Questions tagged [modifiers]

Questions about modifiers.

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0answers
19 views

Must summative and resumptive modifiers always correlate with a noun or noun phrase? Or can they restate/summarise a verb?

My question is relatively simple. Should a summative and resumptive modifier always relate back to a previously mentioned noun or noun phrase? We know that appositives rename a noun or noun phrase, so ...
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4answers
63 views

What is being modified in a phrase like rock hard or water resistant?

“The water-resistant shoes are great for rainy days.” “The table is rock hard.” In these sentences, I know “water resistant” modifies shoes and rock hard modifies table. Does “hard” modify “rock” and ...
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2answers
61 views

"To comprehend x, it is necessary to understand y." Is this a dangling modifier?

Because I often think of sentences in the "we must"-form, as in: "To comprehend x, we must first understand y." when I write things that demand I do not write "we," I ...
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37 views

Does the dangling modifier thing apply?

I have a persistent question concerning grammar that I would really like your help on. It has been nagging me for a long time. So, as we all know, if you start a sentence with -ing, the first word of ...
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1answer
32 views

Are adjectives and adverbs just collapsed version of adjuncts?

Modifiers for verbs/ nouns can come in 3 main types: adjectives, adverbs & adjuncts. These all provide specific details about corresponding noun/ verbs e.g: Manner, means (instrumental) - with, ...
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91 views

'As a result of' Usage

As a result of seems to be quite a versatile phrase, and I can't entirely figure out the contexts in which it is used. This statement is apparently wrong: Sound can travel through water for ...
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2answers
253 views

In “We’re going to throw a surprise party for her”, is "for her" an adjectival phrase or an adverbial phrase?

Consider these sentences: We’re going to throw a surprise party for her. I’ll get some flowers for Anne. In (1) for her is a prepositional phrase. Is this instance of for her an adjectival ...
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1answer
74 views

"Personal Use Program" or "Personal-Use Program"?

Help me settle a discussion on this topic. Everywhere I look, within my company's internal documents as well as documents from other companies, a "personal use" program is not hyphenated. A colleague ...
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3answers
14k views

How should a multiple-word noun be punctuated within a compound adjective? [duplicate]

I would like to use a noun made of multiple words (like particle board, Mount Everest, or windscreen wiper) in a compound adjective with a hyphen. But I don't know how to hyphenate such a composition....
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1answer
94 views

declining reputation, worsening reputation

I am trying to write a two-word phrase. The second word is "reputation." The first word is a modifier; it will signal that a reputation is getting worse. "Worsening reputation" ...
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3answers
273 views

"Huge potential profit" vs. "huge profit potential"

What is the proper usage — "huge potential profit" or "huge profit potential"?
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54 views

Word for collective followers of Sisyphus

I am looking for a single word to describe the group of followers of Sisyphus (or generally any Greek name ending in '-phus'). I am unsure of how to modify the word to achieve this. Possible guesses: ...
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41 views

Noun adjuncts or complements? [duplicate]

I asked a question regarding PP complements the other day and I believe I now have a better handle on that. But I am still scratching my head over this paragraph from CGEL: Within the category of ...
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3answers
3k views

"high-quality" vs. "quality"

This appeared in the NYT the other day: "...creating a quality product is challenging." I've always been under the impression that one should say "high-quality" or "low-quality" or have some modifier(...
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48 views

How can I tell if a prepositional phrase is a complement to a noun or a modifier? And how are these two different?

In the NP "mines in wartime", "in wartime" modifies the head "mines". that nice tall man from Canada whom you met "from Canada" modifies "man". But ...
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3k views

Can the verb 'be' be modified?

Comments on this question considered whether the verb be could be modified by an adverb. This seems a question worth pursuing in its own right, so may I ask what completely modifies in the following ...
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45 views

Struggling to look at grammatical modifiers

I have a passion for English, and I am trying to improve my fluency day by day. Today, I am quite confused when my teacher, a non-native speaker of English, tells me that a sentence in my essay is ...
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19 views

Can abbreviations be used as stand-alone adjectives when the abbreviated term couldn't?

I see by your name that you are probably ESL... ESL stands for "English as a second language". In the above sentence, it is being used as a stand-alone adjective, but I'm not sure if that ...
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6answers
12k views

The intensifier 'pure D': where and when did it originate, and what does the D stand for?

A posting in my Facebook timeline today began "I've been sorting boxes of Pure D-Crap." The poster was writing from Alameda, California (near San Francisco). It struck me that I hadn't heard ...
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4answers
47k views

Which is correct, "sales price" or "sale price"?

I have a list of items with their details such as item name, quantity, purchase price, sales price/sale price, etc. What is more correct to write in the heading, sales price or sale price?
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3answers
60 views

What do adverbs modify and can it be ambiguous?

I have two questions, but first consider the following sentence: Cutlery includes any hand implement used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food in Western culture. Does adverb '...
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0answers
31 views

Multiple non-restrictive modifiers in one sentence

Consider the following sentence: "I have not sent any further communication, since the email, to your office, so far." Would both the phrases "since the email" and "to your ...
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24 views

Schoolchildren population or schoolchild population?

Although we are taught to use singular adjectives to modify nouns, "schoolchildren" population seems to be a more commonly heard and searched (Google) option than the true singular "...
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1answer
63 views

"I am happy because I am rich." Exactly which part does the subordinate clause modify?

"I am happy because I am rich." Is it the adjective "happy" or the verb "am" or the entire predicate "am happy" that the subordinate clause "because I am ...
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3answers
123k views

Should “two weeks vacation” be written “two weeks’ vacation” with a possessive apostrophe?

I’ve always understood that the phrase two weeks usually turns into two weeks’ when used as a modifier as in I’m giving my two weeks’ notice. I get two weeks’ vacation. (“two weeks’ holiday” for ...
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1answer
74 views

Could someone deconstruct this sentence and explain where it is right or wrong grammatically?

The sentence is: I'm of the fuck covid opinion. A friend of mine stated it and I would like to know if someone could explain why it should or should not be written differently.
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2answers
588 views

Chainsaw-equipped or chainsaw equipped?

Is it chainsaw-equipped or chainsaw equipped? And with what kind of former words to use "-" properly?
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5answers
101k views

Should I use " related" or "-related"

What is the correct use of the term "related?" For example, should I use it like computer related, or is it more proper to use computer-related (where the word "computer" is just part of my example?)...
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2answers
5k views

"One-Day Only Promotion" or "One-Day-Only Promotion"

A copywriter I'm working with wrote "One-Day Only Promotion" but my feeling is that "One-Day-Only Promotion" is correct. The first three words describe 'Promotion'. I know you don't hyphenate adverbs, ...
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1answer
75 views

Can't see a sentence correction

To work as a loan officer, an education in financial planning is required. I don't see a grammar mistake in the above sentence, if there is any?
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3answers
73 views

Word for "many" for mass nouns

I'm looking for a strong size modifier like "numerous", "countless", or "copious" that I can use to modify a mass noun. I know of plenty of options that involve several ...
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47 views

Compound modifier with adverb [duplicate]

In the phrase "highly trained support specialist" should a hyphen be used?
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3answers
236 views

Confusion about the implied repetition (or not) of an adjective in a parallel construction

"I hate hard candy and olives." When someone says that, does it mean they hate candy and olives that are both hard, or hard candy and non-hard olives? If the latter, then wouldn't "I hate olives and ...
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2answers
49 views

Does a modifier before a conjunction like `and` apply to both the subjects of `and`?

Suppose I have the following sentence: a work is classical by reason of its resistance to contemporaneity and supposed universality How should one go about comprehending the bold part in it? Which ...
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2answers
40 views

placement of "only"

Example: I will buy fish only if I shop at the pier Does the placement of the "only" make the sentence ambiguous so that multiple readings of this sentence is possible? Which word is "...
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44 views

Why is "more complicated" typically not hyphenated as a compound modifier when before a noun?

In the phrase "employees for more complicated work," shouldn't "more complicated" be hyphenated as it comes before the noun it describes? After much searching online, I am yet to ...
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23 views

Modifying nouns without relative pronouns or relative adverbs

Do those sentences below sound natural? 1.She’s got that hair the color of chestnut.(Modified by the objective) 2.I looked in the mirror the size of my two hands.(Modifies by the objective) 3.I saw ...
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2answers
442 views

Can I use an adjective as a modifier at the beginning of a sentence?

For instance, Angry, I smashed his head into the wall Or should it be Angrily, I smashed his head into the wall
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31 views

Modifying a whole list of nouns by attaching modifier to the first noun only

With sentences like: I visited the parks in the area, museums, and shops. We enjoyed dancing on our wedding day, chatting to guests, and listening to the band. He spoke to all the boys in the ...
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49 views

Participial Phrase as Verb Modifier?

On the internet, I only read about participial phrases acting as noun modifiers. But when I read various newspaper articles, it seems that participial phrases are also used as verb modifiers, or even ...
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1answer
40 views

participial phrase placement [duplicate]

In a grammar test I did, the following sentence was to be corrected: "I first spotted the turtle playing tag in the yard." It clearly contains a misplaced modifier. The correction suggested ...
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0answers
78 views

When a noun phrase can act as the post-modifier?

According to Oxford Learner's Grammar by John Eastwood [ISBN:0-19-437-597-8], page 187; it is possible for a noun phrase to act as a postmodifier of the head noun. Example: The weather that day was ...
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1answer
246 views

"Any salary or compensation or experience certificate" vs. "any salary certificate or compensation certificate or experience certificate"

How should I write this? ... shall not be eligible for any salary or compensation or experience certificate if the Trainee fails to co-operate with XYZ for the exit formalities ... shall not ...
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1answer
17 views

Is the comma needed in "additional, custom apps"?

I saw the phrase "additional, custom apps." Is the comma correct? Or would you delete the comma: "... additional custom apps ..." The whole sentence is a bit complex, so I'll give ...
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35 views

"the lady's thumb" or "lady's thumb"

According to the encyclopedical manner (and what COBUILD advises too), we should put an article, be it definite or indefinite, before the name of a plant. A rose is a plant… The coconut tree is a ...
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2answers
50 views

Adverbs in comparative clauses

I saw an anecdotal "rule" in a magazine stating that, if an adverb is used in a comparative clause, the '-ly' form of the adverb is preferable to a comparative form. Apparently however, if the adverb ...
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1answer
39 views

two groups of 10 male volunteers

The subjects were two groups of 10 male volunteers sealed into a mock spaceship for two simulated flights to Mars. (source:https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-04/mdcf-mcf041117.php ) I have ...
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53 views

Make sure you invite Jill herself(,) <too> [The syntactic function of 'too' and usage of comma]

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Pages 438-9) has this: An NP may contain more than one peripheral modifier, with multiple layers of embedding: [8] i Make sure you invite [Jill herself ...
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1answer
36 views

Finding modifier in a sentence

Given sentence: Although she didn't have much work experience, she was offered the job. Question: find the modifier. What type of modifier? Here we have a dependent clause and an independent ...
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2answers
124 views

There aren't [ many / any / no ] young people in our apartment block. (It's 'many' but..... Why not 'any'?)

I have the above question in one of my classes but can't find a reason as to why the answer can't be 'There aren't any young people.... ' The only thing I can think of is if it something like you can'...

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