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Questions tagged [infinitive-vs-gerund]

Questions about the differences between "gerunds", formed with *-ing*, and infinitives, formed with *to*.

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“It is” as the beginning of paragraphs

Is it encouraged or discouraged to use "IT IS" at the very beginning of a paragraph in formal writing English?. For instance: It is often argued that study art in school should be mandatory, since ...
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1answer
34 views

“It is an advantage learning a foreign language”. -> It is an advantage to learn…? (infinitive or -ing)

I've come across the following sentence in an article which provides businessmen with advice on how to improve their career prospects. "It is an advantage learning a foreign language." I think the ...
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0answers
46 views

What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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0answers
49 views

“English grammar is not that important + for English speaking / to speak English” [closed]

Sorry for my poor English in advance. I wrote some sentence, and could you tell me those two options are both correct or not? English grammar is not that important for English speaking. ...
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2answers
62 views

Does the verb “ban” take a gerund or infinitive as its complement? [closed]

Which one below is correct while using the verb ban? Plastic bottle using was banned by government in the country. Government banned to use plastic bottle in the country. Plastic bottle was banned ...
2
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2answers
113 views

Usage of infinitive or gerund

For him to sail back is unthinkable For him sailing back is unthinkable. Why is the second sentence considered as wrong? Can the first sentence be paraphrased as (1) It is unthinkable that he could ...
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1answer
60 views

Gerund, to-infinitive or bare infinitive?

Which of the following three constructions is more common in everyday speech? Nothing gives me greater pleasure than kissing my girlfriend. Nothing gives me greater pleasure than to kiss my ...
-1
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1answer
42 views

imperative to -ing [duplicate]

Which one is right? the degree is imperative to consolidating my grasp on concepts and keeping me abreast of upcoming upgrades the degree is imperative to consolidate my grasp on concepts and keep me ...
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1answer
39 views

Gerund or Infinitives?

How can I grammatically explain gerund "seeking" in this sentence? Can I use "to seek" instead? I am Sharron Biggs, CEO and founder of BiggsGraphics. I recently came across your advertisement ...
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1answer
45 views

“doomed to” + noun or infinitive?

I know the phrase "doomed to failure" exists. I also found someone here who suggests that both, "doomed to failure" and "doomed to fail" can be used for a specific situation: "I'm doomed to failure"...
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1answer
109 views

This quick note is to

Which one would you consider correct: This quick note is to just inform you that... Or This is a quick note to just inform you that... Obviously, the second one is widely used, but I don't know ...
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1answer
23 views

Can the mentioned verb be in a bare infinitive form?

However, rather than undermine its epistemic value, the intentional character of testimony is arguably essential to this value. Shouldn't it be "undermining" or "undermine"? As it is after "than", ...
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0answers
115 views

Using gerund at the beginning of bullet points: What is more common, better or correct?

Is it correct or common to use the gerund at the beginning of bullet points? Which of the following examples is more common, better or correct? What are the pros and cons? Can I use the gerund? ...
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1answer
96 views

“believe someone to do something” - (why) is it wrong?

Edit: I added a comment to address the duplicate issue. I had an issue with English grammar a few weeks ago, that is still haunting me, and I assume it to be related to mixing up grammars. I ...
2
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1answer
359 views

Verbs changing from gerund to infinitive

Some verbs such as advise, recommend, permit, allow, require, forbid are used in sentences either gerund or infinitive. For instance, The plumber recommended buying a new water heater. The ...
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1answer
175 views

the verb “shock” + participle phrase

I found a question asking: Upon leaving, we were shocked to discover/discovering that a mandatory tip of 15 percent was added to our bill. the answer is "to discover" to explain the reason why they ...
2
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1answer
475 views

Cases that accept both “to” + infinitive and “to” + gerund

I have searched both Google and this site. According to Collins, predispose can accept both to + infinitive and to + gerund. I find this questionable, but there it is. Other than that, I can think of ...
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2answers
215 views

“Predisposed to” + gerund or infinitive? [closed]

My own logic and basic grammar rules would say gerund: He is predisposed to plagiarizing. Because I would also say: He is predisposed to plagiarism. But Google tells me that: He is predisposed ...
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2answers
185 views

“All I want is for him to return safe” Why isn't it “…for him is to…”?

All I want is _______ to return safe I have encountered the question like the title in the book "Starter TOEIC" 3rd edition by Anne Taylor, which is in "Infinitives and Gerunds" unit. 4 options are: ...
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1answer
277 views

“I was starting suspecting something was wrong” <— What's the grammar problem here? [duplicate]

I have been using “starting suspecting” frequently thinking that it’s correct too but recently my friend corrected me. I don't understand why. It is well-known that start to + verb and start verb-ing ...
3
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1answer
7k views

proud to be & proud of being

I have the following two sentences which I would like to confirm the difference in meaning for. I am proud to be a nurse. I am proud of being a nurse. I'm mainly wondering about the difference in ...
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0answers
188 views

Bare infinitive with exceptions

Reading the sentence: "We were still talking about what we should do when we heard the children shouting". in the above sentence, why don't we write "heard the children shout", as the verb 'hear' ...
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0answers
50 views

Indians are ashamed to/ ashamed of

Why are Indians ashamed to speak their native language? Or Why are Indians ashamed of speaking their native language? He was very nervous to perform on stage. Or He was very nervous about ...
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1answer
25 views

difference in meaning between 2 phrases [duplicate]

I need to know the difference between these two sentences 1)He stopped to playing football 2)He stopped playing football
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1answer
337 views

Finish reading or finish of read. Why we use gerund forms as infinitives verbs?

I see that some words in English are expressed in gerund, with the meaning corresponding to the infinitive, and used as infinitive verbs. Could someone please explain to me, why does this happen? I'm ...
2
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1answer
142 views

Which should I use, infinitive or participle? [closed]

I found this description in Wikipedia on infinitive. As a modifier of a noun or adjective. This may relate to the meaning of the noun or adjective ("a request to see someone"; "keen to get on"), or ...
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2answers
634 views

Gerund? Infinitive? Why, when we talk about jobs, do we say “I have a job taking people on tours” instead of “I have a job to take people on tours”?

I'm teaching English in China. I wanted middle school or younger, but I was put with some great high school kids and they sometimes ask me questions that I don't know how to answer yet. I'm a native ...
4
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1answer
367 views

Can gerund and infinitive forms be interchangeable when functioning as subject of a sentence?

I am having trouble using gerund/infinitive forms when functioning as subject of a sentence. For instance, which one of these two sentences is correct? Eating ice cream on a windy day can be a ...
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0answers
230 views

Infinitive of Purpose or For [duplicate]

Could you please tell me which usage is correct ? 'I need money to start a business' 'I need money for starting a business' Actually the first one sounds more natural to me and also I know for is ...
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1answer
668 views

Which one should I use when; ' to verb' vs 'verb(ing)'? [duplicate]

I came across a question in my ACT practice test which got me really confused as I was unaware of this rule. The question was: I simply feel better to know a pen is handy. a) No change b) to know ...
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0answers
121 views

“latency to do” or “latency to doing”?

What's correct? Environmental enrichment leads to more active behaviour in an open field and causes a shorter latency to interact with a novel object" Or should it be 'latency to interacting'? ...
2
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1answer
221 views

What I saw was him enter the building

(1) I saw him enter the building. (2) What I saw was him _________ the building. I'd like (2) to mean basically the same thing as (1). Can "enter" (infinitive) be entered in the blank? (No pun ...
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2answers
4k views

Is this sentence from Orwell's Animal Farm grammatically sound?

Should been really have been included in the following passage from George Orwell’s Animal Farm, or was this somehow an erroneous insertion of a spurious word? Illustration from p. 17 of the 1990 ...
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2answers
579 views

Pseudo-cleft sentences with the verbs of perception

I know we must use bare infinitives with these verbs in the Active. e.g. I saw a lady cross the street. There are other verbs with which we are supposed to use a bare infinitive in the Active. e.g. ...
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1answer
2k views

Do I need to use gerund after the “it wasn't until…” structure?

I need help with the grammar relating to the "it wasn't until" phrase. It wasn't until I heard him speak/speaking that I recognized his voice. Which is correct, speak or speaking? Why? I would ...
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2answers
3k views

Verb do + verb to be + ing form

What are the correct tenses to use in the following sentence between gerund and infinitive? What I do at this point is ____ home and _____ dinner. Should I write: What I do at this point is ...
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1answer
416 views

What irritates me is “going” vs. “go” vs. “to go” to school in the morning [closed]

I have a problem with using "what clause". Which of following sentences is correct? What irritates me is going to school in early morning What irritates me is to go to school in early ...
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1answer
426 views

Structure with to infinitive or gerund or past participle

I read a vocabulary book . There is a sentence which makes me confused. " The government had passed a bill outlawing smoking while driving" . I wonder if why the author use "outlawing" here but not ...
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1answer
194 views

Mixed saying / witty remark about remarks

I need to mix To err is human, to persist [...] is diabolical with a joke about too much remarking. The result should be To err is human, to persist in remarking is diabolical. Should I ...
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1answer
650 views

Subject-control verbs

I have been studying Raising and Controlling, but it seems quite hard to understand its function and uses. I would like any of you to analyze this explanation and tell me whether I got it correct or ...
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0answers
33 views

Infinitive vs gerund in the beginning of a sentence [duplicate]

My question is simple: Do you know of any grammar rule stating that it is not correct to start a sentence with the infinitive and rather use the gerund? I did a list of functions and wrote something ...
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1answer
2k views

When do I say “I have seen people do it” and not “I have seen people doing it”? [duplicate]

What is the difference between I have seen people do it and I have seen people doing it?
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84 views

is there any difference between is used to do something or for doing something

If I want to explain what´s the purpose of a knife for example. I have to say it´s used to cut bread or it´s used for cutting bread. Or both are correct.
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1answer
755 views

“prone to collapse” or “prone to collapsing”?

Is there a difference between something that is "prone to collapse" and "prone to collapsing"? The former appears to be more common than the latter - but are they both acceptable?
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2answers
27k views

Can I start a sentence with To + verb? [duplicate]

For example: Making new friends is important to your happiness. and To make new friends is important to your happiness. I know the second sentence sounds odd, but I'm not sure if it's ...
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1answer
567 views

'there will be' gerund or infinitive

Which one is better: There will be a lot of voters to vote in the election. or There will be a lot of voters voting in the election.
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2answers
35k views

Which expression is correct? “I've already started working on it” or “I've already started to work on it” [duplicate]

today i attended an interview. The employer told me that I should know some skills about the job. Today I am going to start to work on those skills. Now, I am writing a "thank you for the interview" ...
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1answer
142 views

Gerund vs. infinitive: are both forms acceptable for the following examples?

It is a lesser evil to have x than to have y. Having x is a lesser evil than having y. Which of them are incorrect?
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2answers
320 views

'Using a keyboard is better' v 'It's better to use a keyboard': and why IT with the infinitive?

I'm trying to make sense of the rule behind "to use" vs "using" in these specific cases Using a keyboard is better. To use a keyboard is better. It's better to use a keyboard. It's better ...
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1answer
171 views

Should I use an infinitive or “in” plus a gerund?

Which sentence would be more appropriate? "Scholars like John Smith are highly qualified to write professional essays." OR "Scholars like John Smith are highly qualified in writing professional ...