Questions tagged [grammar]

This tag is for questions about morphology and syntax, the two elements of grammar. DO NOT USE THIS TAG IF YOUR QUESTION IS ABOUT WHETHER SOMETHING SPECIFIC IS GRAMMATICAL. For such cases use the 'grammaticality' tag. Also do not use this for punctuation or spelling (orthography); those are not about grammar, and they have their own tags.

942 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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4
votes
2answers
276 views

Graded/ungraded adjectives and grading/non-grading adverbs

I saw in the Farlex Grammar Book an explanation of gradable adjectives and graded adverbs. It lists the following words as examples of each category: Gradable adjectives small cold hot difficult sad ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Conjunctions, coordinators

I really know that for the levels of studying English language, we had always said that "for" is a coordinator. However, I would like to know what for serves in this sentence For God so loved the ...
3
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2answers
321 views

Like as a preposition and prepositional phrase sub categorization rules

I'm trying to figure out how the sentence "My hands are shaking like crazy," breaks down into lexical categories. I know "like" can function as a preposition, meaning "similar to", but I'm not sure if ...
3
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1answer
268 views

A few miles into the town — verbless clause, or adverbial phrase?

A few miles into the town, I saw a beautiful building that was now abandoned. I don't know if "a few miles into the town" is a verbless clause like this (Being) a few miles into the town, I saw a ...
3
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2answers
143 views

Is “have” or “has” more appropriate in this sentence?

I think both of these may work, but my inclination is that "have" is more appropriate in the following sentence: About 1 in 3 American adults [has/have] prehypertension.
3
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1answer
349 views

What part of speech is the word “entire” in “over the little garden field entire”?

The sentence is: "After a while she got up from where she was and went over the little garden field entire." A quote from Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston. I want to know if the ...
3
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1answer
342 views

In which context should I use reduced relative clauses?

As I should write essays and other kinds of writings in an academic style, I was wondering whether reduced relative clauses are formal or I had better opt for a non-reduced relative clause so that I ...
3
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1answer
257 views

Are “Get” or “Grasp” stative or dynamic verbs?

In Merriam–Webster, the definition of understand is as follows: to get the meaning of something / to grasp the meaning of something. Now my questions are regarding a sentence like: I don’t ...
3
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1answer
270 views

When do present participles shift from being “gerunds” or “verbal nouns” to become non-finite clauses?

Note: This is not a question about what is the difference between a gerund, verb and participle, interesting as that polemic may be. It is about non-finite clauses, which does bear upon these ...
3
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2answers
1k views

tense of “would be” (when used as a synonym for “was”)

In a school paper, my son wrote the sentence, "In 1763, the stalemate would be broken." His teacher told him to avoid the "past progressive tense." The phrase "would be" is clearly not an example of ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Does “The father regretted to tell his children something embarrassing” make sense?

I came across this question in a test: The father regretted _____ his children how he regretted _____ hard when he was young. A. to tell; not to study B. telling; not studying C. to tell; not ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Past Perfect Tense Used Instead of Past Simple in 'The Kite Runner'

I'm currently reading 'The Kite Runner' by Khaled Hosseini, and notice that in some place in the book, i can't really comprehend the use of past perfect tense instead of simple past tense. Consider ...
3
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3answers
167 views

Proper ellipsis [linguistic] for “Yes/No” questions/answers containing “do + like”

Is it grammatically correct to say/write the following Q: Do you like to eat ice cream/apples...? A: No, I don't like [to eat apples]./ Yes, I like [to eat apples]. Is it necessary to include the ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Not only, but also (Verb Form)

I'm confused with this rule: 1. If one subject is singular and the other is plural, and the words are connected by the words "or," "nor," "neither/nor," "either/or," or "not only/but also," use the ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Is this sentence grammatically correct-“Which they call evil, might be motivation for many”?

Is this sentence grammatically correct-"Which they call evil, might be motivation for many"?
2
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0answers
42 views

When is it not possible to reduce relative clauses to participle phrases?

While "The woman who lived next door was a doctor" can be reduced to "The woman living next door was a doctor", the sentence "The woman who called me was a doctor" cannot be reduced to "The ...
2
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1answer
70 views

What are the parts of a name?

For example, in Latin America the full name would be like: Ana María Gómez Sánchez In that case, "Gómez" is her dad's last name, and "Sánchez" is her mum's single last name. Let's pretend Ana ...
2
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0answers
56 views

“Named” as a past participle adjective or relative clause

'I passed the exam.' The exam = 'The passed exam.' 'I named the boy.' The boy = 'The named boy.' 'I called the girl.' The girl = 'The called girl.' What = 'The boy named John.'? What = 'The girl ...
2
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0answers
30 views

She came in in a wheelchair

She came in in a wheelchair. Do I need a comma between the two repeated words?
2
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2answers
94 views

Acclamation vs. acclaim as nouns: When to use one or the other?

Back when life was simpler, the words “acclamation” and “acclaim” behaved within precise heterogeneous bounds. The first acted publicly as a noun and the second as a verb. I was naive, oblivious to “...
2
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0answers
53 views

Why is this a complete sentence?

"Another organization, the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa, offers writers from around the world a three-month residency in which to share not only stories and poems but also ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Clarification for the usage of 'should' in this sentence

The phrase comes from a song named Black Oak by Slaughter Beach Dog. "Magnetic letters neat, and now arranged in such a way that they should spell his lover's name." I'm curious about the usage of ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Rock and roll past

According to Wikipedia, Jerry Lee Lewis's successes continued throughout the decade and he embraced his rock and roll past with songs such as a cover of the Big Bopper's "Chantilly Lace" and Mack ...
2
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0answers
25 views

Hear it used this way? - Complement or Modifier

While writing the following sentence I was curious whether the sentence was correct. But after checking COCA, I came to now that similar expressions are in use. The sentence I wrote is: Have you ...
2
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1answer
72 views

“Kind” or “Kinds”?

I understand the basic singular/plural agreement when using kind/kinds: This kind of person Those kinds of people But what do you do if the subject is not the plural "those" but rather the ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Infinitives used as imperatives?

There is a passage in The Moonstone (by Wilkie Collins, 1874) which is full of infinitive forms of verbs. ("To xxx"). What I find hard to explain is that despite the infinitives, this passage clearly ...
2
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0answers
47 views

Why the determiner “the” is missing?

"The descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar." It is a sentence from the first article of the NEW CONCEPT ENGLISH 3. I was wondering that why the ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Using Simple past and past progressive

We had a chat while we waited for our flights. Is Simple past also used after While? I saw it in a grammar book, and I'm not sure if it's correct.
2
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1answer
758 views

More of a/an/the something than something

I would like to know more about this expression: More of a/an something than something. As far as I know, it's usually used when we refer to things that are preceded by articles such as a and an. For ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Use of “here” in the middle or at the end of the sentence

I have two sentences, and the location of here bothers me. Could you help me figure out whether it's possible to use both of them or only one sentence is correct? The object here is the chair. The ...
2
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0answers
56 views

What is difference between participle phrases and ellipsis of subject + be in adverb phrases?

When invited, she gladly said yes. In the above sentence, my book says the sentence is formed because ‘she was’ is omitted. And the sentence is the example of ellipsis of the same subject + be in the ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

I will run an Italian restaurant near the beach in London

1. Someday, I will run an Italian restaurant near the beach in London. There are two prepositional phrases in this sentence. One is 'near the beach'. The other is 'in London'. Is 'near the beach' an ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Noun is a noun (terminology)

Is there any particular term for when we use one noun to describe/define another. Karl is a teacher Pigeons are birds. Basically, the format being “x is y”. Is there a name for the concept,...
2
votes
1answer
851 views

Is there something wrong with using “said (that)” in this sentence?

Quick context, work as a translator. I had a short blurb I had to translate where I basically rendered it as: "Bob spoke about how Countryland was one of the countries that suffered greatly from ...
2
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0answers
80 views

What are the grammatical rules for phrases like “Rome Victorious”?

Some people seem to use this phrase. The adjective 'Victorious' seems that it is being used as if it is part of the noun. Would this work in other cases? e.g. "Rome Sacrosanct". Is it technically ...
2
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0answers
77 views

What type of word allows raising?

I've come across a comment in “it seems” vs. “it seems that” and I am uncertain as to what type of word allows raising. It's not necessary (though it's almost always possible) for any complement ...
2
votes
1answer
522 views

finished / unfinished progressive actions

I am new here, so forgive me if I do something improper. I've been wondering what makes it clear if the action was ongoing and completed or ongoing and uncompleted. Short dialogue: X: Oh, you look ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do you use “to ever happen” and not “that ever happened”?

Is there a rule for this I can learn? We read a text yesterday, and the sentence contained the phrase "the biggest disaster to ever happen". The full sentence was: "The sinking of the Titanic was ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Can a word function as a relative adverb and a relative pronoun simultaneously?

For example in a sentence like "This is the place where he was murdered", is where functioning as both a relative adverb and a relative pronoun? Here where acts as pronoun as it refers back to its ...
2
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3answers
4k views

“I remember the advice he gave to me” Why add preposition to?

While I was reading a book, I stumbled upon a sentence "I remember the advice he gave to me". From my understanding, give can be used in two ways. First. Give + IO + DO. For example, "He gave me an ...
2
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0answers
4k views

Opt into vs opt in to

On the site 'Writing Explained' it is recommended to use "in to" instead of "into" when "in" is part of a verb phrase. As such, I would conclude that the phrase "opt in to" would be preferred over "...
2
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0answers
2k views

Difference between “after” and “since”

I have a question related to the usage of "Since" and "after". Actually I found these three sentences on news articles. And I have seen a large number results both in "news" and "Ngrams". Are all ...
2
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0answers
755 views

“Will” vs “would” in reported speech

Suppose today is 30th November. Today my friend (John) says to me on phone "I will definitely go to the market tomorrow". Now if I want to report his speech just after a few hours on 30th November, "...
2
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0answers
217 views

Inversion should happen only once or multiple times in a single sentence?

In a longer, complicated sentence where one repeats the subject, verb and object, does one invert only the first svo or all of them to create a question? Or maybe both cases are correct with a ...
2
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0answers
441 views

Rules on noun+noun structures

Although there are plenty of grammar topics that I occasionally struggle with, there is one that causes the most trouble. Lately, I have been writing a lot of technical instructions and manuals, in ...
2
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0answers
96 views

What does one call the noun a preposition relates to its object?

With minimal research online one can easily find that a prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and an object. Most online and paper resources will describe a preposition as a word that ...
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0answers
2k views

What tense is “In the future, I would like to…”

I'm thinking future conditional, is that right? Or is it second conditional? Thanks very much!!
2
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0answers
384 views

Is “the phenomenon that a conductor experiences a force in a magnetic field” grammatically correct?

The full sentence is: [The Motor Effect is:] The phenomenon that a current-carrying conductor experiences a force in an external magnetic field. My Physics teacher says that it sounds clunky. ...
2
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0answers
172 views

Is there a grammatical categorizational heirarchy?

The issue that I am having with my assimilation of knowledge of English grammar is not so much the actual content itself, but how the content is structured. You hear alot of words thrown around, such ...
2
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0answers
2k views

Attendee Availability or Unvailability

Which one of these is correct? Rescheduling due to attendee unavailability OR Rescheduling due to attendee availability