Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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Using the gerund as an English analogue of Russian verbal participles

Could you please verify that using the gerund is normal as an analogue of Russian verbal participles in the following phrase: The device automatically estimates calories, consumed from food, basing ...
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45 views

An article before gerunds

I wonder how to distinguish words with a verb base and the -ing suffix. I have found that they fall into the following 3 classes: 1) gerundial noun (he had witnessed the killing of the birds), 2) ...
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2answers
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Use of an adjective instead of adverb with gerund?

I keep hearing on the BBC channel their self-commercial that goes like "We are the leaders in global breaking news". Folks, could anybody kindly explain to me how come that structure is grammatically ...
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66 views

Possessive pronoun/object pronoun + Gerund

I have been thinking about this for quite a while and have done some research on it. What I have learned is that possessive pronoun+gerund is a structure that's more "formal", while object pronoun + ...
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1answer
366 views

What is the grammar structure? “I am not going to stand here watching you do it”?

Is this sentence correct? I am not going to stand here watching you do it. I saw it in an article. If it is - and I think it is - why is "watching" a gerund? What is the grammar structure? Is it a ...
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1answer
284 views

Position of verbals

In the first sentence, We move the infinitive to the end of the sentence and place a prepatory object after verb. But when we use gerund, we keep it after verb as in second sentence . I was wondering ...
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1answer
943 views

Gerund vs noun— which to use in title

This issue of gerunds vs noun always puzzled me and in this particular case made me wonder. I actually am translating my thesis title into English and am not sure as to use gerund or noun. So which ...
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1answer
60 views

Verb agreement with two gerunds as subject

I would like to know which of the following sentences is correct: Translating and adapting texts for different audiences composes the key of this theory Translating and adapting texts for different ...
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1answer
53 views

By+gerunds in formal english

It is encouraged or discouraged the usage of "By+ gerunds" in english formal writing?. If it is not encouraged, how you can explain this situations without using it. Example: by studying arts kids ...
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55 views

What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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45 views

verb + gerund (formed from stative verbs ing)

I wonder how often stative verbs are used as gerunds if they function as Object (verb + doing ; verb + preposition + doing) in sentences. Are there any style and register preferences?
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24 views

Are two (or more) to-infinitives treated as singular?

A friend said to me that two (or more) to-infinitives are treated as singular (whereas gerunds can be treated as plural depending on the situation). Is it true? Or, in this example sentence, which ...
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39 views

What is this gerund construction called?

In English the constructing for plus a corresponding gerund is often used, usually to identify a motivation for the main action (it seems to be more prevalent in colloquial speech); e.g.: I thank ...
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49 views

When can preposition 'of' be omitted?

Sentence One: The main image, which takes up the majority of the page, is of an artist's palette. Sentence Two: These aspects are of more interest to buyers. It seems that in sentence two, we can ...
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175 views

Using gerund at the beginning of bullet points: What is more common, better or correct?

Is it correct or common to use the gerund at the beginning of bullet points? Which of the following examples is more common, better or correct? What are the pros and cons? Can I use the gerund? ...
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344 views

A gerund after “to help”

Is it grammatical to use a gerund after "to help". To me saying: "to help protecting the environment" is ungrammatical. I would like to get the syntactic explanation.
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1answer
334 views

Having a ing with an object in a sentence

I was told that ing can be used without an object e.g "the manager forbids smoking" while I know this is true, I want to ask if it can also be used with objects e.g., "I love making lasagne" or " the ...
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200 views

Having a progressive verb and a gerund in a sentence

Can we have two "ing" form in this way: "I'm thinking of settling down at 25" if so, is this the correct sentence break down I-subject, am-auxiliary verb, thinking- progressive verb, of-proposition, ...
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408 views

Is the word 'getting' used as a gerund in 'getting stronger every day'?

In the phrase, "Getting Stronger Every Day," I know that "getting" is a participle, but in this phrase, is it a gerund? If not, why?
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1answer
217 views

When is the object of a verb the subject of the gerund in structure “subject + verb + object + preposition + gerund”?

1) This reminds me of climbing Ben Nevis years ago. 2) I told you about losing my credit card, didn't I? I'm quite sure that the person who climbed Ben Nevis is "I" not "This" in 1). But, I'm ...
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265 views

Where to put the pronoun in a sentence when using the gerund verb form?

Which sentence is correct? it seems we are all living in a weird land or it seems we all are living in a weird land ?
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69 views

Which form of the word should I use?

I'm putting together a report for work. The template I've been given has a blurb already written in which I just insert the proper names for their respective state, and each state gets their own ...
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378 views

suggest his / him Ving

I'd like to know your judgments on the following sentences. Are they well-formed? Mary suggested him buying a laptop. Mary suggested his buying a laptop. What did Mary suggest him buying? What ...
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293 views

Telling present participles and gerunds apart

"I have started swimming." This could mean I have just started moving my arms. Or it could mean that I have enrolled in swimming classes. To my mind one interpretation is a present participle and the ...
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65 views

Chinese character “denoting” or “used to denote” black color?

How to say the following phrase correctly: a Chinese character denoting OR used to denote black colour? Context Furthermore, due to the etymological analysis of a Chinese character denoting black ...
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186 views

Gerund and Participles

I need your expert skills to solve this confusion regarding the use of gerund and participles. Here is the sentence Standing in the shallow end, he would practice his arm movements. I want to know ...
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83 views

Does the word ‘not’ modify verbs beforehand or afterward?

I have had some trouble recently with the word not, and people being confused by my use of it. I suppose I made some incorrect logical connection with it. A friend and I were discussing the placement ...
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5k views

Whether to use gerund or infinitive with word 'hesitate'?

Firstly, i am giving some sentences from some books and links: She hesitates singing in the company of her friends. (from my local book) In order to oblige others or amuse herself, she never ...
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93 views

“the rustle of tires” vs “the rustling of tires”: pompous or not, is there a rule, or is it random?

Scene: high school. Time: the present. A teacher went through a student's essay in which an out-of-the-way house in the sticks was described. It (the house) sat in the middle of a picturesque grove, ...
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2answers
44 views

'eliminating, publicising, communicating, allocating': Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives?

Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives? Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses and allocating annual ...
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1answer
962 views

Gerund vs Present Participle: “I was thinking about eating the apple.”

A quick question that has popped up from talking with my German pen-pal. In the sentence: I was thinking about eating the apple. Is eating there a gerund or a present participle? If it is just: ...
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1answer
80 views

“in processing customer orders” or “in the processing of customer orders”?

Most of the time I see people use a gerund this way: The storm caused delays in processing customer orders. However, sometimes I see something like this too: The storm caused delays in the ...
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1answer
153 views

SAT Grammar - Gerunds vs. Parallelism

Hello everyone I was working on the following question: I said the error was A, because it should be how to preserve right? But apparently that is not the error, I cannot seem to find any other ...
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1answer
29 views

-ing forms after a comma: reduced participle phrase or gerund?

In sentences like "the results show x, leading researchers to believe..." or "..., indicating that further research must be done" or "..., proving the validity of the theory..." etc is the -ing ...
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20 views

Gerund as a non restrictive modifier?

Is it possible for a gerund phrase to function as as non-restrictive modifier? For example, is the modifier positioned in the initial slot in the following sentence a participle phrase or gerund ...
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34 views

Use -ing after while?

I don't know which one is grammatically correct Here's a picture of my dog eating his food while my parents were trying to figure out where they were going or Here's a picture of my dog eating ...
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19 views

passive form of construction with cause, result in,

I am trying to find out the right passive construction of some expressions like: to cause somebody/something to do something to result in somebody/something to doing something For instance: "The ...
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1answer
51 views

past participle + ing Vs present perfect + ing

What is the difference between past participle + ing and present perfect + ing? For an example: If you started playing the game, you should have noticed the issue. Vs If you have started playing the ...
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62 views

You will find it difficult to explain of your use of such offensive language

You will find it difficult/ to explain of your use / of such offensive language as per possessive word rule, After "your" instead of use , using should come. Few example my going, his coming, so ...
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1answer
110 views

Is there any logic behind continuing to distinguish 'gerund' from 'present participle' in traditional grammar?

To an earlier question "What's the difference between a gerund and a participle?", there is a consensus among the answers there, and I quote the most upvoted answer: A gerund is a form of a verb ...
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270 views

Efforts on, in or towards?

Research efforts in understanding the underlying mechanism have been ramped up over the past few years. I came across this sentence in a published work and now I'm wondering if "efforts" shouldn't ...
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64 views

“To travel is to live” is this sentence correct?

I got a bottle as a present and it is written "To travel is to live" I supposed that should be written something different but I don't know how to say this in English, somebody tried to say that when ...
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456 views

subject of -ing word “being”

In the sentence, Girlfriend being tired, I decided to cook dinner Is the corresponding pronoun for "girlfriend" (She or Her) a syntactic requirement or a stylistic choice? If the verb were finite ("...
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1answer
41 views

They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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1answer
396 views

Gerund vs infinitive paraphrase

Is there any difference between these two sentences: "The Democrats tend to increase taxes, discouraging rich people from voting for them" "The Democrats tend to increase taxes, which discourages ...
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2answers
115 views

Confusing use of “seeing” and “having”

I have two questions concerning 1. "seeing" and 2. "having." 1. Can "seeing" be used as a noun which might be modified by an adjective? Here's the example I am referring to: "Star Trek Into Darkness ...
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1answer
52 views

How to use 'fly'?

There is your sky Break your cage You meant for fly Not for staying in a range "You meant for flying" Or "You meant for fly" Which one is correct?
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5k views

why come ing with verb after preposition

why we use "ing" with verb that comes after preposition? For example: he is accused for breaking a new vase. here breaking is being used after for