Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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Construction using gerunds [duplicate]

This construction sounds wrong, but I’ve read and heard it many times: “Me not caring about this had dire consequences.” “Him coming in frightened me.” I had thought “my coming in” would be more ...
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Is it Gerund or adjective?

I don't understand the function of "coming" word in the sentence below. ... as they weigh the scale of monetary easing coming later this month. Is it working as a gerund? and if so, why is it in ...
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Gerund as a non restrictive modifier?

Is it possible for a gerund phrase to function as as non-restrictive modifier? For example, is the modifier positioned in the initial slot in the following sentence a participle phrase or gerund ...
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I couldn't decide which one to use, and where to use: simple tense vs. perfect tense

The two questions in my grammar book: 1)"Many people claim ------ sundaes and many towns around the world pretend ---- birthplaces of ice creams. A) to have invented / to be B) to ...
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To smoke vs Smoking at the beginning of the sentence [duplicate]

I have been taught that we can use either of "to INF" or "Verb-ing" at the beginning of the sentence as a subject, which leads me to a point of confusion. Here is my confusion: A: To smoke is ...
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'There’s no hope of their winning the match.' [duplicate]

I have seen this given as an exemplary gerundial construction in a B2/C1 level English exam's guidelines. Can anyone please explain, how is this sentence grammatically correct (the 'their winning the ...
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I feel like talking with you until you feel better [migrated]

I feel like talking with you until you feel better. So my question is that is "until you feel better" in a correct tense? especially when the main clause is "talking with you". Maybe I should say I ...
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Is '“snapshotting” a correct word? [on hold]

For example, as part of the information message of some computer script: Snapshotting the file... Can we write snapshotting instead of taking the snapshot? Is it still correct? I've found an ...
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Use -ing after while?

I don't know which one is grammatically correct Here's a picture of my dog eating his food while my parents were trying to figure out where they were going or Here's a picture of my dog eating ...
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51 views

past participle + ing Vs present perfect + ing

What is the difference between past participle + ing and present perfect + ing? For an example: If you started playing the game, you should have noticed the issue. Vs If you have started playing the ...
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passive form of construction with cause, result in,

I am trying to find out the right passive construction of some expressions like: to cause somebody/something to do something to result in somebody/something to doing something For instance: "The ...
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Why gerund after “proposed as”

Good evening everyone and sorry for the question which I am not even sure how to ask properly. Here is the sentence: In this context, gene drives have been proposed as providing a new means of ...
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Gerund needs to be modified by a possessive? [duplicate]

Is this true? Not sure if Signup up is a gerund And if so does it need to modified by a possessive? It doesn’t sound right to me with “your”
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Using the gerund as an English analogue of Russian verbal participles

Could you please verify that using the gerund is normal as an analogue of Russian verbal participles in the following phrase: The device automatically estimates calories, consumed from food, basing ...
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Dedicated to producing vs dedicated to the production - use of ing-form + object in place of noun

- A factory famous for the production of. . . - A factory famous for producing . . . - A farm dedicated to the cultivation of . . . - A farm dedicated to cultivating . . . - The firm focused on the ...
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You will find it difficult to explain of your use of such offensive language

You will find it difficult/ to explain of your use / of such offensive language as per possessive word rule, After "your" instead of use , using should come. Few example my going, his coming, so ...
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Can someone PLEASE tell me what the gerunds and participles are in these sentences? PLEASE [duplicate]

Dozing in the sun at the beach after swimming, limbs exhausted, salt dring stiff in my hair. Cutting up vegetables into neat pieces. Flying into a city and at night seeing the lit gauze of its ...
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61 views

Gerund and participle comparison

Is asking a participle or gerund in the sentence "Asking questions is easier than answering them. "
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4answers
137 views

Is “Wanting” a Gerund or Present Participle? [duplicate]

The conversation eventually makes its way around to him wanting to switch and do something new. Is "wanting" in the sentence considered as a gerund or present participle?
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Confusing use of “seeing” and “having”

I have two questions concerning 1. "seeing" and 2. "having." 1. Can "seeing" be used as a noun which might be modified by an adjective? Here's the example I am referring to: "Star Trek Into Darkness ...
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Expect +to VS expect + ing

I know that expect is used this way: I expect you to do that. But I have also seen examples like with verb in its "ing" form: What to expect working at... I will expect you doing (does not ...
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2answers
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Use of an adjective instead of adverb with gerund?

I keep hearing on the BBC channel their self-commercial that goes like "We are the leaders in global breaking news". Folks, could anybody kindly explain to me how come that structure is grammatically ...
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61 views

Verb agreement with two gerunds as subject

I would like to know which of the following sentences is correct: Translating and adapting texts for different audiences composes the key of this theory Translating and adapting texts for different ...
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1answer
29 views

-ing forms after a comma: reduced participle phrase or gerund?

In sentences like "the results show x, leading researchers to believe..." or "..., indicating that further research must be done" or "..., proving the validity of the theory..." etc is the -ing ...
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An article before gerunds

I wonder how to distinguish words with a verb base and the -ing suffix. I have found that they fall into the following 3 classes: 1) gerundial noun (he had witnessed the killing of the birds), 2) ...
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I remembered ‘seeing’ or ‘having seen’ him.?

I was wondering how to express the sentence correctly: I remembered seeing him before. or I remembered having seen him before. And what if remember wouldn’t be in past tense but in present tense? I ...
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When is a gerund supposed to be preceded by a possessive adjective/determiner?

I assume that the following sentences are grammatically correct: He resents your being more popular than he is. Most of the members paid their dues without my asking them. They objected to ...
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What's the name of this grammar error: “due to him having…” [duplicate]

I know there's something wrong with the way the indirect-object pronoun "him" and the gerund "having" are being used here, but I can't put my finger on it or find it on Google. Here's another example: ...
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When is the object of a verb the subject of the gerund in structure “subject + verb + object + preposition + gerund”?

1) This reminds me of climbing Ben Nevis years ago. 2) I told you about losing my credit card, didn't I? I'm quite sure that the person who climbed Ben Nevis is "I" not "This" in 1). But, I'm ...
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Present Participle versus Gerund

I was taught that the Present Continuous is formed using the Gerund, but that you call it the Present Participle. Even though these two forms look exactly alike in English, in other languages they do ...
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Gerund or Present Participle?

"Which is exactly what you don’t want your programmers learning." Is "learning" gerund or present participle in the above sentence?
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“Making music” and “music making” as a noun

I have always been wondering if one of these forms is more correct in formal writing: The verb-ing + noun form and the noun + verb-ing form. For example: Making music is a skill anyone can learn. ...
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1answer
337 views

Having a ing with an object in a sentence

I was told that ing can be used without an object e.g "the manager forbids smoking" while I know this is true, I want to ask if it can also be used with objects e.g., "I love making lasagne" or " the ...
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Is there any logic behind continuing to distinguish 'gerund' from 'present participle' in traditional grammar?

To an earlier question "What's the difference between a gerund and a participle?", there is a consensus among the answers there, and I quote the most upvoted answer: A gerund is a form of a verb ...
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By+gerunds in formal english

It is encouraged or discouraged the usage of "By+ gerunds" in english formal writing?. If it is not encouraged, how you can explain this situations without using it. Example: by studying arts kids ...
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'eliminating, publicising, communicating, allocating': Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives?

Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives? Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses and allocating annual ...
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They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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“With my/their/our V-ing…” as supplement to main clause

Here are some news article examples containing 'with my/their etc. being...' as supplement to a main clause: (1) Since the opposing counsel would be the U.S. Department of Justice, and with my ...
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with/without + pronoun (me vs. my) + gerund-participial phrase

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 461) has this section: (f) Subject of clausal complement of with/without Pronouns in this position normally appear in accusative case: [...
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“It is” as the beginning of paragraphs

Is it encouraged or discouraged to use "IT IS" at the very beginning of a paragraph in formal writing English?. For instance: It is often argued that study art in school should be mandatory, since ...
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What is a gerund? A noun or a verb? 'His smoking upset me’

I've been studying the Huddleston and Pullum book for four months now. So far only one thing confuses me: the identity of gerund. Is it a noun or a verb? His constant smoking upset me. smoking ...
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What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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Main verb in a sentence and gerund

In the sentence "Offering her license and registration, Selena sobbed in the driver's seat," offering is not a gerund, right? It isn't a noun and does not act as a subject. That made me wonder if the ...
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Which is correct and why? [duplicate]

I'd like to know which is the correct option: He went to bed without my telling him to. He went to bed without me telling him to. I was pretty certain it is the first, but I am unclear on why. ...
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You need your eyes testing

My question is about the regional acceptability of sentences such as the following: You need your eyes testing. I need my hair cutting. I want my car washing. The second example is given in the ...
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Is “swimming” a gerund in “I went swimming”?

What is the function of swimming in the following sentence? I went swimming with some friends yesterday. Is swimming a gerund here? If it is, what is the grammatical function?
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Gerund or Participle?

While waiting for service, patrons can enjoy coffee and snacks and mingle with their neighbors in need. Is "waiting" in this sentence a gerund or participle? This sentence and question actually ...
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verb + gerund (formed from stative verbs ing)

I wonder how often stative verbs are used as gerunds if they function as Object (verb + doing ; verb + preposition + doing) in sentences. Are there any style and register preferences?
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Are two (or more) to-infinitives treated as singular?

A friend said to me that two (or more) to-infinitives are treated as singular (whereas gerunds can be treated as plural depending on the situation). Is it true? Or, in this example sentence, which ...
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282 views

Efforts on, in or towards?

Research efforts in understanding the underlying mechanism have been ramped up over the past few years. I came across this sentence in a published work and now I'm wondering if "efforts" shouldn't ...