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0
votes
1answer
18 views

What is “first modify” in the following piece from a license text?

"You may redistribute the source code of this program subject to the condition that you do not first modify it in any way"
5
votes
1answer
290 views

How to best describe: all law, primary/secondary legislation, etc - with “laws”, “acts”, “statutes”, “ordinances”, etc? [closed]

I'm writing software that needs to have the following categories of law for a non-English speaking country: (a) all laws (b) primary country-wide legislation (passed by parliament) (c) secondary ...
2
votes
4answers
61 views

Period during which one can step away from a contractual obligation?

Not a trial period. In germany - and many european countries - certain contracts have a period during which one of the signatory partners (mostly: private people) can decide that no, the contract was ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Crime instrument, is there a term or a common phrase?

As per the title. The problem is that I need to find articles relating to a specific artifact (Machine Learning algorithms) that can be used for crime. If that artifact was a gun, the search "gun ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Is there a name for the practice of dropping articles in legal writing?

I see this a lot in legal writing. "The defendant will be required to pay $1000 in restitution." vs. "Defendant will be required to pay $1000 in restitution." Or, Upon arrival, police ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the legal term for funds that are not fund-of-funds?

I am looking for the legally correct expression for funds that are not fund-of-funds. Those funds do not invest in other funds but to at least 90% directly in stocks or bonds. In German there is the ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the language used in patents archaic or intentionally obtuse? [closed]

Example: [f] moving said second cart to said proximate end of said scanning device so that said trays in said second cart be passed through said scanning device at said proximate end. Is the ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Publicly available but privately owned

I'm struggling to find correct terminology to refer to something which is freely available (as in, no monetary cost) but is likely not free from copyright. Everyone may use a newspaper article that is ...
5
votes
5answers
972 views

Term describing self-detriment for personal gain

What is a word that describes harming or reducing oneself in order to achieve financial or social gain? Examples A man purposely jumps in front of a relatively slow-moving car in order to eventually ...
9
votes
5answers
551 views

What alternate terminology would be most appropriate for loss of potential profit (versus loss of merchandise) excluding “theft” and “stealing”?

In a recent discussion on another SE forum a user (@JAB) complained that "theft" was an inappropriate descriptor for software piracy. His exact statement was: I've never found "stealing" to be an ...
24
votes
5answers
16k views

What's the difference between scam and fraud?

I hear a lot about Sim lim scam but not Sim Lim fraud, as in this story. (Sim Lim is a shopping centre in Singapore.) So basically a customer signed a very deceptive contract and lost a lot of money. ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the act of breaking a pen nib after signing a death sentence called?

I have noticed that every time a judge sentences someone to death sentence, he breaks his pen’s nib after signing his order. So what is this act called? I mean any specific term or single word for ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Using “Acts of God” in legal term

I wonder why on a lot of legal term in English country using "Acts of God" as an events outside human control? As an Indonesian, I think everything that happens in this world is an act of God. And it ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

What's the meaning of “designs” in the clause below?

The undersigned agree that this Fee Protection is assignable and transferable to the beneficiaries, designs, heirs and assigns upon written notice of all parties, and shall not be amended without ...
4
votes
6answers
5k views

A suitable word for seizing a property

When a court orders for taking control of a property or real estate by the government in exchange of money, what is the best word for the court action? For example: The court maintains that his ...
1
vote
1answer
788 views

the correct translation of “attendu que”

does attendu que mean "given that" /"considering that"/ whereas. it appears at the beginning of every paragraph in a french legal document i'm working on and i'm not sure if all of the "attendu que"s ...
2
votes
2answers
634 views

rephrase “as they are mutually understood”

I'm trying to translate an SLA ( Service Level Agreement ) from English to Dutch. But i can't wrap my head around the following sentence: This Agreement outlines the parameters of all IT services ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What does “any or any” mean in a legal text?

I have been going through several legal documents lately and have realised that a lot of them use the fragment "any or any" within some sentences. Failing to place a guard or fence or warning signs ...
0
votes
1answer
508 views

Difference between “acquittal” and “false accusation” [closed]

I encountered a phrase with a word "acquittal" in a context of criminal law. In Wikipedia, its meaning is described as following: In the common law tradition, an acquittal formally certifies that ...
10
votes
2answers
389 views

What's the most pedantically correct way to reference sectioned and numbered rules aloud?

I am a roller derby announcer. An important part of my job is to explain the rules of roller derby to the fans. The rules of modern roller derby are promulgated by the Women's Flat Track Derby ...
15
votes
10answers
15k views

What is the word for something that is punishable by law, but is not a crime?

What is the legal term in English for something that is punishable by law, but is not a crime (i.e. does not affect your criminal record)? I mean all the lesser (than crime) violations of the law, ...
18
votes
7answers
41k views

Is there a difference between “innocent” and “not guilty”?

I have always thought the antonym of "guilty" is "innocent", but apparently it's just "not guilty". Even juries seem to agree. But why? Aren't they antonyms? Or is there a subtlety I'm missing here?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the differences among ‘Rules’, ‘Standing Rules’, and ‘Bylaw’?

Recently I was given a document titled Standing Rules of an English speaking club of a local community, which was written in English, and asked to study the contents. I wondered what difference ...