subjunctive, when used with "as if" becomes "were" to indicate unreal situations. For ex: He swung the stick as if it were a sword. However, if the sentence is in the Present ...
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Why use the past simple tense in: “before I died”?

It's The Simpsons Movie, again. Bart says this to Flanders right after he's entered the church Flanders was in. Bart: Listen, I was wondering if before I died I could pretend I had a father who ...
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Example of future subjunctive?

I received an email suggesting that we do something: "next week, when we would have been" doing something else. Would you call this an example of future subjunctive? If not, then what? Perhaps it'...
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What tense is this is “will have had to have seen”? [duplicate]

I was making a table of the sentence "You must/have to see it." ("You see it.") in different tenses and moods in German with the English equivalent. I ended up writing these three sentences down (in ...
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Degree of Potentiality: Would vs. Should: Which indicates a greater possibility?

People in my new workplace hold that "should" is less definitive than "would," for e.g., in the sentence: Commodity prices could be depressed in 2016 due to oversupply, which should pressure power ...
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Tense of verb in “We demand…” [duplicate]

Consider this sentence: We demand that the university close all bookstores on Sunday. The hypothetical "close" is not in the normal present tense "closes" that I would use if I were to describe ...
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What is the meaning of the idiom “If it were not for…”? [duplicate]

I have a question about mood Note that the following sentences are same : If I did not have money, I could not buy it =I could not buy it without money =If it were not for money, I could not buy ...
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2answers
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How many moods are there in English and what are they?

In this answered question An user said this ((5 moods × 2 tenses) + (1 defective mood)) × (4 aspects × 2 voices) But what I don't understand is about the moods that he/she mentioned. Indicative, ...
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1answer
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Which is the most appropriate verb tense and mood for this text?

Access or use of this system without authorization or in excess of authorization either express or implied may subject violators to criminal and civil action. On top of that we would probably call ...
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282 views

Is “Have Fun!” in Imperative Mood?

Also, what about the following: Be safe. Think different. Drive safely. My guess is that these are, but just confirming in case there is a catch.
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Is the subjunctive mood something that can exist without manifesting a change in the verb?

Is the subjunctive mood a condition which might not be expressed through any change in the verb, or is it a description that only applies when the verb changes? For example: "Mary ought be here soon."...
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Why do sentences that start with “guess” end with a question mark?

To me, sentences that start with "Guess" are in the imperative mood, thus, should end with a period: Guess who's coming to town. Guess what we had for dinner last night. Why do a lot of publications ...
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Is there a word that describes this feeling? [closed]

The rising star shows no remorse for the figment of existence to which man shows no resolve. There is no depression, for there is no sadness. There is no boredom, for there is no annoyance. The world ...
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Can a hypothetical “could” main clause stand on its own without an expressed conditional?

I have been reading Meaning and the English Verb (Leech, Geoffrey N. 2004). I like its systematic treatment on tense, aspect, mood, and modality. I think it's a must-have for any advanced ESL learners....
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“Would” vs. “would have”, “could” vs. “could have”, “should” vs. “should have” [closed]

What is a good example to understand these words at once? I am quite confused by these and feel like I am using them incorrectly. Please guide me how and when to use them properly. E.g., "I eat rice"....
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Verb moods in the poem “Once more into the fray”

There is a poem in the Movie "The Grey" (2011). It goes like this: Once more into the fray... Into the last good fight I'll ever know. Live and die on this day... Live and die on this day... ...
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“Small Latin and Less Greek”

About a third of the way through his poem "To the Memory of My Beloved the Author, Mr. William Shakespeare and What He Hath Left Us," Ben Jonson writes: And though thou hadst small Latin and less ...
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“was” or “were” in the context of “X wishes that he [was / were] Y” [duplicate]

If you are saying that somebody wishes that they could have been somebody else, which would be more correct: E from the eels wishes he was Elliott Smith or E from the eels wishes he were Elliott ...
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Which is correct? If I was or If I were for this particular sentence [duplicate]

Which is correct? 1) If I were a little taller, I would be able to reach the top of the shelf. 2) If I was a little taller, I would be able to reach the top of the shelf.
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How many tenses are there in English?

Do we have 16 tenses in English? With future present past future in the past in these forms simple continuous perfect perfect continuous Can we manipulate these together to create English tenses? ...
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“Was” and “were”, which is correct in this context? Can a mood be established in a terminating clause?

I'm not sure I understand what establishes a mood. Does a sentence have to establish a mood at the begining or can a mood be established in a clause at the end? And, that's if he could get elected ...
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Whose tense is it, anyway?

I have questions which perhaps should be posted to Linguistics.SE; but since my primary concern is to discover what terminology in discussing English grammar and usage on ELU (and in similar contexts),...