Questions tagged [hyphenation]

A hyphen is a symbol used to join two words or two syllables of a single word together. It is not to be confused with dashes or the minus symbol, as these are all longer than the hyphen and serve different purposes in language.

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1answer
29 views

I need to use two compound words in a sentence and their first component is the same. Do I start the second word with a hyphen?

I need to write the following sentence in a description of a book's binding: "Printer's wrappers, housed in a cloth-backed and cloth-edged card slipcase." This seems clunky to me, and I ...
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“A well English educated person” VS “A well-English-educated person” [closed]

I learned that a hyphen is needed between an adverb(without -ly ones and very) and an adjective if they are compounds. For example: He is a well-educated person. That's ok, but what if an extra ...
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1answer
67 views

“cooking oil” VS “cooking-oil” [closed]

I know that intended meaning depends on the conversation context, but still I'm curious about the usage of hyphen. 1-) Cooking oil : It theoretically may have two meanings; The first one is "oil ...
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1answer
28 views

Prefixes hyphenated or spaced

As a professional typographer and proofreader (I know; rare and disappearing breeds, especially for being both at the same time! And yes, I’m also a graphic designer), I tend to follow what are called ...
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Regarding usage of hyphens for numbers with preposition

Here are few examples of hyphen usage I found (albeit on internet) for numbers with preposition in between. At the same time I find these without hyphens in similar usage. #-for-# [Barry] "...
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'Extra-high-voltage grid' or 'extra-high voltage grid'?

I've seen both used interchangeably, and can't decide which is best. Given that both adjectives modify the noun, should two hyphens not be used? Thanks!
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33 views

Hyphenation of compound adjective as object complement

Consider these three cases: Here is the up-to-date information. Mark this information up-to-date. This information is up to date. Those are spelled the ways that feel correct to me, but I'm not ...
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I see lots of examples of unnecessary hyphenation in phrases like “when she was five-years-old”, is there a change in usage, or is it technology?

Obviously, at least to me as a native speaker, "when she was five years old" doesn't need any hyphens, any more than "when she was five feet tall" or "when she had long black ...
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3answers
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Taken from UK Teachers' Standards: “Plan and teach well structured lessons” [duplicate]

The UK Teachers' Standards ask teachers to 'take responsibility for promoting... the correct use of standard English', and six lines later we find the heading, 'Plan and teach well structured lessons' ...
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Hyphens for compound range in “He will be at the job for one to two years”?

Came across something written like "He will be at the job for two to three years." A colleague suggested it should be "two-to-three years." I disagreed. I see the rationale for a ...
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Where to put a hyphen when there's an abbreviation in the middle?

Ethiopia wants African Union (AU) mediated negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). Using AP style. You want a hyphen in front of mediated. What is the correct way?
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What is the correct grammar for “a days-long wait”

Surely there's a better way; something instantaneous that doesn't involve a days-long wait? Is the grammar above correct? Particularly, should 'days-long' be hyphenated, and should it contain a ...
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How to hyphenate “small-gap short-period long devices”?

I would like to use a compound adjective for the word "devices", but I don't know how to place the hyphen. Does small-gap short-period long devices sound correct?
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Cosmetics: Make up, make-up, or makeup? [closed]

When referring to cosmetics, which is correct? Make up, make-up, or makeup? And does it matter in case of a noun, verb, adjective? The actor playing Frankenstein's monster wore 6 pounds of [makeup | ...
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Compound Modifiers: When to hyphenate?

I'm writing about a new technology "Input Optimised Filtering" (not the actual name but a good example). I'm wondering whether this can/needs to be hyphenated (Input-Optimised Filtering), or ...
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Hyphenation: is it a “no-obligation quote” or a “no obligation quote”?

Should you give someone a "free, no-obligation quote" or a "free, no obligation quote"? I'm unable to find concrete examples on any authoritative source either way.
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Hyphenation: Should it be context dependence or context-dependence?

This question is about hyphens in nouns. Grammarly suggests context-dependence, whereas I'm used to writing context dependence. I used to write the adjective as context-dependent but the noun without ...
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How does one correctly use a suspended hyphen when the words aren't written together?

My example in this case is "activity- and experience verbs", in the meaning "activity verbs and experience verbs". Does the hyphen suggest that "activity-verb" or "...
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Should a two-word noun that modifies be hyphenated?

I came across the sentence "He is Fibonacci spiral attractive," and my first thought was that "Fibonacci spiral" should be hyphenated. I consulted my sister, and she thought it ...
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Correct hyphenation of age groups (18-25-year-olds / 18- to 25-year-olds / 18 to 25-year-olds)

As the title suggests, I'd like to ask your opinion on the correct way (or most common/recommended way) to write about different age groups. Let's imagine you have a table showing several age groups ...
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1answer
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Question about hyphenation [duplicate]

The hyphenation of this sentence is throwing me off, and I want to make sure I have them in the right place. Here's the sentence: Each member of our team is mid- to senior-level.
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punctuation: chicken-fried steak [closed]

Does anyone know why the adjective in "chicken-fried steak" is hyphenated by some people but not by others? What do writing guides on both sides of the pond say about this issue? The ...
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How should we use hyphen to create an adjective with multiple words?

When saying, in a technical documentation, XYZ license with a free of charge distribution only clause should we use hyphens like this: XYZ license with a free-of-charge-distribution-only clause to ...
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1answer
32 views

How to punctuate a phrase that has words between the possessor and possession?

Example: the security policy for Acme Group owned and operated computers... Obviously I could just reword it as "the security policy for computers owned and operated by Acme Group...," but ...
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Hyphenate 3/4 word compound adjective

The phrase I don't know how to hyphenate is asset type specific keywords and patterns and the negated version non asset type specific keywords and patterns. I looked around and found this Q&A ...
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Hyphen use: convention for made-up words with a compound noun or phrase?

Apologies for the verbosity of the title. Example: "morse code speak". What should be hyphenated and what not? Facing this, I had informally adopted the practice of enclosing the compound ...
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Is “darkweb” one word or two words? [duplicate]

I observed the word "darkweb" in newspapers of late, and wondered if it is one word or two words. I could not get a definite answer when I did a Google search. No one seems to have addressed ...
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Why is “more complicated” typically not hyphenated as a compound modifier when before a noun?

In the phrase "employees for more complicated work," shouldn't "more complicated" be hyphenated as it comes before the noun it describes? After much searching online, I am yet to ...
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Hyphenating Compound Nouns

Grammarly says hyphenating is necessary for a compound adjective before a noun as follows. The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. Wind-powered generators can be ...
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1answer
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Hyphen between 2 words when prefix is in front of the 2 words

What's the correct way to put a prefix in front of something that's 2 or more words? Pre-Neolithic Revolution or pre-Neolithic-Revolution Pro-affirmative action or pro-affirmative-action Post-Civil ...
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2answers
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How do you hyphenate “Lagrangian”?

This is a proper noun (used extensively in physics) named after a French monsieur. How should this word be hyphenated? Should it follow English or French pronunciation rules, or something else?
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12-Column Grid or 12-Columns Grid [duplicate]

I am trying to figure out the best title for a section of a technical document. I wish to mean tables with 12 columns. Should I write: 12-Column Grid or 12-Columns Grid ? Which is correct?
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Is it “historical-philosophical” or “historico-philosophical”?

I was wondering what are the rules for writing hyphenated adjectives, specially those composed by words ending in "-al" such as "historical" and "philosophical". I have ...
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Should I use a suspended hyphen here? “A group of five-to-nine-year-olds did it,” or a “A group of five- to nine-year-olds did it”?

The title pretty much sums it up. Which of the following sentences is correct? "A group of five-to-nine-year-olds did it." "A group of five- to nine-year-olds did it." Moreover, ...
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18 views

Locally(-)injective mapping--hyphenate or not? [duplicate]

Do I need to to hyphenate: "It is a locally-injective mapping." where I use locally injective as a term--a concept: "This mapping is locally injective." For example, it is defined ...
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2answers
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What is the correct hyphenation of the sequence: “diffusion time dependent”? [duplicate]

The sentence in which I use it similar to the following: From this, it is possible to define a diffusion-time-dependent dimension. I am not sure if the double hyphenation is correct or not, but I ...
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Is the hyphen correct? : The painting is from the 17th century. It's a 17th-century painting [duplicate]

In the following example. Is the lack of a hyphen after 17th correct? The painting is from the 17th century. And in the following example, is the usage of a hyphen correct? It's a 17th-century ...
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Directly relevant or Directly-relevant?

I am trying to label a graph with two terms. “Directly relevant Environment” and “Indirectly relevant Environment”. These two terms are meant to describe the collections of factors that directly and ...
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2answers
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When to hyphenate “well-prepared”?

Should you hyphenate "well-prepared" when it is used as a verb, as in the sentence "The night of studying has well-prepared me for the test"?
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Does “number noun” phrase require hyphenation?

Here is my sentence: I have written a five page article. Is the above sentence correct? Or does it need to be hyphenated like this? I have written a five-page article. Is there a name for the ...
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1answer
40 views

Using multiple hyphens in a phrase [duplicate]

First-time poster. I hope I am posting appropriately and following protocol. I looked at the other sections and this seemed to me to be the correct place. Very quick and simple question. Hyphens are ...
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2answers
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What would be the correct formatting or rewording of the onomatopoeia “crunch-crunched”?

I am editing a historical fiction novel, and this clause has come up. As the Model T's wheels crunch-crunched their way up the gravel driveway... Is this clause grammatically correct? Should I use ...
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1answer
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Hyphenation usage in US English [duplicate]

I am writing my Ph.D. Thesis in US English and have two questions on hyphenating. Would it be re-entry or reentry? Would it be (re)training or (re-)training? Or would it be retraining at all times? ...
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Hyphenation for a well toasted bagel

I’m curious whether, if one were to order a bagel, well toasted, if the correct hyphenation would be, “Hello, could I please get a well-toasted bagel?” Thanks.
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Is it acceptable to write “mini-steps” or should it be “mini steps? Can it be ”mini-mangoes“ or must it be ”mini mangoes"? [duplicate]

Is it wrong to use a hyphen after "mini" in the following cases? Why or why not? All I can do is take mini-steps by the day. These mini-mangoes are sweet.
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Hyphenation: “I facilitated goal setting” vs. “I facilitated goal-setting”

I can see arguments for both—but is one overwhelmingly correct? Without a hyphen, it reads like I facilitated the setting of goals, where "goal" seems to modify "setting." With a ...
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508 views

When to use hyphen before “themed”

I understand cases where the concept modifying “themed” is a noun: “A Star Wars–themed party” But when the theme is an adjective, which of the following would be correct? “A spooky-themed party” “A ...
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Is there a name for syllables connected with hyphens which might be read as multiple words?

Is there a name for syllables connected with hyphens which can be read as multiple words? For example in one of my songs I have the lines: When you escape from, re-hab-its … more than your soul, cares ...
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2answers
40 views

Can 'postsynaptic' be written as 'post-synaptic'?

Under the heading "Excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials" in this article on Khan Academy, the word 'postsynaptic' is written with and without a hyphen. Does this imply that both ...
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1answer
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Is there a general rule for the usage of hyphens in compound words?

For example for words like in-depth or long-term I would always use a hyphen, and I tend to favor using them in general unless I'm certain there shouldn't be one, but often I find both used for words ...

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