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Questions tagged [grammar]

This tag is for questions about morphology and syntax, the two elements of grammar. DO NOT USE THIS TAG IF YOUR QUESTION IS ABOUT WHETHER SOMETHING SPECIFIC IS GRAMMATICAL. For such cases use the 'grammaticality' tag. Also do not use this for punctuation or spelling (orthography); those are not about grammar, and they have their own tags.

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19 views

Pre-requisite vs prerequisite

Looking up this on English exchange I couldn't seem to find a single source of truth: Instance 1 - "Prerequisite" in search: "Prerequisite for" vs. "prerequisite to" Instance 2 - ...
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0answers
41 views

Why the determiner “the” is missing?

"The descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar." It is a sentence from the first article of the NEW CONCEPT ENGLISH 3. I was wondering that why the ...
2
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0answers
90 views

Imperative sentence patterns …

Please let me ask you native or very well-trained Eglish speakers if there’s some patterns, rules, or formulas in regards of an imperative sentence’s structure. For example, I was reading this ...
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0answers
52 views

What is difference between participle phrases and ellipsis of subject + be in adverb phrases?

When invited, she gladly said yes. In the above sentence, my book says the sentence is formed because ‘she was’ is omitted. And the sentence is the example of ellipsis of the same subject + be in the ...
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0answers
77 views

What are the grammatical rules for phrases like “Rome Victorious”?

Some people seem to use this phrase. The adjective 'Victorious' seems that it is being used as if it is part of the noun. Would this work in other cases? e.g. "Rome Sacrosanct". Is it technically ...
2
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0answers
72 views

What type of word allows raising?

I've come across a comment in “it seems” vs. “it seems that” and I am uncertain as to what type of word allows raising. It's not necessary (though it's almost always possible) for any complement ...
2
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0answers
163 views

Can a word function as a relative adverb and a relative pronoun simultaneously?

For example in a sentence like "This is the place where he was murdered", is where functioning as both a relative adverb and a relative pronoun? Here where acts as pronoun as it refers back to its ...
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0answers
2k views

Difference between “after” and “since”

I have a question related to the usage of "Since" and "after". Actually I found these three sentences on news articles. And I have seen a large number results both in "news" and "Ngrams". Are all ...
2
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0answers
680 views

“Will” vs “would” in reported speech

Suppose today is 30th November. Today my friend (John) says to me on phone "I will definitely go to the market tomorrow". Now if I want to report his speech just after a few hours on 30th November, "...
2
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0answers
335 views

Rules on noun+noun structures

Although there are plenty of grammar topics that I occasionally struggle with, there is one that causes the most trouble. Lately, I have been writing a lot of technical instructions and manuals, in ...
2
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0answers
89 views

What does one call the noun a preposition relates to its object?

With minimal research online one can easily find that a prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and an object. Most online and paper resources will describe a preposition as a word that ...
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0answers
324 views

Is “the phenomenon that a conductor experiences a force in a magnetic field” grammatically correct?

The full sentence is: [The Motor Effect is:] The phenomenon that a current-carrying conductor experiences a force in an external magnetic field. My Physics teacher says that it sounds clunky. ...
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617 views

How to drop a pronoun? (pronoun-dropping/removing 'I'/omitting the subject)

I wrote resume and got stuck in this place. There are recommendations to write your achievements in the short form (without "I"): "Worked with ... " "Created something ... " "Collaborated with ... "...
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0answers
3k views

shall not be more than vs. shall be not more than?

It shall be not more than 1m. It shall not be more than 1m. Which is the correct way to say "it shall be less than or equal to 1m"? Two expressions are mixed in Google, so I want to know what ...
2
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0answers
2k views

Replacing “and” with comma

EB size and structure is known to influence differentiation potential, and the microwell system provides a robust, efficient method of producing EBs of any size or shape. I've seen many sentences in ...
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0answers
26 views

How do you say Doll Stories or Doll's Stories?

I am trying to make a logo and already made it saying The Doll Stories And I am not sure if this is incorrect? Please help Thankyou
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0answers
26 views

Successive contractibles: Example - “It's not” versus “It isn't”

My apologies if this has been asked before. Consider a simple model sentence like It is not good. Is it better to contract the first pair of words as It's not good. Or the second pair as ...
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0answers
31 views

Is “What have I to write?” correct?

Like it's said in the title, is the "What have I to write?" phrase correct? Or is it necessary to use the form with "do" as the auxiliary verb?
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0answers
19 views

What is the subject in the following sentence here?

sorry for the vague title; I can't think of a clearer one. You are listening to Friday Music World. Coming up next is a song sure to give you inspiration to heal the world: "Heal the World" by ...
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0answers
22 views

The distinction between subject complements and sentence complements

So I've got this definition of complement from Wikipedia: In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression. and for subject ...
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0answers
26 views

“Percentage of” and “Percentage for”

I want to ask if anyone can explain to me when to use "percentage of" vs "percentage for". Let say you have a pie chart like this: I'm thinking you use "for" when you want to describe the figure for ...
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0answers
18 views

Infinitive construction of a relative clause - “to be” or “to have been”?

Let's consider the following sentence: This is the first white rhinoceros which has been born in captivity Would the corresponding construction with an infinitive be: This is the first white ...
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0answers
14 views

present perfect tense and past perfect tense

I read some discussions about the present perfect tense and past perfect tense on the forum. But I still feel confused about the following sentence which I saw in a magazine: "One of the most ...
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0answers
17 views

the right position of the passive reduced relative clause

I have seen the passive reduced relative clauses in different positions so far. How can I decide what position is appropriate for any of them ? *Example 1 : She obtained measures of business ...
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0answers
24 views

Would have and could have

Today when i said "she could have gotten an accident ,if she had not gone potty." Then an english speaker corrected me and said "you mean she would have gotten an accident?" In these sentences, i ...
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0answers
32 views

Comparison of equality used as Adjunct - As good/happy as

I came across this sentence in A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini: As happy as she was about this pregnancy, his expectation weighed on her. I was trying to parse this sentence and was ...
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0answers
35 views

the use of would/will

Hello native speakers, Could you please teach me how to use will/would correctly? There were a few times I saw people use would+verb+if+present tense. For example, ' The premium would increase ...
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0answers
30 views

must have washed downstream VS must have been washed downstream

There are two hikers hiking near a stream. One of them seeing it in says: Look! A miner's old pack and gear! Must have washed downstream! My question is: Is it just a simple passive voice sentence ...
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0answers
27 views

“the other two of which” or “the other two”?

Is "the other two of which" in the following sentence correct? "Neurons may be categorized into four types, two of which are strengthened and rise to dominance, while the other two of which are ...
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0answers
23 views

Can there be 2 “was” on a sentence?

Is this correct?: "But I guess all there was was such a big lie." I think I've heard that sentence in somewhere and it sounds to my ears just fine but wanted to make sure if it was still right. (My ...
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0answers
15 views

Commas and conversational clauses

I'm editing an article, and a piece of dialogue is giving me some trouble. You were practically a co-owner you’d been there so long. Is this written correctly, or would a comma break up those two ...
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0answers
41 views

The affect of less milk, fewer bottles

I used to say the phrase "less milk, fewer bottles" to force myself to learn when to correctly use less/fewer. Does anyone have any similar memory/learning trick to assist with effect/affect? I'm ...
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0answers
29 views

How to ask what was the company that you worked with?

I'd like to ask someone what was the company that they worked with. I'm not sure this would be understandable, but the point is that I want to know the name of the companies that someone has been ...
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0answers
29 views

A question about “seems like (as If, as though)”

He seems to be happy. It seems that he is happy. (formal style) It seems like (as if, as though) he is happy. (informal style) 1) Sentence #1 ; I assume that 'to infinitive' functions as subjective ...
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25 views

Sale on now, On sale now, Sale now on

I found a phrase "Sale on now" from a website. I think it is to tell customers that some products are currently offered at the lower prices. But what is the correct order of saying this. I personally ...
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0answers
42 views

Is the letter “d” sometimes pronounced like a glottal stop?

Is the letter "d" sometimes pronounced like a glottal stop? For example is the letter "d" in the word "wouldn't" pronounced like a glottal stop?
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0answers
93 views

“They serve as means of” vs “They serve as a means of”

I made a "mistake": The blueprints serve as means of recreating the design. I meant to write: The blueprints serve as a means of recreating the design. Means is a plural noun, which can be ...
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0answers
25 views

Syntactic Characteristics of Coordination

Is it grammatically correct to say John plays the guitar and Mary, the piano ..... when it comes to the syntactic features of Coordination
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0answers
26 views

Interrogatives followed by an infinitive

I know these sentences work: We don't know where to put the sofa. (where we should put the sofa) No one could tell me how to start the engine. (how I should start the engine) The rules didn't ...
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0answers
42 views

How to understand WHICH here?

Further,as from 1 January 1958 or the earliest practicable date thereafter, contracting parties shall cease to grant either directly or indirectly any form of subsidy on the export of any product ...
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0answers
26 views

What is correct use of definite article “the”?

They hiked the price and demand wasn't decreasing. Or They hiked the price and, the demand wasn't decreasing.
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0answers
46 views

Why aren't degree modifiers complements?

As far as I've been able to figure out, in the CaGEL* framework, complements are items that are licensed by some other element (generally the head), so that if an item has to be licensed, it is per ...
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0answers
33 views

Function of PPs with predicative complements

According to CaGEL* (e.g. p.636 ff), prepositions can take predicative complements, as in [1] She worked as a waitress [2] He passed for dead [3] I took you for granted [4] They left him for ...
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0answers
32 views

Can I use the “there is” construction for art exhibitions, instead of using the word “hold”?

As a sightseeing suggestion to my out-of-town friend, I want to say there's an exhibition he might be interested in checking out. Option 1 below sounds too formal to me, so I'd like to know if ...
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0answers
50 views

Help me understand the usage of “edition” in “Apple Watch Edition”

I am not sure how to put this, but shouldn't it be < Apple Watch > < _____ Edition >? In my understanding, it is usually product followed by edition, and something to indicate what edition it ...
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0answers
42 views

Is this sentence grammatically correct and can be used for Women's Day?

Let women rise and use their strength to contribute to the world. I need to use this sentence for a Women's Day social media design. But there are two doubts: Should it be women or woman? Let women ...
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0answers
324 views

Which is correct: “where she went” or “where did she go”?

My friend asked me about my colleague and I replied him that "I don't know where she went". Then he replied that I must say like "I don't know where did she go". Is there any mistake in the former ...
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0answers
38 views

What is the correct way to say the next sentence?

Spanish is my first language and I just saw a post on Instagram that says "Quality sobriety must include self acceptance" and I want to comment it by saying this: This is the hardest part for me Is ...
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0answers
15 views

Is it Compound sentence? What are the two main clauses?

Raj is not only brave but also clever. Is it Compound sentence? What are the two main clauses?
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0answers
24 views

Gerund after to be verb

I'm trying to understand if this sentence is right, if so, why. The problem is trying to learn without practicing I've been looking for the answer to this question in sites and grammars. I didn't ...