Questions tagged [indirect-speech]

Indirect speech is speech describing what someone has said without using a direct quote.

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Question about singular and plural answer in reported speech [closed]

My inquiry regards a question from my exam (non-native speakers) Question: “Birkinshaw (2018) states that "the bigger the firms, the bigger they are likely to become". To which principle in ...
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Backshift in time to distance yourself from indirect speech if introductory sentence in present? [migrated]

For indirect speech with introductory sentences in simple past, there's a backshift in time: Peter: “The sky is blue.” Peter said the sky was blue. Now, I want to quote a general idea/thought using ...
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Rewriting in an indirect tone: B: "Peer pressure has its benefits as well. Our peers also motivate and inspire us to do better and work hard."

A: "It is difficult to fight against peer pressure." B: "Peer pressure has its benefits as well." So shouldn't this be: A said that it is difficult to fight against peer pressure. ...
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Until it stops or stopped? Reported speech question

"I told him to wait until the rain stops" or "i told him to wait until the rain stopped"
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Can I change "was" to "had been", when expressing age?

Actually, I teach English language for 12 years, but today I got confused when I tried to report this sentence: William: 'I lived in China until I was fifteen.' William said that he had lived in ...
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We decided that if they do not leave the place in one day, we would surely force them out. To use 'do not' or 'did not' in this sentence?

We decided that if they do not leave the place in one day, we would surely force them out. We decided that if they did not leave the place in one day, we would surely force them out. Difference ...
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Is there a change of tense in the verb in the reported clause when the reporting verb is in the Conditional Perfect? [duplicate]

Direct reported speech: 'I disagree,' John would probably have said. Indirect reported speech: John would probably have said that he disagrees/disagreed. Which is correct?
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Reported speech with an event before another in the past [duplicate]

He said that before people built roads, they travelled on the river. The original statement before being reported, as I understand it, should be: Before people built roads, they travelled on the ...
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Can you introduce a direct quotation with "that" and not accommodate conjugation and pronouns?

I've heard this many times recently in public, copy-edited discourse, where I don't expect to find grammatical errors, but it doesn't sound right to me. Let's say my mom says to me, "I want you ...
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How to report when having a Future Perfect introductory clause? [closed]

How to change this into reported speech? He will have said, "John is so bad!" Would it be: He will have said that John was so bad (Past tense), or He will have said that John is so bad (no ...
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Reported/Indirect Speech and Past Simple with when. Can they get confused with each other?

Going straight to the point, let's say that I have a sentence like He asked when the train arrived. How can I tell whether this is a Past Simple (As soon as the train arrived he asked) or Reported ...
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Modal verbs (must, may, would) in reported-speech backshift

Could a native English speaker please finally clear this confusion for us? The textbooks are either silent or contradicting each other. Must Direct speech: "That must be wrong!" Later she ...
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Reported Questions

I have a question about the use of reported speech. " Who were with you", asked Tom. If I have to change the above question into a reported question, should the answer be Tom asked me who I ...
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A question on reported speech

So, AFAIK in reported speech we usually backshift, for example: Last night I called her, and she said she was not home. But what if we talk about something that was written at some time in the past ...
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Can I use "Would" instead of the infinitive?

In the example, "I expect she will not tell the truth/ I don't expect she will tell the truth," said the judge. My teacher said that it should be reported this way, "The judge didn't ...
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Why use "will" instead of "would" in this case

My teacher of Grammar at university told us that when we report a speech that was said in the past, we replace "will" by "would". However, in this example, she used "will"...
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"had" permissible? [closed]

Grammar for CAE and Proficiency, Hewings Backdrop: Stephen shares his experience after a job interview. I admitted __________ (have problems) in the early stages of the work. [his PhD research] The ...
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does it sound natural?

"I'm British" I told the police I was British I told the police I am British In the following situation "was" sounds more natural. Then the police arrived... I told them I was ...
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Started early because I had some lectures to attend later on. OR Started early because I have some lectures to attend later on

Which one of the following sentences is correct? I started early because I had some lectures to attend later on. OR I started early because I have some lectures to attend later on.
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Reported speech: "would do something", or "would have done something"

What would the following be in reported speech? Q "If I had any money I'd buy you a drink" she said. (a) She told me she would buy me a drink if she had any/some money or (b) She told me she ...
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Indirect speech - which statement is correct? [duplicate]

I read this statement in an English book and I wonder if this statement is correct: She told me that she still remembers how scared everyone was. I have learned that in indirect speech statements ...
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Past perfect/simple past in reported speech

Sentences: We told her that we had given her the money that had been saved from her husband's business. It was a pious fraud; she would have been distressed had she known we had collected it among ...
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Can “was not ᴠᴇʀʙing” and “will not ᴠᴇʀʙ” ever be exact equivalents in reported speech? [closed]

Do English speakers understand this sentence: I told him I wasn’t playing soccer anymore. Exactly as they would this sentence: I told him I will not play soccer anymore. If so, why would they ...
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direct speech to indirect speech [closed]

Zia said to Ria, "What a crisis this man has created!" what will it be in indirect speech?
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Changing from indirect to direct speech [closed]

Change into Direct speech: He said that he had started a job. Two possibilities: He said, "I have started a job". He said, "I started a job". Which of the above is correct?
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Past perfect in reported statements of complex sentence

If the sentence is reported statements, whether both parts of the sentence have to be in Past Perfect or only the first one? For example: "I had loved her for more than half of my life," she ...
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Would like in the passive voice

When I am solving English tests. I came across with would like in passive voice. So the question is: Mr. Brown said he'd like...by Wednesday if that's possible a) have finished the report b) the ...
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How to ask if someone is doing the same thing as before without using "still" for negative connotations?

"So, X, are you still living in Y?" "So, A, are you still working at B?" For a conversation opener or continuer, is there an alternative way to enquire, interest, about someone ...
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Would not be able to versus will not be able to

Linda phoned and explained that she would not be able to come to the party the next day because she was still sick. Why do we use would not instead of will not?
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Problem with backshift (past simple to past perfect)

Last week in an EFL class I told students that when reporting a speech they should "backshift" the main verb, exception made when the statement is a general truth or it is still valid. In their ...
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How to change following sentence into Reported Speech? [closed]

This is not the time or place for this. Please, help I have no idea how to do it.
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Should direct speech be used in synopses?

When you're writing a synopsis for a book, a movie, or a show, is it acceptable to use direct speech? Does it look professional? Or is it better to use indirect speech when it can convey the meaning ...
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Future tense in reported questions

Context: Boyfriend often stays out late. Girlfriend wants to say that she doesn't worry about this. Incorrect: "I don't usually ask him when he comes home" Correct: "I don't usually ask him ...
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Specified time in the Past in the Reported Speech

I am learning Reported Speech in the Past now. In my English textbook there is a rule: "When it is provided when exactly the action happened, you can leave the Past Simple as it is". I was looking it ...
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Direct and Indirect speech

What would be the indirect speech for this sentence: Mina said, "Let's go for a walk". In my opinion it should be 'Mina suggested that they should go for a walk' but according to my book it is 'Mina ...
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Reported Speech for a sentence with two clauses with 'when' conjunction;one in past continuous while the other in simple past

What will be the reported speech for the following sentence: She said, "I was walking down the road when I saw the accident." Possibility 1: She said that she had been walking down the road when ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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“He told me that Trump will/would win the re-election.” Will or Would?

He told that Trump {will/would} win the re-election. I know "will" should be used in the present tense. What is confusing me is that: his words were said in the past, but his statement is actually a ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Direct Speech: the subordinator "that" before the reported clause

I've been taught that in "Reported Speech", the subordinator "that" is a signature of "indirect speech". For example: He said, "I will be late." (Direct Speech) ...
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How to handle "I'd say" when turning into reported speech

How can I rewrite this sentence as reported speech? I'd say a lot depends on the student. I can't figure out what is going to happen with would?
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Reported Speech: He said, "I was sad"

He said, "I was sad" In indirect speech, the past tense changes to the past perfect. What will be the past perfect form of “was sad”? Is it “had been sad”? But that is past perfect continuous, right?...
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Use of quotation marks after 'it's called X' and similar? [duplicate]

I've been looking at the Oxford Dictionary's page on inverted commas, and see that they use this example: He called this phenomenon "the memory of water." This seems like it would work with or ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a grammatical form that helps you to express that you don't believe the speaker? (reported speech)

Indirect speech: Can you express that you don't believe the original speaker of a sentence (with the help of a tense or a verb form)?
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2 votes
1 answer
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That's What She Said Quote

Okay, I'm sure most of you have seen this T-Shirt before. But I got to thinking about it the other day. It is obviously a reference to the time-honored tradition of That's what she said in response ...
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indirect speech [duplicate]

How to write this sentence in indirect speech . Eg He said" Some pokemons do not listen to their master". I am confused between these two sentences. He said that some pokemons did not listen to ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Which is the correct tense: "earth was/is round"? [duplicate]

Maybe it's very simple but I'm wondering which one is correct. Google search has showed me both forms are used. "He said the earth was round." "He said the earth is round."
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Reporting past action in present tense - Minutes production [closed]

Ms. Smith reported staff has no objection to the request. or Ms. Smith reported staff had no objection to the request.
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Why do we structure dialogue/direct speech the way that we do?

I hate how we format dialogue. I believe convention has gotten too heavy and we need to think a little more about logic. That being said, my question, to be more specific, is asking about labels for ...
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Reported speech, a test task

Good day, Friends. Could you help with a test question? The question is a ‘fill the gap’ type: We had expected that they _______ fluent English, but in fact they didn’t. a) were speaking b) would ...
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Reported speech - "last January"

How would you change the time expression in the following sentence into a reported-speech form? "We have not been to London since last January?" What about "the last January?" Or, is there no change?
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1 vote
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Is it grammatically incorrect to not change past continuous to past perfect cont. in reported speech?

"When Bill called me I was discussing the outcome of the project with Jessie," said Daniel. Daniel said he was discussing the outcome of the project with Jessie when Bill called him. Is this correct?
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