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Questions tagged [grammar]

This tag is for questions about morphology and syntax, the two elements of grammar. DO NOT USE THIS TAG IF YOUR QUESTION IS ABOUT WHETHER SOMETHING SPECIFIC IS GRAMMATICAL. For such cases use the 'grammaticality' tag. Also do not use this for punctuation or spelling (orthography); those are not about grammar, and they have their own tags.

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40 views

What is difference between participle phrases and ellipsis of subject + be in adverb phrases?

When invited, she gladly said yes. In the above sentence, my book says the sentence is formed because ‘she was’ is omitted. And the sentence is the example of ellipsis of the same subject + be in the ...
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0answers
52 views

Does “The father regretted to tell his children something embarrassing” make sense?

I came across this question in a test: The father regretted _____ his children how he regretted _____ hard when he was young. A. to tell; not to study B. telling; not studying C. to tell; not ...
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0answers
65 views

What are the grammatical rules for phrases like “Rome Victorious”?

Some people seem to use this phrase. The adjective 'Victorious' seems that it is being used as if it is part of the noun. Would this work in other cases? e.g. "Rome Sacrosanct". Is it technically ...
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0answers
66 views

What type of word allows raising?

I've come across a comment in “it seems” vs. “it seems that” and I am uncertain as to what type of word allows raising. It's not necessary (though it's almost always possible) for any complement ...
2
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0answers
137 views

Can a word function as a relative adverb and a relative pronoun simultaneously?

For example in a sentence like "This is the place where he was murdered", is where functioning as both a relative adverb and a relative pronoun? Here where acts as pronoun as it refers back to its ...
2
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0answers
270 views

Rules on noun+noun structures

Although there are plenty of grammar topics that I occasionally struggle with, there is one that causes the most trouble. Lately, I have been writing a lot of technical instructions and manuals, in ...
2
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0answers
79 views

What does one call the noun a preposition relates to its object?

With minimal research online one can easily find that a prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and an object. Most online and paper resources will describe a preposition as a word that ...
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0answers
367 views

“If the family wasn't killed, maybe he'd never have left.” Why is past simple “wasn't” used here?

It's another time when I come across this sort of conditional and can't understand why there is a past simple in the "if" clause. Shouldn't there be a past perfect (hadn't been killed)? Here's the ...
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0answers
563 views

How to drop a pronoun? (pronoun-dropping/removing 'I'/omitting the subject)

I wrote resume and got stuck in this place. There are recommendations to write your achievements in the short form (without "I"): "Worked with ... " "Created something ... " "Collaborated with ... "...
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0answers
3k views

shall not be more than vs. shall be not more than?

It shall be not more than 1m. It shall not be more than 1m. Which is the correct way to say "it shall be less than or equal to 1m"? Two expressions are mixed in Google, so I want to know what ...
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0answers
1k views

Replacing “and” with comma

EB size and structure is known to influence differentiation potential, and the microwell system provides a robust, efficient method of producing EBs of any size or shape. I've seen many sentences in ...
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0answers
31 views

British vs. USA grammar: Wasn't or Weren't usage

From a British speaker, "I hope you wasn't too late." In the USA we would say "weren't". Was this poor grammar, or is this acceptable in the UK? I immediately thought it wrong; however, I don't want ...
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0answers
21 views

“Left behind after class?” Is this sentence correct?

Is the following sentence correct? "I left my book behind after class." What I want to say is that my character left their book behind after class, so they went back to get it. I know I could say "...
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0answers
14 views

which is a right way to write list Item

Below are the example to write a List, which is a right way to write list Item Example 1 : 4).Upload with File Restrictions Example 2 : 4) Upload with File Restrictions
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0answers
24 views

“fall prey to” or “fall a prey to”

Thanks everyone for checking this question. I was reading Great Books of the Western World, and there is a phrase "fall a prey to" and since I didn't know about it so I went to Collins Dict and ...
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0answers
19 views

Help identifying clasuses, sentence structure

I'm a first time poster, so please let me know if I am posting in the wrong place! I am trying to break down the sentence structure of this sentence. Specifically, how commas are used in the following ...
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0answers
18 views

“Welcome to” or “Welcome in”?

Could anyone help me and explain when we should use "welcome to" or "welcome in"? I know that both exist but I would like to get sentences as examples in order to clearly understand the difference. ...
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0answers
29 views

Adjective and conjunction which has higher priority?

I have a question about priority. For example: "elder brother and sister" means: "elder (brother and sister)" or "(elder brother) and sister"? Another example: "old men and women" means: "old (...
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0answers
27 views

From a systemic functional approach, what would a transitivity analysis of 'be that as it may' show?

I found this beautifully organized text for my students to analyze in terms of thematic progression. I'll also ask them to provide a transitivity analysis of some of its clauses, but there's that ...
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0answers
46 views

Comma Before Things Like “I thought”?

Would it be okay to write or say a sentence like this, and would it be grammatically correct? Examples: He went to Aruba, I thought. You're wrong, I think. These look like deer tracks, I would say. ...
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0answers
19 views

negative interrogative forms in present simple and continuous

my question is about forming negative questions in present simple and continuous, I have got some confusion here: as you know, there is a special case when it comes to tag questions with subject I ...
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0answers
69 views

“fresh and relaxed”

I have to identify the syntax used in these two sentences and explain. A. After a short vacation in Japan, Mr Chang appeared in my office, fresh and relaxed. B. After a short vacation in Japan, Mr ...
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0answers
44 views

'Downwards' versus 'Downward'

I'm new here (this is my first question :D) I was memorizing a specific sentence in a passage about photography, and I accidently made a mistake of memorizing 'downward' as 'downwards'. I'm a non-...
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0answers
73 views

participle adjective or verb

In the sentence "I like steamed chicken." Steamed is an adjective. However if I say "The chicken is steamed." Steamed becomes a verb in the passive construct. And in this sentence, "The chicken has ...
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0answers
19 views

Usage of 'in comparison with' when comparing features (adjectives)

I have a problem with an expression of the form "[Adjective1] [Noun1] and [Noun2] in comparison with [Adjective2] and [Adjective3] [?]", when all adjectives are features of the given nouns and we want ...
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0answers
37 views

Which of following (or both) is right?

I'd like to know which of following (or both) is right, 'US' and 'Canada' are proper noun. 'US' and 'Canada' are proper nouns. 'US' or 'Canada' each is a proper noun since they are real countries. ...
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0answers
33 views

Is this correct grammatically?

I'm not sure I would have been able to answer. Is this present and past combination correct?
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0answers
75 views

Why “ 's” is not used some times?

Take this as an example: "school volleyball team". I wonder why it isn't school's volleyball team? Could anyone tell me when it is better not to use 's for possession?
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0answers
33 views

(Complex sentence) Using the word “and” right before a subordinate conjunction

I have a few questions about complex sentence Here are the examples: Because I had to catch the train, and as we were short on time, I forgot to pack my toothbrush for our vacation. I gave strength ...
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0answers
37 views

to last later for sb

I do not find "has lasted later for" appropriate here. Could sb plese explain it? Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, page 711 iii Jill still goes to school, whereas Liz is already at ...
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0answers
29 views

only “from” as abbreviation to indicate the origin

After reading some publications that used "from" quite squishy, I would like to know: Is it generally possible to use "from" instead of "produced using", "produced by" or as a short version of "...
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0answers
30 views

Are “planning on visiting” and “planning to visit” interchangeable?

More specifically, are "planning on visiting" and "planning to visit" interchangeable in the following sentence: "I was planning on visiting you during your office hours next week but there was no ...
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0answers
78 views

I knew I would have died/ I knew I would die

I'm writing a story and my character is referring to the knowledge she always had that she would eventually die under the rain. Of course she's not dead at the moment of saying the sentence, but she ...
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0answers
43 views

How to write an imagined, hypothetical future and consequences?

What is the best way to let a character speak about some hypothetical future and the resulting consequences? Example: If the Martians attacked, I'd fly the jet and you'd be my wing-man. You'd be ...
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0answers
312 views

I've had vs I've been having (+ I've been vs I've)

What's the difference in meaning between the following 2 sentences: I've had a lot of problems this year I've been having a lot of problems this year. Second example: I've been waiting for an hour ...
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0answers
29 views

Are you able to interpret the word '' in '' at this paragraph?

Paragraph : They found that people were more honest when they were watched by eyes than when there were pictures of flowers. They put times as much money in.
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0answers
45 views

Question about work and job

A Japanese student told me that when she chose "job" in the sentence below her teacher corrected her and said that "work" is the correct one. However difficult it may be, I decided to do the _____(...
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0answers
42 views

Is this slogan grammatically correct?

I've been wanting to use a slogan but I don't know if it makes sense. The slogan is: Never forget 2013, the year of great elation. It sounds okay but someone told me that I need to rewrite it as "...
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0answers
54 views

Comma after and list followed immediately by “along” with another and list

Is it correct to write: Deficiency X can cause problems like ulcers, acne, and fever, along with trouble losing weight, building muscle, and even thinking.
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0answers
39 views

Can one indirect object be used to describe more than one topic?

I wanted to ask about this paragraph: The Lapita people discovered and settled the Samoan Islands around 3,500 years ago. They developed a unique Samoan language and Samoan cultural identity. As ...
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0answers
41 views

Protected by legislation

Recently a friend of mine had to take a workplace safety quiz, and one of the questions asked: "Discrimination is a form of workplace bullying protected by legislation. True or false?" The answer ...
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0answers
42 views

run out usage with timeframes

If I'm waiting for something happen and I know that it will happen in 3 months. Can I say "When 3 months run out I'll do it". Is that grammatically correct?
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0answers
130 views

What verbs in English never take nouns as complements, and is there a term for this?

I can think of only a few verbs like exist and belong that never take ordinary nouns as object complements. (see below) We never say things like, *She exists a doctor. Rather, we would say, She ...
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0answers
39 views

“I don’t have as much of an appetite”, could someone verify my explanation?

I've read these sentences: In summer, when the weather is warmer, I don’t have as much of an appetite, so I’ll eat something lighter. The part that confuses me is 'I don't have as much of an ...
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0answers
47 views

Juxtaposing (more than) two sentences that can include “and” by using “and”

QUESTIONS: Is the comma used in the below sentence necessary? Is it okay to use different forms or parts of speech for juxtaposed elements? I.g. In the below sentence, a noun "development" and ...
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0answers
168 views

Verb after “than”

Just spotted out the following sentence from a museum's website. I don't understand why we can directly put the verb "visit" after "than" - in my understanding, we need to put a noun or gerund after "...
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0answers
66 views

Is “as well X as Y” correct and equivalent to “X as well as Y”?

I'm proofreading a text for a friend and she uses the construct "as well X as Y", but I've never seen it this way and can't find anything on the net. Example: The structure is fused and takes part ...
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0answers
444 views

Is it correct? “Should I not hear from you by [date], I shall assume your kind confirmation of it.”

Is it correct to write in this way? "Should I not hear from you by [date], I shall assume your kind confirmation of it." Most grateful for your advice!!! T_T
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0answers
59 views

omission of infinitive marker: i.e., He'll come, if he wants (to)

To me, these He'll come, if he wants He'll come, if he's able He'll come, if I allow him are simply variants of He'll come, if he wants to He'll come, if he's able to He'll ...
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0answers
186 views

Articles with proper names

It's correct to use the definite article before the name of a river, canal, sea and ocean: When my father dies, we will have to wash him, wrap him in rich cloth, cremate him, and then sprinkle ...