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Questions tagged [gerunds]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ is a type of verb, in particular an -ɪɴɢ verb that heads a non-finite verb clause when that entire clause is being used as a noun phrase, typically as the subject or object of a finite clause. Not to be confused with -ɪɴɢ words that are no longer verbs, like deverbal nouns or participial adjectives, a gerund accepts only verb modifiers and arguments, not those of nouns or adjectives.

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Gerund and participle [on hold]

Is "being caught" a gerund or participle in the sentence... "Illegal immigrants are always worried about being caught."
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Is “Wanting” a Gerund or Present Participle?

The conversation eventually makes its way around to him wanting to switch and do something new. Is "wanting" in the sentence considered as a gerund or present participle?
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Gerund or Present Participle?

"Which is exactly what you don’t want your programmers learning." Is "learning" gerund or present participle in the above sentence?
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Possessive gerund [closed]

He being careless cost him many opportunities. His being careless cost him many opportunities. What is correct "he being" or "his being" ? & Why?
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28 views

Verb agreement with two gerunds as subject

I would like to know which of the following sentences is correct: Translating and adapting texts for different audiences composes the key of this theory Translating and adapting texts for different ...
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Use of an adjective instead of adverb with gerund?

I keep hearing on the BBC channel their self-commercial that goes like "We are the leaders in global breaking news". Folks, could anybody kindly explain to me how come that structure is grammatically ...
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1answer
43 views

Present Participle versus Gerund

I was taught that the Present Continuous is formed using the Gerund, but that you call it the Present Participle. Even though these two forms look exactly alike in English, in other languages they do ...
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Auxiliary verb after prepositions

I've come across a sentence that I'm trying to translate from Spanish. I'm happy to have had the opportunity or I'm happy about having had the opportunity. I'd like to know which is correct. ...
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“It is” as the beginning of paragraphs

Is it encouraged or discouraged to use "IT IS" at the very beginning of a paragraph in formal writing English?. For instance: It is often argued that study art in school should be mandatory, since ...
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“With my/their/our V-ing…” as supplement to main clause

Here are some news article examples containing 'with my/their etc. being...' as supplement to a main clause: (1) Since the opposing counsel would be the U.S. Department of Justice, and with my ...
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“Making music” and “music making” as a noun

I have always been wondering if one of these forms is more correct in formal writing: The verb-ing + noun form and the noun + verb-ing form. For example: Making music is a skill anyone can learn. ...
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103 views

Is there any logic behind continuing to distinguish 'gerund' from 'present participle' in traditional grammar?

To an earlier question "What's the difference between a gerund and a participle?", there is a consensus among the answers there, and I quote the most upvoted answer: A gerund is a form of a verb ...
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By+gerunds in formal english

It is encouraged or discouraged the usage of "By+ gerunds" in english formal writing?. If it is not encouraged, how you can explain this situations without using it. Example: by studying arts kids ...
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Which is correct and why? [duplicate]

I'd like to know which is the correct option: He went to bed without my telling him to. He went to bed without me telling him to. I was pretty certain it is the first, but I am unclear on why. ...
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What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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1answer
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They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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1answer
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with/without + pronoun (me vs. my) + gerund-participial phrase

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 461) has this section: (f) Subject of clausal complement of with/without Pronouns in this position normally appear in accusative case: [...
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verb + gerund (formed from stative verbs ing)

I wonder how often stative verbs are used as gerunds if they function as Object (verb + doing ; verb + preposition + doing) in sentences. Are there any style and register preferences?
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Are two (or more) to-infinitives treated as singular?

A friend said to me that two (or more) to-infinitives are treated as singular (whereas gerunds can be treated as plural depending on the situation). Is it true? Or, in this example sentence, which ...
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You need your eyes testing

My question is about the regional acceptability of sentences such as the following: You need your eyes testing. I need my hair cutting. I want my car washing. The second example is given in the ...
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Possessive pronoun/object pronoun + Gerund

I have been thinking about this for quite a while and have done some research on it. What I have learned is that possessive pronoun+gerund is a structure that's more "formal", while object pronoun + ...
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1answer
36 views

To do or to doing?

'Do you agree to participate in rehearsal and research shows and interact with technical equipment'? I am wondering do I need to use 'interact with' or interacting with' here?
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Efforts on, in or towards?

Research efforts in understanding the underlying mechanism have been ramped up over the past few years. I came across this sentence in a published work and now I'm wondering if "efforts" shouldn't ...
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1answer
31 views

Gerund or other grammatical construction?

I am not able to figure out why there is a gerund in this sentence: My mother convinced me to sing, without me initially wanting to. Could someone explain why there is a gerund? Is it a some kind ...
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53 views

Does this sentence have three verbs?

"Just forget the egg for a minute, all right?" Harry hissed as Professor Flitwick went whizzing resignedly past them, landing on top of a large cabinet? Are the three verbs hissed, whizzing, and ...
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1answer
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Double Gerund Agreement

Training and improving these skills yield/yields better decision-making and fewer mistakes during a game. training and improving - it should be 'yield' but 'yields' sounds better - can someone help ...
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Confusing use of “seeing” and “having”

I have two questions concerning 1. "seeing" and 2. "having." 1. Can "seeing" be used as a noun which might be modified by an adjective? Here's the example I am referring to: "Star Trek Into Darkness ...
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Who is the doer of a gerund?

For example in the following sentences, who is the doer and how can we be sure? Swimming is good for him. -- If I swim, is it good for him? Being elected president was a shock to him. Having read ...
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What is correct englisch? [closed]

Avid Outdoorsman who loves to fish and exploring nature. Avid Outdoorsman who loves to fish and explore nature. Avid Outdoorsman who loves fishing and exploring nature.
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What is this gerund construction called?

In English the constructing for plus a corresponding gerund is often used, usually to identify a motivation for the main action (it seems to be more prevalent in colloquial speech); e.g.: I thank ...
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Difference between the meaning of “noun which verb” and “noun verb ing”

For example: What is the difference between the meaning of "Health centers which conduct free medical check-ups..." and "Health centers conducting free medical check-ups..."? Thank you in advance.
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'eliminating, publicising, communicating, allocating': Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives?

Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives? Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses and allocating annual ...
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2answers
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Gerund + noun(s) equals noun(s) + noun(s)?

Today, when I was reading some meme on 9gag, I saw a phrase, and I tried rephrasing it in my head, but it went confusing and gave me this question in return :( The never spoken rules of using ...
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1answer
44 views

Gerund or infinitive and WHY

WHY is this sentence incorrect? "All that they can do is preparing as much as they can." I know it should be "All they can do is (to) prepare as much as they can." But, for the life of me I can't ...
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When can preposition 'of' be omitted?

Sentence One: The main image, which takes up the majority of the page, is of an artist's palette. Sentence Two: These aspects are of more interest to buyers. It seems that in sentence two, we can ...
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Can adjectives be placed before gerunds?

My question relates to the possibility of placing an adjective before a gerund if a sentence begins with the gerund. For example, I'd like to prepare a list of my skills for a CV like 'Brief reading ...
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1answer
135 views

try to change his opinion or try changing his opinion [duplicate]

A powerful opponent made a long speech criticizing John. This speech was so powerful that it threatened John's political career. John decided to try to change his rival's opinion of him. To do this, ...
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Using gerund at the beginning of bullet points: What is more common, better or correct?

Is it correct or common to use the gerund at the beginning of bullet points? Which of the following examples is more common, better or correct? What are the pros and cons? Can I use the gerund? ...
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“X had him thinking” or “X made him think”

I'm proofreading a novel and the author keeps overusing the word 'had' where he could use a more descriptive word and then adding '-ing' to the verb. It's not grammatically incorrect, but it's a ...
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1answer
50 views

Correct use of the present participle?

Can someone kindly explain to me which is correct, and why? I have done some research on this issue and I'm not sure of the name of the construct that I am looking for. "After washing the dishes, the ...
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1answer
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Who started the trend of removing ing from gerunds and what is the motivation? [closed]

I've noticed a trend developing over the past few years where gerunds are being emasculated (cutting off their "ing-alings" by golly!!!) On my credit card's website: "spend analysis" All over the web:...
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What's the role of “Opening” in the given excerpt

This is a sentence from a very famous book on learning English called "Headway". "But after making hundreds of millions of dollars opening duty-free shops at airports in the 1960s,Feeney's later ...
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“Sending off a balloon”: verb or noun?

Agnes suggested sending off a balloon with a message to Jenny. The phrase sending off puzzles me. I know it’s a verb phrase, but I don’t understand why it ends on -ing. Is it a noun or a verb? I've ...
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the location of “interacting”?

Could you explain in detail which one is correct in grammar or what is the difference if both are correct in grammar? Thank you in advance. Errors arise primarily within the interacting wave zone. ...
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4answers
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The act of carrying out a task first, earlier than in its scheduled order [closed]

Suppose you need to carry out several tasks in a certain order (which may be an order of priorities, or of supposed dependencies, or just arbitrary). Is there a word, preferably a gerund, for the act ...
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1answer
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How to distinguish the gerund with the object and the -ing form in the meaning of the adjective

I read this in Wikipedia: "The program becomes modal, switching between interpreting commands from the keyboard or passing keystrokes on as data to be processed." The word interpreting makes me ...
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Is there a qualitative difference “N+V-ing” and “N's+gerund”? [duplicate]

A friend asked me to edit one of their drafts and I came across an interesting case where I wasn't sure which was the "correct" form to use. Here's the phrase in question: The contract will be ...
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1answer
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How to spell a gerund [closed]

Beeing: Research in literature provides a confusing spelling, with one single «e». What is the correct spelling? I mean the gerund of the verb «to be».
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How to use 'fly'?

There is your sky Break your cage You meant for fly Not for staying in a range "You meant for flying" Or "You meant for fly" Which one is correct?
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For disturbing or for disturbance

Which one is correct to say: I'm sorry for disturbing. I'm sorry for the disturbance", and why? Is it mandatory to use gerund after prepositions or we can use it in its original noun form? Thank ...