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Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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Using the gerund as an English analogue of Russian verbal participles

Could you please verify that using the gerund is normal as an analogue of Russian verbal participles in the following phrase: The device automatically estimates calories, consumed from food, basing ...
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An article before gerunds

I wonder how to distinguish words with a verb base and the -ing suffix. I have found that they fall into the following 3 classes: 1) gerundial noun (he had witnessed the killing of the birds), 2) ...
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Use of an adjective instead of adverb with gerund?

I keep hearing on the BBC channel their self-commercial that goes like "We are the leaders in global breaking news". Folks, could anybody kindly explain to me how come that structure is grammatically ...
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“the rustle of tires” vs “the rustling of tires”: pompous or not, is there a rule, or is it random?

Scene: high school. Time: the present. A teacher went through a student's essay in which an out-of-the-way house in the sticks was described. It (the house) sat in the middle of a picturesque grove, ...
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384 views

What is the grammar structure? “I am not going to stand here watching you do it”?

Is this sentence correct? I am not going to stand here watching you do it. I saw it in an article. If it is - and I think it is - why is "watching" a gerund? What is the grammar structure? Is it a ...
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1answer
291 views

Position of verbals

In the first sentence, We move the infinitive to the end of the sentence and place a prepatory object after verb. But when we use gerund, we keep it after verb as in second sentence . I was wondering ...
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997 views

Gerund vs noun— which to use in title

This issue of gerunds vs noun always puzzled me and in this particular case made me wonder. I actually am translating my thesis title into English and am not sure as to use gerund or noun. So which ...
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111 views

Verb agreement with two gerunds as subject

I would like to know which of the following sentences is correct: Translating and adapting texts for different audiences composes the key of this theory Translating and adapting texts for different ...
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62 views

What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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46 views

verb + gerund (formed from stative verbs ing)

I wonder how often stative verbs are used as gerunds if they function as Object (verb + doing ; verb + preposition + doing) in sentences. Are there any style and register preferences?
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Are two (or more) to-infinitives treated as singular?

A friend said to me that two (or more) to-infinitives are treated as singular (whereas gerunds can be treated as plural depending on the situation). Is it true? Or, in this example sentence, which ...
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41 views

What is this gerund construction called?

In English the constructing for plus a corresponding gerund is often used, usually to identify a motivation for the main action (it seems to be more prevalent in colloquial speech); e.g.: I thank ...
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When can preposition 'of' be omitted?

Sentence One: The main image, which takes up the majority of the page, is of an artist's palette. Sentence Two: These aspects are of more interest to buyers. It seems that in sentence two, we can ...
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223 views

Using gerund at the beginning of bullet points: What is more common, better or correct?

Is it correct or common to use the gerund at the beginning of bullet points? Which of the following examples is more common, better or correct? What are the pros and cons? Can I use the gerund? ...
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377 views

A gerund after “to help”

Is it grammatical to use a gerund after "to help". To me saying: "to help protecting the environment" is ungrammatical. I would like to get the syntactic explanation.
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1answer
366 views

Having a ing with an object in a sentence

I was told that ing can be used without an object e.g "the manager forbids smoking" while I know this is true, I want to ask if it can also be used with objects e.g., "I love making lasagne" or " the ...
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211 views

Having a progressive verb and a gerund in a sentence

Can we have two "ing" form in this way: "I'm thinking of settling down at 25" if so, is this the correct sentence break down I-subject, am-auxiliary verb, thinking- progressive verb, of-proposition, ...
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439 views

Is the word 'getting' used as a gerund in 'getting stronger every day'?

In the phrase, "Getting Stronger Every Day," I know that "getting" is a participle, but in this phrase, is it a gerund? If not, why?
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267 views

Where to put the pronoun in a sentence when using the gerund verb form?

Which sentence is correct? it seems we are all living in a weird land or it seems we all are living in a weird land ?
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70 views

Which form of the word should I use?

I'm putting together a report for work. The template I've been given has a blurb already written in which I just insert the proper names for their respective state, and each state gets their own ...
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426 views

suggest his / him Ving

I'd like to know your judgments on the following sentences. Are they well-formed? Mary suggested him buying a laptop. Mary suggested his buying a laptop. What did Mary suggest him buying? What ...
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316 views

Telling present participles and gerunds apart

"I have started swimming." This could mean I have just started moving my arms. Or it could mean that I have enrolled in swimming classes. To my mind one interpretation is a present participle and the ...
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68 views

Chinese character “denoting” or “used to denote” black color?

How to say the following phrase correctly: a Chinese character denoting OR used to denote black colour? Context Furthermore, due to the etymological analysis of a Chinese character denoting black ...
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198 views

Gerund and Participles

I need your expert skills to solve this confusion regarding the use of gerund and participles. Here is the sentence Standing in the shallow end, he would practice his arm movements. I want to know ...
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Does the word ‘not’ modify verbs beforehand or afterward?

I have had some trouble recently with the word not, and people being confused by my use of it. I suppose I made some incorrect logical connection with it. A friend and I were discussing the placement ...
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2answers
245 views

When is the object of a verb the subject of the gerund in structure “subject + verb + object + preposition + gerund”?

1) This reminds me of climbing Ben Nevis years ago. 2) I told you about losing my credit card, didn't I? I'm quite sure that the person who climbed Ben Nevis is "I" not "This" in 1). But, I'm ...
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1answer
1k views

Gerund vs Present Participle: “I was thinking about eating the apple.”

A quick question that has popped up from talking with my German pen-pal. In the sentence: I was thinking about eating the apple. Is eating there a gerund or a present participle? If it is just: ...
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1answer
81 views

“in processing customer orders” or “in the processing of customer orders”?

Most of the time I see people use a gerund this way: The storm caused delays in processing customer orders. However, sometimes I see something like this too: The storm caused delays in the ...
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1answer
177 views

SAT Grammar - Gerunds vs. Parallelism

Hello everyone I was working on the following question: I said the error was A, because it should be how to preserve right? But apparently that is not the error, I cannot seem to find any other ...
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1answer
36 views

-ing forms after a comma: reduced participle phrase or gerund?

In sentences like "the results show x, leading researchers to believe..." or "..., indicating that further research must be done" or "..., proving the validity of the theory..." etc is the -ing ...
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1answer
37 views

“I saw you doing something”

Apologize that I know there are many similar questions but I am still not satisfied with them so asking a new question here. For example, there is a sentence like "I saw you doing something". Non-...
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1answer
52 views

Dangling Participle and Gerund

" Inspiring, informing and celebrating teachers since 1988". Is this sentence right? I'm confuse whether all -ing verbs in this sentence act as a gerund as a noun or a present participial as an ...
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1answer
59 views

past participle + ing Vs present perfect + ing

What is the difference between past participle + ing and present perfect + ing? For an example: If you started playing the game, you should have noticed the issue. Vs If you have started playing the ...
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83 views

You will find it difficult to explain of your use of such offensive language

You will find it difficult/ to explain of your use / of such offensive language as per possessive word rule, After "your" instead of use , using should come. Few example my going, his coming, so ...
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1answer
117 views

Is there any logic behind continuing to distinguish 'gerund' from 'present participle' in traditional grammar?

To an earlier question "What's the difference between a gerund and a participle?", there is a consensus among the answers there, and I quote the most upvoted answer: A gerund is a form of a verb ...
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600 views

Efforts on, in or towards?

Research efforts in understanding the underlying mechanism have been ramped up over the past few years. I came across this sentence in a published work and now I'm wondering if "efforts" shouldn't ...
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5k views

Whether to use gerund or infinitive with word 'hesitate'?

Firstly, i am giving some sentences from some books and links: She hesitates singing in the company of her friends. (from my local book) In order to oblige others or amuse herself, she never ...
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1answer
56 views

They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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1answer
411 views

Gerund vs infinitive paraphrase

Is there any difference between these two sentences: "The Democrats tend to increase taxes, discouraging rich people from voting for them" "The Democrats tend to increase taxes, which discourages ...
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2answers
66 views

Gerund in a sentence

Please, could you explain why we should put in the sentence below the gerund of the verb give: As an educational consultant, I lead workshops on digital media at schools around the country, giving ...
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2answers
131 views

Confusing use of “seeing” and “having”

I have two questions concerning 1. "seeing" and 2. "having." 1. Can "seeing" be used as a noun which might be modified by an adjective? Here's the example I am referring to: "Star Trek Into Darkness ...
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1answer
61 views

How to use 'fly'?

There is your sky Break your cage You meant for fly Not for staying in a range "You meant for flying" Or "You meant for fly" Which one is correct?
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5k views

why come ing with verb after preposition

why we use "ing" with verb that comes after preposition? For example: he is accused for breaking a new vase. here breaking is being used after for