Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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In formal writing such as a reference, can an initial subject defining sentence imply the subject to several sentences thereafter? [closed]

I am writing a personal reference for a family member and trying to list several ways in which they have helped me without the sentence running on. I do not believe a colon would work in this case as ...
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"Ask questions of the past raised" or "Ask the past the questions raised"?

I read a following sentence: [Yet the stories they tell avoid any evolutionary model of progress, as well as any systematic critique. I want to outline, however rapidly, the history of the present ...
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What is this grammar formation called and how is it used ' to + verb + ing ' [duplicate]

A student gave me this example: ...doesn't have an objection in principle to using the Consulting Agreement dated... She wanted to know how to use this construction (to + verb + ing) and what it is ...
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What is the plural form of boxing (as in box/package)?

What is the plural form of the word "boxing"? In meaning box/package noun. Is "boxings" the correct form in that case? Perhaps it's not, because it's a gerund and not an exception. ...
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Go doing or Go to do something [closed]

Is there a difference between "I am going cycling." and "I am going to cycle." Assuming that I'm at home right now and I'm informing everyone here that I'm leaving the house to ...
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Interpretation of subjects of gerunds

A paper on the implicit subjects of gerunds that I'm currently reading says that the sentences (1a) and (2a) sound off because John, though semantically appropriate, cannot be the antecedent for the ...
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Passive structure with gerund [closed]

I was asked to convert the following active sentence into passive: I admit taking the money without permission from his mom. My first suggestion was: It is admitted that the money has been taken ...
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you/your doing, anybody/anybody's [duplicate]

Are 'ing' in these sentences Present Participles or Gerunds? I don’t mind you driving it. Can you imagine anybody being so stupid? I don’t remember him playing chess. I don’t want to keep you waiting....
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Participle or Gerund? [duplicate]

Is “ferrying” in the following passage a gerund or a present participle? In March 2016, Zipline, a U.S. startup partnered with the Rwandan government to launch the world’s first commercial drone ...
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He doesn't like me/my spending time with her [duplicate]

What should precede a gerund in a sentence ? A possessive pronoun or object pronoun. For eg:- He doesn't like me/my spending time with her. Which, out of me and my,is correct ?
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To help and gerund clauses

I've reached an impasse with my girlfriend (both non-native speakers) about this sentence she used: Maybe we didn't have enough of it for it to become routine again and help measuring time To me, ...
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How to analyze e.g., "The man had trouble finding shoes to fit"

In a sentence like "The man had trouble finding shoes to fit," how might "had trouble finding shoes to fit" be analyzed? Is this like a direct object ("trouble") and ...
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The difference between "need + infinitive" and "need + gerund"

What is the difference between "I don't need to learn." And "I don't need learning."? It is said that "need + gerund" is passive, meaning what "I don't need learning&...
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Confusion with pronouns proceeding gerunds

In The Stranger, we have the following passage. So we took our time getting back, him telling me how glad he was that he'd been able to give the woman what she deserved. I understand the meaning, ...
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Gerund and infinitive both possible after main verb “start” but not always? [duplicate]

What is going on here? It started to rain. It started raining. Both are OK to my ear when start is in the simple past. But then… It is starting to rain. (OK) It is starting raining (obviously wrong!) ...
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Is this a gerund phrase after hate?

"I hate not being able to control my temper." From my understanding, hate is one of those verbs that is followed by a gerund OR an infinitive. In this situation, is "being" a ...
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Is using gerund with relative pronoun possible? [duplicate]

I have a question. As I remember I can't use the gerund/presentParticiple with the relative pronoun such as "when","who" and so on. But I met one sentence in the dictionary "...
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Which is (more) correct? [duplicate]

Why don't you try [to speak OR speaking] to him in Spanish? ... Which variant is more correct and why?
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What is the word class of "studying" in "studying hard is the key to success"?

This has caused some debate amongst myself and some others. The two claims are that in "studying hard is the key to success", that "studying" is either (1) a noun (gerund) or (2) a ...
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Is there a limit for the number of relative/dependent clauses in a sentence?

I need to correct the following sentence: The article is proving the thesis of shame as a feeling that functions as a bond between people, by presenting a historical analysis of this feeling in three ...
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Why are present and past participle are different in some rare case; but I find them similar?

This behaviour is characterised by curled lips, a tilted head and squinting eyes – all of which can look like smiling. In this example could the first phrase tilted head bear the same meaning if it ...
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Bare infinitive or present participle? [closed]

Which of the following two sentences is correct? The one that uses the bare infinitive 'hear', or the one that uses the present participle 'hearing'? He heard him snore last night. Or He heard him ...
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Do “because so-and-so claims that” and “claiming that” have the same meaning?

First, I would like to give an example. She filed a complaint to the committee because she claims that her personal information was leaked. She filed a complaint to the committee claiming that her ...
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God's existing vs God's existence [duplicate]

Can we say something like "I am thankful for God's existing" rather than "...thankful for God's existence?" Why do we never hear this? I am thinking along the lines of: "She ...
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What kind of noun is "Bookkeeping"?

It's not a gerund since "bookkeep" isn't a verb, is it? Is "bookkeep" a verb? Please, can someone help me understand the properties of this word? Is it, for example, a compound ...
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Which/ That/ Present Participle

I'm working on the translation of a product packaging. Uses: Boosting liver function which helps cleanse blood plasma, the liquid portion of blood which/that accounts for 55% of its volume. Would it ...
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Question about parallel structures

One of the tasks that we have to do on PTE exam is to paraphrase a writtent text. I have prepared a template for myslef which is While the impacts of N and N such as N and N are important, the effects ...
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to transcend or to be transcended

"In basic terms, transculturalism might be provisionally defined as the transcendence and questioning of cultural delimitations." What is meant in the text I'm working on is that ...
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What are the subjects, objects, complements and gerunds in this sentence?

As with most great avant artists, it’s easier to describe how Arca makes you feel than what it is, exactly, she makes. Just wanted clarification on a few things. What is the first part of the ...
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Gerund? or Present participle?

I want to ask about the gerund and present participles on those sentences below. Mr. Wilkins would like some assistance setting up the audio equipment in the conference room. Mark offered his full ...
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Why Using 'Lost' Instead of 'Losing' in This Sentence [closed]

I have a question about a sentence: Lost in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. Why, in this sentence, do we need to use 'lost' instead of 'losing'? In my understanding, 'he', is ...
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Problem with gerund and infinitive [closed]

I'm confusing with use of gerund or infinitive, I don't know which one of them I should use, for example ; I'm looking for a function to reverse a string I'm looking for a function for reversing a ...
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Does the (etymological) definition of 'participle' include 'noun'?

BACKGROUND The definition of 'participle' is something along the line of: a word having the characteristics of both verb and adjective (M-W Dictionary) the form of a verb that usually ends in "...
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Verbs "COME" and "GO" followed by the gerund

Good evening everyone, I was listening to Tears for Fears' song Everybody wants to rule the world, and I came across the line "when the walls come tumbling down". I looked the expression up ...
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What are the objects and indirect objects in this sentence (if any)

The storage making your home work harder. It's from a furniture advertisement, and I was just wondering how to dissect the complements here. Is it that storage is the subject, making is the verb, ...
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Is the following a gerund or participle in this sentence?

I'm not feeling myself today. In the sentence above, is 'feeling' a gerund or participle? (I understand that the main verb is 'am', from which I can then ascertain that it is at least one of these ...
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Verb after gerund verb [duplicate]

I'm newer to this forum, and I'm learning English. My teacher has taught me that we must use gerund after "enjoy", as in: I enjoy swimming. Now, if we use a verb after gerund, which verb ...
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Pronoun cases (e.g. "my," "his") before gerund constructions [duplicate]

Which of the following is correct? It stands in the way of my being successful. It stands in the way of me being successful. This led to his succeeding in the workplace. This led to him succeeding ...
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Would you classify 'being + past participle' as passive or gerund?

Upon reading the English translation of Murakami's 1Q84, I've come across two sentences with the use of 'being' + past participle that I can't seem to be able to classify: It's all very painful - as ...
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Stylistic Advice regarding the two types of possessives before a gerund

I know that, in terms of formal grammar, either a possessive pronoun or genitive form should precede a gerund. So, for example, 'his being', etc. I am, however, far more comfortable with the former ...
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Is there any preference in the use of participial clause versus a relative clause? [duplicate]

For example, A. I defined the density as the number of persons populating the region. B. I defined the density as the number of persons that populate the region. Also consider the following. C. ...
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To + infinitive vs. To + gerund [duplicate]

In one of the grammar books I study I found a following example: In my previous job I was confined to doing only one thing. I'd say that confined to do is the correct way to say it. I always thought ...
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are there other phrases set up like "end up ____-ing (gerund)" if so, what are they called?

I'm watching a documentary and this was said: "We believe they did intentional things that kept Gabriel in harm's way, and ultimately ended up in him dying" The "him dying" part ...
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Writing style guidelines on gerund (ab)use

In novel writing, there is general advice not to use gerunds (i.e. verb forms ending with -ing). In general, that makes sense. "She was going to the store" -> "She went to the store&...
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Is it true that if a gerund can be replaced by a noun, the 'gerund' in question is not a present participle?

Take this sentence for instance: We began shouting at the top of our lungs for the bus to stop. Since the phrase in question 'shouting at the top of our lungs for the bus to stop' cannot be replaced ...
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Is "calling" a gerund in "calling bell"? [closed]

In the phrase "calling bell", the word "calling" acts as what? Is it a gerund? Or is it an adjective? If so then what kind of adjective? Similar phrases might be "revolving ...
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Is the gerund and (present) participle form always the same (spelling)? [duplicate]

Are the participle and gerund form of a verb always technically the same and in all tenses (in the sense of spelling) or do deviations exist? Reason is because I'm building a database and need to know ...
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What effect is achieved when using the gerundive form versus the infinitive form in this sentence?

Gerundive: Try getting some rest. Infinitive: Try to get some rest. My textbook says that the former means "Attempt to get some rest" while the latter means to "try getting some rest as ...
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Omission of "by" before gerund in imperative sentences

I have been thinking about the use of "by" and its omission in certain situations, especially before gerund in imperative sentences. I did find the other entry (“by” before the gerund, when ...
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Gerund appositives

Can you show me sentences that use gerund clauses(not participial constructions) as a appositive clause as many as possible... Like “my favorite sport, playing baseball, has brought me friends.” (I ...
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