Questions tagged [hyphenation]

A hyphen is a symbol used to join two words or two syllables of a single word together. It is not to be confused with dashes or the minus symbol, as these are all longer than the hyphen and serve different purposes in language.

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9 views

Pre-construction and post construction [duplicate]

I have been struggling for a definitive answer about the use of a hyphen specifically in pre-construction and post construction. We sometimes write preconstruction and sometimes pre-construction. ...
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Shouldn't “tamperproof” be hyphenated as “tamper-proof”? [duplicate]

I've been seeing "tamperproof" in writing, and when I search for it in dictionaries, there are just about as many results with the hyphen. But it seems incorrect without it. Which is ...
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A four- or five-time(s)-a-year indulgence

Page 693 of Garner's Modern English reads When two phrasal adjectives have a common element at the end, and this ending portion appears only with the second phrase, insert a suspensive hyphen after ...
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Is the hyphen in the adjective phrase “just-[past participle]” mandatory?

I came across the following sentence: The target can be resolved through one of the just mentioned record types. I believe it should have been written as “… just-mentioned record types”, with a ...
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Hyphenation of compound or phrasal adjectives

The following usage of hyphenation all seems correct to me, but I wanted verification that this is correct, since use of hyphenation in compound adjectives doesn't seem to commonly follow this pattern....
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What would be the correct spelling/hyphenation for “upper mid-tier”?

The phrase is for referring to a noun "company" such as in the sentence: "I bought the upper mid-tier company". (Meaning a company that is middle tier but slightly higher and not ...
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“quantum mechanical” vs “quantum-mechanical” [duplicate]

I'm currently writing a short report, where one (sub-)chapter heading reads: The quantum(-)mechanical basics I am now wondering, whether it is preferable with or without the hyphen. When googling ...
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71 views

Should I use hyphenation on compounds consisting of three nouns?

In our software, we extract/detect information from/on images, e.g., face features and hand gestures. When referring to these processes, should it be...? "face feature extraction" and "...
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Should I hyphenate “rational expectations” when used as an adjective? [closed]

Should a hyphen be used between "rational" and "expectations" in phrases like "rational expectations equilibrium" or "rational expectations condition" in an ...
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Do these phrases require hyphens? “mock-cried” vs “mock cried” [duplicate]

Should the following sentences be hyphenated? I mock cried into his shoulder. vs. I mock-cried into his shoulder. He smiled at me with his old man charm. vs. He smiled at me with his old man-charm.
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Why is there not a hyphen between “natural” and “language” in the phrase “natural language processing”?

Natural language processing is a field of AI that deals with tasks related to processing natural languages such as English and Spanish, in order to understand and extract data from them. Based on my ...
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Hyphenated Word Split Between Pages?

I am currently proofreading a typeset document that's automatically hyphenated "client" to justify a line. The bottom of one page has "cli-", and then, after a page turn, "-...
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I need to use two compound words in a sentence and their first component is the same. Do I start the second word with a hyphen? [duplicate]

I need to write the following sentence in a description of a book's binding: "Printer's wrappers, housed in a cloth-backed and cloth-edged card slipcase." This seems clunky to me, and I ...
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1answer
42 views

Prefixes hyphenated or spaced

As a professional typographer and proofreader (I know; rare and disappearing breeds, especially for being both at the same time! And yes, I’m also a graphic designer), I tend to follow what are called ...
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Regarding usage of hyphens for numbers with preposition

Here are few examples of hyphen usage I found (albeit on internet) for numbers with preposition in between. At the same time I find these without hyphens in similar usage. #-for-# [Barry] "...
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'Extra-high-voltage grid' or 'extra-high voltage grid'?

I've seen both used interchangeably, and can't decide which is best. Given that both adjectives modify the noun, should two hyphens not be used? Thanks!
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Hyphenation of compound adjective as object complement

Consider these three cases: Here is the up-to-date information. Mark this information up-to-date. This information is up to date. Those are spelled the ways that feel correct to me, but I'm not ...
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I see lots of examples of unnecessary hyphenation in phrases like “when she was five-years-old”, is there a change in usage, or is it technology?

Obviously, at least to me as a native speaker, "when she was five years old" doesn't need any hyphens, any more than "when she was five feet tall" or "when she had long black ...
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3answers
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Taken from UK Teachers' Standards: “Plan and teach well structured lessons” [duplicate]

The UK Teachers' Standards ask teachers to 'take responsibility for promoting... the correct use of standard English', and six lines later we find the heading, 'Plan and teach well structured lessons' ...
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Hyphens for compound range in “He will be at the job for one to two years”?

Came across something written like "He will be at the job for two to three years." A colleague suggested it should be "two-to-three years." I disagreed. I see the rationale for a ...
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1answer
43 views

Where to put a hyphen when there's an abbreviation in the middle?

Ethiopia wants African Union (AU) mediated negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). Using AP style. You want a hyphen in front of mediated. What is the correct way?
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What is the correct grammar for “a days-long wait”

Surely there's a better way; something instantaneous that doesn't involve a days-long wait? Is the grammar above correct? Particularly, should 'days-long' be hyphenated, and should it contain a ...
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How to hyphenate “small-gap short-period long devices”?

I would like to use a compound adjective for the word "devices", but I don't know how to place the hyphen. Does small-gap short-period long devices sound correct?
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Cosmetics: Make up, make-up, or makeup? [closed]

When referring to cosmetics, which is correct? Make up, make-up, or makeup? And does it matter in case of a noun, verb, adjective? The actor playing Frankenstein's monster wore 6 pounds of [makeup | ...
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Compound Modifiers: When to hyphenate?

I'm writing about a new technology "Input Optimised Filtering" (not the actual name but a good example). I'm wondering whether this can/needs to be hyphenated (Input-Optimised Filtering), or ...
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Hyphenation: is it a “no-obligation quote” or a “no obligation quote”?

Should you give someone a "free, no-obligation quote" or a "free, no obligation quote"? I'm unable to find concrete examples on any authoritative source either way.
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Hyphenation: Should it be context dependence or context-dependence?

This question is about hyphens in nouns. Grammarly suggests context-dependence, whereas I'm used to writing context dependence. I used to write the adjective as context-dependent but the noun without ...
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How does one correctly use a suspended hyphen when the words aren't written together?

My example in this case is "activity- and experience verbs", in the meaning "activity verbs and experience verbs". Does the hyphen suggest that "activity-verb" or "...
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49 views

Should a two-word noun that modifies be hyphenated?

I came across the sentence "He is Fibonacci spiral attractive," and my first thought was that "Fibonacci spiral" should be hyphenated. I consulted my sister, and she thought it ...
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179 views

Correct hyphenation of age groups (18-25-year-olds / 18- to 25-year-olds / 18 to 25-year-olds)

As the title suggests, I'd like to ask your opinion on the correct way (or most common/recommended way) to write about different age groups. Let's imagine you have a table showing several age groups ...
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Question about hyphenation [duplicate]

The hyphenation of this sentence is throwing me off, and I want to make sure I have them in the right place. Here's the sentence: Each member of our team is mid- to senior-level.
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4answers
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punctuation: chicken-fried steak [closed]

Does anyone know why the adjective in "chicken-fried steak" is hyphenated by some people but not by others? What do writing guides on both sides of the pond say about this issue? The ...
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How should we use hyphen to create an adjective with multiple words?

When saying, in a technical documentation, XYZ license with a free of charge distribution only clause should we use hyphens like this: XYZ license with a free-of-charge-distribution-only clause to ...
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How to punctuate a phrase that has words between the possessor and possession?

Example: the security policy for Acme Group owned and operated computers... Obviously I could just reword it as "the security policy for computers owned and operated by Acme Group...," but ...
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1answer
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Hyphenate 3/4 word compound adjective

The phrase I don't know how to hyphenate is asset type specific keywords and patterns and the negated version non asset type specific keywords and patterns. I looked around and found this Q&A ...
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Hyphen use: convention for made-up words with a compound noun or phrase?

Apologies for the verbosity of the title. Example: "morse code speak". What should be hyphenated and what not? Facing this, I had informally adopted the practice of enclosing the compound ...
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Is “darkweb” one word or two words? [duplicate]

I observed the word "darkweb" in newspapers of late, and wondered if it is one word or two words. I could not get a definite answer when I did a Google search. No one seems to have addressed ...
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41 views

Why is “more complicated” typically not hyphenated as a compound modifier when before a noun?

In the phrase "employees for more complicated work," shouldn't "more complicated" be hyphenated as it comes before the noun it describes? After much searching online, I am yet to ...
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Hyphenating Compound Nouns

Grammarly says hyphenating is necessary for a compound adjective before a noun as follows. The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. Wind-powered generators can be ...
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Hyphen between 2 words when prefix is in front of the 2 words

What's the correct way to put a prefix in front of something that's 2 or more words? Pre-Neolithic Revolution or pre-Neolithic-Revolution Pro-affirmative action or pro-affirmative-action Post-Civil ...
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How do you hyphenate “Lagrangian”?

This is a proper noun (used extensively in physics) named after a French monsieur. How should this word be hyphenated? Should it follow English or French pronunciation rules, or something else?
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12-Column Grid or 12-Columns Grid [duplicate]

I am trying to figure out the best title for a section of a technical document. I wish to mean tables with 12 columns. Should I write: 12-Column Grid or 12-Columns Grid ? Which is correct?
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Is it “historical-philosophical” or “historico-philosophical”?

I was wondering what are the rules for writing hyphenated adjectives, specially those composed by words ending in "-al" such as "historical" and "philosophical". I have ...
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Should I use a suspended hyphen here? “A group of five-to-nine-year-olds did it,” or a “A group of five- to nine-year-olds did it”?

The title pretty much sums it up. Which of the following sentences is correct? "A group of five-to-nine-year-olds did it." "A group of five- to nine-year-olds did it." Moreover, ...
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Locally(-)injective mapping--hyphenate or not? [duplicate]

Do I need to to hyphenate: "It is a locally-injective mapping." where I use locally injective as a term--a concept: "This mapping is locally injective." For example, it is defined ...
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118 views

What is the correct hyphenation of the sequence: “diffusion time dependent”? [duplicate]

The sentence in which I use it similar to the following: From this, it is possible to define a diffusion-time-dependent dimension. I am not sure if the double hyphenation is correct or not, but I ...
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Is the hyphen correct? : The painting is from the 17th century. It's a 17th-century painting [duplicate]

In the following example. Is the lack of a hyphen after 17th correct? The painting is from the 17th century. And in the following example, is the usage of a hyphen correct? It's a 17th-century ...
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Directly relevant or Directly-relevant?

I am trying to label a graph with two terms. “Directly relevant Environment” and “Indirectly relevant Environment”. These two terms are meant to describe the collections of factors that directly and ...
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Does “number noun” phrase require hyphenation?

Here is my sentence: I have written a five page article. Is the above sentence correct? Or does it need to be hyphenated like this? I have written a five-page article. Is there a name for the ...
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1answer
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Using multiple hyphens in a phrase [duplicate]

First-time poster. I hope I am posting appropriately and following protocol. I looked at the other sections and this seemed to me to be the correct place. Very quick and simple question. Hyphens are ...

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