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Questions tagged [hypernyms]

A hyperonym is a word whose definition includes the definition of another word (its hyponym).

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26
votes
8answers
3k views

Word that means "outdated name"

Is there a word that means "outdated name"? For example: Record, although very little music is on vinyl Film, although most movies are digital Horsepower, although no one uses horses as a metric ...
49
votes
13answers
33k views

What's the single-word for "left or right handed"?

'Male'/'female' is to 'gender' as 'left-handed'/'right-handed 'is to...? Is there a word to describe this? For example, if I ask a guy What's your ____? It should mean I'm asking whether he's ...
14
votes
3answers
25k views

Hypernym for "movie" and "TV series"

What is the hypernym for movie and TV series? I read that medium might be possible, but it doesn't sound that good.
19
votes
8answers
8k views

Is there a hypernym for debit/credit?

I’m looking for a generic word that means “debit or credit”. Say I have a transaction, and I don’t know whether it’s a debit on the account or a credit on the account, and I want to ask about it, is ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the category name to describe "day", "night", or "dusk"?

I'm applying tags to a set of recorded data files, and I have to classify by when the recording appears to be taken (if it's light or dark). TimeOfDay: Day TimeOfDay: Night TimeOfDay: Dusk TimeOfDay:...
20
votes
4answers
2k views

Word for "No I in Team"

I heard a song this morning that had "We put the us in trust" in its lyrics. It reminded me of the maxim "There is no I in team." I've heard other, gloomier examples like "harm in harmony" and "...
8
votes
6answers
881 views

Hypernym for "clients", "members" and "partners"

We're building a feature for a website and trying to think of a hypernym for clients, partners and members so that the feature remains generic enough for re-use later on other websites.
7
votes
6answers
1k views

How do you refer to a hyponym that is the same word as the hypernym?

What word (or how do you phrase things) do you use when the ostensible word for the class is the same as the word for a subset of the class? For example, in the United States, there are many brands ...
12
votes
11answers
71k views

A word for clothes, shoes, accessories?

I'm looking for a word that applies to all the things a person can wear, e.g. clothes, shoes, accessories, etc. It musn't be too generic, e.g. product, item, etc.
34
votes
15answers
21k views

Generic name for places like village, town and cities

There is the German word Ort or Ortschaft which is a hypernym for places where people live like villages towns cities etc. Is there a correspondent word in English? I don't want to use location ...
22
votes
4answers
21k views

What are: province, territory, protectorate, state...?

Often a country will have regions called "provinces" or "states". Other times they are called "territories" and "protectorates". Is there a generic term for these words? Is there a full list of ...
20
votes
2answers
9k views

Is there a word like "sides" that means "top or bottom"?

"Sides" can be used to describe positioning relative to the left or right of an object. Is there a corresponding word that has the same meaning for the top or bottom of an object? For example, if I ...
6
votes
3answers
369 views

Hypernym for "audiobook", "podcast", "speech", etc.?

I am looking for a short and concise term (preferably one word) that can be used as a hypernym for essentially everything that contains (audio) speech (e.g. audiobooks, podcasts, recorded news ...
91
votes
3answers
76k views

Is there a single term for "nieces and nephews"?

I find it handy when talking about my sons and daughters I can just say my children. It's nice to say nieces instead of sibling's daughters. I wonder if there is a similar term for nieces and nephews ...
17
votes
5answers
118k views

Is a thumb also a finger?

The thumb has a different name compared to the other fingers (index, middle, ring, little) and it does not end with "finger". Also, when referring to the hand, I have seen literature where it is ...
4
votes
4answers
10k views

Politically correct substitutes for (fe)male and (wo)man

In the English language, the pairs man/woman and male/female both look as if one gender or sex was considered a special case for it is denoted by putting an arbitrary prefix (wo-, fe-) before the ...
0
votes
5answers
16k views

Generic term for songs, movies, TV episodes, etc

For the model of a software project, I need a generic term that is abstract enough to encompass a single song, TV episode, movie, audiobook, etc. The word content comes to mind, but it is plural. The ...
45
votes
11answers
11k views

What word defines a category suited for both header and footer?

So there I was, trying to ask a question (now on SO) on Webmaster.SE partly involving a 'header' and a 'footer'. One part of my code defines shared aspects of both the header and the footer. Anyway ...
37
votes
15answers
173k views

Collective word for food and drink

Is there a word that best describes food and drink taken at the same time? I've thought of refreshments and consumables but neither seem right to me.
49
votes
10answers
8k views

Is there a term which covers ATM cards, credit cards, and debit cards?

I work in accommodation for international travelers, and people can pay with various kinds of cards: In some countries such as USA, credit cards are very common, but debit cards are not so common. In ...
40
votes
7answers
14k views

"Left" and "right" are to "side" as "front" and "rear" are to what?

Is there an equivalent word to "side" when speaking of the front or rear of something (e.g. a car)? So, a mechanic might say: You damaged your wing-mirror? Ok, which side? ... or... You ...
22
votes
10answers
8k views

Generic term for 'row' and 'column'

Is there a single, more generic term that can be used to describe both a row and a column? In English, we can refer to a line as being horizontal or vertical, but unless we say ‘a line of something’, ...
5
votes
4answers
9k views

Hypernym for image, video, and audio [closed]

I want to put all my images, videos, and audio files from my camera in only one folder on my computer. What should be the name to give to that folder?
4
votes
6answers
6k views

What is the term for groups of numerals within a large number?

I am writing software in which I would like to be able to return the groups of numerals within a large number. For example, given a number 123,456,789, my software would return 123 then 456 then 789. ...
24
votes
7answers
4k views

Does British English have a word for dry, starchy savoury snacks that are not fried slices of potato?

Everyone, the world over, enjoys savoury snacks, particularly dry, starchy ones. Far and away the most popular kind in the Anglosphere are the ones made from deep-fried (sometimes baked) thinly-sliced ...
17
votes
6answers
17k views

Verb to describe "to enable or to disable"

I'm looking for a word that describes "to enable or to disable". This related question found the hypernyms mode and state, but I am looking for a verb. I.e. a word for "(potentially) change mode/state"...
11
votes
4answers
13k views

Generic term for sunrise and sunset

Is there a single generic term to refer, either collectively or arbitrarily, to both sunrises and sunsets? I'm looking for something that could be used in the same vein as twilight can be used (...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Single name to cover "drawing", "painting", "sketching" etc

Is there a single name (word or short phrase) to cover the art of creation of images — drawing, painting, sketching etc. — and specifically excluding sculpture, crafting and other arts that ...
8
votes
8answers
1k views

Is there a hypernym for "order confirmation", "quotation" and "invoice"?

Is there an abstraction for the following three words? Order confirmation Quotation Invoice I want to create a base class for them but I can't find a word that describes all three.
7
votes
6answers
484 views

What are the pieces used to fill in a template called?

If I have a template (say a generic letter) that is filled in with various pieces of data (say, the name of the addressee), what is a general term for those pieces of data? For example: Dear {...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

French (and, hey, others too) equivalent of "anglicize"

Is there a preferred word that means "to change (a word) to sound (or otherwise appear) as if it came from French"? I've found both "Frenchize" and "Francize" with a web search. If the latter is ...
5
votes
10answers
888 views

Hypernym for "interpolation" and "extrapolation"

Interpolation typically means modeling the values of some curve inside the given data, and extrapolation — outside the given data. For example, if I know the temperature on Monday and Wednesday, ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Hypernym for "driver" and "passenger"

Is there a single word that covers any person who "rides" in a vehicle? Driver would refer only to the person driving the vehicle. Passenger can be used for everyone but not the driver. How to ...
4
votes
4answers
973 views

Equivalent word which represents 'Team' or 'Individual'

I am developing a coding contest project with multiple contests. The participants can be a team or an independent individual, depending on the contest setting. I want to define only one model for the ...
3
votes
2answers
10k views

Hypernym for "restaurant", "cafe" and other food places

I am looking for a hypernym for all places that provide food, beverages, or both, of any quality or price — such as restaurant, cafe, fast-food and so on.
3
votes
2answers
16k views

"Paintings on walls and ceilings" and "painting of portraits, landscapes"

I am creating a portfolio of painter's works and I need to categorize them. There will be two global categories: Paintings on canvas Painting on walls and ceilings The paintings on canvas divide ...
2
votes
3answers
988 views

Hypernym for different time sections of a day [duplicate]

In a day, we have different names for different times of it. For example, morning, afternoon, night, evening, noon. I need a hypernym for them all. What word should I use?
2
votes
4answers
754 views

Special name for royal titles?

Is there a name for the title/nickname that some members of royalty get? For example, "King Larry the Kind".
2
votes
5answers
5k views

What is the generic term for “sender” and “receiver”?

Fruits is the generic term for apples and pears. What is the generic term for sender and receiver in an abstract context? In my special case I have users and servers who both can send and receive ...
2
votes
3answers
503 views

Hypernym of academia, researchers and topic enthusiasts

Could academics or acads be used to describe the university faculty as well as researchers? What is a better hypernym of academia, researchers and topic enthusiasts?
20
votes
6answers
8k views

A word that describes both "encoding" and "decoding"?

I am looking for a word that describes both of these activities, however the word coding does not seem to be suitable. Likewise with encryption and decryption, cryption does not work well.
49
votes
1answer
220k views

What is the proper name for "AM" and "PM"?

I know that AM/PM is for ante/post meridiem, but what is it actually called? Meridian indicator? 12 hour indicator? Something way more clever?
38
votes
7answers
5k views

Generic word for uni-, bi-, tricycle, etc.?

Is there a generic word for bicycle-like vehicles that may have 1,2,3,4 or more wheels? I want motorcycles excluded; only pedal-driven vehicles should be included.
22
votes
5answers
3k views

Hypernym for "bark", "meow", "roar"

Is there a hypernym for animal noises like "bark", "meow", "roar", et cetera?
19
votes
10answers
11k views

A hypernym for 'insects', 'worms' and the like

From Oxford: insect: any small creature with six legs and a body divided into three parts. Insects usually also have wings. Ants, bees and flies are all insects Insect is often used to refer to other ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the correct term to describe 'primary', 'secondary', etc

What is the correct term to describe the words in the following sequence: primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary, quinary, senary, septenary, octonary, nonary, denary, duodenary, etc. I am thinking ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a technical term for insideout-ness?

So the technical term for right or left handedness is chirality. The technical term for evenness or oddness is parity. Is there a similar term for inside-out-ness vs right-side-out-ness? EDIT: I ...
13
votes
8answers
15k views

Is there a word that means both opening and closing a door?

As in, Please do not __ this door after midnight. Operate? Move?
7
votes
7answers
13k views

Is there a word for a class of circular shapes?

I'm not sure if this belongs here, but I'm wondering if there is a word for a class of circular shapes? Thinking about this hierarchically: * Shape * Polygon * Square * Rectangle * ??????...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

Hypernym for "day", "month", "week", "year"

I would like to know if there is a single-word hypernym for day, month, week and year.