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Questions tagged [indirect-speech]

Indirect speech is speech describing what someone has said without using a direct quote.

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Use of quotation marks after 'it's called X' and similar?

I've been looking at the Oxford Dictionary's page on inverted commas, and see that they use this example: He called this phenomenon "the memory of water." This seems like it would work with or ...
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direct speech vs. reported speech

I'm an English teacher. I have a question about REPORTED SPEECH - PAST SIMPLE In the book that we use there are two similar direct questions but the answers are different. I am confused, can you ...
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Is there a grammatical form that helps you to express that you don't believe the speaker? (reported speech)

Indirect speech: Can you express that you don't believe the original speaker of a sentence (with the help of a tense or a verb form)?
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Reported speach

How to rewrite this sentence to reported speech? "I'd say a lot depends on the student". I can't figure out what is going to happen with would? Thank you.
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Reported Speech: He said, “I was sad”

He said, "I was sad" In indirect speech, the past tense changes to the past perfect. What will be the past perfect form of “was sad”? Is it “had been sad”? But that is past perfect continuous, right?...
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I asked + present/past tense

Consider the examples: "My name is Ricky." He said his name is Ricky. The tense is not backshifted in #2 because his name is and will always be Ricky. Also consider: Ricky says: "I live in Paris." ...
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Change in indirect speech

What is the Indirect form of - He said, " The teacher usually does not ask any question . " He said that - 1). the teacher usually does not ask any question 2). the teacher usually did not ask any ...
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1answer
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Why isn't it “had handed” in “the girl alleged that her mother handed her over”?

In the following reported speech: The girl alleged that her mother handed her over to a pimp and was taking Rs 40,000 from him every month. — Times of India Newspaper, 1st May 2018 Why is it ...
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Indirect speech using “which”

I have three questions about "which" and indirect speech. Is it not possible to have indirect speech using "which"? I have explored a lot of grammar sites but none of them give an explanation (or at ...
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1answer
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That's What She Said Quote

Okay, I'm sure most of you have seen this T-Shirt before. But I got to thinking about it the other day. It is obviously a reference to the time-honored tradition of That's what she said in response ...
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Reported questions [closed]

In reported questions, there is a simple rule of changing the order of the sentence into a non question order. like "what's the dinner" changes to "she asked me what the dinner was". However, ...
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Introducing reported speech- has said/ said

Please consider the following sentences: Jane Smith has said her son cries when she comes back home. Jane Smith said her son cries when she comes back home. Dave Bloggs has told me what ...
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4answers
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Do we use the present or the past after “when” in a conditional sentence?

He said we would get married when we get older. or He said we would get married when we got older. Which tense of the verb get should be used?
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indirect speech [duplicate]

How to write this sentence in indirect speech . Eg He said" Some pokemons do not listen to their master". I am confused between these two sentences. He said that some pokemons did not listen to ...
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Comma before indirect speech

For instance, you can tell them “I expect you to come to class on time,” or “Do not bully.” Do I need a comma between "them" and "I"? Why or why not?
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Which is the correct tense: “earth was/is round”? [duplicate]

Maybe it's very simple but I'm wondering which one is correct. Google search has showed me both forms are used. "He said the earth was round." "He said the earth is round."
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Reported speech in news articles [duplicate]

In reported speech we generally back shift the tense. But why in news articles do I often see that this guideline is violated? For ...
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1answer
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Reported speech commands - negations which aren't related to subject

First my english ain't pretty good but I hope you can understand me. :) So at the moment I'm doing my homework and I'm pre-finished with it but 2 sentences are very difficult for the exercise. I need ...
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Reporting past action in present tense - Minutes production [closed]

Ms. Smith reported staff has no objection to the request. or Ms. Smith reported staff had no objection to the request.
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Why do we structure dialogue/direct speech the way that we do?

I hate how we format dialogue. I believe convention has gotten too heavy and we need to think a little more about logic. That being said, my question, to be more specific, is asking about labels for ...
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Reported speech, a test task

Good day, Friends. Could you help with a test question? The question is a ‘fill the gap’ type: We had expected that they _______ fluent English, but in fact they didn’t. a) were speaking b) would ...
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A puzzle about direct/indirect question

First of all, I know that if we ask "who is he.", normally the indirect question which corresponds with it would be "who he is." (for example: do you know who he is?) Still, recently, one question ...
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Reported speech - “last January”

How would you change the time expression in the following sentence into a reported-speech form? "We have not been to London since last January?" What about "the last January?" Or, is there no change?
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Is it grammatically incorrect to not change past continuous to past perfect cont. in reported speech?

"When Bill called me I was discussing the outcome of the project with Jessie," said Daniel. Daniel said he was discussing the outcome of the project with Jessie when Bill called him. Is this correct?
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Reported Speech - sentence with two verbs

"Did it hurt when you touched the wire?", the doctor asked. Let's say that we want to put the above sentence in reported speech. Would it be The doctor asked if it had hurt when I touched the ...
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Change she said to me “what are you doing here ?” into indirect speech

Is "Sally asked what you were doing." correct? It couldn't possibly be "Sally asked what I was doing." right? Thanks.
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May I know which one is correct?

between saying "I told him that if he doesn't hear from me after three days, please call the police." and "I told him that if he didn't hear from me after three days, please called the police." ...
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Reported speech - statements whose meaning still stands

I know the main idea behing the reported speech (shifting of tenses) but one of the textbooks I have says: I like pizza. He said he liked pizza. But I think that if he likes pizza, he likes ...
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Is this an example of indirect speech?

I wrote: School starts in August next year? I thought it started in September. I proposed that this is one good example of how grammar can confuse people because a preterite (started) is used to ...
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4answers
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What’s the right inflection for the bracketed verb in “He asked what time the train [was/will/be] leaving”? [duplicate]

I was conducting a language assessment test when I was asked to fill out a clause: He asked what time the train [ was / will / be] leaving. I would have chosen be to form a subjunctive clause, had ...
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4answers
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would come vs. would have come?

Which is the difference between the following constructions? He told me that he would come. (would + base form = present conditional) He told me that he would have come. (would + have + past part....
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Indirect Speech/whether-if

We say: I don't know whether he is right. Is it acceptable to say: I don't know he's right or wrong.
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2answers
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When is “backshifting” optional?

In reported speech, tenses are generally backshifted. If what was said is still true at the time of reporting then back shifting is optional. My question is, if someone doesn't backshift the tense ...
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0answers
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Why do some people speak like they are speaking as the person they are speaking to?

I know that question sounds confusing, but let me explain. Alice was walking down the street when she met John. Instead of saying, "John, please listen to me.", Alice speaks as if she is John, "Will ...
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2answers
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Reported speech modal verbs could and might

I know that usually we don't change modal verbs in reported speech but i want to know if it is OK to change could for might as it doesn't change the meaning. I failed my English exam on this one ...
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Reported speech with “never”, which one is correct? [closed]

Direct speech: “I never lose my books”. Which one is correct in Indirect speech: “He said he never lost his books.” or “He said he never loses his books.” ?
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Do tenses in a time clause never back-shift in reported speech?

Do tenses in a time clause never back-shift in reported speech? For example, does "I went to Italy when I finished school." become She said she had gone to Spain when she finished school. ...
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1answer
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A bit confused! does indirect speech apply to other verbs such as “think”, “hope”,.. instead of “say”?

Ok, I am not native speaker & all my knowledge normally came from textbook. When teacher teaches Indirect speech at school, they often use the verb "say". For example: Direct speech: It is ...
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Is “what is the mind” is a clause like “A is B”?

I have seen some people use the sentence “what is the mind is being debated widely” instead of “what the mind is is being debated widely”. Their reason is that “what is the mind” is a clause like “A ...
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1answer
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Which tense we have to use for the reported speech? [closed]

There is an exercise in Raymond Murphy's book on reported speech. In Exercise 48.1, all the answers have been given in past form. However, at Unit 48.A, there is written that It is not always ...
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Modal verbs in reporting

'Advanced Grammar In Use' (AGU) by Martin Hewings, UNIT 37 C, says: The verbs could, would, should, might, needn't, ought to, used to, and could have, should have, etc. don't change in the report: ...
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Someone says vs Someone said in reported speech

Is " someone says something" ( in the present) acceptable, and if yes , when? Let's say I just got off the phone with someone, and they said they wouldn't make it on time. I've got someone in front ...
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1answer
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What is the overarching category for Direct and Indirect Speech called in English?

While terms like direct and indirect can be classified within a broader category (object, governance etc.), I am not sure how to classify direct and indirect speech. I thought it could be just speech, ...
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Is there a name for this type of double speak?

My colleague will indirectly ask me to do something by using a statement Eg. John needs a form = can you print me a form to fill out on behalf of John. Her tone of voice does not indicate it's a ...
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Relaying opinion in Indirect speech [closed]

How do you relay an information like this using the indirect speech. For example: David said: "Gone are the days when people could speak good grammar, nowadays, people are just too lazy to try". ...
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638 views

Indirect form of the given sentence

I came across this sentence in a high school grammar book. What should be the correct Indirect form of this sentence ? “So help me, Heaven!” he cried, “I will never steal again.” According to ...
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425 views

Use suggestions in reported speech

What I have proposed is that we should have begun to think seriously about a thorough reform in the legal system. What I am proposing is that we begin to think seriously about a thorough ...
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Are there any differences between the future in the past when using “would” & reported speech when changing “will” to “would”?

This site said: The future in the past is used to look into the future from a point of time in the past. However, this "future" event still occurred at a time before the present time. E.g. ...
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Reported Speech: preference for using that after say/tell

A student of mine has stated (based on her experience watching films and TV shows) that, when using Reported Speech, Americans will more often use 'he said that X' or 'he told us that X' whereas ...
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Are tenses in this quotation sequenced correctly?

One of the examples listed in Oxford Dictionary for Learners caught my attention. Regularly I can explain the grammar of all examples listed there, but not this time. The quotation is: As a child ...