Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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30 views

use a gerund or noun form of a word?

I came across a question in ACT English: Despite a growing recognition of this ecological threat, ____ for seafood continues to rise. Using demand or demanding? Why demanding is not right? I can not ...
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What are the differences among verbal noun, present participle, past participle gerund and gerundial infinitive? [closed]

I am weak in English. in order to improve my performance, firstly I want to know the differences among present participle, past participle, verbal noun, gerund, and gerundial infinitive. What are ...
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Noun + to + gerund

I read a sentence: This book is an introduction to doing research. I am wondering: Q1. Why not written as: This book is an introduction to do research. Q2. Is there any difference between the two ...
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Using the gerund to express causation [duplicate]

Is the following phrase grammatically correct: Suffering from anxiety and depression, life has been a tremendous challenge for him ever since he was a young boy.
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When to use noun and when to use gerund? [duplicate]

Surviving in the frozen wastes of Arctic takes special equipment. Survival in the frozen wastes of Arctic takes special equipment. Which sentence is appropriate? It seems to me that both are correct
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Gerund after “to”. Sentence: We use music to helping us relax

I found this question in a test: "We use music to helping us relax." Where helping was the correct answer option. I want to know why is this form of the verb correct and not the infinitive ...
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Why using gerunds and infinitives as a noun when the verb has its own noun? [duplicate]

to forgive is a great value Forgiveness is a great value Forgiving is a great value Does meaning change ? And why ? Grateful to your help
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When do we use the gerund and when the noun form? [duplicate]

I ran into this sentence written by a student: there are different costs in face-to-face classes, such as the cost of commuting between university and home. Can we replace commuting with commute ...
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The choice between “for gerund” and “to infinitive”

I am trying to sort out the issue dealing with the choice between "for gerund" and "to infinitive". For example, They took her to the warehouse for questioning. (IDIOMATIC) He ...
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What is wrong with this sentence: “This is an obstacle to start in Turkey”

"This is an obstacle to start in Turkey." This sentence is about making a business in Turkey and problems you can have. My friend said this sentence is more natural as "This is an ...
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What is the correct term for using a verb as an adjective? [closed]

My local newspaper has a confusing headline today: “Littlehampton rescue after person thrown from town inflatable“. I am having difficulty working out whether this is (a) grammatically correct (should ...
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What is this 'gerund' or 'noun'

I read a book, and I noticed in it a sentence in which I do not understand what do the part of the language refer a word to? A story plot is this: one man has busted the groups of people which are bug ...
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Past participle or present participle

"I wrote Shapiro a letter congratulating him on having won a race." Is the word congratulating a present participle? And having won a gerund?
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counterfactual if-clause and gerund

It appears that counterfactual if-clauses can modify gerunds, as the following demonstrates: A: What would you do if you were a billionaire? B: I would buy a caslte. Buying a medieval building if I ...
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Why was gerund not using in this sentence as parallel balance?

In the following sentence, why the author uses 'stole' and 'stood' instead of 'stealing' and 'standing', since the author use 'seeing' the gerund at the second clause. An elderly seaman came to the ...
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Verbs after adjectives, gerund or infinitive? [closed]

What's the difference between these sentences? Ted was surprised to see his computer shutting down. Ted was surprised seeing his computer shutting down. It was nice to talk with you. It was nice ...
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Is “using” a gerund in this sentence?

“He was saved using advanced medical technology.” I think “using” would be a gerund if you said “He was saved by using advanced medical technology,” where the gerund is the object of the preposition “...
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Correct usage of the word 'storage' or 'storing'?

Which is the correct sentence? And why? Those who want more and more storing space for their content can understand the importance of portable storing solutions. Those who want more and more storage ...
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A peculiar gerund construction

I am unsure how to phrase this as I am uncertain as to whether it is a point of grammar or one of style. In a book I am reading (by, admittedly, a quite scholarly author), the gerund is almost always ...
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Gerund after as though, please, help to clarify

They looked at Mary in surprise as though... her story. A) not believing B) not having believed C) not believed D) believed
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What are the verbs that need a gerund after “to”?

So could someone tell me what the verbs are that must have “ing” (gerund) after “to”? (a small list) I know we have : “look forward to”, “admit to”, “be opposed to”... but are there other verbs?
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Gerund + Noun vs. Noun + Noun vs. Adjective + Noun

What's the difference between these three? Are they all grammatically correct? "Migrating behavior" or "Migration behavior" or "Migratory behavior" Which one should ...
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Gerunds/present participles of two-verb compounds

I use making-believe instead of make-believing if I need to make a gerund/present participle out of "make-believe", but I just saw this line: Brenda rode along, make-believing she was a knight ...
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Gerund or Adjective? [closed]

A man used his walking stick. Is walking in this case a gerund or an adjective?
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I don't understand why the ING form is used in these examples

This is my last night working here. There is a problem sending this email. I doubt the chances of success facing him. Can anybody tell me that Why 'ING' form is used in "working, sending, facing ", ...
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Use of gerunds after subjects

In the statement, "A man sitting next to you at a movie theater was very disruptive," what is "sitting" - a gerund, a verb, or an adjective?
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Time to infinitive or time for gerund

Please consider the following constructions: 1. It's time to launch it 2. It's time for launching it 3. It's time for being taught this lesson 4. It's time to be taught this lesson Which one(s) is/are ...
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usage of to-infinitive instead of gerund specifically after 'result in'

The largest known dead zone occurred in the Gulf of Mexico in 2002, when runoff from the Mississippi River resulted in over 20,000 square kilometers of the Gulf area to become uninhabitable for ...
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How can infinitives, participles, gerunds.. act?

I've seen infinitives function in a few different ways. But in which ways can they function? I've seen infinitives function as direct objects, subjects, and a couple other ways, but how else can they ...
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Any difference in nuance between “for easing restrictions” and “for easing of restrictions”?

These days, we often see news headlines like the below examples, and I wonder if there is any difference in nuance between "for easing restrictions" and "for easing of restrictions". Can anyone help ...
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Present participle, gerund, or modifier

Which one of the following is right? 1) I am a doctor working in a hospital. 2) I am, a doctor, working in a hospital. 3) I am a doctor, working in a hospital. Does "working" modify "doctor" in ...
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Being, to be,have been, having been

Am I getting a right meaning of these sentences? I'm happy to be here (right now happy here) I'm happy being here (happy here right now but in continuous form) I'm happy to have been here (happy ...
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Using being in the middle of sentences [duplicate]

I am confused about using 'being' in the middle of the sentences. For example I saw in an article in which 'being' was used like this: However, the evidence points to placebo effects being more ...
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Non-finite clause vs phrase

We know that a clause is a sentence which is a part of a sentence. So, a clause is itself a sentence having a subject and a predicate, but a phrase is just a group of words. To tell you the truth,I ...
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What is the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?

is there the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?
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there is a single person whose/whom/who being a person contains the events of his career

'And': Conjunction Reduction Redux By Barry Schein (linguist) has this passage: How natural does whose sound? Can you use who or whom instead? If this were a personal pronoun, the nominative wouldn'...
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How to determine what part of the sentence a gerund phrase is modifying?

Most of us fall between the two extremes of Psalm 22 and the anti-psalm of the man facing Nazi oppression. Welch, Edward T.. Side by Side (p. 39). Crossway. Kindle Edition. Take this sentence ...
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The using of the gerund in sentence

In this sentence: They did a great job orchestrating volunteers. Is the gerund orchestrating the object of the sentence? orchestrating acts as a noun in the sentence, but I don't understand why it ...
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Gerund or to-infinitive with proceed

I have the following sentence and need your help: "The EU expects PV and wind to proceed growing significantly in future." Is the gerund correct here or do I have to use the to-infinitive like: "...
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Peculiarities of translating the gerund in civil law documents

I'm writing a thesis and I've been given this subject: peculiarities of translating the gerund in civil law documents. How can I extend this subject?
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Verb after ing form as a gerund

I am confused about this sentence. "Having updated and accurate maps of land use aid regional planners to plan for the future." The verb "to aid" in this sentence has to take an "s"? "Having ...
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2answers
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The verb toggle before a gerund

How can I refer to switching a functionality on and off, such as reading tags for songs, by using the verb toggle? Can it be used like the 'stop doing something' construct? I saw a couple of examples ...
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What is the difference between using gerunds vs. infinitives as the subject of a sentence?

For example: What is the difference in saying "To err is human" vs. "Making mistakes is an intergal part of the human condition?" In our textbook "Speak Out C1" the author explains that it is more ...
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Can “english learning” be paraphrased with “of” preposition? [duplicate]

1?) Scheduled session of learning of English. 2?) Scheduled session of learning English. I guess I understand that in sentences it would be "learning English", because there are subjects, but how ...
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To feeling energized or to feel energized

Here is the thing I saw this phrase “he realized how important exercise is to feeling energized” I thought that we must use simple form of a ver as in feel after to And if it is a noun then why is the ...
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“being” usage instead of “which is” at the end of a sentence

I saw a sentence while reading a book in which the following is written. “The NOW function is sometimes called a nondeterministic function , which is a fancy way of saying that the resulting data ...
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1answer
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Difference between adjective and gerund - he loves playing

He loves playing In this statement - is playing a noun(gerund) here or an adjective? According to me it should be adjective as it telling additional information about the subject ("he" here).
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Raised object vs. Subordinate subject (I didn't want Kim mistreating my cat)

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 1204) says: A crucial difference between gerund-participials and to-infinitivals is that a non-genitive NP can function as subject of the former ...
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Can the gerund clause take a personal pronoun as its subject in “It’s no use (his?) crying over lost love”?

From a gram­mar book, I’ve have learned that a gerund clause can be op­tion­ally pre­ceded by a per­sonal pro­noun to show the log­i­cal sub­ject of the verb; that is, who­ever is do­ing the gerund’s ...
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Dangling modifier or gerund

Is the 'dangling modifier' concept always associated with Adverbial participles? Is it not applicable to Gerunds? Consider the following sentence, please: You waste most of your time doing ...

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