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Questions tagged [linguistics]

Questions relating to the scientific study of language.

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What is the longest adjective that has been made by stacking -o adjectives? E.g. Socio-economic

Words, like socioeconomic and geopolitical, have become more popular as the globe has noticed certain phenomena are irrevocably connected. But how far has this adjective stacking been taken? Most of ...
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2answers
50 views

Term for direct antonyms?

The word "antonyms" covers any pair of words where the meaning is opposite -- quiet and loud, cautious and foolhardy, simple and complex -- but each word in these pairs could have other partners ...
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1answer
21 views

Adjectives that describe vs. distinguish their referents

Sometimes an adjective describes its referent: “My wonderful brother” means I think my brother is wonderful. Sometimes an adjective distinguishes its referent from others like it: “My younger brother”...
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0answers
30 views

Is there a term yet for “visual onomatopoeia”? [duplicate]

Onomatopoeia is the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g. cuckoo, sizzle). A new word (US teenagers are first on this) is uwu (said "oowoo"). The meaning is, to have ...
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2answers
162 views

Is there a linguistic term for using a common noun as a proper noun?

In some situations, a common noun in a specific scenario is treated as a proper noun because it refers to a specific entity that satisfies the common noun. Is there a special term for this ...
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0answers
58 views

The use of reflexive pronouns [closed]

I am currently doing homework for a linguistics course I am taking. The question is about creating a rule to make confirm if certain sentences are grammatical or ungrammatical. Here are some ...
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0answers
30 views

Does the change of “y” to “ies” in plural form of words have a phonological explanation?

I've been looking for phonological rules or explanation for the change that occurs in -ies ending plural form but all I found was : When we have a vowel before "y" we add "s", such as "boys". When we ...
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1answer
31 views

Meter and rhythm in Poetry [closed]

Why is poetry called a 'literature in metrical form' or 'a composition forming rhythmic lines'?
2
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1answer
93 views

“This looks like him” or “This looks like he”? [duplicate]

Another, easier case question: Obviously, of the two variants This looks like him and This looks like he the first seems more naturally idiomatic. However, is it grammatically correct? I ...
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1answer
42 views

Can passive reduced relative clauses precede a head noun?

I have zero background in linguistics, so forgive me if this is trivial. The Wikipedia article for relative clauses claims that, with regard to the positioning of the relative clause, "English, for ...
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4answers
940 views

What is it called when one person calls another something they metaphorically resemble?

What name or word would be given for the examples below, metaphor? A mother calls her child cat, or tiger The wife calls her husband "Hey Baby". You're my moon. A very muscular person might be called ...
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4answers
3k views

Do laypersons understand medical terms? [closed]

I'm from China and I would like to ask English native speakers whether a non-medical professional understands medical terms? Examples: rhinorrhea rhinitis laryngoscopy laryngitis laryngostenosis ...
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3answers
99 views

Usage of plesionyms (i.e. slightly differing synonyms)

Plesionyms are synonymous words which have slight differences in meaning. What are the examples of it? I found: Fog v Mist Fearless v Brave When and why are they are used? What are the aspects ...
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1answer
108 views

How many morphemes in words most/worst

My intuition tells me that they are both 2 morphemes, where /t/ represents the superlative form.
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1answer
43 views

Can two nouns appear together in a sentence without a punctuation or a conjunction?

I am a new NLP engineer and totally a beginner in English linguistics. I want to know if two nouns can appear together in a sentence without a punctuation or a conjunction between both of them? Also, ...
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1answer
81 views

What do you call the revival of an obsolete word for a new meaning?

Let's say carrot for a shade of orange. Suppose carrot is not used for the color and I wanted one to describe the vegetable's color. So, I revive the displaced more for the color. What do you call ...
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2answers
90 views

'The phrase “cute puppy,”is not considered a collocation.' Is this correct?

I am a data scientist who has a question about collocations based on a book I am reading. The book is "Feature Engineering for Machine Learning: Principles and Techniques for Data Scientists" by ...
0
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1answer
29 views

What is the lingustic term for a language's usage conventions?

Every language has usage conventions that cannot be deducted from a basic dictionary. For example, to describe highly concentrated tea, English speakers will usually use "strong tea". Is there a ...
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1answer
61 views

What is the opposite of a loanword? [closed]

The words in a language that weren't borrowed.
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5answers
498 views

How to write Spanish Vowel sounds into English?

Background I'm writing a novel with original character names, and I want to find the way of how to correctly write their names in English to keep the same pronunciation as they had had in Spanish. ...
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0answers
91 views

Words like “no-no” and “boo-boo”

I was just thinking about these words and was curious what they might be called. After a little scrounging around on Google, the best answer I could come up with was "reduplication." This doesn't seem ...
4
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1answer
602 views

Removal of a repeated syllable for ease of pronunciation

What do you call the removal of a repeated syllable in words for ease of pronunciation? I read about it once. I think it has to do with alliterative sounds. Not sure if it was deliberate or not.
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2answers
129 views

Term for this type of mis-pronunciation?

When I was a kid, for years I thought nihilism was pronounced "nil-ism". I guess this is because I only ever read it, rather than being exposed to hearing it. Since "nil-ism" perfectly ...
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1answer
46 views

What do you call it when an ethnic slur has lost its offensive sense? [duplicate]

Or when the supposed target of the slur claim it as an unoffensive word and treat like something of a term of endearment among themselves.
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0answers
29 views

How do you categorize a set of numbers that are dates?

I am working on something that is categorizing the word type as they are. For ex: FB is an initialism for Facebook. NASA is an acronym for the space agency. But then I came across a set of integers ...
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0answers
108 views

Can 'you' be used equally to refer to either a singular or plural audience? [closed]

I need to know if this sentence is linguistically correct and if it can be used to refer to multiple people: "you can't stay away from me" The "you" in this sentence can be used to refer to more than ...
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1answer
377 views

Why do Oppress, Suppress and Depress have the same last syllable? [closed]

I usually get confused between those words, when I want to use them while speaking. They are very close to each other, yet they have completely different meaning (at least from my mother tongue ...
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3answers
340 views

Is changing nouns to verbs indicative of the evolution of English?

I have lately noticed a tendency, at least in the US, for sports commentators to change nouns into verbs. For example many American football broadcasters will now say a player "lost contain" of ...
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3answers
91 views

Is there a formal principle which states that THIS IS LOUDER than this?

I'm writing a school paper on linguistics and the English language and I'm curious about whether a theory exists outlining why larger words appear louder? That is, why words either of a greater font ...
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0answers
129 views

Can copula+adjective be transitive or intransitive?

The beginning of the article What is consciousness, and could machines have it? (full text PDF is a google search away) contains the following: The word “consciousness,” like many prescientific ...
3
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1answer
548 views

Any English terms for ‘to change the part of speech (of a word) without applying modification’? [duplicate]

Is there any appropriate English terminology for changing the part of speech (of a word) without applying any modification? This is a concept including verbing (where the verb verb means "to use a ...
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0answers
52 views

Is there any alternative term for ‘syntactic word’?

What do you call a group of adjacent letters having punctuation except for apostrophes on either side? For example, in this sentence, the groups are Let's, see, the, fireworks: Let's see the ...
2
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1answer
132 views

consonant assimilation in linguistics

In Old English, the word was "leofmann" and in ME, the word is "lemman (‘lover’)" What is the change that took place to change the word? a. simplification of word-initial consonant clusters ...
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1answer
77 views

What is this verb noun association called in linguistics? [duplicate]

Not all verbs work with all nouns. It is better to say "fix errors" than "solve errors", for example. In linguistics, is there a name for semantic compatibilities between nouns and verbs that go ...
2
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1answer
28 views

A term for how a word is defined

Merriam-Webster Online: Faith: (1a) belief and trust in and loyalty to God; (1b) belief in the traditional doctrines of a religion; (2) firm belief in something for which there is no proof. ...
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1answer
105 views

Open-ended concepts in Chinese usually be alluded by listing specific examples. Would native English speakers find it hard to grasp the connotation?

In Chinese and Vietnamese sometimes a word is made up by listing its examples. For example, "table-chair" means furniture, "month-year" means time, "land-water" means country, "spring-summer-fall-...
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2answers
790 views

Why is it “to have sex” instead of “to sex?”

In English, there is no generally acceptable verb for someone to say the equivalent of "to sex." All our equivalents are either too vulgar ("to fuck", "to bang", "to smash") or too formal ("to ...
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1answer
44 views

What do you call the way a culture is forming their language? [closed]

suppose a culture is still starting to be develop and they are forming their "language" for communication? what do you call this process? Regards,
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1answer
1k views

How many morphemes in 'during'? [closed]

Is 'during' one morpheme or is it something like DURATION+ continuity?
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4answers
763 views

Are there specific texts, such as French/English poetry, in which the word romance was originally used, and popularized in?

I ask because I became curious about what the meaning of the word was originally and it seems to refer to song. What I've found so far is that it simply means "fiction", or "novel", (romans in French)....
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1answer
106 views

Why is “DMV” different from a language point of view in Linguistics?

What is the speaker referring to when, talking about two phrasal verbs, they say They may be equivalent as far as the DMV is concerned, but they're not equivalent from the point of view of language....
3
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1answer
628 views

How would you analyse the following sentence on the level of syntax?

For our linguistics course we are supposed to analyse the following sentence by breaking it down into its constituent parts. We need to analyse it in terms of Function (FU) and Form (Fo), that is, ...
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1answer
198 views

Is “Often” an Elision

I was studying for my exam and I came across something called elision. So my question is... Can "often" be considered an elision? Because of the silent t? Or am I just not getting the concept of ...
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0answers
48 views

Analysis of the Phrase "if you have questions, then I'll be available after class [duplicate]

I am looking for an analysis or explanation of the phrase "if you have questions, then I'll be available after class." Although this is structured like a conditional, it's not actually a semantically ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Antonym for 'structure-dependent'

Not sure if this would be more suited to the linguistics site, but wondering what the antonym would be. Example sentence would be: We find that grammars are consistently structure-dependent and ...
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2answers
161 views

Is there a term for the “ever longer, implicitly hyphenated-like groupings” in contemporary English?

There was just a question here about a phrase which had adjective and then a long complex phrase as the noun This is a real feature of "contemporary" English usage - I guess the best way to ...
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0answers
117 views

Why is plural -s used in “collecting stamps”, but not in “stamp collecting”? [duplicate]

I was wondering why in some cases, both phrases mean the same thing, and one phrase has the plural -s and the other does not? Eg: Collecting stamps (plural -s) Stamp collecting (no plural -s) Is ...
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0answers
30 views

'to bestow', 'to address', 'to declare' Linguistic Labe; [closed]

In formal texts, there are often verbs such as 'to bestow', 'to address', 'to declare' etc. I was wondering what would you linguistically label it as? Formal lexeme/verb sounds too vague so I was ...
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1answer
128 views

Is end-weight a linguistic term or is there an other word for it?

"Cambridge Grammar in Use" ( p.902), in the glossary, points to the term "Endweight" but I find it nowhere else as a linguistics term. Is it because it is Cambridge Univ. Pr.'s own coinage? If not, ...
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2answers
78 views

What disallows “fill” and “cover” to be used as “walked” and “asked” in these phrases?

I am trying to understand how some noun phrases can sometimes be sentences such as: A box filled to the brim. (NP) A child covered in glue. (NP) vs: A child walked in the street. (S or NP) A ...