Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Topics related to the Greek roots of English, Greek loanwords, and etymologies thereof.

0
votes
1answer
50 views

What is the word for when something is currently unavailable?

I think it starts with L (also maybe latin origin) For example I'm waiting to get a package but I'm not even sure package has been even sent. So package is in L... (maybe not best example, I'm not ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Opposite of '-cracy/-archy'?

Something + -cracy/-archy (“strength, power”) produces a word meaning ‘rule by those who are/have/were whatever the something is’. For example, ‘plutocracy’ is pluto- (“wealth”) + -cracy and means ‘...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

'Androcracy'/'gynocracy' are hyponyms of, and 'oligocracy'/'oligarchy' is a hypernym of, what term?

What is the term for an oligocratic/oligarchic political system—one in which power is held by a subset of the overall population—where the power allocation is based on one's sex? A society run by men ...
5
votes
2answers
151 views

Status of 'hypophora' as a word

I participate in other SE forums where it's common practice for experienced or knowledgeable participants to simultaneously submit both a question and an answer. This can be very helpful in technical ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an etymological explanation for the silent ‘g’ in “paradigm”?

Whenever I come across the word paradigm, I have to make a small conscious effort not to pronounce the letter ‘g’. In Italian, it is spelled paradigma and each letter is individually pronounced i.e. ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

The etymology of 'substance'. Does it mean 'sub'-'stance'?

I am aware of the etymological fallacy and aware that the fallacy itself, also, does not always hold good. In other words, a word's pedigree may, or may not, be the reason it means what it means, ...
3
votes
6answers
144 views

English equivalent of Greek “Έλα ντε;”

I kind of use this phrase a lot when speaking Greek, and sometimes I feel the need to say it when speaking English as well but cannot think of a good candidate, as a non native English speaker, I also ...
1
vote
3answers
84 views

Pronouncing “collacon”

What might be the correct pronunciation of the word collacon: KOL.a.kon or KOL.a.son? A collacon being a compilation of brief details related to a subject. Seemingly coined (collection + laconia = ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Is the pro in processor Latin or Greek? [closed]

I want to describe single processor and many processor systems, and it seems like "uniprocessor" and "multiprocessor" are the accepted terms. However the "pro" in process looks Greek to me, which ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Is “acediast” too rarefied to be acceptable in literature? [closed]

I'm editing a manuscript where the word "acediast" appears a perfect fit, but Merriam-Webster is the only online dictionary I can find that lists it as a word, with the exception of a few scrabble ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Analogous versus analogue: why the extra “o” after the “g”?

Why does the word analogous have an extra letter o after the g in comparison to the word analogue? How is their origin related to one another? According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the ...
6
votes
2answers
144 views

Why doesn't “astronomy” end with an “s”?

I heard that many disciplines whose names end with the letter “s” as if they were plural actually came from Greek/Latin words of plural form (e.g. mathematics from mathematika). It seems like, however,...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Meanings of pathetic words (derived from πάθος)

Originally, pathos (πάθος) meant "suffering" and "pain". Today, there are (at least) three main branches of meaning: pathological (having to do with desease) as in pathology, psychopathy, sociopathy, ...
4
votes
1answer
980 views

Homeo- or homoeo-?

"Homeo-" seems to be more widely used nowadays to the extent that "homoeo-" is listed as a variant of it, and "homoeostasis" is listed as a variant of "homeostasis". However, there are multiple posts ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

What would be the etymologically Greek spelling of 'misogynoir'? [closed]

I wasn't too sure how best to phrase the title of this question, so hope I can better explain it here. For those who are perhaps unaware, 'misogynoir' is a term coined by queer Black feminist Moya ...
-2
votes
1answer
253 views

Where did the Greeks get their word “bio” from? [closed]

Is it possible that it comes from the junction of the word: "bi" and the Greek letter" "Omega", literally translating to "two of everything"?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Are words with “cata-” and “ana-” prefixes related?

While revising Greek vocab, it suddenly struck me that the words "ανα" (up) and "κατα" (down) form the basis of some pairs of words such as "catabolic" (chemical reactions where things are broken down)...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

What is the term for deliberately forcing a not-quite-grammatical parallelism?

There is a fairly common figure of speech where one deliberately imposes a parallel structure that is not quite grammatical. For instance, consider the question "Is A less, equal, or greater than B?" ...
5
votes
2answers
175 views

-actic or -acic?

I noticed some time ago that the words climax and thorax, though both from Greek roots, take different suffixes for "concerning —": -actic and -acic, respectively. A quick Google revealed one more ...
9
votes
2answers
859 views

Was the -s in Athens originally the plural -s?

In Greek and Latin, some cities, like Athens and Thebes, are pluralia tantum, that is, they are always plural. In English, on the other hand, both names are singular, at least in modern English. It ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

What would be the word for “government by angels”?

Google just gives me the James Madison quote when I research this. The Federalist No. 51 says: It may be a reflection on human nature, that such devices should be necessary to control the abuses of ...
11
votes
3answers
583 views

Is there an etymological link between medicine and the ancient greek μειδησεν (μειδαω) meaning laugh or smile? [closed]

Is there an etymological link between medicine and the Ancient Greek μειδησεν (μειδαω) meaning laugh or smile (as seen in Book 1 of the Iliad)? I hope this is the correct place to ask this. I ...
2
votes
1answer
478 views

How to pronounce “Ephemerides”?

I've always pronounced "Ephemerides" (plural of Ephemeris) using four syllables, the fourth being "Ides" as in the "Ides of March". But in this talk at a few seconds after 10:10, it is pronounced ...
4
votes
2answers
154 views

Why is -o- used to connect demographic entities?

Consider Indo-China, Indo-US, Indo-European, Afro-American, Sino-American. Why is O used to connect the two areas ?
2
votes
2answers
301 views

Which is more accepted: “hoi polloi”, or “the hoi polloi”?

I've seen that both 'hoi polloi' and 'the hoi polloi' can be used. Does anyone know which is more accepted or correct? Or are they the same?
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Is there an English verb that comes from the Greek ἀσθενέω (astheneó: to be weak or feeble)?

From Wiktionary: 3. (with infinitive) to be too weak to do a thing, to be unable Sample using this definition: This friction <astheneo-s> to resist the force. An answer in the negative counts.
2
votes
2answers
446 views

Quadpod or tetrapod? [closed]

If you have a 'pod' with two legs, you get a bipod. Three legs and you get a tripod. Is a four legged pod more correctly called a quadpod, tetrapod or something else?
-2
votes
3answers
277 views

Correct Word Usage: Parametra vs Parameters [closed]

I am used to referring to 'parametra' instead of 'parameters', however, trying to justify it this morning, I was stumped. Lots of articles say that 'parameters' is the only correct plural; following ...
1
vote
0answers
346 views

single-letter translation from Greek letters to English letters?

Is there a well accepted way to represent each Greek letter using only one English letter? I'm asking because I often needed to use English to represent Greek letters, e.g., when Greek font is absent....
1
vote
1answer
442 views

Andrea - (fe)male name

When and why did Germanic languages (and more in general, languages outside Italy) started to use Andrea as a female name? To my rough understanding of Greek, this is a male name, which comes from the ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

apodictic vs. apodeictic

Looking through the Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors (part of the Oxford Style Manual, I was suprised to read in its dictionary part the following entry on page 619a: apodictic clearly ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Podiatrist vs. pedometer vs. pedophile?

I was just discussing oddities of English with a friend, and I realized something that neither of us could explain. A podiatrist is a foot doctor. A podium is something you stand behind when giving ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

Why 'hippo-paw-tamus?'

The ruminations of an idle mind: Several English words such as potion, potable, potables, poison, derive from the Latin root potare, poto "to drink". In all cases these words are pronounced with a ...
-1
votes
1answer
164 views

Is an English word coined from Greek morphemes considered a loanword by native speakers of Greek?

Europeans and Americans often use Greek roots to coin new words for new concepts. For example, the telephone was invented in the United States of America, and the word telephone is itself derived from ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Should I pronounce is ksenia or zenia?

Xenia is from what I understand a directly borrowed word from Greek. It didn't come through french first or anything, so I see no reason to pronounce is 'z'enia. Why not pronounce as it would be ...
-1
votes
1answer
698 views

Alternatives to “knowledge” and “gnosis” for words meaning “science” but with Germanic or Greek roots? [closed]

What are the closest synonyms for science with Germanic or Greek roots? Knowledge (Germanic) seems too shallow, and gnosis (Greek) too mystical.
2
votes
1answer
248 views

How does the prefix 'hyper-' explain 'hyperopia' (farsightedness)?

[ Etymonline : ] "very acute vision," 1861, Modern Latin, from hyper- "over, exceedingly, to excess" + Greek ops "eye" (see eye (n.)), Latin with abstract noun ending. [...] To what does the ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

Is/could “noctophyte” be a word?

Let me preface this by saying that I am trying to come up with an interesting-sounding name for gamedev purposes. I'm looking for a potentially imaginary word that can be given a logical definition. "...
1
vote
3answers
448 views

Word for having the perfect word for an occasion

I remember reading or hearing once that there was a word, I think of Greek etymological roots, that meant "having exactly the right word for an occasion." It's rather frustrating that I can't ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Are the words “phoenix” (denoting the bird) and “Phoenicia” cognate?

Are the words "phoenix" and "Phoenicia" cognate? The phoenix had a purple-red colour, similar to or the same as the colour produced by the purple-red dye that Phoenicia was famous in both Greece and ...
9
votes
2answers
656 views

Why “paediatrics” but “pedagogue” in British English?

There's an account of the British ae/oe and American "e" spellings (as in diarrh(o)ea, f(a)eces, and other fun words) on wikipedia. What I'm wondering is why, even in British English, pedagogue/...
2
votes
3answers
547 views

Is “kudos” given someone for past events only — or does near-future work, too?

Is kudos to be used to wish somebody for only an event that happened to them in the past, or can you also use kudos for an event which is going to happen in the near future?
7
votes
2answers
49k views

Why is the plural of “basis” “bases” and not “baseis”?

Looking at the noun basis on Wiktionary.com, it indicates that the plural is either bases or baseis. It looks like the rare baseis comes from the Greek, but the common bases just refers back to basis ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a name for “fear of olives” in English?

I know people with an actual fear of olives. Is there a name in English for this phobia? I have not been able to find anything in the usual websites.
14
votes
4answers
635 views

Why does “stigmata” [often] have penult stress?

I have been studying the pronunciation of Greek-derived words in English, and I've found an odd anomaly. There are (at least) two possible pronunciation patterns for plural word-forms that end in -&#...
4
votes
0answers
160 views

Can the stress pattern of “uroboros/ouroboros” be explained by any principle, or is it random? [duplicate]

The word "uroboros," coming ultimately from Greek, has a couple of spellings and also pronunciations (see How to pronounce Ouroboros?). As explained by Nohat in the linked page, the two ...
0
votes
3answers
169 views

Is there a list of English words where some of their letters can be replaceed with Greek letters? [closed]

Is there a list of English words where some of their letters can be replaceed with Greek letters? for example the word Archive can be written as arXve, where X is the Greek letter chi.
14
votes
2answers
4k views

Meaning of the ending “‑exia”?

If a word ends in -exia (such as dyslexia, anorexia, and pyrexia), does this imply anything about the word itself? For example, in electronics a word ending in ‑ance (such as impedance or resistance)...
1
vote
2answers
357 views

Which works best as a synonym for 'Sword of Damocles': 'Damoclean Sword' or 'Damoclesean Sword'?

In an amusing Greek parable, Dionysius II teaches his courtier Damocles that luxury and wealth also come with responsibility and peril. This has given rise to the term 'Sword of Damocles'. However, ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Why is φύσις often used for “body” in today’s English?

The Greek root φύσις means natural or of nature, but in present-day English it is often used as if it meant bodily or of the body: a physical examination physiotherapy physique Why is the root used ...