Questions tagged [ing]

For questions about the -ing suffix.

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20
votes
7answers
8k views

When can the -ing form of a verb be placed before a noun?

My native-speaker's grammatical intuition tells me that: There is a sleeping man under the tree. is fine but There is a fishing man by the river bank. is wrong. Why? Both There is a man sleeping ...
16
votes
4answers
15k views

Can a sentence have two ing-verbs in a row?

Perhaps I've got the wrong idea, but I've been taught that two verbs ending in -ing shouldn't go together. However, I come across such cases occasionally. *I'm considering buying a new car. I'm ...
15
votes
3answers
6k views

What part of speech is ‘mountains’ in the sentence “I like climbing mountains”?

I'm trying to understand the grammar of this sentence: I like climbing mountains. Here's what I've got so far: "I" is the subject "like" is the verb I believe "climbing" is a participle Maybe "...
11
votes
5answers
5k views

Hear Me Roar Vs Hear Me Roaring? [duplicate]

In Katy Per­ry’s song “Roar”, she says this at the end of the cho­rus: You’re gonna hear me roar Why did she use the bare in­fini­tive form of the verb roar here in­stead of that ver­b’s ‑ing form?...
11
votes
3answers
15k views

What is the origin of “GO + VERB + ING”?

The construction GO + V + ING is among one of the first things a learner is taught. Take for instance the verb swim, very often English expresses the activity in the present simple like this: I go ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

progressive forms: participle or gerund?

Progressive forms of verbs consist of the form to be + participle. At least that is what most English grammars say or they are imprecise and speak of the -ing form. My question is what follows after ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Cooking apples and cleaning ladies

Consider the following sentences: Cooking is my favourite activity. Cooking apples are essential for this recipe. Cooking functions in the first sentence as a gerund. How does it function in the ...
9
votes
2answers
10k views

Is “Should be *ing” a valid English phrasing?

I'm Portuguese and my girlfriend German. Because she is a Germanic-language native-speaker, she is constantly correcting my English. Though, often it is annoying that she corrects me in grammar ...
7
votes
4answers
945 views

In “Lucifer Rising” - grammatical explanation for use of -ing form instead of “Rises”?

How does that work grammatically? I guess it's primarily used for titles (movies, songs etc.) but why?
7
votes
1answer
25k views

“I saw him crossing” vs. “I saw him cross” [duplicate]

I saw him crossing the road. I saw him cross the road. Which one is correct and why?
7
votes
3answers
15k views

Is “swimming” a gerund in “I went swimming”?

What is the function of swimming in the following sentence? I went swimming with some friends yesterday. Is swimming a gerund here? If it is, what is the grammatical function?
6
votes
1answer
673 views

Is “programming” not a noun?

Recently, I was told that the word "programming" in the phrase "programming thoughts" is a verb in the gerund-participle form and that the term "gerund" by itself is obsolete in modern grammar. I was ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

In “experience teaching”, is “experience” a noun adjunct?

In an MIT textbook from 2007 the author, Robert G. Gallager, writes in the preface: My original purpose was to write an undergraduate text on digital communication, but experience teaching this ...
5
votes
5answers
734 views

Why is “…although taking…” wrong in this sentence?

The Manhattan GMAT Sentence Correction book says that Although I take frequent naps, I study effectively is correct, while I study effectively although taking frequent naps is wrong. Why is ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Looking forward to follow vs. following [duplicate]

I was reading this today: We look forward to following your progress. Am I correct in thinking that it is missing a be or that -ing should be removed? So We look forward to be following your ...
5
votes
2answers
222k views

How to convert verbs to nouns, and nouns to adjectives?

How to convert verbs to nouns, and nouns to adjectives? I was told that if I put an -ing to the end of a verb, the verb could become an adjective or a noun. For example: read → reading ...
5
votes
1answer
624 views

Use of an ~ing form with another verb

I'm not sure how to describe the use of the bolded words in the following cases: Pete is happy singing a song Anna talked screaming Mike entered the room screaming and laughing Is it acting as an ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

“…his parents' dream of *him* achieving a Cambridge degree.” What is the function of “him” here? [duplicate]

I have a problem analysing this sentence from the point of finite/nonfinite clauses, clause elements and their functions: He does not want to destroy his parents' dream of him achieving a Cambridge ...
4
votes
3answers
38k views

When is it acceptable to start a sentence with an “-ing” word?

Here's my example. It is a sentence that begins in the middle of a paragraph and I'm using it as a transition. "Living in Costa Rica also gave me the opportunity to interact with the local ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Questions about using “to+ ing”

I heard this sentence in a film: We are one step closer to ending this. I do not know why we have to use "ending" instead of "end". Is "Step to" a phrasal verb?
4
votes
3answers
50 views

the linking word as

.."it is never the same as seeing it on the big screen" In this sentence, the word "as" is followed by a ing form? Is it possible to say: "..it is never the same as to see it on the big screen"
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Pronunciation of boggling and similar *ing words

Are there multiple valid pronunciations for ing or present participle form of boggle -- [bog-uh l] | /ˈbɒg əl/? I.e. are both of the following valid for boggling (not thinking of bogglin or other ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Am I RICEing my injury?

Rest, Icing, Compression and Elevation after an injury, and repeat as needed for the first couple hours. Using RICE, how would I type the answer to the question, "How's your twisted ankle?"? "Not so ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

Usage of the word suicide - validity of 'suiciding'

Is 'suiciding' a valid word by itself? I have very rarely come across suicide being used in this form. Mostly, you see it being used with the prefix 'commit' as in 'committing suicide' rather than '...
3
votes
1answer
648 views

Why is it wrong to say “that tree is falling tomorrow”?

Why is it wrong to say: That tree is falling tomorrow The answer key says, in common, it is right to use -ing with near future. But it says that sentence is wrong, because it doesn’t show the ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Stative verbs in the continuous form?

As a nonnative speaker of English I was always taught in school that there are verbs that cannot be used in the continuous form, i.e. the stative verbs. However, I've seen some stative verbs used in ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is “hanging bats” a participial phrase, gerund phrase, or simple noun phrase? [duplicate]

In the sentence "Hanging bats populate most of the caves in North America," what is the role of "hanging bats"? I believe it is a simple noun phrase containing the participle "hanging" (which ...
3
votes
1answer
629 views

I'm not too sure if the use of v+ing is appropriate in this sentence

In my opinion, both sentences are grammatically correct but I'm not too sure how the v+ing can be used in this particular situation: 1. The use of language to establish identity was nicely presented ...
3
votes
3answers
9k views

Can “when verb+ing” refer to an activity in the past?

A correct sentence would be: When they were designing the product, they paid attention to... Is this grammatically correct: When designing the product, attention was paid...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Apart from + infinitive

A piece of news from the BBC reads as follows [emphasis in the original]: The UN has said very little on the matter, apart from to insist it is immune from legal proceedings. Now, I knew that ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Like to vs like + ing [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “I like to do (be) something” vs “I like doing (being) something” Hello, Is there any difference of meaning between these sentences? I like to get up early I like getting up ...
3
votes
3answers
737 views

Similarities and differences: 'in + VERBing' vs 'VERBing' alone

Source: p 145, Frederick Schauer’s Thinking Like a Lawyer In being an empirical response to an empirical claim, this explanation engages Realism on its own terms, and so little can be said ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

'contribute to achieve' or 'contribute to achieving'? [duplicate]

I have the following sentence and I need your help: "Renewable energy sources can contribute to achieving the climate goals" Is this correct or do I have to write: "Renewable energy sources can ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

What’s the ‘accusative absolute’?

I read the following definition for accusative absolute, but the many syntactical terms (based on Latin) confound me: accusative and nominative absolute. a construction in English, especially ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Passive auxiliary verb or progressive one?

Uncle Vernon made another funny noise, like a mouse being trodden on.                —Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone Is ‘being’ a passive auxiliary verb or a progressive one?
2
votes
1answer
455 views

Can there be an -ing word after “while”?

The navy seals soon dispersed, some entering the shallow waters at the beach while others venturing out onto the rocks to access deeper waters. Is this sentence grammatically correct? The book says ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What are these “[verb]-ing” forms called? [duplicate]

How would you describe the bolded words here? They don't intuitively seem like present participles to me, but I might be wrong.   List X can be created by appending the contents of List B to ...
2
votes
3answers
203 views

Wanting to see sth.: Progressive vs non-progressive

What is the difference between I want to see the lights leave your eyes! and I want to see the lights leaving your eyes! ? I would suspect, number one actually means, that you want so see ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

“with ~ing” vs. “and ~ed”

Reading through an article on drawing animal forms, I came across this paragraph Horses or deer evolved one or two very strong, elongated metatarsals, with their last finger digits becoming their ...
2
votes
1answer
791 views

hand-holding versus holding hands

An author has this sentence: Kids should not be forced to show physical affection through hugs, kisses, roughhousing, lap sitting, or handholding. I checked the dictionary* to see if handholding ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

For + verb-ing at the beginning of a sentece

Is the following sentence structure grammatically correct? I mean, I've found a lot of examples that have this structure but not at the beginning of the phrase but with a subject before. Here is an ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to pronounce '-ing' followed by a vowel

I'm getting into English recently and I'm a little confused by the way people pronounce a word that starts in a vowel right after a word ending in -ing. For example: You have to bring it up now? ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do people pronounce “f***ing” like “f***en”? [duplicate]

I'm not a native English speaker so I might not be exactly accurate with this, but whenever people (e.g. in films) say fucking, it sounds something like fucken. There's no "g" at the end and instead ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

A question about “to becoming” [duplicate]

Would this sentence be correct? Being scared is the first step to becoming free. The more I look at it, the less clear it becomes.
2
votes
1answer
177 views

The usage of '-ing' and '-in' in writing

Can someone explain to me why sometimes V-ing like going is abbreviated into goin' or because into 'cause. I don't understand when or how to use it in writing, especially in a novel (in dialogue). ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

Use of an adjective instead of adverb with gerund?

I keep hearing on the BBC channel their self-commercial that goes like "We are the leaders in global breaking news". Folks, could anybody kindly explain to me how come that structure is grammatically ...
2
votes
1answer
782 views

Pronouncing the final “‑ing” inflection as [əŋ] instead of as [ɪŋ]

I’m asking about American English, but feel free to answer about other dialects. The ‑ing verbal inflection ending is, in the abstract, a phonemic /ɪŋ/. Those phonemes usually get realized ...
2
votes
1answer
542 views

Question on gerunds/verbs [closed]

I realise this is probably a somewhat confusing question, which really has two distinct parts, but I thought of them in relation to one another so... Firstly, with the phrase 'Having done that was a ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

-ing in conditionals

I have a question regarding the use of -ing in conditionals. Is it possible to use these. Most sources I found say you should use the simple form in, for instance, the first conditional. Can I make ...
2
votes
1answer
850 views

Disturb “the function” or “the functioning” of the device?

I have in my quantum physics lab report The system cannot disturb the function of the device. but my friend proposes The system cannot disturb the functioning of the device. I think the ...