Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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God's existing vs God's existence [duplicate]

Can we say something like "I am thankful for God's existing" rather than "...thankful for God's existence?" Why do we never hear this? I am thinking along the lines of: "She ...
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59 views

What kind of noun is “Bookkeeping”?

It's not a gerund since "bookkeep" isn't a verb, is it? Is "bookkeep" a verb? Please, can someone help me understand the properties of this word? Is it, for example, a compound ...
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60 views

Which/ That/ Present Participle

I'm working on the translation of a product packaging. Uses: Boosting liver function which helps cleanse blood plasma, the liquid portion of blood which/that accounts for 55% of its volume. Would it ...
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Clarification in Example of Gerund [closed]

Phrase: Pretending to be a worker, but is actually an Owner. In this case, would the Pretending act as objects of preposition? Thanks
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Question about parallel structures

One of the tasks that we have to do on PTE exam is to paraphrase a writtent text. I have prepared a template for myslef which is While the impacts of N and N such as N and N are important, the effects ...
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38 views

to transcend or to be transcended

"In basic terms, transculturalism might be provisionally defined as the transcendence and questioning of cultural delimitations." What is meant in the text I'm working on is that ...
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What are the subjects, objects, complements and gerunds in this sentence?

As with most great avant artists, it’s easier to describe how Arca makes you feel than what it is, exactly, she makes. Just wanted clarification on a few things. What is the first part of the ...
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74 views

Gerund? or Present participle?

I want to ask about the gerund and present participles on those sentences below. Mr. Wilkins would like some assistance setting up the audio equipment in the conference room. Mark offered his full ...
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38 views

Why Using 'Lost' Instead of 'Losing' in This Sentence [closed]

I have a question about a sentence: Lost in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. Why, in this sentence, do we need to use 'lost' instead of 'losing'? In my understanding, 'he', is ...
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Problem with gerund and infinitive [closed]

I'm confusing with use of gerund or infinitive, I don't know which one of them I should use, for example ; I'm looking for a function to reverse a string I'm looking for a function for reversing a ...
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43 views

Does the (etymological) definition of 'participle' include 'noun'?

BACKGROUND The definition of 'participle' is something along the line of: a word having the characteristics of both verb and adjective (M-W Dictionary) the form of a verb that usually ends in "...
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Verbs “COME” and “GO” followed by the gerund

Good evening everyone, I was listening to Tears for Fears' song Everybody wants to rule the world, and I came across the line "when the walls come tumbling down". I looked the expression up ...
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What are the objects and indirect objects in this sentence (if any)

The storage making your home work harder. It's from a furniture advertisement, and I was just wondering how to dissect the complements here. Is it that storage is the subject, making is the verb, ...
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Is the following a gerund or participle in this sentence?

I'm not feeling myself today. In the sentence above, is 'feeling' a gerund or participle? (I understand that the main verb is 'am', from which I can then ascertain that it is at least one of these ...
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2answers
43 views

Verb after gerund verb [duplicate]

I'm newer to this forum, and I'm learning English. My teacher has taught me that we must use gerund after "enjoy", as in: I enjoy swimming. Now, if we use a verb after gerund, which verb ...
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52 views

Pronoun cases (e.g. “my,” “his”) before gerund constructions [duplicate]

Which of the following is correct? It stands in the way of my being successful. It stands in the way of me being successful. This led to his succeeding in the workplace. This led to him succeeding ...
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Would you classify 'being + past participle' as passive or gerund?

Upon reading the English translation of Murakami's 1Q84, I've come across two sentences with the use of 'being' + past participle that I can't seem to be able to classify: It's all very painful - as ...
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37 views

Stylistic Advice regarding the two types of possessives before a gerund

I know that, in terms of formal grammar, either a possessive pronoun or genitive form should precede a gerund. So, for example, 'his being', etc. I am, however, far more comfortable with the former ...
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gerund with compound clause for subject

Consider four sentences: The reason I am late is bad weather. The reason I am late is the weather being bad. The reason I am late is the weather's being bad. The reason I am late is a very adverse ...
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Is there any preference in the use of participial clause versus a relative clause? [duplicate]

For example, A. I defined the density as the number of persons populating the region. B. I defined the density as the number of persons that populate the region. Also consider the following. C. ...
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To + infinitive vs. To + gerund [duplicate]

In one of the grammar books I study I found a following example: In my previous job I was confined to doing only one thing. I'd say that confined to do is the correct way to say it. I always thought ...
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are there other phrases set up like “end up ____-ing (gerund)” if so, what are they called?

I'm watching a documentary and this was said: "We believe they did intentional things that kept Gabriel in harm's way, and ultimately ended up in him dying" The "him dying" part ...
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Writing style guidelines on gerund (ab)use

In novel writing, there is general advice not to use gerunds (i.e. verb forms ending with -ing). In general, that makes sense. "She was going to the store" -> "She went to the store&...
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Is it true that if a gerund can be replaced by a noun, the 'gerund' in question is not a present participle?

Take this sentence for instance: We began shouting at the top of our lungs for the bus to stop. Since the phrase in question 'shouting at the top of our lungs for the bus to stop' cannot be replaced ...
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Is “calling” a gerund in “calling bell”? [closed]

In the phrase "calling bell", the word "calling" acts as what? Is it a gerund? Or is it an adjective? If so then what kind of adjective? Similar phrases might be "revolving ...
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Is the gerund and (present) participle form always the same (spelling)? [duplicate]

Are the participle and gerund form of a verb always technically the same and in all tenses (in the sense of spelling) or do deviations exist? Reason is because I'm building a database and need to know ...
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What effect is achieved when using the gerundive form versus the infinitive form in this sentence?

Gerundive: Try getting some rest. Infinitive: Try to get some rest. My textbook says that the former means "Attempt to get some rest" while the latter means to "try getting some rest as ...
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Omission of “by” before gerund in imperative sentences

I have been thinking about the use of "by" and its omission in certain situations, especially before gerund in imperative sentences. I did find the other entry (“by” before the gerund, when ...
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Gerund appositives

Can you show me sentences that use gerund clauses(not participial constructions) as a appositive clause as many as possible... Like “my favorite sport, playing baseball, has brought me friends.” (I ...
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An “increase of” vs. “increasing of”?

Before I always though that, because word "increase" is a noun, I should use it. But just recently I've seen someone using "increasing of" too. And at first, I thought that it isn'...
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Two gerunds and singular or plural verb?

What are the rules regarding two gerunds that are related to the same noun such as: Taking and filming hikes make me tick or Taking and filming hikes makes me tick Which one is correct?
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Stress in the -ing form of verbs with initial-stress-derived nouns

It seems some verbs change the stressed syllable in the -ing form: proCESS -- PROcessing transPORT -- TRANsporting and some do not: diRECT -- diRECTing proVIDE -- proVIDing Is this related with ...
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This allows to . . .

I'm writing a PhD dissertation in Physics in the United States. I would say I'm fluent in English, but it's not my first language. Recently, I sent a draft of my dissertation to my adviser, and there ...
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Is this a gerund, participle, or continuous infinitive?

just a quick question about what the word "reading" would be classified as in the following sentence: The students get practice reading at home. If the sentence didn't have the word "...
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Go gerund vs go to inf

How can I use gerund form and to infinitive with go? I found out in the Cambridge dictionary that go is used with -ing when we speak about general activities that involve movement. If the activities ...
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1answer
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Noun + to + gerund

I read a sentence: This book is an introduction to doing research. I am wondering: Q1. Why not written as: This book is an introduction to do research. Q2. Is there any difference between the two ...
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Using the gerund to express causation [duplicate]

Is the following phrase grammatically correct: Suffering from anxiety and depression, life has been a tremendous challenge for him ever since he was a young boy.
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Gerund after “to”. Sentence: We use music to helping us relax

I found this question in a test: "We use music to helping us relax." Where helping was the correct answer option. I want to know why is this form of the verb correct and not the infinitive ...
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2answers
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Why using gerunds and infinitives as a noun when the verb has its own noun? [duplicate]

to forgive is a great value Forgiveness is a great value Forgiving is a great value Does meaning change ? And why ? Grateful to your help
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When do we use the gerund and when the noun form? [duplicate]

I ran into this sentence written by a student: there are different costs in face-to-face classes, such as the cost of commuting between university and home. Can we replace commuting with commute ...
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2answers
209 views

The choice between “for gerund” and “to infinitive”

I am trying to sort out the issue dealing with the choice between "for gerund" and "to infinitive". For example, They took her to the warehouse for questioning. (IDIOMATIC) He ...
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What is wrong with this sentence: “This is an obstacle to start in Turkey”

"This is an obstacle to start in Turkey." This sentence is about making a business in Turkey and problems you can have. My friend said this sentence is more natural as "This is an ...
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What is the correct term for using a verb as an adjective? [closed]

My local newspaper has a confusing headline today: “Littlehampton rescue after person thrown from town inflatable“. I am having difficulty working out whether this is (a) grammatically correct (should ...
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What is this 'gerund' or 'noun'

I read a book, and I noticed in it a sentence in which I do not understand what do the part of the language refer a word to? A story plot is this: one man has busted the groups of people which are bug ...
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Past participle or present participle

"I wrote Shapiro a letter congratulating him on having won a race." Is the word congratulating a present participle? And having won a gerund?
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counterfactual if-clause and gerund

It appears that counterfactual if-clauses can modify gerunds, as the following demonstrates: A: What would you do if you were a billionaire? B: I would buy a caslte. Buying a medieval building if I ...
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Why was gerund not using in this sentence as parallel balance?

In the following sentence, why the author uses 'stole' and 'stood' instead of 'stealing' and 'standing', since the author use 'seeing' the gerund at the second clause. An elderly seaman came to the ...
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230 views

Verbs after adjectives, gerund or infinitive? [closed]

What's the difference between these sentences? Ted was surprised to see his computer shutting down. Ted was surprised seeing his computer shutting down. It was nice to talk with you. It was nice ...
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86 views

Is “using” a gerund in this sentence?

“He was saved using advanced medical technology.” I think “using” would be a gerund if you said “He was saved by using advanced medical technology,” where the gerund is the object of the preposition “...
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309 views

Correct usage of the word 'storage' or 'storing'?

Which is the correct sentence? And why? Those who want more and more storing space for their content can understand the importance of portable storing solutions. Those who want more and more storage ...

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