Questions tagged [ing]

For questions about the -ing suffix.

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"that" + -ed vs. -ing in past tense [closed]

(a) He grit his teeth, pushing with full force through the barrage of winds that slammed against him and the structure both. vs. (b) He grit his teeth, pushing with full force through the barrage of ...
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A use of -ing: spend learning [closed]

A headline from CNBC: Google's '20% rule' shows exactly how much time you should spend learning new skills. Can the part 'spend learning' be expanded as "spend while learning" or is it the ...
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"for becoming" versus "to become"

According to https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/support-files/purpose.pdf for+verb-ing should be used for function, to+infinitive for intention. Consider: ...is an essential skill required to ...
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4 votes
2 answers
440 views

Ambiguous Information on ''verb -to and verb -ing''

There are two different pieces of information on this topic, and they are both from trusted sources but these two pieces of information are totally different. So I would love to be answered by a ...
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1 vote
2 answers
101 views

Only "propose/suggest" doing actions you yourself will be involved in

Is That What you Mean reads If someone suggests doing something, it means that the speaker is one of the people who will do it. Collins Cobuild Usage reads Is this a general pattern? What other ...
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The "-ing" form of a verb and indefinite article [closed]

If celebrities visit public places, such as malls and bars, people will crowd them demanding for a picture or autograph. 1: Why did the writer use the "-ing" form of the verb "demand&...
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1 answer
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-ING verbs referring to the process of an action? [duplicate]

In the following sentence, just like we may use in everyday English, "I enjoy playing the piano", is it virtually the same to say "I enjoy to play the piano"? Particularly, what I ...
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Albeit + -ing clause

Is it possible to use an -ing clause after "albeit"? Example: We should praise the market's efficiency, albeit recognising the need for regulation.
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1 answer
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When to delete Verb to be

Sometimes I read people write without verb to be for example... Can we say my boy eating/ wearing without verb to be? If we say “he” we have to put “is” So what is the difference?
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3 answers
498 views

Is "calling" a gerund in "calling bell"? [closed]

In the phrase "calling bell", the word "calling" acts as what? Is it a gerund? Or is it an adjective? If so then what kind of adjective? Similar phrases might be "revolving ...
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"Cannot help" is used with a present participle to roughly the same effect as a verb form in -ing

According to the American Heritage Dictionary, Cannot help is used with a present participle to roughly the same effect as a verb form ending in -ing in a sentence such as We cannot help admiring his ...
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What is wrong with this sentence: "This is an obstacle to start in Turkey"

"This is an obstacle to start in Turkey." This sentence is about making a business in Turkey and problems you can have. My friend said this sentence is more natural as "This is an ...
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When providing more information about an event in the past, are we allowed to use present continuous?

While describing an event in the past, is it possible to use present continuous or present perfect continuous while still being grammatically correct? In order to explain my question a bit better, I ...
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1 answer
112 views

participate or be participating [duplicate]

Which of the following is more idiomatic? List out the groups you participate in. List out the groups you're participating in.
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1 answer
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"He was sitting on the bench" or "He sat on the bench" [closed]

He was sitting on the bench. He sat on the bench. What is the difference in the meaning between those two? All I could find on Google was that the first alternative most of the time is preferable ...
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1 answer
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Function of the ing-forms in this sentence?

I'm having a hard time figuring out what the exact function of "fascinating" and "working" is in the following sentence: "This song deals with the most important concerns fascinating people working ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
155 views

I don't understand why the ING form is used in these examples

This is my last night working here. There is a problem sending this email. I doubt the chances of success facing him. Can anybody tell me that Why 'ING' form is used in "working, sending, facing ", ...
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1 answer
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Why isn't "I'm glad to hearing from you" correct?

I have read in this forum that it isn't correct: Can I say "I am glad hearing from you" or it is wrong? but in this case "to" is a preposition followed by a verb and the -ing form for the ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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the linking word as

.."it is never the same as seeing it on the big screen" In this sentence, the word "as" is followed by a ing form? Is it possible to say: "..it is never the same as to see it on the big screen"
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2 votes
3 answers
4k views

'contribute to achieve' or 'contribute to achieving'? [duplicate]

I have the following sentence and I need your help: "Renewable energy sources can contribute to achieving the climate goals" Is this correct or do I have to write: "Renewable energy sources can ...
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1 answer
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Verb after ing form as a gerund

I am confused about this sentence. "Having updated and accurate maps of land use aid regional planners to plan for the future." The verb "to aid" in this sentence has to take an "s"? "Having ...
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1 answer
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Usage of spend with preposition 'on' or without preposition 'on' in clauses [duplicate]

Sometimes we use spend like "spend something on doing something" but sometimes we are using without on like "I spend a lot of time working on this project". Is there any difference between these ...
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5 votes
5 answers
1k views

In "experience teaching", is "experience" a noun adjunct?

In an MIT textbook from 2007 the author, Robert G. Gallager, writes in the preface: My original purpose was to write an undergraduate text on digital communication, but experience teaching this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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The usage of '-ing' and '-in' in writing

Can someone explain to me why sometimes V-ing like going is abbreviated into goin' or because into 'cause. I don't understand when or how to use it in writing, especially in a novel (in dialogue). ...
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2 answers
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Is "fighting" used as a gerund in this sentence?

Is "fighting" used as a gerund in this sentence? A soldier’s death is a grim reminder that more Americans have died fighting the Taliban and other insurgent groups in 2019 than in any other year ...
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1 answer
51 views

How to parse this NP containing the structure "help somebody to do something"?

I'm trying to analyze this long noun phrase (NP) syntactically: The assertion that an understanding of human nature in the light of evolutionary theory can help us to identify the means by ...
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2 answers
181 views

What part of speech is "baking" in "baking is fun"? [duplicate]

In the sentence "baking is fun," what part of speech is "baking"?
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1 answer
168 views

Use of infinite/-ing: to have someone do something or to have someone doing something

I have a question regarding the use of infinite/-ing (or past participle?) in the following sentence. Which one is correct between "Firms often have some of their executives sitting on the board of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Is there any difference between “ i was woken up by a ringing bell” and “ i was woken up by a bell ringing”?

I tried looking in the internet but could not find any appropriate answers.
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0 votes
1 answer
321 views

Ing form as infinitive at the beginning of a sentence

Is it possible to use the ing form as infinitive at the beginning of a sentence? E.g. learning extracurricular Software to improve personal training. This is a sentence I put in brackets in my ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
277 views

past participle + ing Vs present perfect + ing

What is the difference between past participle + ing and present perfect + ing? For an example: If you started playing the game, you should have noticed the issue. Vs If you have started playing the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
3k views

for words ending in "ing", what parts are stressed?

For words ending in the -ing suffix, is the suffix stressed? Unstressed? Does adding the -ing suffix affect the stress of the other syllables? Example: (u is untressed, ' is stressed) Deteriorate is (...
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-1 votes
1 answer
235 views

dogfight vs. dog fighting

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, a dogfight means: 1 : a fight between dogs broadly : a fiercely disputed contest 2 : a fight between two or more fighter planes usually at close quarters ...
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2 votes
2 answers
201 views

Use of an adjective instead of adverb with gerund?

I keep hearing on the BBC channel their self-commercial that goes like "We are the leaders in global breaking news". Folks, could anybody kindly explain to me how come that structure is grammatically ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

Can the mentioned verb be in a bare infinitive form?

However, rather than undermine its epistemic value, the intentional character of testimony is arguably essential to this value. Shouldn't it be "undermining" or "undermine"? As it is after "than", ...
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1 vote
1 answer
448 views

Past or present tense in the clause of an -ing structure?

I have a question that, as the title suggests, relates to tense agreement between an -ing phrase and its subordinate clause. I have seen other similar questions, such as present/past tense in a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
213 views

What's the role of "Opening" in the given excerpt

This is a sentence from a very famous book on learning English called "Headway". "But after making hundreds of millions of dollars opening duty-free shops at airports in the 1960s,Feeney's later ...
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1 vote
2 answers
593 views

"Sending off a balloon": verb or noun?

Agnes suggested sending off a balloon with a message to Jenny. The phrase sending off puzzles me. I know it’s a verb phrase, but I don’t understand why it ends on -ing. Is it a noun or a verb? I've ...
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1 vote
1 answer
84 views

How to distinguish the gerund with the object and the -ing form in the meaning of the adjective

I read this in Wikipedia: "The program becomes modal, switching between interpreting commands from the keyboard or passing keystrokes on as data to be processed." The word interpreting makes me ...
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1 vote
3 answers
4k views

Gerund vs Present participle: "We’re depending on him finishing the job by Friday."

I'm not a native English speaker, and although I know the general rules to identify whether it is a gerund or participle, sometimes I'm still confused about how to distinguish the gerund and present ...
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1 vote
3 answers
3k views

Gerund or Participle?

While waiting for service, patrons can enjoy coffee and snacks and mingle with their neighbors in need. Is "waiting" in this sentence a gerund or participle? This sentence and question actually ...
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1 vote
1 answer
232 views

Is "We are grateful to X for her proofreading this paper" grammatically correct? [closed]

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? 1.) We are grateful to X for her proofreading this paper. Or alternatively: 2.) We are grateful to Y for him proofreading this paper. I think that ...
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1 answer
237 views

Confusion in "-ing" form verbs use [closed]

I am a reading Jane Eyre book published by Oxford Bookworms. I have found this sentence: [...], while I lay awake all night, trembling with fear, and eyes wide open in horror, imagining ghosts ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
289 views

-ing forms question [closed]

I saw this sentence somewhere. I know it’s right, but I can’t explain why to use the -ing form here twice: There was no mistaking the smell. Burning. There was a fire somewhere.
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3 votes
1 answer
957 views

Pronouncing the final "‑ing" inflection as [əŋ] instead of as [ɪŋ]

I’m asking about American English, but feel free to answer about other dialects. The ‑ing verbal inflection ending is, in the abstract, a phonemic /ɪŋ/. Those phonemes usually get realized ...
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4 votes
1 answer
324 views

Pronunciation of boggling and similar *ing words

Are there multiple valid pronunciations for ing or present participle form of boggle -- [bog-uh l] | /ˈbɒg əl/? I.e. are both of the following valid for boggling (not thinking of bogglin or other ...
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0 votes
1 answer
4k views

"Having breakfast", "breakfasting", or "breaking fast"? [closed]

The first is the most common (in the US, anyway). The last seems most correct, but also least-used, and may even be considered "archaic" by some. The second is ugly, but if "breakfast" is a noun, and ...
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15 votes
3 answers
7k views

What part of speech is ‘mountains’ in the sentence “I like climbing mountains”?

I'm trying to understand the grammar of this sentence: I like climbing mountains. Here's what I've got so far: "I" is the subject "like" is the verb I believe "climbing" is a participle Maybe "...
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1 vote
1 answer
433 views

like ...Gerund or other form?

"There are many ways to save the environment, like saving energy, reducing rubbish" Is the ing Form correct in this case? Is it a gerund? Or is this Form calles differently ?
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0 votes
1 answer
75 views

Nothing's getting done today - is it present or future?

Is the sentence "Nothing's getting done today" present continuous? Why is the verb get ending in "-ing"?
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