Questions tagged [hyphenation]

A hyphen is a symbol used to join two words or two syllables of a single word together. It is not to be confused with dashes or the minus symbol, as these are all longer than the hyphen and serve different purposes in language.

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43 views

"Flood damage-resistant materials" or "Flood-damage-resistant materials"?

I work at a publishing company that generally follows Chicago Manual. I thought "flood damage-resistant materials" is the proper way to hyphenate, but another employee thinks an additional ...
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Hyphenation points for the word "embedded" [closed]

As the title says: I am looking for the correct way to split the word embedded for hyphenation. I believe it should be em-bedd-ed, but I am not sure. Are there any rules?
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Is "adj. + infinitive + be" a thing? Or am I understanding the hyphen wrong?

I came across this sentence during my GRE prep. I had a hard time understanding the grammar structure of it. It seems to me that the will be in the middle is referring to Crucial to fostering in the ...
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Are multiple hyphenations allowed in extending compound words like "well-controlled"? [duplicate]

It is common to write the phrase "well controlled" as a single, hyphenated adjective, "well-controlled". If my intention is to place additional adverbs in front of the hyphenated ...
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Is it a "14-karat gold ring" or a "14-karat-gold ring"? [closed]

I cannot find an answer to this anywhere, neither on the internet nor in any jeweler brochures. Is it: a 14-karat-gold ring OR: a 14-karat gold ring Does "14-karat" modify "gold ...
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41 views

What does dung-dropping mean?

Protect fields from what? "Hairy, squirmy, squeaky little rats! They've infested the plantation since the storm. The inspectors will ask, if we can't protect our fields from those dung-dropping ...
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1answer
42 views

How to hyphenate "corned beef filled"? [closed]

"Tuna-filled" is hyphenated correctly, right? If we were to fill something with "corned beef", how would we write "corned beef filled"? Where would the hyphen go?
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Hyphen and en dash usage in adjectives such as "human–animal"

I noticed a possible editorial error in Nature magazine concerning this. These two headlines here and here use en dashes and hyphens for the adjectives "human–animal" and "human-animal&...
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What is the effect of using dashes between each word in a sentence?

In The Bluest Eye, there is a quote: Grown people frowned and fussed: 'You-don’t-know- how-to-take-care-of-nothing. I-never-had-a-baby-doll-in-my-whole-life-and-used-to-cry-my-eyes-out-for-them. Now-...
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Hyphens and pronoun: Markov chain model vs Markov-chain model [duplicate]

Trying to figure out hyphen rules, and they mostly seem easy to follow. However, the main thing throwing me off is whether or not to hyphenate two words preceding a noun when one of the words is a ...
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Does a noun phrase used as an adjective require a hyphen? [duplicate]

I've got this phrase: On a crisp, hot-chocolate afternoon. I'm not sure if hot chocolate requires a hyphen. It would add clarity (a hot-chocolate afternoon, as opposed to a hot and chocolate afternoon)...
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N-times differentiable function should go with hyphen? [duplicate]

Suppose that I would like to say "Let f(x) be an N-times differentiable function." Should it be "N-times" or "N times", and why?
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Pre-construction and post construction [duplicate]

I have been struggling for a definitive answer about the use of a hyphen specifically in pre-construction and post construction. We sometimes write preconstruction and sometimes pre-construction. ...
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59 views

A four- or five-time(s)-a-year indulgence

Page 693 of Garner's Modern English reads When two phrasal adjectives have a common element at the end, and this ending portion appears only with the second phrase, insert a suspensive hyphen after ...
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5answers
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Is the hyphen in the adjective phrase “just-[past participle]” mandatory?

I came across the following sentence: The target can be resolved through one of the just mentioned record types. I believe it should have been written as “… just-mentioned record types”, with a ...
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20 views

Hyphenation of compound or phrasal adjectives

The following usage of hyphenation all seems correct to me, but I wanted verification that this is correct, since use of hyphenation in compound adjectives doesn't seem to commonly follow this pattern....
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1answer
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What would be the correct spelling/hyphenation for "upper mid-tier"?

The phrase is for referring to a noun "company" such as in the sentence: "I bought the upper mid-tier company". (Meaning a company that is middle tier but slightly higher and not ...
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"quantum mechanical" vs "quantum-mechanical" [duplicate]

I'm currently writing a short report, where one (sub-)chapter heading reads: The quantum(-)mechanical basics I am now wondering, whether it is preferable with or without the hyphen. When googling ...
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Should I use hyphenation on compounds consisting of three nouns?

In our software, we extract/detect information from/on images, e.g., face features and hand gestures. When referring to these processes, should it be...? "face feature extraction" and "...
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Should I hyphenate "rational expectations" when used as an adjective? [closed]

Should a hyphen be used between "rational" and "expectations" in phrases like "rational expectations equilibrium" or "rational expectations condition" in an ...
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35 views

Do these phrases require hyphens? "mock-cried" vs "mock cried" [duplicate]

Should the following sentences be hyphenated? I mock cried into his shoulder. vs. I mock-cried into his shoulder. He smiled at me with his old man charm. vs. He smiled at me with his old man-charm.
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Why is there not a hyphen between "natural" and "language" in the phrase "natural language processing"?

Natural language processing is a field of AI that deals with tasks related to processing natural languages such as English and Spanish, in order to understand and extract data from them. Based on my ...
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Hyphenated Word Split Between Pages?

I am currently proofreading a typeset document that's automatically hyphenated "client" to justify a line. The bottom of one page has "cli-", and then, after a page turn, "-...
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1answer
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I need to use two compound words in a sentence and their first component is the same. Do I start the second word with a hyphen? [duplicate]

I need to write the following sentence in a description of a book's binding: "Printer's wrappers, housed in a cloth-backed and cloth-edged card slipcase." This seems clunky to me, and I ...
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1answer
50 views

Prefixes hyphenated or spaced

As a professional typographer and proofreader (I know; rare and disappearing breeds, especially for being both at the same time! And yes, I’m also a graphic designer), I tend to follow what are called ...
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51 views

Regarding usage of hyphens for numbers with preposition

Here are few examples of hyphen usage I found (albeit on internet) for numbers with preposition in between. At the same time I find these without hyphens in similar usage. #-for-# [Barry] "...
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28 views

'Extra-high-voltage grid' or 'extra-high voltage grid'?

I've seen both used interchangeably, and can't decide which is best. Given that both adjectives modify the noun, should two hyphens not be used? Thanks!
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48 views

Hyphenation of compound adjective as object complement

Consider these three cases: Here is the up-to-date information. Mark this information up-to-date. This information is up to date. Those are spelled the ways that feel correct to me, but I'm not ...
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I see lots of examples of unnecessary hyphenation in phrases like "when she was five-years-old", is there a change in usage, or is it technology?

Obviously, at least to me as a native speaker, "when she was five years old" doesn't need any hyphens, any more than "when she was five feet tall" or "when she had long black ...
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3answers
57 views

Taken from UK Teachers' Standards: "Plan and teach well structured lessons" [duplicate]

The UK Teachers' Standards ask teachers to 'take responsibility for promoting... the correct use of standard English', and six lines later we find the heading, 'Plan and teach well structured lessons' ...
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Hyphens for compound range in "He will be at the job for one to two years"?

Came across something written like "He will be at the job for two to three years." A colleague suggested it should be "two-to-three years." I disagreed. I see the rationale for a ...
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56 views

Where to put a hyphen when there's an abbreviation in the middle?

Ethiopia wants African Union (AU) mediated negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). Using AP style. You want a hyphen in front of mediated. What is the correct way?
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What is the correct grammar for "a days-long wait"

Surely there's a better way; something instantaneous that doesn't involve a days-long wait? Is the grammar above correct? Particularly, should 'days-long' be hyphenated, and should it contain a ...
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21 views

How to hyphenate “small-gap short-period long devices”?

I would like to use a compound adjective for the word "devices", but I don't know how to place the hyphen. Does small-gap short-period long devices sound correct?
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1answer
74 views

Cosmetics: Make up, make-up, or makeup? [closed]

When referring to cosmetics, which is correct? Make up, make-up, or makeup? And does it matter in case of a noun, verb, adjective? The actor playing Frankenstein's monster wore 6 pounds of [makeup | ...
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Compound Modifiers: When to hyphenate?

I'm writing about a new technology "Input Optimised Filtering" (not the actual name but a good example). I'm wondering whether this can/needs to be hyphenated (Input-Optimised Filtering), or ...
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337 views

Hyphenation: is it a "no-obligation quote" or a "no obligation quote"?

Should you give someone a "free, no-obligation quote" or a "free, no obligation quote"? I'm unable to find concrete examples on any authoritative source either way.
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Hyphenation: Should it be context dependence or context-dependence?

This question is about hyphens in nouns. Grammarly suggests context-dependence, whereas I'm used to writing context dependence. I used to write the adjective as context-dependent but the noun without ...
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1answer
67 views

How does one correctly use a suspended hyphen when the words aren't written together?

My example in this case is "activity- and experience verbs", in the meaning "activity verbs and experience verbs". Does the hyphen suggest that "activity-verb" or "...
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1answer
51 views

Should a two-word noun that modifies be hyphenated?

I came across the sentence "He is Fibonacci spiral attractive," and my first thought was that "Fibonacci spiral" should be hyphenated. I consulted my sister, and she thought it ...
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297 views

Correct hyphenation of age groups (18-25-year-olds / 18- to 25-year-olds / 18 to 25-year-olds)

As the title suggests, I'd like to ask your opinion on the correct way (or most common/recommended way) to write about different age groups. Let's imagine you have a table showing several age groups ...
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1answer
22 views

Question about hyphenation [duplicate]

The hyphenation of this sentence is throwing me off, and I want to make sure I have them in the right place. Here's the sentence: Each member of our team is mid- to senior-level.
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4answers
146 views

punctuation: chicken-fried steak [closed]

Does anyone know why the adjective in "chicken-fried steak" is hyphenated by some people but not by others? What do writing guides on both sides of the pond say about this issue? The ...
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21 views

How should we use hyphen to create an adjective with multiple words?

When saying, in a technical documentation, XYZ license with a free of charge distribution only clause should we use hyphens like this: XYZ license with a free-of-charge-distribution-only clause to ...
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1answer
32 views

How to punctuate a phrase that has words between the possessor and possession?

Example: the security policy for Acme Group owned and operated computers... Obviously I could just reword it as "the security policy for computers owned and operated by Acme Group...," but ...
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1answer
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Hyphenate 3/4 word compound adjective

The phrase I don't know how to hyphenate is asset type specific keywords and patterns and the negated version non asset type specific keywords and patterns. I looked around and found this Q&A ...
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28 views

Hyphen use: convention for made-up words with a compound noun or phrase?

Apologies for the verbosity of the title. Example: "morse code speak". What should be hyphenated and what not? Facing this, I had informally adopted the practice of enclosing the compound ...
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21 views

Is "darkweb" one word or two words? [duplicate]

I observed the word "darkweb" in newspapers of late, and wondered if it is one word or two words. I could not get a definite answer when I did a Google search. No one seems to have addressed ...
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49 views

Why is "more complicated" typically not hyphenated as a compound modifier when before a noun?

In the phrase "employees for more complicated work," shouldn't "more complicated" be hyphenated as it comes before the noun it describes? After much searching online, I am yet to ...
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Hyphenating Compound Nouns

Grammarly says hyphenating is necessary for a compound adjective before a noun as follows. The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. Wind-powered generators can be ...

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