Questions tagged [hyphenation]

A hyphen is a symbol used to join two words or two syllables of a single word together. It is not to be confused with dashes or the minus symbol, as these are all longer than the hyphen and serve different purposes in language.

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Hyphenation in compound adjectives with compound noun modifiers

How do I hyphenate a noun-participle adjectival compound where the noun is a noun compound? For example, the phrase "language model based decoding" ( a decoding mechanism based on language models): ...
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28 views

Hyphen rules: should it be “tracking number” or “tracking-number”? [closed]

In the following sentence: Once you have a tracking number for the shipment. Should it be tracking number or tracking-number? I read through the Wikipedia article, but it didn't give a ...
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20 views

Hyphenation: where should hyphens go in the expression 'Academic English speaking course'? [closed]

I am helping to proofread an essay which uses the expression 'academic English speaking course'. In the original 'academic English' is hyphenated, but that seems unnecessary, given that academic ...
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27 views

How to hyphenate 'type' onto this?

There is a particular class of classifiers called 'discriminant analysis' classifiers. I want to use the phrase 'discriminant analysis type classifiers'. Where should the hyphen go?
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Compound adjective hyphenation

In the following sentence: Directly substituting all continuous-time components of X by their previously described discrete-time counterparts results in Y because/as [...] I'm unsure if "...
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1answer
41 views

Can 'smart home' and similar phrases be adjectives if followed by a noun, or do they become complements? [closed]

I'm having some confusion here as I've been tasked with checking that some texts fit a style guide for work, and it requires that two adjectives directly preceding a noun be hyphenated, e.g. 'well-...
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83 views

How do you divide the syllables of plurals whose singular ends in “-e”?

How do you divide the syllables of plurals whose singular ends in "-e"? For example, is "fences" "fen-ces" or "fenc-es"? Is "appliances" "ap-pli-an-ces" or "ap-pli-anc-es"? The context is not ...
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29 views

Use of hyphens with a single letter + noun

I am a technical writer in oil industry. In the oil field, locations and platforms are named as A-Location, B-Location, etc., and AB-Platform, AC-Platform etc. I am always using hyphens for the ...
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342 views

Use hyphen in capitalized title

Do I hyphenate between Moose and Viewing in Moose Viewing Capital of Colorado?
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23 views

Alcohol free or Alcohol-free

What would the rule be on using a hyphen in "alcohol free?" We are describing a product that is free of alcohol. We use it in different sentence instances such as the following: "The product is the ...
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1answer
59 views

Is there a grammatically need to hyphenate the compound words “dumb f*ck” within a novel?

Would I leave the space, hyphenate it, or combine the two works like its similar, less aggressive counterpart: "dumbass" The quote from my novel is from dialogue "It's been six years, you dumb ...
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33 views

What is the correct punctuation for a repeated word?

I'm creating a presentation for school and I want to title my presentation "The not so secret secret to weight loss" My meaning is that people act as if it is a secret when in fact it is very common ...
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29 views

Hyphenating measurements in case of a fraction

I am now quite comfortable with the rules of hyphenating measurements (For example, 5-foot-long rod, 7-inch-long handle, etc.) However, what is the rule for hyphenation if the number is a fraction. ...
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30 views

Plus sign before or after hyphenated word

Let's say there's a set of buildings with differing numbers of units in each. I would like to describe them as two or more unit buildings. Writing it out with the number, would I write "2+-unit ...
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1answer
37 views

How do you correctly hyphenate prefixes to already separated words?

Specifically, Co-Project leader is what I'm confused about. For reference, project leader would be written as separated words without any hyphen, obviously. However, once you have a vice project ...
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32 views

Should “uncomment” include a hyphen, or is either one correct?

Should "uncomment" include a hyphen like this: "un-comment", or either one correct?
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1answer
46 views

Dictating hyphen or dash over the phone

How should I dictate hyphen in email address or url over the phone ? My email is gabriel hyphen glenn at gmail dot com My email is gabriel dash glenn at gmail dot com
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24 views

Hyphenation for “300 or 400 level” [duplicate]

Since "400 level" should be hyphenated as "400-level", should "300 or 400 level" be hyphenated as "300- or 400-level," or is there another way to write this?
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28 views

Hyphenated abbreviation of component-sharing compound

In German it is unconspicuous to write 'An- oder Abwesenheit', but writing 'pre- or absence' in English would be conspicuous and perhaps either jocular or affectatious. I cannot think of an example ...
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42 views

Usage of high quality vs high-quality

Am I using the correct grammar by not having high quality hyphenated? From direct mail, printing & fulfillment, to database analytics and digital media, Company Name continues to deliver high ...
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32 views

Is it command-line or command line and where to capitalize? [duplicate]

not sure if the word has a hyphen, and if I should write 'line' with capital letter if it does.
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1answer
49 views

hyphenation of ‘editorial’ in BrE

According to an online hyphenator, the hyphenation of ‘editorial’ is ed-it-or-ial in British English and ed-i-to-rial in American English. I'm interested in the hyphenation of the noun ‘...
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638 views

When is 'off guard' hyphenated?

How do you decipher when and how to use 'off-guard' or 'off guard'? Example sentences “I wanted to find it before my opponents did,” he clarified. “So, if anything was brought up during one of ...
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2answers
113 views

To withdraw volunteering, is it unvolunteer or un-volunteer? [closed]

I read rules for hyphenating and I think it said an adjective proceeding a verb needs a hyphen. True?
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41 views

Co-pay vs copartnership: Prefix hyphenation in AmE

In AmE, we tend to close up prefixes like co-, re-, pre-, post-, etc. unless the first letter of the main word is the same vowel as the last letter of the prefix. But I see some exceptions like ...
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26 views

“Personal Use Program” or “Personal-Use Program”?

Help me settle a discussion on this topic. Everywhere I look, within my company's internal documents as well as documents from other companies, a "personal use" program is not hyphenated. A colleague ...
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54 views

How to use multiple hyphens

Which is the correct way to hyphenate the following message: the hotel in question is, among all the hotels in Dehli with the same 4-star rating, second best. This is the second-highest-rated 4-...
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9 views

Bestsellers or Best Sellers or Best-sellers [duplicate]

Is bestsellers one word, two words or hyphenated. It seems to appear as all three. Is one a British English rather than American English way of writing it?
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2answers
45 views

Capitalization and hyphenation of proper name derived from a number sequence

I'm writing a sci-fi novel in which humans travel to a nearby star known by the catalog number Gliese 892, where they encounter a sentient species. Listening to numerous videos about such stars, it ...
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2answers
35 views

Does “Sure fix for conflicts” need a hyphen between “Sure” and “fix”?

A friend is using the tagline Sure fix for conflicts. He says sure fix needs a hyphen (Sure-fix). I'm not sure. Which is correct and why?
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80 views

Do I ever hyphenate adverbs when used with “based”? [duplicate]

I've seen it used both ways, but I'm wondering what is the proper way to punctuate phrases with adverbs and words like "based". example would be: academically-based instruction vs. academically based ...
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1answer
37 views

Hyphenation in “first century AD” etc as an adjective

I edit a lot of articles that contain phrases such as "A first century AD inscription..." or "First century BC writer Herodotus..." I know that a compound adjective before a noun is usually hyphenated,...
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44 views

nonclassical vs. non-classical

I've seen both spellings many times, i.e. on Wikipedia, Dictionary.com and dozens of papers. I was wondering if there is a difference between US, Canadian, Australian and British spelling or if you ...
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81 views

Questions about Unusual Hyphenations

I hope you are all well today. :) We all know that hyphenation is used in English in order to clear any confusion in a phrase or sentence. However, hyphens should not be used with 'ly' and "very" ...
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147 views

Four week supply or four-week supply [closed]

Should four week supply be hyphenated as four-week supply? Thanks!
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1answer
82 views

How can you determine whether a word with the pseudo- prefix should be hyphenated?

I am in a bit of a quandary over conflicting results in dictionary entries about the inclusion of a hyphen in some of the words containing the pseudo- prefix. An example of one of these words is ...
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116 views

“Proudly Sydney Based”: To hyphenate or not?

I want to check my understanding (or lack of it) about hyphenation. I find hyphens very confusing. I have a phrase "Proudly Sydney Based" for a headline. My understanding is that as written above ...
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1answer
122 views

“Carve-out” vs “Carve out” (as an action)

In the following sentence: We are confident we can carve out a comfortable portion of the market. Is carve out without a hyphen the only correct way of writing it? Or can it also be written as: ...
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2answers
391 views

What is the correct usage of hyphens with ranges (as in “a 5 to 10 minute rest”)?

I'm having issues with figuring out which is correct: "The teacher told the students to take a 5 to 10 minute rest." "The teacher told the students to take a 5-to-10 minute rest." "The teacher told ...
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2answers
62 views

Is half-in half-out hyphenated?

Do you hyphenate half-in half-out? He was half-in half-out. (of the window). Or half in, half out? Sheesh, nothing coming up on google. Any ideas/help please?
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1answer
47 views

Spelling of own method in publication

I am about to publish my machine learning method which I called "Run-clustering" (obviously I use a different word than "Run", I use it as a place holder here, since my paper is not published yet). I ...
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1answer
278 views

Is health related or health-related correct in speaking about health related issues?

Is health related or health-related correct? For example, would one write health related issues or health-related issues and health related efforts or health-related efforts?
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2answers
73 views

Which one is a better term: a men-hater, a men hater or a man hater? [closed]

Which one is a better term to describe a person who has a hatred towards men: a men-hater, a men hater or a man hater? In the Corpus of Contemporary American English there are such combinations like "...
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192 views

What are the rules surrounding a hyphen following an abbreviation?

For instance, if something is owned by Apple Inc. does that make the compound phrasal adjective 'Apple Inc.-owned'? Or would I omit the period?
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42 views

Hyphenate two nouns [duplicate]

I was wondering if two nouns require a hyphen in between them. Mist pond or Mist-pond? Or am I confusing the first noun for a verb?
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2answers
104 views

Hyphen usage with expressions in compound adjectives

Compound adjectives are hyphenated, e.g. "data-to-field binding". But how is the hyphen used when one of the words in the compound adjective is an expression? For example, how would you hyphenate the ...
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1answer
430 views

In the following sentence , should locally owned have a hyphen? [duplicate]

In the following sentence , should locally owned have a hyphen? A fun, causal way to sample the sights, stories and flavors of a cross-section of locally owned restaurants.
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247 views

Should I use a hyphen with a phrase involving “then”?

In this sentence: "before migrating to lower SoHo, and the then still fringe neighborhood of Chelsea," I feel like "then-still" should be hyphenated, but I can't find a rule in the Chicago Manual of ...
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3answers
393 views

Should I use a hyphen, an en dash, or an em dash to define or introduce a word? [closed]

I have looked up online and studied usages for the hyphen, en dash, and em dash. I still haven't found an answer if I can define words with a dash in English. The backstory on dashes defining ...
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3answers
1k views

Hyphenation of “second most northerly” [closed]

I've changed my mind a number of times about which of these variants works best: the second most northerly coffee shop in Seattle the second-most-northerly coffee shop in Seattle the second-...