Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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1answer
56 views

Why can go take a gerund? (eg: go shopping; go fishing, go dancing)

I am trying to figure out why go can take a gerund, which is a verb doing the job of a noun, as an object yet the verb go is always intransitive and therefore cannot take an object. I need to make ...
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42 views

How to use word acknowledge with gerund in a sentence? [closed]

I found this sentence on the internet - She acknowledges his working hard on the project. Does it make sense?
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57 views

Gerund in a sentence

Please, could you explain why we should put in the sentence below the gerund of the verb give: As an educational consultant, I lead workshops on digital media at schools around the country, giving ...
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11 views

Construction using gerunds [duplicate]

This construction sounds wrong, but I’ve read and heard it many times: “Me not caring about this had dire consequences.” “Him coming in frightened me.” I had thought “my coming in” would be more ...
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1answer
44 views

Is it Gerund or adjective?

I don't understand the function of "coming" word in the sentence below. ... as they weigh the scale of monetary easing coming later this month. Is it working as a gerund? and if so, why is it in ...
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49 views

I couldn't decide which one to use, and where to use: simple tense vs. perfect tense

The two questions in my grammar book: 1)"Many people claim ------ sundaes and many towns around the world pretend ---- birthplaces of ice creams. A) to have invented / to be B) to ...
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23 views

To smoke vs Smoking at the beginning of the sentence [duplicate]

I have been taught that we can use either of "to INF" or "Verb-ing" at the beginning of the sentence as a subject, which leads me to a point of confusion. Here is my confusion: A: To smoke is ...
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15 views

'There’s no hope of their winning the match.' [duplicate]

I have seen this given as an exemplary gerundial construction in a B2/C1 level English exam's guidelines. Can anyone please explain, how is this sentence grammatically correct (the 'their winning the ...
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1answer
40 views

Is '“snapshotting” a correct word? [closed]

For example, as part of the information message of some computer script: Snapshotting the file... Can we write snapshotting instead of taking the snapshot? Is it still correct? I've found an ...
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26 views

Why gerund after “proposed as”

Good evening everyone and sorry for the question which I am not even sure how to ask properly. Here is the sentence: In this context, gene drives have been proposed as providing a new means of ...
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1answer
34 views

Gerund needs to be modified by a possessive? [duplicate]

Is this true? Not sure if Signup up is a gerund And if so does it need to modified by a possessive? It doesn’t sound right to me with “your”
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29 views

Using the gerund as an English analogue of Russian verbal participles

Could you please verify that using the gerund is normal as an analogue of Russian verbal participles in the following phrase: The device automatically estimates calories, consumed from food, basing ...
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53 views

past participle + ing Vs present perfect + ing

What is the difference between past participle + ing and present perfect + ing? For an example: If you started playing the game, you should have noticed the issue. Vs If you have started playing the ...
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Can someone PLEASE tell me what the gerunds and participles are in these sentences? PLEASE [duplicate]

Dozing in the sun at the beach after swimming, limbs exhausted, salt dring stiff in my hair. Cutting up vegetables into neat pieces. Flying into a city and at night seeing the lit gauze of its ...
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30 views

-ing forms after a comma: reduced participle phrase or gerund?

In sentences like "the results show x, leading researchers to believe..." or "..., indicating that further research must be done" or "..., proving the validity of the theory..." etc is the -ing ...
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45 views

An article before gerunds

I wonder how to distinguish words with a verb base and the -ing suffix. I have found that they fall into the following 3 classes: 1) gerundial noun (he had witnessed the killing of the birds), 2) ...
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81 views

You will find it difficult to explain of your use of such offensive language

You will find it difficult/ to explain of your use / of such offensive language as per possessive word rule, After "your" instead of use , using should come. Few example my going, his coming, so ...
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What's the name of this grammar error: “due to him having…” [duplicate]

I know there's something wrong with the way the indirect-object pronoun "him" and the gerund "having" are being used here, but I can't put my finger on it or find it on Google. Here's another example: ...
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1answer
61 views

Gerund and participle comparison

Is asking a participle or gerund in the sentence "Asking questions is easier than answering them. "
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3answers
145 views

Is “Wanting” a Gerund or Present Participle? [duplicate]

The conversation eventually makes its way around to him wanting to switch and do something new. Is "wanting" in the sentence considered as a gerund or present participle?
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3answers
253 views

Gerund or Present Participle?

"Which is exactly what you don’t want your programmers learning." Is "learning" gerund or present participle in the above sentence?
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1answer
65 views

Verb agreement with two gerunds as subject

I would like to know which of the following sentences is correct: Translating and adapting texts for different audiences composes the key of this theory Translating and adapting texts for different ...
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2answers
95 views

Use of an adjective instead of adverb with gerund?

I keep hearing on the BBC channel their self-commercial that goes like "We are the leaders in global breaking news". Folks, could anybody kindly explain to me how come that structure is grammatically ...
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2answers
105 views

Present Participle versus Gerund

I was taught that the Present Continuous is formed using the Gerund, but that you call it the Present Participle. Even though these two forms look exactly alike in English, in other languages they do ...
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2answers
47 views

“It is” as the beginning of paragraphs

Is it encouraged or discouraged to use "IT IS" at the very beginning of a paragraph in formal writing English?. For instance: It is often argued that study art in school should be mandatory, since ...
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1answer
48 views

“With my/their/our V-ing…” as supplement to main clause

Here are some news article examples containing 'with my/their etc. being...' as supplement to a main clause: (1) Since the opposing counsel would be the U.S. Department of Justice, and with my ...
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2answers
50 views

“Making music” and “music making” as a noun

I have always been wondering if one of these forms is more correct in formal writing: The verb-ing + noun form and the noun + verb-ing form. For example: Making music is a skill anyone can learn. ...
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1answer
113 views

Is there any logic behind continuing to distinguish 'gerund' from 'present participle' in traditional grammar?

To an earlier question "What's the difference between a gerund and a participle?", there is a consensus among the answers there, and I quote the most upvoted answer: A gerund is a form of a verb ...
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62 views

By+gerunds in formal english

It is encouraged or discouraged the usage of "By+ gerunds" in english formal writing?. If it is not encouraged, how you can explain this situations without using it. Example: by studying arts kids ...
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1answer
43 views

Which is correct and why? [duplicate]

I'd like to know which is the correct option: He went to bed without my telling him to. He went to bed without me telling him to. I was pretty certain it is the first, but I am unclear on why. ...
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58 views

What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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51 views

They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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1answer
196 views

with/without + pronoun (me vs. my) + gerund-participial phrase

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 461) has this section: (f) Subject of clausal complement of with/without Pronouns in this position normally appear in accusative case: [...
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45 views

verb + gerund (formed from stative verbs ing)

I wonder how often stative verbs are used as gerunds if they function as Object (verb + doing ; verb + preposition + doing) in sentences. Are there any style and register preferences?
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Are two (or more) to-infinitives treated as singular?

A friend said to me that two (or more) to-infinitives are treated as singular (whereas gerunds can be treated as plural depending on the situation). Is it true? Or, in this example sentence, which ...
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4answers
210 views

You need your eyes testing

My question is about the regional acceptability of sentences such as the following: You need your eyes testing. I need my hair cutting. I want my car washing. The second example is given in the ...
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0answers
68 views

Possessive pronoun/object pronoun + Gerund [duplicate]

I have been thinking about this for quite a while and have done some research on it. What I have learned is that possessive pronoun+gerund is a structure that's more "formal", while object pronoun + ...
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1answer
181 views

To do or to doing?

'Do you agree to participate in rehearsal and research shows and interact with technical equipment'? I am wondering do I need to use 'interact with' or interacting with' here?
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378 views

Efforts on, in or towards?

Research efforts in understanding the underlying mechanism have been ramped up over the past few years. I came across this sentence in a published work and now I'm wondering if "efforts" shouldn't ...
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1answer
33 views

Gerund or other grammatical construction?

I am not able to figure out why there is a gerund in this sentence: My mother convinced me to sing, without me initially wanting to. Could someone explain why there is a gerund? Is it a some kind ...
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2answers
79 views

Does this sentence have three verbs?

"Just forget the egg for a minute, all right?" Harry hissed as Professor Flitwick went whizzing resignedly past them, landing on top of a large cabinet? Are the three verbs hissed, whizzing, and ...
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1answer
95 views

Double Gerund Agreement

Training and improving these skills yield/yields better decision-making and fewer mistakes during a game. training and improving - it should be 'yield' but 'yields' sounds better - can someone help ...
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2answers
121 views

Confusing use of “seeing” and “having”

I have two questions concerning 1. "seeing" and 2. "having." 1. Can "seeing" be used as a noun which might be modified by an adjective? Here's the example I am referring to: "Star Trek Into Darkness ...
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1answer
86 views

Who is the doer of a gerund?

For example in the following sentences, who is the doer and how can we be sure? Swimming is good for him. -- If I swim, is it good for him? Being elected president was a shock to him. Having read ...
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2answers
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What is correct englisch? [closed]

Avid Outdoorsman who loves to fish and exploring nature. Avid Outdoorsman who loves to fish and explore nature. Avid Outdoorsman who loves fishing and exploring nature.
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What is this gerund construction called?

In English the constructing for plus a corresponding gerund is often used, usually to identify a motivation for the main action (it seems to be more prevalent in colloquial speech); e.g.: I thank ...
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2answers
87 views

Difference between the meaning of “noun which verb” and “noun verb ing”

For example: What is the difference between the meaning of "Health centers which conduct free medical check-ups..." and "Health centers conducting free medical check-ups..."? Thank you in advance.
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2answers
56 views

'eliminating, publicising, communicating, allocating': Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives?

Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives? Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses and allocating annual ...
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2answers
42 views

Gerund + noun(s) equals noun(s) + noun(s)?

Today, when I was reading some meme on 9gag, I saw a phrase, and I tried rephrasing it in my head, but it went confusing and gave me this question in return :( The never spoken rules of using ...
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1answer
46 views

Gerund or infinitive and WHY

WHY is this sentence incorrect? "All that they can do is preparing as much as they can." I know it should be "All they can do is (to) prepare as much as they can." But, for the life of me I can't ...